Why #opendata has to be free Jonathan Raper CEO, Placr
… government for the people… <ul><li>Government’s public tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep order (police, defence…) </li></...
Charging for government services <ul><li>Charge where there are usage costs for each user </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports cen...
Charging for government data <ul><li>Data has unusual economic properties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed costs to produce, lo...
How to release public task #opendata <ul><li>Static data can be distributed through datastores </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic d...
Winners and losers? <ul><li>Winners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone, through lower costs eg land transactions </li></ul></u...
Public Data Corporation consultation
An alternative PDC vision <ul><li>Supervise releases on Data Utility model </li></ul><ul><li>National Digital Infrastructu...
Critical issues <ul><li>Clarify what investor interest justifies options for PDC that are being consulted on </li></ul><ul...
Contact <ul><li>http://www.placr.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>@madprof </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
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BCS Public Data Corp debate/ Jonathan Raper

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BCS Public Data Corp debate/ Jonathan Raper

  1. 1. Why #opendata has to be free Jonathan Raper CEO, Placr
  2. 2. … government for the people… <ul><li>Government’s public tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep order (police, defence…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Act when market fails to provide (transport, NHS…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold the ring when no-one else can (land register…) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leave the rest to the market, and regulate </li></ul><ul><li>Raise tax to pay for the public tasks </li></ul>
  3. 3. Charging for government services <ul><li>Charge where there are usage costs for each user </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports centre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus ticket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine prescription </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not charge where marginal costs are low or 0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Museum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop this principle for digital services </li></ul>
  4. 4. Charging for government data <ul><li>Data has unusual economic properties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed costs to produce, low or zero costs to distribute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If gov data is created as part of a public task then charging for a 2 nd time is a stealth tax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charge the costs to the government 1 st purchaser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release all data from public task as #opendata </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some gov data is produced as digital infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs have to be distributed over many public tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release the data from these public tasks as #opendata </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How to release public task #opendata <ul><li>Static data can be distributed through datastores </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic data has use-dependent distribution cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra public funding for new infrastructure needed, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsorship eg London Underground by Microsoft, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowd serving distribution tree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Licensing through Open Government Licence </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional arrangements for existing funding? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Release raw data, not processed data, to reduce costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate biz development in trading funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate costs in state data monopolies </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Winners and losers? <ul><li>Winners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone, through lower costs eg land transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More tax revenues from innovation around #opendata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chance to create a 21 st century digital infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency and accountability embedded in gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberalised home market to foster new info industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Losers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some extra tax costs for regulation and ?distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of state monopolies lose power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No PDC PLC to privatise </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Public Data Corporation consultation
  8. 8. An alternative PDC vision <ul><li>Supervise releases on Data Utility model </li></ul><ul><li>National Digital Infrastructure Agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining public tasks in data terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding public task owner who is “1 st purchaser” and attributing costs to their budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowering data production costs in government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing regulation of monopoly data producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberalising data markets, especially in distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulating innovation with Tech City and TSB </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Critical issues <ul><li>Clarify what investor interest justifies options for PDC that are being consulted on </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring the ‘affordability’ of #opendata releases by reducing costs or identifying sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring that cost-benefit analysis of #opendata is assessed over infrastructure timescales </li></ul><ul><li>Disentangle public-private IPR where system integrator have roles in current system </li></ul><ul><li>Prove pathfinder revenues from #opendata </li></ul>
  10. 10. Contact <ul><li>http://www.placr.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>@madprof </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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