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International roundup a comprehensive report on the state of the global macadamia industry – south africa

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International roundup a comprehensive report on the state of the global macadamia industry – south africa

  1. 1. International Roundup: SOUTH AFRICA Presented by Derek Donkin on behalf of the Southern African Macadamia Growers’ Association
  2. 2. Macadamia production regions Tzaneen Nelspruit Jhb Durban George
  3. 3. Typical tree spacings … change is the only constantPre 1990 9 – 10 m x 5- 6 mLater 4.5 – 8.0 m x 2.5 – 5.0 mCurrently 7 -9 m x 3.5 – 5.0 m (± 310 trees/ha)
  4. 4. Cultivars Beaumont (695) 33% 788 14% 816 13% Nelmak (2, D, 26) 9% 69% Others ( e.g. 344, 814, 741, 791, 246)
  5. 5. Cultivars 1.6% 695 2.1% 3.5% 6.5% 816 3.5% 788 32.5% Unknown 6.1% Nelmac (2, 26, D) 344 7.9% 814 741 9.1% 791 13.2% 246 13.9% Other
  6. 6. Typical yields DIS 1.1 – 3.6 t/ha Kernel 0.3 – 1 t/ha Average nut quality parameters 2011 Total Kernel Recovery: Coastal 37.8% Inland 32.8 % Sound Kernel: 27.7% Unsound Kernel: 3.3% • Early & late stink bug (40 – 50%) • Immaturity & discolouration
  7. 7. Addressing challenges• Stink bugs• Canopy management to maintain consistently high yields• Post harvest shelf life prediction• Better cracking technology• Market development programmes to educate and increase demand
  8. 8. Crop estimates (Nut in shell) 2012 2017 2022 34 000 t 41 800 t 50 000 t ?
  9. 9. Thank you

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