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  1. 1. Prepared By- Mahjabeen, Sadia, Kashfia, Zakaria and Sumaya Students of Department of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET
  2. 2. -- 16th mega city and 9th most populous city of the world. -- supports about 7.2% of total population and 30% of total urban population.
  3. 3. -- Traffic Congestion. -- Public Transport Vs. Private Transport. -- Supply Vs. Demand.
  4. 4. -- Glorious History of Waterbodies and wetlands
  5. 5. -- Hatirjheel Project : a story of revival -- Lack of public transport system at Hatirjheel area.
  6. 6. -- Inland Waterway Transportation System through Hatirjheel-Gulshan-Banani- Baridhara lakes.
  7. 7.  To understand the potential of Hatirjheel-Gulshan-Banani-Baridhara lake areas to be used for water way transportation option  To explore the benefits of providing waterway transport facility and  To investigate the feasibility of implementing waterway transport approach.
  8. 8. 1. Hatirjheel Project is an example of successful project which helped to retrieve the lake. 2. The lake is surrounded by different areas of the city which can serve numerous areas and a large number of people will be benefitted. 3. Water transport will provide cheap transportation solution to the city dwellers. 4. Environment friendly transport solution. 5. Public transport system on the lake 6. Inland water transport ensures equality
  9. 9. 1. Water transport may hamper the water quality. 2. People may deteriorate the lake area. 3. The flora and fauna might be affected
  10. 10. 1. Traffic volume on roads will be decreased 2. Travel time will be reduced. 3. Reduce hassle of people since they can move from one place to another very fast and they will not have to wait in the traffic congestion. 4. Good for the health of people. 5. Enhance the way of recreation while travelling. 6. Enhance connectivity of the city 7. Different agencies and stakeholders are interested to implement the project. 8. City dwellers are willing to avail the water transport service.
  11. 11. 1. Different agencies are responsible for the lake and Hatirjheel project. Working under one umbrella will be a difficult task for different stakeholders. 2. Which agency will take the authority of operation, maintenance and management will be a hard question to be addressed. 3. Travel solution up to the landing station will be another aspect to be considered 4. Waste Disposal system, environmental protection these will be crucial factors to be considered. 5. More people will be attracted to be migrated into Dhaka if they find smooth inland waterway transportation system.
  12. 12. 1. Mobility and Transportation. 2. Reduction of Traffic Volume on Roads. 3. Public Transport Solution 4. Travel in a Cheaper Rate. 5. Health Benefit 6. Environment Friendly Travel Solution 7. Ensure Equality Among All 8. Greater Attention to the Eco System of the Water Bodies 9. Connectivity of the City
  13. 13. -- Societies have always been set up near water -- In USA and Great Britain, waterways have been developed and integrated into a world-class transportation system. -- Usually, people used the waterways for travelling to another country -- Later, worked as an instrument of country's economic development -- After that, inland waterway developed in the city -- During 1700s, the British government passed the Navigation Acts -- It provided the design of tax collection through which governments flourished -- The emergence of containerization in the late 1950s dramatically increased the potentials of waterway transportation -- It also became a driving force for further improvement of waterway
  14. 14. In France: -- Waterway network is mainly based on its rivers -- Many of the low-capacity canals are being raised to a standard -- Waterway has been developed along streets also Figure: Waterway Transportation in FranceFigure: Waterway Transportation along a street of Paris
  15. 15. In Netherlands: -- The extensive canal systems based on large natural rivers are used as waterway -- A few canals like Amsterdam-Rhine canal serves as a transshipment ports -- All waterways are used for carrying goods and people Figure: Waterway Transportation in Netherlands
  16. 16. In Thailand: -- Three different types of boat in operations: o Express bloats o Ferry boats o Long-tailed boats -- Different types of boats serves different purposes Figure: Waterway Transportation in Thailand
  17. 17.  The National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction (NSAPR), 2005 -- emphasized upon preserving the navigation of country boats -- the proposed measures are meant to be self-financed by the poor communities themselves -- This clearly limits the impact of the Government commitment  National Integrated Multi-modal Transport Policy, 2013 -- proposed an efficient, safe and cheap Integrated Water Transport (IWT) -- special attention on dredging, encouragement of mechanization of country boats -- two goals: (i) to introduce door-to-door services using IWT; (ii) to foster a high level of rural mobility using rural water transport  National Water Policy, 2001 -- recognized that IWT is of substantial economic importance in Bangladesh -- minimum water flows in designated streams will be maintained for navigation after diversion of water for drinking and municipal purposes. -- water development projects should cause minimal disruption to navigation and, where necessary, adequate mitigation measures should be taken. -- dredging and other suitable measures would be undertaken, wherever needed to maintain navigational capability
  18. 18.  National Policy for Ports, Ocean Shipping and Inland Water Transport, 2000 -- aimed to ensure that Bangladesh has a safe and efficient inland and coastal water transport system, able to support the national development aspirations. -- provides a comprehensive guidance for the management and administration of IWT, its infrastructure, services, safety and environment, technology and financing.  Wetland Conservation Act, 2000 -- straightly forbids to conduct any activity that may cause hamper to the natural water body -- But if it can be verified that the development activity is being performed for the greater welfare of the mass people, then the respective authority may allow it and provide the permission to carry on the work.  Inland Shipping Act, 2005 -- every inland shipping owner must take permit from the respective authority, otherwise he will be penalized -- The crew and other related people with shipping must have professional certificates and necessary trainings -- strongly prohibits the discharge of disinfected sewage in the inland water body
  19. 19. -- Road congestion can be lessened -- Less expensive than road transport as the unit transport costs are smaller than for both road and railway transport -- A country can be economically flourished -- Easy and convenient for freight transport -- Results in high energy efficiency -- Inland navigation seems favorable with regard to external costs (costs incurred as a consequence of greenhouse gas emissions, noise, accidents) -- The weaknesses can be compensated by setting up intermodal transport chains in a way that one can benefit from the advantages of the different transport modes while overcoming some of their disadvantages
  20. 20. 1) Project Initiation 2) Formulation of objectives 3) Review of Relevant Studies and Policies 4) Selection of Study Area 5) Reconnaissance Survey and Justification of Study Area Selection 6) Preparation of Questionnaire 7) Data Collection 8) Data Processing and Analysis 9) Submission of Report 7.1) Primary Source - Questionnaire survey - Focus Group Discussion - Physical feature survey - Key Informant Interview 7.2) Secondary Source - Government policies and law - Relevant research
  21. 21.  Three connected Lakes  Total Area of Hatirjheel is 302 acres  Gulshan-Baridhara Lake is of 3.8 km  Length of Banani Lake is 6.14 km Figure: Google Map of the Study Area
  22. 22. Begunbari- Hatirjheel Lake  Three connected Lakes  Total Area of Hatirjheel is 302 acres  Gulshan-Baridhara Lake is of 3.8 km  Length of Banani Lake is 6.14 km Figure: Google Map of the Study Area
  23. 23. Gulshan-Baridhara Lake  Three connected Lakes  Total Area of Hatirjheel is 302 acres  Gulshan-Baridhara Lake is of 3.8 km  Length of Banani Lake is 6.14 km Figure: Google Map of the Study Area
  24. 24. Banani Lake  Three connected Lakes  Total Area of Hatirjheel is 302 acres  Gulshan-Baridhara Lake is of 3.8 km  Length of Banani Lake is 6.14 km Figure: Google Map of the Study Area
  25. 25.  Begunbari Hatirjheel area has been converted to a transportation hub  It includes six bridges, four overpasses, one expressway, U-loops, serviceable road and 2.5m walkway to ease the congestion congestion particularly in Mouchak, Maghbazar and Tejgaon intersections Figure: Past and Present Photo of Begunbari Hatirjheel Area
  26. 26.  About 139 acres of land was private ownership, 79 acres were state owned khas land and the rest of the lands have been acquired from different government organizations  Some people managed to regain lands by giving bribe to the survey officials but some others lost their lands due to acquisition. The compensation of RAJUK by flats has not reached to all.  Initially public transports were not allowed but recently public bus service in Hatirjheel has been inaugurated.  4 minibuses will pick up and drop passengers at ten locations through Mohanagar, Madhubagh Rampura, Moghbazar, Begunbari-Kunipara, Gulshan Aarong-Police Plaza and Merul Badda, starting from Rampura Bridge  Lowest fare is Tk. 10 and highest is Tk. 30.
  27. 27.  The Banani Lake and Gulshan- Baridhara Lake is also important because they are serving a major portion of ground water recharge of these areas  But the increasing pollution of these lakes is contributing to pollute the water of Hatirjheel-Begunbari Lake Figure: Polluted Water of Gulshan Lake
  28. 28.  The Hatirjheel area has now become an oasis for the city dwellers where they get fresh air and sitting and resting places.  If the plan of amphitheater, water desk and ‘Eco-center’ is implemented it would be ecologically sound.  The lake can store approximately 3.06 billion liter of water and in the rainy season the amount is 4.81 billion liter .  Besides, there is a special cleaning team dedicated for waste management in the Hatirjheel area which is conducted by a private organization
  29. 29.  A number of garbage bins have been provided by the authority but most of them have been misused and damaged by public. Figure: The Team Designated for Waste Disposal Specially in Hatirjheel Figure: Damaged Waste Bins Provided in Hatirjheel Area
  30. 30.  Banani and Gulshan-Baridhara Lake have e soothing effect on surrounding environment.  But, it is polluting day by day in an increased amount due to lack of supervision of regulatory and maintenance body.  It has been declared as an Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) in 2001  RAJUK constructed a 2.56-kilometre driveway by filling certain parts of the Gulshan- Baridhara Lake, diverging from the original design Figure: Road Construction Work by RAJUK filling a part of Gulshan Lake Figure: Pollution in Gunshan Lake as a Result of Waste Dumping
  31. 31. Identification of Existing Problems --Existing transportation system is mainly helpful for car users 45% 35% 20% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Unavailabiliy of public bus restriction of rickshaw Illegal sharing of passengers by CNG Existing Problem Figure: Problems Identified by Users Source: Researchers, 2015
  32. 32. Concern of Users : -- Regular water traffic is never introduced -- User’s interest differs according to their experience of water traffic 40% 30% 30% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Highly interested Moderately interested Not interested Interest of users for installing inland water transport system Interest of users for installing inland water transport system Figure : Interest of Users for Installing Inland Water Transport System Source: Researcher, 1015
  33. 33. User’s Willingness to Pay : -- Willingness to pay per trip is dependent on their income range. -- This whole route covers 2.947 km in length from Sonargaon to Baridhara; from literature review --Proposed fare includes Tk. 15 for the whole route, Tk. 5 per km Table : Willingness to Pay per Trip by Income Range Source: Researcher, 1015 Income range Average willingness to pay per trip <5000 8 5001-8000 10 8001-11000 12 11001-14000 15 >14000 20
  34. 34. Priority Ranking of Users : --Ranking is analyzed according to their income range --People mainly interested to minimize their time resources and expenses Figure : Priority Ranking of Users Source: Researcher, 1015 <5000 5001-8000 8001-11000 11001-14000 >14000 2 3 3 3 2 3 2 2 2 11 1 1 1 3 Priority Ranking of Users Saving time Saving expense Encouraging water transport
  35. 35. Ownership of Area: -- The construction process of Hatirjheel Lake is not completed still now, so now the lake of the study area is under RAJUK -- Surrounding land of study area is under City Corporation --RAJUK will hand over the lake to City Corporation after completion of Hatirjheel lake construction
  36. 36. Potential Spaces Identification for Installing Transfer Stations: --Some spaces have been identified by Physical feature survey which have enough potential for loading and unloading of passengers. --This roadside is at west Rampura opposite of “Nijhum Residential Area”, it can be used for transfer station for passengers; because it is well designed space for waiting passengers. -- Some other locations for transfer station have been proposed considering people’s demand and suggestions from key Informant Interviews. Figure : Preferred Location of Transfer Station Source: Researcher, 1015
  37. 37. List of Key Informants --Md. Anisur Rahman, Traffic Engineer, Dhaka Transport Coordination Authority (DTCA) --Syed Monowar Hossain, Ex-Secretary, Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority (BIWTA) --Engineer Syed Qudratullah, Additional Chief Engineer, Engineering Department, Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) --Md. Mesbahul Karim, Superintending Engineer, Waste Management Department, DNCC --Dil Bahar Ahmed, Urban Planner, Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC)
  38. 38. According to DTCA, --Height of bridge will not be problematic for water boat --Preferable transfer point can be behind of Sheraton and middle of Hatirjheel --But existing design of lake may be changed for transfer point construction --Water bus can be run by battery but probable mitigation measures need to be ensured According to BIWTA, --This study area is not under their supervision -- Minimum 6 ft. depth is required for water based movement which is not maintained in all parts of Hatirjheel --Only craning is needed for transporting elements from one side to another of the lake --If pump engine is used, minimum eight minutes are required; thus time can be saved
  39. 39. According to DNCC --Inland Water Transport project is under their consideration But all key informants emphasis on recreational purpose by this inland water transport movement. This study focuses on travel time savings for water based movement
  40. 40. The total project can be divided into two major components  Material Components :  Water Way  Water Vehicle  Station Points  Human Components  Capability of Administrative Authority  Passenger Figure: Passenger loading- unloading Figure: Water vehicle properly parked with safety equipment's
  41. 41.  Material Components :  The HatirJheel- Gulshan-Baridhara Lake  Availability of suitable location for station point  Existence of water transport in shot extent in an informal way  Human Components:  Lake will be owned by the DNCC and they are thinking about developing water way  Passengers are willing to use water way Figure: HatirJheel, Gulshan and Baridhara Lake Figure: Informal Passenger transfer
  42. 42.  Station Points: Location are selected keeping in mind  Within 5 minutes walking distance from the nearest bus stops or hubs of activities  Availability of sufficient space for establishing waiting place for passengers Figure: HatirJheel, Gulshan and Baridhara Lake
  43. 43.  Obstacles: Locations that required special treatment  Bridges with low heights  Required depth for navigation Figure: HatirJheel, Gulshan and Baridhara Lake Figure: Bridge and rail line as obstacle
  44. 44.  The results of the study can be readily explained to government agencies and users with simple examples from different countries.  Provision of establishing co-operative association will help the government to maintain the service properly.  Existing inland water transport policies about water transport system inside Dhaka and might be modified for smooth operation of inland water transport inside Dhaka.  A range of public and private sector investments and initiatives are needed to realize the potential for growth of water transport inside Dhaka and expanding economic output from this sector. They should also come forward to help the government by providing technical and financial support.  The realization of this water ways potential must be aided by improvements in making the outmost sustainable use of this resource. It will be helpful to increase accessibility of people and reduce the pressure on road transport.  More research would be required as quantitative and qualitative environmental impacts for sustainable water transport system in Gulshan-Baridhara-Hatirjhil Lake.
  45. 45. Recommended Actions with Agencies Responsible Recommended Actions Description Responsible Agencies Checking the Viability of Operating Water Transport All points since are not potential enough for boating through the year. Some bridges of Hatirjheel reaches close to water during rainy season and these points needs to be checked. Besides the Gulshan and Banani Lake should also be checked and improved if necessary for operation of water transports. In addition, appropriate water transport should be designed that can avail in such lakes. RAJUK, BIWTA, LGED and Consulting Agencies Construction of Landing Stations with Necessary Facilities The landing stations should include ticketing and communication systems, proper sitting arrangements for waiting passengers, waste disposal system, sanitary facilities and public information displays. BIWTA, LGED, CC, NGOs, Professionals
  46. 46. Recommended Actions with Agencies Responsible Recommended Actions Description Responsible Agencies Connecting the Landing Stations with Bus stops and proposed plans The landing stations can be connected with the bus stops or bus stops can be installed nearby for reducing waiting time of passengers. DTCA, BIWTA and Bus Owner’s Association(cons ultation with passengers is needed) Encourage Public and Private Participation Public and private bus companies can be encouraged with incentives to invest here. Besides the existing water transport companies which operate through the country can also be stimulated for participation. Government bodies, RAJUK and Vehicles Owners Association
  47. 47. Recommended Actions with Agencies Responsible Recommended Actions Description Responsible Agencies Encourage People for Active Participation and Acceptance The whole project cannot be feasible with the active participation of people. Proper public survey should be conducted with identification of the user groups and their valuable suggestions in type of the water transport, fare determination landing stations should be incorporated in implementation process. Besides, the water transport should be un such a way that it become safe for children, students, women and senior citizens. Government Bodies, City Corporation, Civil Society, Media and Respected Professionals Governance and Information Dissemination The project should be governed in such a way so that accountability, transparency and coordination among respected government and private authorities is ensured. Dissemination of information among agencies and also with public should be maintained. All Related Public and Private Authorities, Civil Society and Citizens.
  48. 48. Recommended Actions with Agencies Responsible Recommended Actions Description Responsible Agencies Environmental Management The project can generate waste and it should be properly collected and disposed with the help of existing cleaners in association with City Corporation. The vehicle should be designed in such a way so that they generate minimum pollution to water. Besides, massive awareness program is needed for proper guidance of people. City Corporation, WASA, Department of Environment, BIWTA and Professionals.
  49. 49.  Feasibility study of the area, extraction of information through public opinion surveys, consultation of experts and detail study on potential water transports and their operations.  Incorporation of Media and Civil Society for raising awareness of the necessity of this project and encouraging active participation.  Involve public and private sectors to invest here by providing water buses or other suitable transports and arrange incentives for them by government if possible.  Formulation of a proper operation and monitoring system for long term sustainability of the project and dissemination of responsibility to various private and public organizations.  Communication and coordination among all related agencies and also with the users of this project.
  50. 50.  RAJUK, Special Work Organization, WASA and LGED are the stakeholders of this project as they are the implementing authorities  BUET as a consulting authority  The people who will use the waterway are is the key stakeholder  Though City Corporation (CC) has not yet been incorporated, active participation of CC is needed for not only the waste disposal but also for improving the walkability of people, proper landscape and raising awareness among people.  Civil Societies can also create bridge among public authorities with users of this project.  Department of environment, NGOs and environmental organizations like BELA, BAPA can play and important role in maintaining the environmental quality of lake  Media, NGOs and Professionals can motivate the people most in accepting the project and successful operation of the whole system
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