How Can Digital Collections Support Shared Print Initiatives?

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Slides from Thomas. H. Teper's presentation at the "Looking to the Future of Shared Print" session held at the ALA Annual Conference on June 27, 2014 in Las Vegas, NV.

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  • Comprehensive collection
    Preservation…with Access
    Shared strategies
    Collection management, development
    Copyright
    Preservation (digital and print)
    Bibliographic Indeterminacy
    Discovery / Use
    Efficient user services
    Public Good
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  • Starting place was conviction of

    A lot of focus on management of print collections in last couple of years, and impact securely stored digital copies can have in conversations about how to manage print collections. One of these was the cloud library project - an initiative supported by CLIR and Mellon Foundation and participation by OCLC Research, NYU, ReCap storage facility and partner libraries (Columbia, NYPL, Princeton), and HathiTrust. The idea is, using NYU as an example, investigate overlap of their print holdings with volumes in ReCap and volumes held digitally in HathiTrust; work out the types of service agreements necessary from these entities to make it feasible for an institutional library to being to deaccession volumes from its print collections.

    Starting place: emergence of a mass-digitized book corpus has the potential to transform the academic library enterprise, enabling an optimization of legacy print collections that will substantially increase the efficiency of library operations and facilitate a redirection of library resources in support of a renovated library service portfolio+ (Malpas - Cloud-sourcing Research Libraries, Feb 2010)
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  • The signs pointed to the fact that this level of overlap in titles would continue to grow.
  • Here we are in 2014 with 50% overlap with ARL institutions and, likely, a more significant level of overlap for the Oberlin Group schools.
  • The topic of this presentation was “How can digital collections support shared print initiatives?” I think that they can. The biggest challenge that I see in further development of these discussions is, however, one of tempering expectations.
  • Depending on how you answer these questions, you might come to very different conclusions, but I would like to propose that the HT’s Print Monograph Archive will be the following…..
  • How Can Digital Collections Support Shared Print Initiatives?

    1. 1. HATHITRUST A Shared Digital Repository How Can Digital Collections Support Shared Print Initiatives? The HathiTrust Print Monograph Archive Planning Task Force Collaborating to Preserve Our Print Collections June 27, 2014 Thomas H. Teper AUL for Collections & Technical Services University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    2. 2. Partnership Allegheny College Arizona State University Baylor University Boston College Boston University Brandeis University Brown University California Digital Library Carnegie Mellon University Colby College Columbia University Cornell University Dartmouth College Duke University Emory University Florida State University Getty Research Institute Harvard University Library Indiana University Iowa State University Johns Hopkins University Kansas State University Lafayette College Library of Congress Massachusetts Institute of Technology McGill University` Michigan State University Montana State University Mount Holyoke College New York Public Library New York University North Carolina Central University North Carolina State University Northwestern University The Ohio State University The Pennsylvania State University Princeton University Purdue University Rutgers University Stanford University Syracuse University Temple University Texas A&M University Tufts University Universidad Complutense de Madrid University of Alabama University of Alberta University of Arizona University of British Columbia University of Calgary University of California Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego San Francisco Santa Barbara Santa Cruz The University of Chicago University of Connecticut University of Delaware University of Florida University of Houston University of Illinois University of Illinois at Chicago The University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Maine University of Maryland University of Massachusetts, Amherst University of Miami University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri University of Nebraska- Lincoln The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Notre Dame University of Oklahoma University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh University of Queensland University of Tennessee, Knoxville University of Texas University of Utah University of Vermont University of Virginia University of Washington University of Wisconsin- Madison Utah State University Vanderbilt University Virginia Tech Wake Forest University Washington University Yale University Library
    3. 3. Mission • To contribute to the common good by collecting, organizing, preserving, communicating, and sharing the record of human knowledge
    4. 4. The Goals • To build a reliable and increasingly comprehensive digital archive of library materials converted from print that is co-owned and managed by a number of academic institutions. • To dramatically improve access to these materials in ways that, first and foremost, meet the needs of the co-owning institutions. • To help preserve these important human records by creating reliable and accessible electronic representations. • To enable the digital archive to be accessible to persons who have print disabilities. • To stimulate redoubled efforts to coordinate shared storage strategies among libraries, thus reducing long-term capital and operating costs of libraries associated with the storage and care of print collections. • To create and sustain this “public good” in a way that mitigates the problem of free-riders. • To create a technical framework that is simultaneously responsive to members through the centralized creation of functionality and sufficiently open to the creation of tools and services not created by the central organization.
    5. 5. Governance HathiTrust Members Program Steering Committee Board of Governors Executive Director
    6. 6. How does work get done? • Collective work – e.g., working groups – Perform the work of the partnership – Now 40+ people across partner institutions • Distributed work – Driven by needs of institutions – able to leverage across the partnership – Projects, e.g. grant work, ingest specifications, page-turner, bibliographic data management • Leverage expertise across institutions
    7. 7. The HathiTrust Print Monographs Archive Task Force • Ballot Initiative passed at the 2011 HT Constitutional Convention (Con-Con) – “To develop a print monographs archive corresponding to volumes represented within the HathiTrust” • HathiTrust Board of Governors recently approved appointment of a PSC-designed task force to begin process
    8. 8. Ballot Initiative Called For…. • A print archive founded on formal agreements with print repositories of member institutions or their affiliated agents • Agreements would establish retention commitments to ensure continuing availability of the archived holdings to the HT members • Provide financial support to the designated repositories sufficient to secure and maintain these agreements • Initiate and carry out a formal planning process by which necessary policies, operational plans, and business models required would be established to sustain a distributed archive
    9. 9. Task Force Charge • Reporting to the HathiTrust Program Steering Committee, the Print Monographs Archive Planning Task Force is charged to develop plans for a distributed Print Monographs Archive on behalf of HathiTrust, including the requisite policies, operational plans, and business model.
    10. 10. Issues to examine… • Exploration of the model needed to identify and preserve print resources • Qualifications of participating repositories • Analysis and identification of appropriate content for inclusion in the archive • Additional criteria for participation, such as geography, repository type, breadth of contribution, institutional commitment… • Retention periods • Discovery, access policies, and service models • Business and financial models • Roles and relationships among HT and other libraries and organizations engaged in collaborative management of print collections.
    11. 11. The Collective Collection • Represents a shift from what a library has to what a library can provide access to…. • Leading to changes in how we perceive of managing collections…. • Cloud Libraries and Mega-Regions…. – Do not – at present – replace local decisions. – Do confirm what we all knew – libraries don’t need to duplicate everything and can share items, bringing greater benefit to the whole.
    12. 12. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 %ofTitlesinLocalCollection Rank in 2008 ARL Investment Index A global change in the library environment June 2010 Median duplication: 31% June 2009 Median duplication: 19% Academic print book collection already substantially duplicated in mass digitized book corpus
    13. 13. Continuing growth of overlap … • ARL overlap – 31% in June 2010 – 33% in Dec (adjustment: adding little-held works) – ~ 1% per 225,000 vols – 45% by December, 2011 • Oberlin Group overlap – Close to 9% points higher – 41% in December, 2010 – Close to 50% in May, 2011 – Higher rate of overlap per added volume?
    14. 14. Overlap in 2014…. • More than 50% median overlap with ARL institutions; higher for small liberal arts colleges
    15. 15. How Can Digital Collections Support Shared Print Initiatives? • Provide a framework to better understand “scarcity” among the collective membership • Provide an additional data points for individual institutions/cooperatives to make local decisions related to collection management • Provide participants with assurance of continued access via the cooperative • Provide a mechanism for establishing a Print Monograph Archive
    16. 16. What will a Print Monograph Archive Look Like? • To be determined, but there are questions that I would like to ask before going further: – Is a Print Monograph Archive the same as a Shared Print Initiative? – Are the principles and goals of a Print Monograph Archive the same as a broader Shared Print Initiative?
    17. 17. HT Print Monograph Archive Should… • Be a loose-tight organization with an underlying audit process; • Be a building block upon which others can develop local plans, make local decisions, and implement local initiatives; • Distinguish itself from others initiatives through unique elements: – A focus on monographs – A digital corpus – A print commitment – A set of tools that will support local work
    18. 18. Thank You

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