Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
M



An Introduction to Form-Based Codes


APA-Illinois
Chicago Metro Section


Mahender Vasandani
President, M Square | U...
What I Will Cover:               M


•   Our Planning Legacy
•   The Power of Place
•   What Are Form-Based Codes?
•   Key...
A. Our Planning Legacy                      M

Comprehensive Plans & Conventional Zoning




                             ...
A. Our Planning Legacy                          M

“Place-less,” “Form-less,” “Auto-Orientation”




                     ...
A. Our Planning Legacy…We Are Still Doing It!   M

“Place-less,” “Form-less,” “Auto-Orientation”




                     ...
A. Our Planning Legacy                          M

“Place-less,” “Form-less,” “Auto-Orientation”




   Revenue-based Lan...
A. Our Planning Legacy                               M

“Post-planning Design Reviews”




    Most Architects Are Challen...
A. Our Planning Legacy                                                  M

“Post-planning Design Reviews”




Good, Authen...
A. Our Planning Legacy                                                M

“Post-planning Design Reviews”




Sometimes we g...
A. Our Planning Legacy                                                M

The Sum of Our Planning Experiences!




   Our ...
B. The Power of Place                             M

A Point of Departure: Learning from Precedents!




                 ...
B. The Power of Place                                   M

A Point of Departure: Learning from Precedents!




    “Urban ...
B. The Power of Place                                                             M

             A Point of Departure: Le...
B. The Power of Place                                                             M

             A Point of Departure: Le...
B. The Power of Place                                                  M

What Do We Learn?




 High quality livable pla...
C. What Are Form-Based Codes?                                   M




 Now That We Understand Urban Form, Community Chara...
C. What Are Form-Based Codes?                                       M

1. Relatively New Regulation Tool in Illinois

3. B...
C. What Are Form-Based Codes?                                 M

 Focus on Quality of the Built Environment: Public Realm...
C. What Are Form-Based Codes?                           M

 Focus: Building Scale/Massing/Elements/Types: Character




 ...
C. What Are Form-Based Codes?                                           M

 Mixing of Uses in Acceptable Urban Form



  ...
D. Components of Form-Based Codes                  M

             FBC’s Have to be Based on A Community Vision
         ...
D. Components of Form-Based Codes                         M

 An Integrated Approach with Standards for:
  Thoroughfares,...
D. Components of Form-Based Codes                  M

           Building Bulk and Frontage Standards




Discrete design...
D. Components of Form-Based Codes                              M

 Building Standards + Architectural Design Review




 ...
E. Advantages of FBCs                                                             M

 Conventional/Euclidian             ...
F. Why Form-Based Codes Now?                                  M




 An Opportune Time to Learn New Tool
        Signific...
F. Why Form-Based Codes Now?                   M

Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation…




                       ...
F. Why Form-Based Codes Now?                   M

Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation…




                       ...
F. Why Form-Based Codes Now?                    M

Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation…




                      ...
F. Why Form-Based Codes Now?                   M

Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation…




                       ...
F. Why Form-Based Codes Now?                           M




Anticipating new developments patterns that may mean
planning...
M




T h Y o!
   ank u



Mahender Vasandani
        President
M Square | Urban Design
    T: 630.845.1202
  E: mgv@msqre...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Introduction to Form Based Codes

659 views

Published on

Presentation focus: Design principles and rational for why we need FBCs.

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Introduction to Form Based Codes

  1. 1. M An Introduction to Form-Based Codes APA-Illinois Chicago Metro Section Mahender Vasandani President, M Square | Urban Design February 19, 2008
  2. 2. What I Will Cover: M • Our Planning Legacy • The Power of Place • What Are Form-Based Codes? • Key Components of FBCs • Advantages of FBCs • Why Form-Based Codes Now? • Q&A 2
  3. 3. A. Our Planning Legacy M Comprehensive Plans & Conventional Zoning 3
  4. 4. A. Our Planning Legacy M “Place-less,” “Form-less,” “Auto-Orientation” 4
  5. 5. A. Our Planning Legacy…We Are Still Doing It! M “Place-less,” “Form-less,” “Auto-Orientation” 5
  6. 6. A. Our Planning Legacy M “Place-less,” “Form-less,” “Auto-Orientation”  Revenue-based Land-Use Planning  Primary Focus: Single Site/One Project  Transportation and Traffic Impacts!  Rarely Concerned with Urban Form  Post-planning Design Reviews 6
  7. 7. A. Our Planning Legacy M “Post-planning Design Reviews” Most Architects Are Challenged by Good Design! 7
  8. 8. A. Our Planning Legacy M “Post-planning Design Reviews” Good, Authentic, Architecture is Important, and So is Sense of Place! 8
  9. 9. A. Our Planning Legacy M “Post-planning Design Reviews” Sometimes we get lucky! There are a few architects who design well! 9
  10. 10. A. Our Planning Legacy M The Sum of Our Planning Experiences!  Our focus has been on “functional,” two-dimensional planning  We have been too auto-oriented  Our roadway systems still struggle to serve us well  We have isolated land uses  We have either forgotten or never learnt how to create “places” But, it may not be too late for us… 10
  11. 11. B. The Power of Place M A Point of Departure: Learning from Precedents! 11
  12. 12. B. The Power of Place M A Point of Departure: Learning from Precedents! “Urban Architecture” One Definition: Hausmmann’s! 12
  13. 13. B. The Power of Place M A Point of Departure: Learning from Precedents! Specific Area Urban Design Plans Integrating Urban Form with Discrete, Cohesive Architecture 13
  14. 14. B. The Power of Place M A Point of Departure: Learning from Precedents! Specific Area Urban Design Plans Integrating Urban Form with Discrete, Cohesive Architecture 14
  15. 15. B. The Power of Place M What Do We Learn?  High quality livable places do not relate to density or FAR ratios  Livable and high quality places result from well-thought urban design plans that consider urban form, discrete architecture, integrated open spaces/gathering places, and transportation/ access all at once 15
  16. 16. C. What Are Form-Based Codes? M  Now That We Understand Urban Form, Community Character, Power of Place, Livability…Viability, Sustainability  Goal: Attain Desired Urban Form  “FBC’s Are A Zoning Tool to Help Implement an Urban Vision” --- My definition! 16
  17. 17. C. What Are Form-Based Codes? M 1. Relatively New Regulation Tool in Illinois 3. Based on A Community Vision 5. Focus is the Public Realm (Form and Quality of the Outside Built Environment) • Place-specific to Retain Existing Character • Several Urban Standards • Graphic/More Comprehensible • Predictable Urban Form and Character • Different from Conventional Zoning Regulations • FBCs more concerned with Urban Form, Less with Use • Facilitate mixing of uses • Not concerned with F.A.R.s, Densities and Lot Coverages • Allow administrative approval of projects 17
  18. 18. C. What Are Form-Based Codes? M  Focus on Quality of the Built Environment: Public Realm Public realm influenced by the architecture of buildings; the proportions of the size of public places to building heights and the amenities in the public places Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners 18
  19. 19. C. What Are Form-Based Codes? M  Focus: Building Scale/Massing/Elements/Types: Character Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners 19
  20. 20. C. What Are Form-Based Codes? M  Mixing of Uses in Acceptable Urban Form • PREDICTABILITY of massing and bulk of future projects • Less public concern about bulk and other impacts • Potential benefit: Streamlined project review process • Good for developers too Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners 20
  21. 21. D. Components of Form-Based Codes M  FBC’s Have to be Based on A Community Vision  Charrette Plan, Image Preference Survey  An Urban Design Plan and Urban Character Vision 21 Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners
  22. 22. D. Components of Form-Based Codes M  An Integrated Approach with Standards for: Thoroughfares, Frontages, Building Types, Public Spaces, Landscaping – All Linked to a Regulating Plan  Typically More Easily Comprehensible and Administered 22
  23. 23. D. Components of Form-Based Codes M  Building Bulk and Frontage Standards Discrete designs with well-proportioned building elements 23 Building designs that could stand significant improvements
  24. 24. D. Components of Form-Based Codes M  Building Standards + Architectural Design Review Building meets FBC standards, but… 24
  25. 25. E. Advantages of FBCs M  Conventional/Euclidian  FBCs  Based on Abstract Land Use and  Based on Adopted Community Vision Zoning Categories  Segregated/Isolated Uses  Mixed Uses  Proscribes (What Not Allowed)  Prescribe (What is Desirable)  Unpredictable Building Bulk/Form  Predictable Building/Urban Form (F.A.R.s and Densities by Lot Size) (Bulk Limits regardless of Lot Size )  Unpredictable Character  Vision of Built Form Predetermined based on Site Development Capacity Analyses (Max. Heights, Bulk); Retain existing or create new character  No Sense of Place  Power of Place 25
  26. 26. F. Why Form-Based Codes Now? M  An Opportune Time to Learn New Tool Significant Changes: Economic, Demographic and Climate  Can We Sustain Current Development Patterns? Will current patterns be viable in the future?  Could We be Better-off Learning New Tools? As Planners could we Meet the Challenges and Take Better Hold of the Future of Our Communities? 26
  27. 27. F. Why Form-Based Codes Now? M Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation… 27 Addison Circle, Addison, TX
  28. 28. F. Why Form-Based Codes Now? M Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation… 28 Legacy Center, Dallas, TX
  29. 29. F. Why Form-Based Codes Now? M Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation… 29 Southlake Town Square, Southlake, TX
  30. 30. F. Why Form-Based Codes Now? M Already in Suburban Areas Across the Nation… 30 The Glen, Glenview, IL
  31. 31. F. Why Form-Based Codes Now? M Anticipating new developments patterns that may mean planning to create more “PLACES” in the future…  FBCs offer a new way for us to plan ahead! 31
  32. 32. M T h Y o! ank u Mahender Vasandani President M Square | Urban Design T: 630.845.1202 E: mgv@msqre.com

×