Basti chikitsa is one amongst the ayurvedic panchakarma therapies which is used to expel the vitiated dosha’s out of the body through the intestinal route. It is considered to be the best among the other panchakarma therapies because of it’s ability to pacify vata dosha which is the igniting factor for any disease process.
Various toxins entering our body by food ,air etc. get accumulated in our gastrointestinal tract. As time passes these toxins tend to increase and get spread in all channels of our body causing various diseases . These accumulated toxins in the form of dosha’s if expelled out at right time can prevent the disease.
Joint pain Indigestion Acidity Constipation Back pain Persistent headache Scanty menses Chronic fever Generalized weakness Intestinal worms Heart disorders psychological disturbances Difficulty in micturition and other such Impotence and other such
Problems of Vata prakruti -: Inadequate sleep Dry skin Dryness of throat Lack of concentration Hair fall Basti therapy is must for such Vata prakruti persons who can have it as a preventive therapy for avoiding serious Vata disorders.
Basti can be given by two waysa) External b) Internaljanu basti aasthapankati basti niruhamanya basti matravrana basti uttar bastihridaya basti
In these basti’s warm medicated oils are pooled over specific parts of body by a special arrangement for local pain relief over these areas . Janu , kati and manya basti can be used over knee, back and neck region for corresponding conditions of pain in these areas. Vrana basti is used over wounds for relieving pain and for rapid healing.
Janu basti Medicated oils pooled over knee joint for relieving painKati basti Oils over back for relieving backache
Manya basti Medicated oils pooled over neck regionHridaya basti Oils over chest region to relieve chest pain in heart disorders
Asthapan or Niruha basti is the one in which medicated decoctions are inserted via a tube into anal canal. These decoctions remain inside the colon for certain time period and are then expelled out along with the dosha’s. In Anuvasan medicated oils are used for the same purpose.
In Matra basti less quantity of oil is used and it does not need to be accompanied by any strict dietary restriction or daily routine and can be administered, in all seasons. Route of administration is same as that of anuvasan and niruha. These are the major types of basti among others.
Poorvakarma – theses are the preliminary steps done before undertaking the basti therapy -: Dipan – it ignites the digestive fire which has weakened in the disease process Pachan – it tries to digest the accumulated toxins Snehan – it involves oil application externally and it’s consumption as well. Swedan – it is steam induced sweating for toxin clearance.
Snehan and swedana provides lubrication and strength to the body for theupcoming detox therapy.Snehan helps in loosening of toxins from their sites which are then dislodgedby swedana.These dislodged toxins are then easily expelled out of the body by the bastitherapy.
Pradhan karma – this includes the actual process of administering basti As per the requirement basti can be administered in 3 courses. Type of basti Niruha basti Anuvasan basti Total course basti Start Mid End Start Mid End Karma basti _ 12 _ 1 12 5 30 Kala basti 6 6 16 _ _ 1 3 Yog basti _ 3 _ 1 3 1 8
3. Paschat karma – helps in regaining the normal functioning of body This includes various rules to be followed after having Panchakarma. dietic behavioural physical psychological rules
Medications in basti Dashamoola kwath (Processed with roots of 10 vata pacifying herbs) is best for all painful and inflammatory conditions in the body occurring due to vitiation of vata. Ashwagandha oil is recommended in cases where excess vata has reduced the body strength causing weakness. It is also indicated in conditions where vata has reduced the sperm count thereby causing sterility. Yashtimadhu oil owing to the best healing properties, helps to treat piles, fissure and fistulae. Tila oil is best for pacification of Vata and Kapha. It can be taken on daily basis in the form of matra basti and is recommended for patients having generalized weakness and for those having skin problems, hair fall etc.