Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Mobile assisted language learning (mall)


Published on

A presentation on mobile assisted language learning presented at he 7th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Valencia, Spain, 4th - 6th March, 2013

Mobile assisted language learning (mall)

  1. 1. Mobile-assisted Language LearningPromising Opportunities for Foreign Language Learning  Mahmoud Al Saidi  Sultan Qaboos University  Oman
  2. 2. MOBILE-ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNINGOutline of Presentation: What is Mobile Learning Why mobile language learning? Classroom applications of MALL The role of educators Challenges and limitations More reading and Resources
  3. 3. WHAT IS MOBILE LEARNING? Researchers’ perspectives of mLearning Defining characteristics of mLearning Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL)
  5. 5. WHAT IS MOBILE LEARNING? Researchers’ perspectives: Lot’s of DEBAT WHAT IS MOBILE IN MOBILE LEARNING? E Learner? Device? (orientation/(technology)? needs/wants)? Content? ( cloud computing)?
  6. 6. WHAT IS MOBILE LEARNING?Kukulska-Hulme & Traxler, 2005: “the possibilities opened up by portable, lightweight devices that are … small enough to fit in a pocket or the palm of one’s hand. Typical examples are mobile phones … smartphones, palmtops and PDAs; Tablet PCs, laptop computers and personal media players” Cameras, data storage devices
  7. 7. WHAT IS MOBILE LEARNING?Sharples et al. (2005)“[it] is the learner that is mobile, rather than thetechnology” (p3).
  8. 8. WHAT IS MOBILE LEARNING?Defining characteristics:  Personalized  Situated  Authentic  Informal  Mobile  Continuous  Collaborative  Portable  Spontaneous  Ubiquitous
  9. 9. WHAT IS MOBILE LEARNING?Simple definition A mode of learning which takes place using content or interaction affordances facilitated by mobile devices such as cellphones, mp3 players, notebooks, hand-held mini computers, PDAs, cameras, data storage devices and a number of other portable devices
  10. 10. MOBILE ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING (MALL)An approach to language learning thatis assisted or enhanced through theuse of handheld mobile devicesSubset of mobile learning and CALL
  11. 11. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING?1. Mobile device and network ubiquity: 90% of the people on earth are covered by mobile phone network. Colley et. all. (2010) 41% of users have more than one mobile device. The Oracle report (Yu Vespi and Hazen, 201
  12. 12. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING?1. Mobile device and network ubiquity: 85% of mobile phones shipped worldwide by 2011 will have an Internet browser on them. Colley et al. (2010)Near Future:between 2010 – 2015 Web access via mobile will exceeddesktop Web access. (Colley et al. 2010).
  13. 13. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING?1. Mobile device and network ubiquity: (Generation Y) downloaded the most of the commercial or free applications downloaded by all mobile users. (Colley et al. 2010) What about the developing world? “In most African countries Internet usage via cellphones is growing: not by 10 or 20 %, but by several hundred percent year-on-year.” (Colley et al. 2010)
  14. 14. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGELEARNING?2. Our learners – real life:  All own cellphones and most of them own smartphones  Motivated towards the technology (POSITIVE)  Geared to learn informally  Suggesting mobile-based materials  Already into mobile learning  ARE CREATING mobile learning Content
  15. 15. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGELEARNING?3. Research:We need to re-conceptualize learning for the mobileage. Sharples et al. (2005)Mobile learning in general is inevitable in the comingyears. (Kukulska-Hulme 2006)
  16. 16. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGELEARNING?3. Research:Equip educators at individual and institutionallevels with appropriate designs for learning that cancope with and work well for new generations oflearners who take the use of sophisticated technologyfor granted. ( Beethan & Sharpe, 2007)
  17. 17. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGELEARNING?2. What if we as educators justignored this new mode of learning? Failing to do so, will only result in widening the gap between educators’ ideas about learning and those of their students (Kukulska-Hulme & Jones, 2011).
  18. 18. WHY MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING? Advantages:  Learner driven and  Potential for learner centered autonomy  Relatively cheap  Encourages and facilitates technology peer interaction  Very cheap or totally free  Integrates real life into content learning  Portable  Easy content creation  Ubiquitous  eBooks etc.  Still new and fashionable
  19. 19. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OFMALLSome Examples  Educational Apps  eBooks and eLibraries  Social media  Informal learning activities  Course Management Systems: Moodle for mobile  Course administration  Audio, video , picture  The power of QR Codes
  20. 20. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OFMALLEducational Apps on the rise Leading app producers Augmented reality affordances Mostly for free Easy to use Choice User reviews
  21. 21. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OFMALLEducational Apps  Apps from Unreliable sourcesWhat is the  Trial Appsdownside?  Data Usage  Low quality  Finding them
  22. 22. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OFMALLAppsExemplary language learningapps
  23. 23. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL QR Codes What are QR Codes? • Quick Response Code • Optical labels readable by smartphone softwarePowerful teaching/learning tools onsmartphones
  24. 24. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL QR CodesQR Code Generators QR Code Scanners
  25. 25. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OFMALL QR Codes Both a QR Code Generator and Scanner
  26. 26. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OFMALL QR CodesHow can they be used for language learning?/teaching  Apps  Text  Web  Course administration links  Classroom activities and quizzes  Video Advantage: Do not always require Internet access.
  27. 27. CLASSROOM APPLICATIONS OF MALL QR Codes - ExampleMobile Students Convertapp scan app to link to QR their App gets Code smartphon downloaded e
  30. 30. THE ROLE OF EDUCATORS Planners: initiate and administer learning schemes, offer opportunities, set policies, rules and regulation Guides/facilitators: appropriate materials – apps, sites etc. Facilitate work of leaners as needed Resource: offer resources and encourage students to explore Tech support LISTENERS: to students’ needs and wants
  31. 31. CHALLENGES AND LIMITATIONS Teacher resistance Alignment of mobile learning with theoretical frameworks Technology-driven materials and practices Institutional rules Cultural appropriateness Cost Privacy Access to network Cross platform compatibility
  32. 32. MOBILE LEARNING RESOURCESMALL on wikipedia: learning portal: of technology for ELT: EDUCAUSE REVIEW ONLINE: obileassistedlanguagelearning
  33. 33. MLEARNING AND MALL RESOURCESApple Education: Learning: An online reflective journal on Mobile learningpractices: 50 mearning Resources:
  34. 34. MORE READINGSBeethan, H., & Sharpe, R. (Eds.). (2007). Rethinking pedagogy for a digitalage: Designing and delivering e-learning. London, UK: RoutledgeFalmer.Chinnery,G. (2006). Emerging technologies. Going to mall: mobile assistedlanguage learning. Language Learning and Technology, 10(1), 19-16Colley, J., DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2010). What in the World are you doingwith your mobile phone? World differences in the use of mobiles. RetrievedAugust 27, 2011, from, J., DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2010). Future trends in mobile use.Retrieved Aujust 27th, 2011, from
  35. 35. MORE READINGSDias, A. Carvalho, L., Keegan, D. Kismihok, G., Mileva, N., Nix, J., &Rekkedal. T (2008). An Introduction to Mobile Learning. Retrieved 25th July,2011, from, S. (2004). Mobile learning in the 21st century: Benefit for learners.Knowledge Tree e-journal. Retrieved August 9th, 2011, from
  36. 36. MORE READINGSHartman, G. DeGani, A., & Stead, G. (2011). Cross-platform mobiledevelopment. Retrieved August 27th, 2011, from Ismail, I., Baharum, H., & Idrus, R.M. (2010). Simplistic is the ingredient formobile learning. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies,4(3), 4 – 8) retrieved July 25th, 2011, from, Agnes and Jones, Chris (2011). The next generation:design and the infrastructure for learning in a mobile and networked world.In: Olofsson, A. D. and Lindberg, J. Ola eds. Informed Design of EducationalTechnologies in Higher Education: Enhanced Learning and Teaching.Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference (an Imprint of IGI Global), pp.57–78.
  37. 37. MORE READINGSKukulska-Hulme. A., and Shield, Lesley (2008). An overview of mobileassisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaborationand interaction. ReCALL, 20(3), pp. 271–289.Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2006). Mobile language learning now and in the future.In: Svensson, Patrik ed. Fr°an vision till praktik: Spr°akutbildning ochInformationsteknik (From vision to practice: language learning and IT).Sweden: Swedish Net University (N¨atuniversitetet), pp. 295–310.Mirland, M. (2006). How should learning activities using mobile technologiesbe designed to support innovative educational practices?. In M. Sharples (ed.)(2006) Big issues in mobile learning. Report of a workshop by theKaleidoscope Network of Excellence Mobile Learning Initiative. University ofNottingham, UK. (p.27 - 29) Retrieved July 9th, 2011, from
  38. 38. MORE READINGSNaismith, L., Lonsdale, P., Vavoula, G. and Sharples, M. (2004) LiteratureReview in Mobile Technologies and Learning, Report 11 for Futurelab,Retrieved September 10, 2011, from
  39. 39. MORE READINGSNorbrook, H. and Scott, P. (2003) Motivation in mobile modern foreignlanguage learning. In: Attewell, J., Da Bormida, G., Sharples, M. and Savill-Smith, C. (eds.) MLEARN2003:Learning with mobile devices. London: Learning and Skills DevelopmentAgency, 50-51. Retrieved 15 Auggust, 2011, from, G., Wang, J.Y., & Li, A. (2009). Theoretical foundations of Mobilelearning mediated by technology. Retrieved August 31st , 2010, from, M., Taylor, J., & Vavoula, G. (2005). Towards a theory of mobilelearning. Retrieved August, 27th, 2010, from
  40. 40. MORE READINGSSharples, M. (ed.) (2006). Big issues in mobile learning. Report of aworkshop by the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence Mobile LearningInitiative. University of Nottingham, UK. Retrieved July 9th, 2011, from, P., & Houser, C. (2005). Using mobile phones in Englisheducation in Japan. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (21), 217-228Yu Vespi, C., & Hazen, J (2010). Opportunity Calling: The future of Mobilecommunications. Retrieved August 27th, 2011, from
  41. 41. DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION? QR Code Link it to a website.. THANK YOU