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Culture and anarchy

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Culture and anarchy

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Culture and anarchy

  1. 1. CULTURE AND ANARCHY Chapter no:1 “Sweetness and light”
  2. 2. Introduction  culture:  Highly developed state of perfection having flawless quality.  Anarchy:  A state of lawless and disorder(usually resulting from a failure of government)
  3. 3. Culture and anarchy  An essay in political and social criticism(1869)one of most important works of Arnold was motivated by his desire to correct what he saw as the content provincialism and arrogance of English society.  Sociopolitical essay  A collection of few separate essays;they show his fighting and struggle against material affluence(abundant wealth)
  4. 4. Sweetness and light  Background:  In 1704 Johnathan Swift wrote of beauty and intelligence as two noblest of things, ”sweetness and light”.  In 1869 Matthew Arnold made Swifts latter phrase touchstone of Victorian sensibility as the title of the first chapter of his” culture and Anarchy”.
  5. 5. Concept about sweetness and light  His central focus and argument is on CURIOSITY-a liberal and intelligent eagerness(keenness)about things of mind or mental activities.  According to him the place of curiosity is DESIRE.It is desire that make somebody pursue.The work of desire is to see things as they are and if it is pursued by intelligent person with an impartial understanding of mind.such curiosity lead us to real culture..
  6. 6. His view about social aspect of culture  It comes from the love of neighbour.  Means it gets birth from the DESIRE for removing human errors diminishing human misery .  It is a person of culture who works impartially with keenness so it gives birth to sweetness and light.
  7. 7. Origion of culture lies in love of perfection  Culture is a study of perfection.  There should be pure knowledge and moral social passion for doing well.  The man of culture should have pure knowledge and impartial desire and prevail in society for diminishing human miseries.Such miseries can be diminished by prevailing sweetness and light that is the job of man of pursuing perfection.
  8. 8.  The great man of culture believe in equality and broad mindedness.  They are possessed by passion to spread culture from one end of society to the other.They carry the best ideas and the ideas of their time.
  9. 9. comparision  Man of culture is like honey bee.the job of honey bee is to collect juice from all flowers (sweet or sour) to make honey.Honey is sweet like by all in all forms and honey has wax that is not useless because candles are made of it.Hence in the sweetness is light..  In the same way a man of culture seek knowledge from all departments and share it all.He is not narrow minded because he brings perfection.So,his pursuit of perfection is sweetness and light.
  10. 10. THANKYOU

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