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HOW TO PREPARE TITLE
AND ABSTRACT FOR
RESEARCH ARTICLES
M.K.H. GUNASEKARA
AS2010377

CSC 364 1.5 Seminar 2
Department of C...
Overview
2








Title
Characteristics of Good title
Abstract
Characteristics of Good abstract
Summary
Title
3

The title summarizes the main idea or ideas of
your study. A good title contains the fewest
possible words that a...
Importance of Title
4

The title forms an important part of your
communication with your readers, both with the
editor and...
Strategies
5







Provide as much relevant information as
possible, but be concise
Use keywords prominently
Choose n...
6

Trick 01:Provide as much relevant
information as possible, but be
concise



To attract busy readers
Potential reader...
Trick 01 - Example
7
8

Trick 02:Use keywords
prominently


effective way to ensure your keyword(s) are at
the front of your title is to use a...
Trick 02 – Example1
9
Trick 02 - Example 2
10
11

Trick 03:Choose strategically:
noun phrase, statement, or
question?




Statement titles are only suitable for paper...
Trick 03 - Example
12
Trick 04:Avoid ambiguity in noun
phrases
13

Use prepositions to avoid ambiguity
E.g.: soybean seedling growth suppression...
Several characteristics of Effective
titles
14
















Indicate accurately the subject and scope of the ...
Tip !
15



Write down a few possible titles, and then
select the best to refine further. Ask your
colleagues their opini...
Abstract
16

An abstract summarizes, usually in one
paragraph of 300 words or less, the major
aspects of the entire paper ...
Importance of Abstract
17

For busy readers the Abstract, sometimes called
the Summary, may be the only part of the paper
...
Abstract Types[5]
18






Critical Abstract
Descriptive Abstract
Informative Abstract
Highlight Abstract
Abstract Models (BPMRC)
19









Some background information B
The principal activity (or purpose) of the study
an...
20

Characteristics of Effective
Abstract
1.Problem: What is the problem your paper addresses?
Avoid describing the soluti...
21

Characteristics of Effective
Abstract
4. Challenge: Why is this problem hard? and/or
What difficulty do other solution...
22

Characteristics of Effective
Abstract
7. Evidence: Summarize the evidence you have
for your approach: A proof, an
impl...
Example
23

[1]
Example
24

[7]
Summary
25







Title and Abstract are very important when we
writing research articles
There are many strategies to ...
References
26

[1] R P Abeysooriya, T G I Fernando,”Hybrid Approach to Optimize Cut Order Plan
Solutions in
Apparel Manufa...
Question & Answers
27
28
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How to prepare Title and Abstract for Research Articles

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How to prepare Title and Abstract for Research Articles

  1. 1. HOW TO PREPARE TITLE AND ABSTRACT FOR RESEARCH ARTICLES M.K.H. GUNASEKARA AS2010377 CSC 364 1.5 Seminar 2 Department of Computer Science and Statistics , USJP
  2. 2. Overview 2      Title Characteristics of Good title Abstract Characteristics of Good abstract Summary
  3. 3. Title 3 The title summarizes the main idea or ideas of your study. A good title contains the fewest possible words that adequately describe the contents and purpose of your research paper.
  4. 4. Importance of Title 4 The title forms an important part of your communication with your readers, both with the editor and referees who will evaluate the paper, and with the members of your discipline community whom you want to read the paper after its publication.
  5. 5. Strategies 5     Provide as much relevant information as possible, but be concise Use keywords prominently Choose noun phrase, statement, or question? Avoid ambiguity in noun phrases
  6. 6. 6 Trick 01:Provide as much relevant information as possible, but be concise   To attract busy readers Potential readers can judge your article easily E.g.: Hybrid Approach to Optimize Cut Order Plan Solutions in Apparel Manufacturing[1]
  7. 7. Trick 01 - Example 7
  8. 8. 8 Trick 02:Use keywords prominently  effective way to ensure your keyword(s) are at the front of your title is to use a colon (:) or a dash (–) to separate the first, keywordcontaining part of the title from a second, explanatory section. E.g.: 1. Clustering: A neural network approach[2] 2. Wireless mesh network security: A traffic engineering management approach[3]
  9. 9. Trick 02 – Example1 9
  10. 10. Trick 02 - Example 2 10
  11. 11. 11 Trick 03:Choose strategically: noun phrase, statement, or question?   Statement titles are only suitable for papers that address a specific question and present a non-complex answer. When there is no simple answer better to write title as question. E.g. : Computer games created by middle school girls: Can they be used to measure understanding of computer science concepts?[4]
  12. 12. Trick 03 - Example 12
  13. 13. Trick 04:Avoid ambiguity in noun phrases 13 Use prepositions to avoid ambiguity E.g.: soybean seedling growth suppression suppression of soybean seedling growth  When nouns are used as adjectives in extended noun phrases, they are always used in the singular E.g.: nodules on soybean roots soybean root nodules 
  14. 14. Several characteristics of Effective titles 14           Indicate accurately the subject and scope of the study. Avoid using abbreviations. Use words that create a positive impression and stimulate reader interest. Use current nomenclature from the field of study. Identify key variables, both dependent and independent. May reveal how the paper will be organized. Suggest a relationship between variables which supports the major hypothesis. Is limited to 10 to 15 substantive words. Do not include "study of," "analysis of" or similar constructions. Titles are usually in the form of a phrase, but can also be in the form of a question.
  15. 15. Tip ! 15  Write down a few possible titles, and then select the best to refine further. Ask your colleagues their opinion. Spending the time needed to do this will result in a better title.
  16. 16. Abstract 16 An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 300 words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4) a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions.
  17. 17. Importance of Abstract 17 For busy readers the Abstract, sometimes called the Summary, may be the only part of the paper they read, unless it succeeds in convincing them to take the time to read the whole paper.
  18. 18. Abstract Types[5] 18     Critical Abstract Descriptive Abstract Informative Abstract Highlight Abstract
  19. 19. Abstract Models (BPMRC) 19      Some background information B The principal activity (or purpose) of the study and its scope P Some information about the methods used in the study M The most important results of the study R A statement of conclusion or recommendation C
  20. 20. 20 Characteristics of Effective Abstract 1.Problem: What is the problem your paper addresses? Avoid describing the solution here. E.g. We address the problem of robot navigation across unmapped rough terrain. 2. Importance: How would a solution to this problem change the world? Remember that it’s not obvious to everyone else how important this problem is. E.g. A solution to this problem will enable more rapid validation of the efficacy of sleep medication. 3. New capability: What can we do now that we couldn’t do before? Quantify if possible. E.g. Our approach enables robots to climb trees five times more quickly than was possible before.
  21. 21. 21 Characteristics of Effective Abstract 4. Challenge: Why is this problem hard? and/or What difficulty do other solutions face? E.g. In order to solve this problem a robot must know its location to within 1mm. 5. Insight: What did you discover? or How did you approach the problem differently? E.g. By framing the problem as an optimization task, we are able to leverage a linear time algorithm. 6. Solution: Provide some specific detail about the solution. E.g. Our algorithm measures the standard deviation of the quantitative features in each dimension, then sorts the result, providing an optimal solution.
  22. 22. 22 Characteristics of Effective Abstract 7. Evidence: Summarize the evidence you have for your approach: A proof, an implementation, or quantitative results. E.g. The algorithm was implemented on a monkey-based robot and shown to perform 17% faster than a dog of similar mass.
  23. 23. Example 23 [1]
  24. 24. Example 24 [7]
  25. 25. Summary 25    Title and Abstract are very important when we writing research articles There are many strategies to make title and abstract. There is no fixed model
  26. 26. References 26 [1] R P Abeysooriya, T G I Fernando,”Hybrid Approach to Optimize Cut Order Plan Solutions in Apparel Manufacturing”, International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research, volume 2,2012, pp.: 348-353 [2] K.-L. Du ,” Clustering: A neural network approach”, Neural Networks, Volume 23, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 89–107 [3] Okechukwu E. Muogilima, Kok-Keong Loob, Richard Comleyb, “Wireless mesh network security: A traffic engineering management approach”, Journal of Network and Computer Applications , Volume 34, Issue 2, March 2011, Pages 478–491 [4] Jill Denner , Linda Werner, Eloy Ortiz,” Computer games created by middle school girls: Can they be used to measure understanding of computer science concepts?” , Computers & Education , Volume 58, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 240–249 [5] Dr. Robert V. Labaree, “Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper”, Oct 18, 2013, http://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide ,( Oct 28,2013) [6] Birger Andersson, Maria Bergholtz, Ananda Edirisuriya, Tharaka Ilayperuma, Prasad Jayaweera, Paul Johannesson, Jelena Zdravkovic, “, Enterprise Sustainability through the Alignment of Goal Models and Business Models ”, Proceedings of BUSITAL 2008
  27. 27. Question & Answers 27
  28. 28. 28

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