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3D PRINTING - RAPID PROTOTYPING
Opportunities and Risks
HAFNER’S BÜRO
MakerBot
Distributor Central &
East Europe

Alexande...
AGENDA
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Technology
Methods
Users
Communities
Robohand
Opportunities
Risks
TECHNOLOGY
Applications
• First use cases: high-end industry
• Fast method to generate prototypes
• Rapid prototyping
Rapi...
METHODS
FDM - Fused Deposition Modeling
METHODS
SLA

SLS

FDM

3DP

Material

Resin
Ceramic
Wax

Plastic
Metall
Quarzsand

Plastic

Ceramic
Plaster
Plastic

Proce...
USERS
Type

Private

Prosumer

Companies

Software

Freeware CAD
123D Design

Low Cost CAD
Inventor Fusion

Profi-CAD
Soli...
USERS
Example: Design
• Polygon Prototyping
(Rhino and Grasshopper)
• Algorithm automatically creates geometry
base knots
...
COMMUNITIES
Example: Thingiverse
•
•
•
•

Database to share designs
More than 140.000 things
Available for all 3D printers...
ROBOHAND
DIY Prothesis
• Complete Model of a simple
prothesis downloadable
• Variable in size
• Available for all 3D-print...
ROBOHAND
DIY Prothesis
• Print time: 4 hours per set
• Print cost: approx. 4€
• Great opportunity to help,
donate and chan...
ROBOHAND
DIY Prothesis
• Perfect example for
collaborative design and
decentralized
manufacturing
• Influence of people wi...
CHANCES
Industry, Innovators, Makers
•
•
•
•
•
•

Low cost and investment
Reduction of energy and material demand
Almost u...
RISKS
Industry, Innovators, Makers
•
•
•
•
•
•

Quality and regulations (TÜV, CE, …)
Piracy, Copyright abuse
Competition b...
Questions & Discussion
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Alexander Hafner 3 D printing and rapid prototyping-opportunities & risks_makerbot

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Alexander Hafner 3 D printing and rapid prototyping-opportunities & risks_makerbot

  1. 1. 3D PRINTING - RAPID PROTOTYPING Opportunities and Risks HAFNER’S BÜRO MakerBot Distributor Central & East Europe Alexander Hafner honoring RICHARD VAN AS
  2. 2. AGENDA • • • • • • • Technology Methods Users Communities Robohand Opportunities Risks
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY Applications • First use cases: high-end industry • Fast method to generate prototypes • Rapid prototyping Rapid tooling Rapid manufacturing • Addition to traditional manufacturing methods (like drilling, milling, mold injection,…) • New materials will add more use cases PRINT YOUR LIFE - 3D DRUCKEN HEUTE UND MORGEN 26.06.2013
  4. 4. METHODS FDM - Fused Deposition Modeling
  5. 5. METHODS SLA SLS FDM 3DP Material Resin Ceramic Wax Plastic Metall Quarzsand Plastic Ceramic Plaster Plastic Process Build plate Basin Exposure Chamber Powder layer Polymerization Build plate Extrusion layer Bonding Chamber Powder layer Bonding Machine costs >80T€ > 150T€ > 2T€ >45T€ Material costs > 600€/kg > 450€/kg 60€/kg 300€/kg
  6. 6. USERS Type Private Prosumer Companies Software Freeware CAD 123D Design Low Cost CAD Inventor Fusion Profi-CAD Solidworks, Catia, ProE, Inventor, Revit… Use case Hobby Business idea Rapid Prototyping Low volume prodution Source: HAFNER‘S BÜRO
  7. 7. USERS Example: Design • Polygon Prototyping (Rhino and Grasshopper) • Algorithm automatically creates geometry base knots • 3D-printing can be combined with traditional types of manufacturing Quelle: HAFNER‘S BÜRO Source: Frank Spenling, Kunsthochschule Burg Giebichenstein
  8. 8. COMMUNITIES Example: Thingiverse • • • • Database to share designs More than 140.000 things Available for all 3D printers Control of usage and rights (creative commons) Source: Thingiverse
  9. 9. ROBOHAND DIY Prothesis • Complete Model of a simple prothesis downloadable • Variable in size • Available for all 3D-printers • Assembly plan included
  10. 10. ROBOHAND DIY Prothesis • Print time: 4 hours per set • Print cost: approx. 4€ • Great opportunity to help, donate and change things • 25.000 MakerBot printers could easily print 25.000 ROBOHANDS daily
  11. 11. ROBOHAND DIY Prothesis • Perfect example for collaborative design and decentralized manufacturing • Influence of people without capital and huge fabrication facilities is growing • Production is shifting
  12. 12. CHANCES Industry, Innovators, Makers • • • • • • Low cost and investment Reduction of energy and material demand Almost unlimted availablility (everywhere/always) Small installation and training effort Simple Handling Small environmental foot print (biogradeable material, less transportation, storage and noise)
  13. 13. RISKS Industry, Innovators, Makers • • • • • • Quality and regulations (TÜV, CE, …) Piracy, Copyright abuse Competition between companies and individuals Overestimation of hypes and trends Underestimation of material cost and neccessary skills Wrong estimate of breakeven points
  14. 14. Questions & Discussion

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