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# Chapter2a

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### Chapter2a

1. 1. Group Activity Sample: scanf(“%c”,&x); mov eax, 3 mov ebx, 0 mov ecx, x int 80h
2. 2. Group Activity 1. printf(“%c”,x); 2. sum = x + y; 3. prod = x * y; (assume x and y are byte-size variables)
3. 3. Group Activity 1. printf(“%c”,x); mov eax, 4 mov ebx, 1 mov ecx, x mov edx, 1 int 80h
4. 4. Group Activity 2. sum = x + y; mov bl, [x] add bl, [y] mov [sum], bl
5. 5. Group Activity 3. prod = x * y; mov al, [x] mul byte[y] mov [prod], ax
6. 6. Structured Assembly LanguageProgramming TechniquesControl Transfer Instructions
7. 7. Objectives At the end of the discussion, the students should be able to:  Implement selection statements in assembly  Describe how unconditional jumps and conditional statements work
8. 8. Control Transfer Instructions  allows program control to transfer to specified label  Unconditional or Conditional  Unconditional – executed without regards to any situation or condition in the program – transfer of control goes from one code to another by force jmp label – unconditional jump
9. 9. Control Transfer Instructions mov al, 5 next: add [num1],al mov eax, 4 jmp next mov ebx, 1 mov ecx, num2 mov eax, 4 mov edx, 1 mov ebx, 1 int 80h mov ecx, num1 mov edx, 1 int 80h (1) (2)
10. 10. Control Transfer Instructions  Conditional – a jump carried out on the basis of a truth value – the information on which such decisions are based is contained in the flags registers
11. 11. Boolean Expressions  evaluates to True or False  compares two values  cmp source1, source2  Source1 may be a register or memory  Source2 may be a register, memory or immediate  Operands cannot be both memory.  Operands must be of the same size.
12. 12. Conditional Jumps  usually placed after a cmp instruction conditional_jump label  JE – branches if source1 == source2  JNE – branches if source1 ≠ source2
13. 13. Conditional Jumps  Signed Conditional Jump – JL or JNGE  branches if source1 < source2 – JLE or JNG  branches if source1 ≤ source2 – JG or JNLE  branches if source1 > source2 – JGE or JNL  branches if source1 ≥ source2
14. 14. Conditional Jumps  Unsigned Conditional Jumps – JB or JNAE  branches if source1 < source2 – JBE or JNA  branches if source1 ≤ source2 – JA or JNBE  branches if source1 > source2 – JAE or JNB  branches if source1 ≥ source2
15. 15. Control Structure: IF Statement if (boolean) cmp AX, CX {statements;} jg if_statement jmp next_statement if(AX>CX){ BX = DX + 2; if_statement: } add DX, 2 mov BX, DX next_statement: ...