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Philippine Nursing Theorist Sister letty G. kuan


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A nursing theorist in the Philippines.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education
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Philippine Nursing Theorist Sister letty G. kuan

  2. 2. GETTING TO KNOW THE FILIPINO THEORIST ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Born on November 19, 1936 in Katipunan-Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte Master degree in Nursing and Guidance and Counseling. She also holds a Doctoral degree in Education. Has a vast contribution to the University of the Philippines College of Nursing Faculty and Academic achievements. She is now a Professor Emeritus, a title awarded only to a few who met the strict criteria.
  3. 3. ★ She has two Masters Degrees, M.A in Nursing and M.S in Education, Major in Guidance and Counseling, culminating in Doctor of Education (Guidance and Counseling). ★ Has a Clinical Fellowship and Specialization in Neuropsychology in University of Paris, France (Salpetriere hospital). ★ Neurogerontology in Watertown, New York (Good Samaritan Hospital ) and Syracuse University, New York.
  4. 4. ★ ★ ★ ★ She also had Bioethics formal training at Institute of Religion, Ethics and Law at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. She is a recipient of the Metrobank Foundation “Outstanding Teacher’s Award” in 1995 and an “Award of Continuing Integrity and Excellence in Service” in 2004. (ACIES) Her religious community is the Notre Dame de Vie founded in France in 1932. As a former member of the Board of Nursing her latest legacy the Nursing Community is without a doubt, indisputable.
  5. 5. ★ She authored several books giving her insights in the areas of Gerontology, Care of Older Persons and Bioethics and Essence of Caring. ★ Concepts of illness and health care intervention in an urban community. by Kuan, Letty Gurdiel; [Quezon City]: 1975. ★ Understanding the Filipino elderly: a textbook for nurses and related health professional by Kuan, Letty G.; Dipolog City: Jesus G. Kuan Foundation, 1993. ★ Essence of Caring by Letty G. Kuan, National Teacher Training Center for the Health Professions, University of the Philippines Manila, Learning Resources Unit, 1993
  6. 6. AND OTHER BOOKS... ★ Pag-aaruga Sa Mga Taong May Edad Na. by Kuan, Letty G.; Quezon City: UP-KAT, 1998 ★ Bioethics in Nursing by Kuan, Letty G.; Manila: Educational Pub. House, 2006
  7. 7. RETIREMENT AND ROLE DISCONTINUITIES CONCEPTUAL MODEL (as studied and researched by the author) Determinants of Fruitful Aging • Prepared retirement •Health Status •Income •Family Constellation •Self- Preparation Retirement Role Discontinuities (Aging Process) Change of Life Outcome Fruitful Retirement and Aging
  8. 8. BACKGROUND  Retirement – is an inevitable change in one’s life. It is evident in the increasing statistics of aging population accompanied by related disabilities and increased dependence. - this developmental stage, even at later part of life, must be considered desirable and satisfying through the determination of factors that will help the person enjoy his remaining years of life.
  9. 9.  It is of primary importance to prepare early in life by cultivating other role of options at age 50-60 in order to have a rewarding retirement period even amidst the presence of role discontinuities experienced by this age group.
  10. 10. BASIC ASSUMPTIONS AND CONCEPTS ★ ★ Physiological Age- is the endurance of cells and tissues to withstand the wear-and-tear phenomenon of the human body. -some individuals are gifted with the strong genetic affinity to stay young for a long time period. Role – Refers to the set of shared expectations focused upon a particular position. These may include beliefs about what goals or values the position incumbent is to pursue and the norms that will govern his behavior.
  11. 11. ROLE (CONT.) ★ It is also the set shared expectations from the retirees socialization experiences and the values internalized while preparing for the position as well as the adaptations to the expectations socially defined for the position itself. ★ For every social role there is complementary set of roles in the social structure among which interaction constantly occurs.
  12. 12. ★ Change of Life - is the period between near retirement and post-retirement years. In medico-physiological terms, this equates with the climacteric period of adjustment and readjustment to another tempo of life. ★ Retiree – is an individual who has left the position occupied for the past years of productive life because he/she has reached the prescribed retirement age or has completed the required years of service.
  13. 13. ★ Role Discontinuity - is the interruption in the line of status enjoyed or performed. The interruption may be brought about by an accident, emergency, and change of position or retirement. ★ Coping Approaches- Refer to the interventions or measures applied to solve a problematic situation or state in order to restore or maintain equilibrium and normal functioning.
  14. 14. DETERMINANTS OF POSITIVE PERCEPTIONS IN RETIREMENT AND POSITIVE REACTIONS TOWARD ROLE DISCONTINUITIES: 1. Health Status - refer to physiological and mental state of the respondents, classified as either sickly or healthy. 2. Income – (economic level) refers to the financial affluence of the respondent which can be classified as poor, moderate, or rich. 3. Work Status (according to Webster’s dictionary)status of an individual according to his/her work.
  15. 15. 4. Family Constellation – Means the type of family composition described either close knit or extended family where three or more generations of family members live under one roof; or distanced family, whose members live in separate dwelling units; or nuclear type of family where only husband, wife and children live together. 5. Self-Preparation (according to Webster’s dictionary) - it is preparing of self to the possible outcomes in life.
  16. 16. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Health status dictates the capacities and the type of role one takes both for the present and for the future. - It fits for the everyone to maintain and promote health at all ages because only proper care of the mind and body is needed to maintain health in old age.
  17. 17. 2. Family constellation is a positive index regarding retirement positively and also in reacting to role discontinuities. ~ In the Philippines, the family undoubtedly stands as the security or trusting bank where all members, young and old can always run and get help. ~When one retires, the shock of the role discontinuities is softened because the family not only cushions the impact, but also offers gainful substitutes, as in providing monetary support, absorbing emotional strains that often times with discontinuities and other forms of surrogating.
  18. 18. 3. Income has a high correlation with both the perception of retirement and reactions towards role discontinuities. - Since income is one of the factors that secure the outlook of individual, efforts must be exerted to save and spend money wisely while still actively earning in order to have some reserved when one grows old. - It also implies that retirement pensions should be adjusted to meet the demands of the elderly. - This should be done in order to have a more relevant and realistic pension and benefits adjustment.
  19. 19. 4. Work status goes hand and hand with economic security that generates decent compensation. ~ For the retired, it implies that retirement should not be conceptualized as a period of no work because capabilities to function get sharpened and refined as they practice it on a regular basis. ~ Work enhances the aspects of self-esteem and contributes to the feeling of wellness even and old age.
  20. 20. 5. Self-preparation which are said to be both therapeutic and recreational in essence pays its worth in old age. ~This does not only account professionalism or expertise but also benevolent work as in charitable actions with the colleagues. ~ Self-preparation is investing not in monetary benefits but in something that gives them and dignity; enhance their feelings of self-worth and happiness.
  21. 21. 6. To cope with the changes brought by retirement, one must cultivate interest in recreational activities to channel feelings of depression or isolation and facing realities through confrontation with some issues.
  22. 22. 7. To perceive retirement positively, it requires early socialization of the various roles we take in life. The best place to start is at home extending to schools, neighbourhoods, The community and society in general. In retirement, their fellow retirees are their own best advocates. To facilitate this, barriers to full participation in the areas where important decisions are rich should be eliminated in order to give recognition and appreciation of the knowledge, wisdom, experience and values which are the social assets that make the retired age and the custodians’ folk wisdom.
  23. 23. 8. Government agency to construct holistic preretirement preparation program which will take care of the retiree’s finances, psychological, emotional, and social needs. 9. Retirement should be recognized as the fulfillment of every individual’ s birthright and must be lived meaningfully.
  24. 24. “I have grown and sown and now I can reap the reward and blessing of a life lived in joy and love, for I too have made others grow. ” ~ Prof. Letty Gurdiel Kuan, RN, RGC, EdD~