WHAT IS DANCE?Dance is an art form that generally refers to movement ofthe body, usually rhythmic and to music, used as a form ofexpression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual orperformance setting.
DANCES OF INDIA• There are many types of dance forms in India, from thosewhich are deeply religious in content to those which areperformed on small occasions.• The Indian dances are broadly divided into Classical dancesand folk dances.• The Classical dances of India are usually spiritual in content.
• Though the folk dances of India are also spiritual andreligious in content but the main force behind the folkdances of India is the celebratory mood.• The most popular classical dance styles of India areBharatnatyam of Tamil Nadu, Kathakali and Mohiniattam ofKerala, Odissi of Orissa, Kathak of Uttar Pradesh, Kuchipudiof Andhra Pradesh and Manipuri of Manipur.• In our school we learn Bharatnatyam,Kathak and Fusion.
BHARATANATYAM• Bharatnatyam is one of the most popular classical Indiandances. Bharatnatyam is more popular in South Indian states-Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, almost 2,000 years old.• It is believed that Bharatnatyamwas revealed by Lord Brahmato Bharata, a famous sage whothen codified this sacred dancein a Sanskrit text called theNatya Shastra.
• The Natya Shastra is one of the fundamental treatises onIndian drama and aesthetics.• Natya Shastra divides dance into twodistinct forms- nritta, and nritya.
KATHAK• Kathak is one of the most important classical dances ofIndia.• Kathak is said to be derivedfrom the word katha, meaning"the art of storytelling."• The Kathak dance form originatedin north India.
• In ancient India, there were Kathakars who used to recitereligious and mythological tales to the accompanimentmusic, mime and dance.• Kathak dances are performedstraight-legged and the anklebells worn by the dancers areskillfully controlled. In Kathakdance the emphasis is more onfootwork as against hastamudras or hand formationsin Bharatnatyam dance.
KATHAKALI• Kathakali is the classical dance form of Kerala. The wordKathakali literally means "Story-Play".• Kathakali is known for its heavy,elaborate makeup and costumes.• In fact, the colorful and fascinatingcostumes of Kathakali have becomethe most recognized icon of Kerala.
Kathakali dance presentsthemesderived from theRamayana, theMahabharata and otherHindu epics,mythologies andlegends.
Modern dance• Modern dance is a danceform developed in the early20th century.• Although the term Moderndance has also been appliedto a category of 20th Centuryballroom dances, Moderndance as a term usually refersto 20th century concert dance.
FUSION DANCE• Fusion dance refers to a combination(fusion) of many dance forms.• In our school fusion generally consists ofbharatnatyam, kathak, western andmordern dance.
USE OF DANCE• Dance is used for self enjoyment• Entertainment• As a prayer• As an instrument of meditation• As exercise and workout• As a form of art• As a form of communication• It is also used for depicting culture andvalue systems
• In our school, dance is performed inevery major functions.• Students of dance optional haveopportunities of performing in inter-school and many other competitions.