Gallbladder 11182011


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Gallbladder 11182011

  1. 1. TheGa l l b l a d d e rPr e s e n t e d b y : Ki m CoC N -08 Cl a u d e An gC N -29 B i o l o g y Y r . 2-B
  2. 2. What is the gallbladder? a sac located under the liver collects and stores bile from the activities of the liver releases it at the appropriate time into the duodenum (first section of the small intestine)
  3. 3. Parts of the Gallbladder: Three sections: >neck- the narrower part that tapers into the cystic duct >body- main dilated portion that lies between the fundus and cystic duct >fundus- the bottom that protrudes from under the liver
  4. 4. Digestive System
  5. 5. Location: behind the liver on the right side of the rib cage connected to the liver and upper portion part of the small intestine (duodenum) via a duct system
  6. 6. Functions: the organ that aids mainly in fat digestion collects and stores bile produced by the liver releases the bile into the duodenum*Bile is a digestive liquid continually secreted by the liver that aids in the absorption, digestion, and emulsification of fats. It is stored in the gallbladder until it is needed.*The duodenum is largely responsible for the breakdown of food in the small intestine.
  7. 7. Disease:Cholecystitisinflammation of the gallbladderA. Causes:gallstones stuck in the cystic duct (a tube that carries bilefrom the gallbladder)infection (bacterial)infection or trauma, such as injury from a car accidentirritation and pressure in the gallbladder
  8. 8. *Gallstones are formed when bile hardens and changes to hard pieces of stone-like material.*The gallstone blocks fluid from passing out of the gallbladder. This results in an irritated and swollen gallbladder.
  9. 9. B. Symptoms: pain in your upper right abdomen (can sometimes move around to your back or right shoulder blade) tenderness in the right abdomen fever chills vomiting sweating nausea
  10. 10. Two kinds of cholecystitis:A. acute cholecystitis sudden inflammation of the gallbladder that causes severe abdominal painB. chronic cholecystitis long-standing swelling and irritation of the gallbladder caused by repeated attacks of acute cholecystitis
  11. 11. C. Treatment:acute cholecystitis seek immediate medical attention for severe abdominal pain pain medicines, antibiotics to fight infection, and a low- fat diet surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) -needed when inflammation continues or recurs
  12. 12. chronic cholecystitis Surgery ◦ open procedure - requires a large cut in the upper- right part of the abdomen ◦ laparoscopic procedure - uses instruments and a small camera inserted through a cluster of few small cuts
  13. 13.  medication taken by mouth - for those patients who are poor candidates for surgerybecause of other diseases or conditionsWhat happens when you remove yourgallbladder?** You can survive even without a gallbladder, but you willjust have to be careful of what you eat. You should also lookafter your liver.** Diet is the most important factor that needs to beconsidered after the surgery.
  14. 14. Limitations: Do not overeat. Consume a lot of water and liquids. Do not skip meals. Limit the amount of fat consumption. Do not try to lose weight, exercise excessively or exert yourself. Get enough rest and sleep. Follow healthy lifestyle habits. Be positive about your recovery.
  15. 15. Tha nk y ou f or y our a t t e n t i o n !! - Take good care of your health! -