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Indus valley civilization Harappa

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Indus valley civilization Harappa

  1. 1. INDUSVALLEY–HARRAPANCIVILIZATIONWWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  2. 2. FOR FREESCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDSWWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COMFREE SCIENCE VIDEOS FOR KIDSwww.makemegenius.comFree Science Videos for Kids
  3. 3. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATIONThe Indus Valley civilizationflourished around 2,500 B.C. inthe western part of South Asia, inwhat today is Pakistan andwestern India.It is often referred to as HarappanCivilization after its firstdiscovered city, Harappa.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  4. 4. GEOGRAPHY OF INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION1. Harappa andMohenjodaro2. Lothal and theIndian Sites3. Continuation ofHarappanCivilization in theIndo GangeticValley.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  5. 5. NATURE OF URBANIZATION1. Street Planning2. Granary3. Great Bath4. SocialOrganization5. Relations withAgrarianHinterland.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  6. 6. THE ARTIFACTS: CRAFTS AND THE ARTSCrafts of the Indus valleyincluded pottery making,dyeing, metal working inbronze, and bead making.Bead materials included: jade from the Himalayas, lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, turquoise from Persia, amethyst from Mewar in India, and steatite, which was found locally.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  7. 7. THE ARTIFACTS: CRAFTS AND THE ARTSSmall sculptures in stone,terra cotta, and bronzeappear to represent priestlyor governmental officials,dancing girls, and perhapsmother goddesses.Since there are no survivingtexts to explain identities,these can only be guesses.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  8. 8. THE ARTIFACTS: CRAFTS AND THE ARTSDice and small sculptures ofbullock carts were probablyused as toys and games.The first known use ofcotton as a fiber forweaving textiles occurredin the Indus Valley.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  9. 9. CAREFULLY PLANNED CITIESOriginating around 2500B.C.E. the thrivingcivilizations survived foraround 500 years.Both Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, two of the largestamong 500 sites, werethree miles incircumference with around40,000 people.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  10. 10. MOHENJO-DARO AND HARAPPATo the north is a citadel or raised area.In Mohenjo-Daro, the citadel is built on anarchitectural platform about 45 feetabove the plain.On the summit was a huge communalbath.Next to the large bath was a huge openspace—a granary where food was storedfrom possible floods.Fortified walls mark the southeast corner.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  11. 11. MOHENJO-DARO AND HARAPPA•The lower city was laid out in a gridironwith the main streets about 45 feet wide.•Private houses, almost every one with itsown well, bathing space, and toiletconsisting of a brick seat over a drainagearea.•Brick-lined drains flushed by water carriedliquid and solid waste to sumps, where itwas carted away, probably to fertilizenearby fields.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  12. 12. MOHENJO-DARO AND HARAPPA•The town plan was regular.•Even fire-baked bricks were uniform in size andshape.•The regularity of plan and constructionsuggests a government with organization andbureaucratic capacity.•No monumental architecture clearly marks thepresence of a palace or temple.•There is little sign of social stratification in theplan or buildings.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  13. 13. INDUS VALLEY BURIAL SITES•Heads pointing to the north•Some grave goods, such as potsof food and water, small amountsof jewelry, simple mirrors, andsome cosmetics.•Not extravagant like royal burialsof Egypt or even of Mesopotamia.WWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  14. 14. THEORIES OF THE DECLINE OF INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION1. The Myth ofAryan Invasion.2. EnvironmentalSifts3. New ResearchesWWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COM FREE SCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDS
  15. 15. FOR FREESCIENCE VIDEOSFOR KIDSWWW.MAKEMEGENIUS.COMFREE SCIENCE VIDEOS FOR KIDSwww.makemegenius.comFree Science Videos for Kids

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