Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Innovation week, Road map for renewables in palestine tubas as a model, by Abdallah Nairat

701 views

Published on

  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Innovation week, Road map for renewables in palestine tubas as a model, by Abdallah Nairat

  1. 1. Prepared By : Abdallah Nairat Road Map for Renewables In Palestine Tubas as a Model Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop March.3.2015 Casablanca , Morocco
  2. 2. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  3. 3. Current Situation Of Energy Pales&nians   are   living   in   abnormal   condi&ons   and   they   are  not  living  in  comfortable  condi&ons  just  to  men&on   one   aspect   they   import   most   of   their   energy   from   neighboring  countries  (Israel,  Jordan  and  Egypt)     The  result:          They  pay  a  lot  of  money  and  the  supplying  sources   aren't   dependable   and   secure   due   to   poli&cal   Sensi&vi&es  saying  so  our  country  is  one  of  the  richest   in  Sun  radia&on,  over  3000  hours  yearly,  so  lets  get  all   the  benefits  of  mother  nature,  develop,  our  economy   and  improve  quality   of  living  for  our  people.  
  4. 4. The  main  Characteris@cs  of  the  energy  sector  as  follows:-­‐     •  Nearly  all  the  electricity  is  purchased  from  Israel  (88%).   •  The   electricity   system   especially   in   the   west   bank   consist   of   numerous   isolated   distribu@on   system   and   are  not  integrated  into  distribu@on  network.   •  Electrical  energy  account  for  22%  of  the  total  energy.   •  The   growth   of   energy   consump@on   is   about   7%   annually.   •  Power   supply   and   distribu@on   is   the   responsibility   of   municipal  councils  and  distribu@on  companies.   •  There  are  6  distribu@on  companies  which  are  (  Gedco,   Jedco,  Hepco,  Selco,  Tdeco  and  Nedco)   Current Situation Of Energy Cont.
  5. 5. The  main  Characteris@cs  of  the  energy  sector  as  follows:-­‐     •  All   distribu@on   companies   purchase   the   energy   from   IEC   on  M.V  network  22Kv  or  33Kv.   •  Small   por@on   of   electricity   is   purchased   from   Jordan   supplying  Jericho  (20MW).           •  Small   por@on   of   electricity   is   purchased   from   Egypt   supplying  Rafah  (25  Mw).   •  Pales@ne  Electricity  Regulatory  Council  (PERC)  was  formed   in  the  year  2011.   •  Last   year   (2014)   Pales@nian   Electricity   Transmission   CO.   Ltd  (PETL)  was  launched  (Government  Owned)   •  On   March   2012   Pales@ne   Solar   ini@a@ve   (PSI)   and   solar   energy  strategy  were  launched.   Current Situation Of Energy Cont.
  6. 6. •  Is  supplied  by  IEC  grid  through  251  connec@on    points   (60  in  south,  156  north,  35  in  middle).   •  Total  electricity  purchased  from  IEC  3500  GWH.   •  Maximum  load  in  2013  was  850  MW   •  Number  of  consumers  550000.   •   70%  of  the  load  for  residen@al  and  commercial   customers,  30%  industrial  and  others   •  About  97.5%  is  purchased  from  IEC  2.5%  from  Jordan.   •  Losses  24%.     West Bank: Current Situation Of Energy Cont.
  7. 7. •  Is  supplied  by  IEC  grid  through  10  points.   •  Total  electricity  consump@on  from  IEC  1500  MWH.   •  Maximum  load  in  2013    350  MW.   •  Number  of  consumer  200,000   •  70%  of  the  load  for  residen@al  and  commercial   customers  30%  for  industrial  and  others.   •  35%  of  power  is  purchased  from  IEC,  22%  from  power   plant  in  Gaza,  8%  from  Egypt.   •  35%  is  shortage  of  power.   •  Losses  35%.   Gaza : Current Situation Of Energy Cont.
  8. 8. Renewable energy in Palestine
  9. 9. Renewable energy in Palestine CONT. 1. Photovoltaic electricity (PV). 2. Solar water heating 3. Wind Energy 4. Bio energy
  10. 10. National Renewable Energy Strategy 2020 (MW)Technology used 25On Ground PV 20Rooftops PV (Palestinian Solar Initiative) 20Concentrated solar power plants 18biogas from landfills 3biogas from animal waste 4Small-scale wind 40Wind Farms 130Total
  11. 11. Tubas District Electricity Company As Success Story
  12. 12. TDECO ELECTRICITY CONCESSION
  13. 13. Company Profile •  TDECO   was   established   in   2002   but   it   was   officially   registered  on  march  18,2006.   •  The  owners  of  it  are  municipali&es  and  village  council   in   Tubas   governorate   and   some   parts   of   Jenin   governorate  as  well  ,the  purposes  of  its  establishment   is  to  distribute  electricity  in  these  villages    and  towns,   since   the   people   of   these   villages   and   towns   were   either   deprived   of   electricity   or   had   some   diesel   generator  run  few    hours  a  day!.   •  Since  then  TDECO  increased  its  power  capacity  400%   and  served  more  town  and  villages.  
  14. 14. Company Profile CONT. Its   true   that   TDECO   is   the   smallest   and   youngest   company   in   Pales@ne   but   it   is   also   true   its   leading   all   men@oning  some  aspects,   •    owns   and   runs   the   only   transformers   maintenance   center  in  the  country   •  SCADA  system   •   GIS  system   •  Solar  projects.  
  15. 15. Environmental Purpose National Purpose Economical Purpose Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  16. 16. National Purpose Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop        
  17. 17. PROFIT & LOSS PV VS. INVESTMENT PROJECT Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  18. 18. Capital Cost Cash Flow for One MWp 2 Million$ Ground Cost 300,000 $ 0 10 Annual Maintenance Cost 1000$ Annual PV Production 250,000$ Annual Maintenance Cost 1000$ Inverter Replacement Cost 175,000$ Salvage Value 330,000 $ i=5%
  19. 19. 1MWp PV 100% Cash01 03 02 1MWp PV 30% Cash IEC Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  20. 20. PV Projects In TDECO Region Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  21. 21. 470KWp PV Project which dived to: First Stage:120KWp on Jun, 2013 PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  22. 22. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  23. 23. 470KWp PV Project which dived to: PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Second Stage:350KWp on Feb.2015 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  24. 24. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  25. 25. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  26. 26. 105 KWp PV Project for Agricultural purposes dived to: First Stage: has been installed for 3 farmers on Dec.2013. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  27. 27. Second Stage: will be installed for 20 Farmers Soon. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. 105 KWp PV Project for Agricultural purposes dived to: Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  28. 28. Feed In Tariff (FIT) PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. First Tariff 1.07NIS Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  29. 29. Feed In Tariff (FIT) PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Second Tariff 0.80 NIS Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  30. 30. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Net Metering Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  31. 31. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Net Metering Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  32. 32. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Rural Area(Atoof ,Yarza ,Ibzeq ..etc) : Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  33. 33. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. Privet Sector: Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  34. 34. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. 1 2 3 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  35. 35. PV Projects In TDECO Region Cont. 4 5 6 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  36. 36. Percentage Yearly Production from PV NOW 0,00% 0,20% 0,40% 0,60% 0,80% 1,00% 1,20% 1,40% company's own FIT Agricultural Rural Area Net metering 1.275 MWp Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  37. 37. Percentage Yearly Production from PV AFTER 5 YEARS 0,00% 2,00% 4,00% 6,00% 8,00% 10,00% 12,00% 14,00% 16,00% 18,00% 20,00% company's own FIT Agricultural Rural Area Net metering Privet Sector 9.275 MWp Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  38. 38. STEPS TO SUCCESS
  39. 39. SUCCESS MEASURE 1 §  Clear vision from the beginning of 2009. §  Training of human resources. §  Adoption the Palestinian Solar Initiative. §  Reduce administrative complexity. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  40. 40. SUCCESS MEASURE 1 §  Many efforts have been done to increase public awareness §  Find resources that support PV systems like CZDA and SEBA . §  TDECO participation in all related conferences and seminars Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  41. 41. SUCCESS MEASURE 2 •  Maximum Grid Capacity •  Power quality and losses Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  42. 42. MAXIMUM ALLOWED PV ON GRID 0   50   100   150   200   250   300   350   400   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   A Hours Aug.2014 min   avg   max   PV  for  8MWp   PV  for  9MWp   PV  for  10MWp   PV  for  11MWp   PV  for  12MWp   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  43. 43. PERCENTAGE PRODUCTION FOR 12MWp 0%   10%   20%   30%   40%   50%   60%   70%   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   Aug.2014 12MWp  produc&on   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  44. 44. TECHNICAL STUDY •  VOLATAGE (V) •  POWER FACTOR (PF) •  LOSSES POWER QUALITY AND LOSSES Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  45. 45. TECHNICAL STUDY CONT. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  46. 46. INCREASE VOLTAGE REDUCE LOSSES TECHNICAL STUDY CONT. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  47. 47. REDUCING LOSSES VOLTAGE INCREASING Before Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  48. 48. REDUCING LOSSES VOLTAGE INCREASING After Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  49. 49. VOLTAGE FLUCTUATOIN TECHNICAL STUDY CONT. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  50. 50. VOLTAGE FLUCTUATOIN 50% Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  51. 51. VOLTAGE FLUCTUATOIN 100% Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  52. 52. POOR POWER FACTOR TECHNICAL STUDY CONT. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  53. 53. POOR POWER FACTOR Before Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  54. 54. POOR POWER FACTOR After Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  55. 55. SUCCESS MEASURE 3 •  Preparing administrative guidelines. •  Preparing technical guidelines . •  Contractors' qualification. •  Public awareness campaign . Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  56. 56. FOURTH STAGE FIRS STAGE SECOND STAGE THIERD STAGE 14 DAYS RECEIVING REQUESTS SITEVISIT PRIMARY APPROVAL OBTAINING LICENSES PREPARING DESIGNS SIGNING CONTRACTS PROJECT0. INSTALLATION CONNECTIONTO GRIS 14 DAYS21 DAYS90 DAYS DESIGNS APPROVAL ADMINISTRATIVE GUIDELINES Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  57. 57. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES Inverter  standard Pales@nian   Standard   Interna@onal   Standard Descrip@on PS  2707  p2 AS  4777  p2 Inverters  requirements PS  2707  p3 AS  4777  p3 Grid  Protec&on    requirements AS  3100 General  requirements  for  electrical PS  2683 IEC  61727 Photovoltaic  (PV)  system   characteris&cs  of  the  u&lity  interface EN61000-­‐6 Electromagne&c  compa&bility  (EMC) Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  58. 58. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES Photovoltaic  standard   Pales@nian   Standard   Interna@onal   Standard Descrip@on PS  2684   IEC61730-­‐1   Safety  qualifica&on(requirements  for   construc&on)   PS  2685   IEC61730-­‐2   Safety  qualifica&on(requirements  for   tes&ng)   PS  2676   IEC  61215   Crystalline  silicon  terrestrial  photovoltaic   (PV)  modules-­‐Design  qualifica&on  and  type   approval   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  59. 59. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES PS   AS Descrip@on 2707  p1   4777  p1   Installa&on   requirements   1319   Safety  signs  for   the   occupa&onal   environment   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  60. 60. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES •  Photovoltaic module. •  Inverter. •  DC electrical panels. •  AC electrical panels. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  61. 61. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  62. 62. CONTRACTORS’ QUALIFICATION Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  63. 63. ADVERTISMENTS
  64. 64. ADVERTISMENTS v  Number of samples = 853   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  65. 65. First Questionnaire Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  66. 66. ADVERTISMENTS Ø  Intensification Renewable energy advertisements.   Ø  Agreements with suppliers . Ø  Agreements with Palestine bank to facilitate grants.   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  67. 67. ADVERTISMENTS Number of samples =76   Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  68. 68. ADVERTISMENTS Ø  Customer satisfaction from company’s administrative procedures Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  69. 69. ADVERTISMENTS Ø  Customer satisfaction from contractor installation was: Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  70. 70. ADVERTISMENTS Ø  There is recovery for renewable energy in Palestine
  71. 71. SUCCESS MEASURE 4 •  Feed In Tariff (FIT). First FIT 1.07 NIS Second FIT 0.80 NIS •  Net metering. Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  72. 72. RECOMMENDATIONS Installation of mixture of RE (PV, wind and bio mass) is possible and feasible and it is a must in Palestine.1 PSI must be extended since it is the core of the renewable and affect all people.2 Regulations for renewables should be approved by PEA without any delay.3 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  73. 73. RECOMMENDATIONS All roof tops of public buildings shall have been first application of PV.4 Training of technicians for multi mega projects.5 Incentives by the government and distribution companies for every resident who install PV in roof top.6 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  74. 74. RECOMMENDATIONS New buildings shall not be licensed unless parts of energy consumption is produced by renewables.5 Extending the green loans by local banks.6 Intensification Renewable energy advertisements.  7 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  75. 75. RECOMMENDATIONS Extensive public awareness campaign through all types of means media.8 Annual national price by PEA for the best projects of the renewables.9 Tax free for the equipment of renewables and the production of energy.10 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop
  76. 76. RECOMMENDATIONS Involvement of educational institutions such as research of renewable and bridge such results with concerned parties. 12 Euro – Mediterranean innovation workshop Businessmen and women are very interested to engage in renewables and so they shall be encouraged through PPA. 11

×