Cseb presentation 2nd march 2011 compressed

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The bigger picture about bricks in Pakistan - and the impact of using too many of them...

Especially when there are better alternatives

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Cseb presentation 2nd march 2011 compressed

  1. 1. <ul><li>Introduction of working group </li></ul><ul><li>Existing brick production – impacts </li></ul><ul><li>CSEB – the basics </li></ul><ul><li>Economics and time frame </li></ul><ul><li>Field challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Summing up: benefits and disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up – Working Group – Contacts </li></ul>Compressed (& stabilised) Earth Blocks – a viable alternative ? Presentation to Peers – early recovery working group: Housing Islamabad, March, 2011
  2. 2. Overview of Brick Sector
  3. 3. Quantity and location of Brick Kilns Total Kilns: 10,000 Producing: 52 billion Bricks per year Traditional Brick Kilns Baluchistan: 500 KPK: 1500 Punjab: 5000 Sindh: 3000
  4. 4. Economic Implications
  5. 5. <ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 100 trees per year per kiln </li></ul><ul><li>Total 1 million trees per year (all kilns) </li></ul><ul><li>Equal to 15 years growth if re-planted </li></ul>Environmental Impact
  6. 6. Local and Global Emissions Dioxins : 425.88 nanogramme / brick CO 2 Emissions : 37.4 million Tonnes <ul><li>Equal to: </li></ul><ul><li>40m Pakistanis CO 2 / year </li></ul><ul><li>9 million cars CO 2 / year </li></ul>
  7. 7. Social Impact Child Labour Bonded Labour
  8. 8. <ul><li>Bricks Needed for One House: 5500 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Bricks Required: 550 million </li></ul><ul><li>Total Kilns Required: 106 kilns for one year </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Top Soil Depletion: 106 Acres ; 3 ft deep top soil </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation: 50,770 Acres w/o trees for 10 Yrs </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 Emissions: 316,470 tons of CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Credits Admissible: USD $ 4.75 million </li></ul><ul><li>REDD Plus Credits: In addition </li></ul><ul><li>Dioxin: 234 gms </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Impact : PKRs.2750 million ($32m) </li></ul>Impact Assessment: 100,000 One Room Shelters
  9. 9. 1.9 million Houses TIME SKILLED LABOUR MATERIALS FUNDS A GREEN ALTERNATE TO FIRED CLAY BRICKS COMPRESSED STABILIZED EARTH BLOCKS (CSEB)
  10. 10. <ul><li>Low environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost & local production </li></ul><ul><li>Robust structures (DRR compliant) </li></ul><ul><li>Community based, owner driven </li></ul><ul><li>Decades of experience globally </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Thermal Mass </li></ul>Compressed & Stabilised Earth Block Technology
  11. 11. Sandy soil being mixed with 5% - 7% cem ent Clayey soil being mixed with 7% - 10% Lime Basic Production Principles
  12. 12. Local Production of CSEB Machines Type of Press Cost of Press (Rs) Local Production Potential Time of Manufacturing Normal Press 50,000 Yes 10-15 days Interlocking Press 60,000 Yes 10-15 days
  13. 13. CSEB Production capacity per day Type of SCEB Sizes of SCEB No. of SCEB / house* Daily output / machine No. of Labour / machine Compressive Strength Standard Block 12 ” x 6 ” x 6 ” 2100 225 2 550 psi Interlocking 12 ” x 8 ” x 6 ” 1550 190 2 550 psi
  14. 14. (Non Compressed) Stabilized Earth Blocks (SEBs)
  15. 15. Training and Awareness
  16. 16. Two Model Houses with CSEB in KPK Union Council Uthmanzai; Charsadda Union Council Omerzai; Charsadda
  17. 17. Practical implementation in Sindh – 50 villages in Jacobabad and Kashmore 5000 shelters Hand-pumps DRR in 50 communities Kitchen gardens and tree planting
  18. 18. Opportunities and challenges in the field <ul><li>Positive outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Building on indigenous methods </li></ul><ul><li>Local business stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership in reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>- Logistics and supply </li></ul><ul><li>Potential challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Community acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Local brick industries </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul>NEXT STEP - PILOTS
  19. 19. International Experiences The Inter America Housing Centre Colombia The CINVA Ram
  20. 20. Auroville India Flood test: “ 20 years underwater ”
  21. 21. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Landlords (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Machine ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Control </li></ul>
  22. 22. Donor Perspective <ul><li>Limited Budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Tight time-frames </li></ul><ul><li>Environment “ Do No Harm ” ? </li></ul><ul><li>Global CO 2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Future disaster-proof (DRR) </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood opportunities </li></ul>
  23. 23. Follow up & More Info <ul><li>Technical working group possible </li></ul><ul><li>Online wiki-site under development </li></ul><ul><li>Focal Point: Tahir Dar </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 0333 515 9090 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul>

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