Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Dream team panel session orchard management case studies - green field orchard - warren elvery


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Dream team panel session orchard management case studies - green field orchard - warren elvery

  1. 1. Dream team sessionWarren Elvery (Australia)
  2. 2.  Free draining – Red kraznozen Not too sandy and not too heavy clay Organic mater important Gently undulating
  3. 3.  Rainfall of 1,500 – 2,000mm per year  Avoid irrigation – expensive and high maintenance  Dry rainfall period during flowering Rainfall400350300250200150100 50 0
  4. 4.  dependant on cash flow ◦ 8m x 4m spacing = 312 trees/ha ◦ $15/tree = $4,680.00/ha ◦ 312 trees/ha over 100ha = 31,200 trees
  5. 5.  New Australian Breeding Program Variety with - ◦ High kernel yielding variety ◦ Husk spot tolerant ◦ Open canopy ◦ Precocious ◦ Heat and cold tolerant ◦ Short drop period Pollinators would be planted ◦ Compatibility with new varieties ◦ (508)
  6. 6.  North South where possible East/west if rows can be longer= more efficient Planted at – ◦ 7m x 4m to maximise early yield ◦ Year 12-14 move to 7m x 8m with 50% tree removal ◦ hedge every second row then remove that hedged row (phased row removal) ◦ Final spacing at year 20 = 14m x 8m Maximum length per row = 1km ◦ Consistent harvesting
  7. 7.  V drains and waterways established Rows would be mounded prior to planting Ground covers established ◦ Not specifically sweet smother minimal herbicide use
  8. 8.  Year 5 production target = 0.5t of SK/ha Year 10 production target = 1.5t of SK/ha Year 20 production target = 2t of SK/haYear trees per ha t SK/ha KR % t NIS/ha kgs/tree5 357 0.5 40% 1.25 / ha 3.510 357 1.5 40% 3.75 / ha 10.520 89 2.0 40% 5.00 /ha 56
  9. 9. Year Canopy Management1-3 Pruning for density4-8 Mechanical skirt where necessary f ff f l ll9- Selective limb removal l u ut tt u t u t tt t12 to phase out trees s ss rr s r r hh e h e e r e rr e r e h e e ee e e e ee e a aa a13- 25% tree removal n nr rr n r n dd o o o d o r rr oo r o14 - every second tree in d o www w www w every second row c cc c a aa a nn n n15- 50% tree removal oo o o16 - Every second tree in pp p p y yy y every row17- Hedge every 2nd row20 with view of removing that hedged row20 Remove every second row Year 12 13-14 17-20 20 YearYear Year Year 15-16
  10. 10.  Encourage open canopy trees Plant pest tolerant varieties Plant trap crops
  11. 11.  Large holding of one size of land is better than many of smaller parcels of land Fewer neighbours the better Focus on the long term returns Focus on sustainability