Whether or Not Horse Evolution Lends Any Credibility to DarwinismSummary: Horse series is touted as the strongest evidence...
The Bering Strait is approximately 82 kilometres (51 mi; 44 nmi) wide at itsnarrowest point, with depth varying between 98...
morphological trends and patterns lend no credibility to Darwin’s mechanismof Evolution. There is no evidence to show that...
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Whether or not horse evolution lends any credibility to darwinism1

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Summary: Horse series is touted as the strongest evidence in support of Darwin’s mechanism of evolution. However this is not correct. Since, there is no evidence that supports migration of horse ancestors from North America to Asia across Bering Land Bridge.
Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the only book which deals with origin of nature and universe from null. Thirtieth chapter of the book deals with the subject matter of ‘Evolution of Life’.
http://www.sciencengod.com
http://curatio.in

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Whether or not horse evolution lends any credibility to darwinism1

  1. 1. Whether or Not Horse Evolution Lends Any Credibility to DarwinismSummary: Horse series is touted as the strongest evidence in support of Darwin’smechanism of evolution. However this is not correct. Since, there is no evidencethat supports migration of horse ancestors from North America to Asia acrossBering Land Bridge.The evolution of the horse pertains to the phylogenetic ancestry of themodern horse from the small, dog-sized, forest-dwelling Eohippus over geologic time scales. Paleozoologists have been able topiece together a more complete picture of the modern horsesevolutionary lineage than that of any other animal.The horse belongs to an order known as Perissodactyla, or "odd-toedungulates", which all share hooved feet and an odd number of toes on eachfoot, as well as mobile upper lips and a similar tooth structure. This meansthat horses share a common ancestry with tapirs and rhinoceroses.Horse evolution is cited as the best example in support of Darwin’smechanism of evolution essentially consisting of continuous, gradualevolution by accumulation of random variations over immense periods oftime. In this context, Equidae fossils discovered are said to form a horseseries that is consistent with Darwin’s mechanism of evolution.North America is presumed to be horse’s natural habitat. About 55 millionyears ago there is supposed to be a dry land in the place where present straitof Bering is. However there is no geological or geographical evidence tosupport this contention. There are only presumptions. The ancestors ofAmerican horses migrated to Asia, later Europe and distant Africa along this“bridge”. Even archeologists cannot find their tracks. Even the timeline ofhorse migration is different in different references varying from 25 millionyears to 5 million years. For unknown reasons 30 million years ago horsesdisappeared from America. No reason for extinction of Equidae family fromNorth America has ever been provided. One of the suppositions is that thesting of some fly was poisonous to horses. Moreover if horses became extinctfrom North America 25 million years back, then where were the horses left tomigrate to Asia along Bering Land Bridge.Only in the 16th century horseswere brought to America by conquistadors.
  2. 2. The Bering Strait is approximately 82 kilometres (51 mi; 44 nmi) wide at itsnarrowest point, with depth varying between 98 feet (30 m) and 160 feet(49 m).It connects the Chukchi Sea (part of the Arctic Ocean) to the north withthe Bering Sea (part of the Pacific Ocean) to the south. This is supposed tohave transformed into Bering Land Bridge, several times in the geological andgeographical history of Earth to permit migration of flora and fauna acrossNorth American and European continents and then to Asia and Africa. BeringLand Bridge is said to be 1000 Km wide from NORTH to SOUTH. However theonly reason cited in support of such a contention is compulsion ofBiogeography. To quote:“Some, like the ancient saber-toothed cats, have a recurring geographicalrange: Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America. The only way they could reachthe New World was by the Bering land bridge. Had this bridge not existed atthat time, the fauna of the world would be very different.”There is no independent geological or geographical evidence to supportexistence of Bering Land Bridge. Hence the only difficult with thispresumption is that presumes the fact it has to prove.Despite an excellent fossil record of the Equidae, there are still many gaps inour evolutionary knowledge. Only the modern horse, zebras, wild asses anddonkey survive today, but many other lineages have become extinct over thelast 50,000 years. Detailed fossil information on the rate and distribution ofnew equid species has also revealed that the progression between species wasnot as smooth and consistent as was once believed. Although sometransitions, such as that of Dinohippus to Equus, indeed appear to be gradualprogressions, a number of others, such as that of Epihippus to Mesohippus,were relatively abrupt in geologic time, taking place over only a few millionyears. The change in equids traits was also not always a "straight line"from Eohippus to Equus: some traits reversed themselves at various points inthe evolution of new equid species, such as size and the presence offacial fossae, and only in retrospect can certain evolutionary trends berecognized.Therefore all the accumulated evidences points only to morphological trendsand patterns in Equidae family on empirical basis and are no evidence toconclude any straight line evolution from from the small, dog-sized, forest-dwelling Eohippus over geologic time scales to modern horse in accordancewith Darwin’s Mechanism of Evolution. Hence, the observed evolutionary
  3. 3. morphological trends and patterns lend no credibility to Darwin’s mechanismof Evolution. There is no evidence to show that ancestors of modern horseactually migrated to Europe through Bering Strait. In fact extinction of horsesin North America 30 million years ago precludes such migration. In fact, all theevidence points to correlations, associations and correspondences; widelyrampant in nature and for which no rational explanations are presentlyavailable.Cumulative evidence suggests some other mechanism of evolution other thanDarwinism. Observed morphological trends and patterns are nothing morethan correlations, associations and correspondences that are commonly seenin our study of nature. Empirical data does not fit into Darwin’s mechanism ofevolution.Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written thebook “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The bookbegins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God andthen explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe upto origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chaptersdevoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the conceptof God. This is the only book which deals with origin of nature and universefrom null. Thirtieth chapter of the book deals with the subject matter of‘Evolution of Life’.http://www.sciencengod.comhttp://curatio.in

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