Logical design vs physical design

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Logical design vs physical design

  1. 1. Class Assignment CLASS ASSIGNMENT- 1PHYSICAL DESIGN & LOGICAL DESIGN Course Name: System Analysis & Design Course Code: SE 606 Submitted by: Md.Mahedi Mahfuj -BIT 0207 Mostafizur Rahman -BIT 0211 Md.Habibur Rahman -BIT 0216 Submitted to: Awsaful Islam Course Instructor (System analysis & design) Date of submission: 21st July, 2012 Institute of Information Technology University of Dhaka Page 1 of 3
  2. 2. Class AssignmentSYSTEM DESIGN:System design is the process of defining the architecture, components, modules, interfaces anddata for a system to satisfy specified requirements. System design is therefore the process ofdefining and developing systems to satisfy specified requirements of the user.TYPES OF SYSTEM DESIGN:There are two types of system design mainly. They are, Physical Design Logical DesignThey are explained below in brief:PHYSICAL DESIGN:The physical design is a graphical representation of a system showing the system’s internal andexternal entities, and the flows of data into and out of these entities.An internal entity is an entity (person, place, or thing) within the system that transforms data.Internal entities include, for example, accounting clerks (persons), departments (places), andcomputers (things). Whereas, an external entity is an entity (person, place, or thing) outside thesystem that transforms data.Actually, the physical design relates to the actual input and output processes of the system. Thisis laid down in terms of how data is given as an input into a system, how it is authenticated, howit is processed, and how it is displayed as output. Put another way, the physical portion ofsystems design can generally be broken down into three sub-tasks: 1. User Interface Design 2. Data Design 3. Process DesignUser Interface Design is concerned with how users add information to the system and with howthe system presents information back to them.Data Design is concerned with how the data is represented and stored within the system. Page 2 of 3
  3. 3. Class AssignmentFinally, Process Design is concerned with how data moves through the system, and with howand where it is validated, secured and/or transformed as it flows into, through and out of thesystem.To use an analogy, a personal computers physical design involves input via a keyboard,processing within the CPU, and output via a monitor, printer, etc. It would not concern the actuallayout of the tangible hardware, which for a PC would be a monitor, CPU, motherboard, harddrive, modems, video/graphics cards, USB slots, etc. It involves a detailed design of a user and aproduct database structure processor and a control processor.Therefore we can say that, physical design specifies where, how, and by whom a system’sprocesses are accomplished. A physical design does not tell us what is being accomplished.LOGICAL DESIGN:The logical design of a system pertains to an abstract representation of the data flows, inputs andoutputs of the system. This is often conducted via modeling, using an over-abstract (andsometimes graphical) model of the actual system.Logical design is a graphical representation of a system showing the system’s processes and theflows of data into and out of the processes. We use logical design to document informationsystems because we can represent the logical nature of a system-what tasks the system is doing,without having to specify how, where or by whom the tasks are accomplished. What a system isdoing will change less over time than how it is doing it.To represent the logical design of a system we can use different diagrams like Entity-Relationship Diagram. In this way, we can furnish an abstraction of the total system throughlogical design in an orderly explanatory way.CONCLUSION:So, we can come to a conclusion from the above explanation that logical design of a system isactually an abstraction of the data flows, inputs and outputs whereas, physical design is actuallyrelated to the actual input and output processes of the system, total absence of abstraction here. Itis laid down in terms of how data is given as an input into a system, how it is authenticated, howit is processed, and how it is displayed as output.……………………………………X…………………………………...... Page 3 of 3

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