Central American RainforestBy: Lucila Vivas, Macarena Vergara, Martina D’Orazio,Martina Renata Giarmaná, Sofía García Mansilla and SolScarpa.
What’s a Biome?The Rainforest are Biomes and the biomes are large geographicalarea characterized by certain types of plants and animals. A biomeis defined by complex interactions of plants and animal with theclimate, geology, soil types, water resources, and latitude of anarea.
What is a TROPICAL RAINFOREST?Rainforest are de earth’s oldest living ecosystem. These incredibleplaces cover only 6% of the earth’s surface but yet contain MORETHAN ½ of the world’s plants and animals species. The reason it is called a “Rain” Forest is because of the highamount of rainfall it gets per year. It is, also, called a Tropical Rainforest because it is located in thetropic’s zone.
Location:The Central American Rainforest covers: Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama
ClimateThe Tropical Rainforest has two seasons: the wetseason and the driest season.The climate of a the rain forest is very hot and humidso the animals and the plants that exist there mostlearn to adapt to this climate.Is about 80°F (26°C) and has little daily or seasonalvariation in temperature. In addition, tropicalrainforests have an average of 100 inches (254 cm)of precipitation annually. This occur in equatorialregions near 25 degrees north and south latitude.
Flora & Fauna Insects: morphobutterfly, Julia butterfly, MonarchThere are different types of butterfly, and millions of othertrees, lianas, orchids. insects. Vines: mahogany, rosewood,durian, cassia and palms are Mammals:some of the trees that habit jaguar, ocelot, opossums, sloth,there. spider monkey, etc.Bromeliads are an important Birds:part of the rainforest quetzal, , curassows, hoatzins,ecosystem, providing food and hummingbirds, eagles, ovenbirshelter to a wide variety ofwildlife. ds, antbirds, flycatchers, touca ns, and many more. Orchids have a rare featureamong plants, in that they have Reptiles:developed a method of anaconda, caiman, iguanas, lizamaintaining water by only rd, boas and coral snakes, etc.opening the stomata (smallholes) in their leaves at night. Amphibians: poison frogs andThis helps to prevent many different types of frogsevaporation of water within the from different species andplant during the hottest parts ofthe day. animals. Fish: electric eel, piranha, and
Emergent Layer: The tallest treesare the emergent, towering as muchas 200 feet above the forest floorwith trunks that measure up to 16feet around. Most of these treesare broad-leaved, hardwoodevergreens. Sunlight is plentiful uphere. Animals found are eagles,monkeys, bats and butterflies.Canopy Layer: This is the primarylayer of the forest and forms a roofover the two remaining layers. Manyanimals live in this area since food isabundant. Those animals include:snakes, toucans and tree frogs.Understory Layer: Little sunshinereaches this area so the plants haveto grow larger leaves to reach thesunlight. Many animals live hereincluding jaguars, red-eyed treefrogs and leopards. There is a largeconcentration of insects here.Forest Floor: Its very dark downhere. Almost no plants grow in thisarea, as a result. Since hardly anysun reaches the forest floor thingsbegin to decay quickly. A leaf thatmight take one year to decomposein a regular climate will disappearin 6 weeks.
Hummingbird Animal s Pictures… SlothTucanPiranha Caiman Morphobutterlfy
Human ImpactOne of the different problems is the demand of meat and treeproducts. If we stop consuming meat, in excess, and tree products,then they stop chopping trees.This rainforest has experienced deforestation on a catastrophicscale. The abundant rainforest is about to disappear. It has a 98% ofits original undisturbed old growth forest disappeared. The cutting offorests for firewood, agriculture and timber sales, exacerbated bythe extreme poverty among the rural population, has been thedriving forces for this forest loss. Many different animals are loosingtheir homes because of the tree cutting