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Tst20 b3 moo cs


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Tst20 b3 moo cs

  1. 1. MABITSELA KHUTSO 03 August 2015 Online and eLearning Conference CHRONICLES OF THE MOOCs
  2. 2. Why MOOC?? “In completely rational society, the best of us would aspire to be teachers, and the rest of us would have to settle for something less”_____ Lee Lacocca
  3. 3. What is a MOOC?  Anant Agarwal: Why massively open online courses (still) matter// A9eU ]
  4. 4. Contents… Lets get to it now!!  What is a MOOC?  The Chronicle of Open Learning  Brief History of MOOCs  Types of MOOCs  Hot Issues in MOOCs  Participating in or building MOOCs  Discussion
  5. 5. Characteristics… Hooked??  No submission of assignments or examinations  Scale of numbers – no participation limit  No formal entry requirement  Virtual Learning Environment is not the center of the course  Use a variety of (new) social media and online tools  Accommodative and engages  Increased student participation and self-direction  Facilitators create the environment not way of learning  J Green 2015
  6. 6. MOOC TypesC X Academics, Non profits, Individuals Major Universities Constructivist, Connectivist approach Behaviourist, Cognitivist approach Many-to-many (Dialogue, Peer2Peer interactions) One-to-many (Student/Content, Teacher/Student interactions) Informal learning More formal learning Collaborative, peer assessment Coordinated assessments and quizzes (often automated) Rich social media Social media used Drive towards openness Open to join, but not all content Network building, collaboration Organised group work Ad hoc learner space Fixed Platform J Green (2015)
  7. 7. Benefits and Downsides Benefits Downsides • Able to organise a MOOC in any setting with connectivity • Use any online tools that are relevant • Use your own devices • Work across time zones and boundaries • Connect across disciplines and institutions • Do not need a degree to enter • Improve lifelong learning skills • Feeling of chaos • Demands digital literacy • Demands self-directed learning capacity • Requires time and effort (often more than expected) • Possible steep learning curve • Technology can distract from learning purpose and content
  8. 8. Empowers… unlock the abilities! Openness Business Models Quality Completion Certification Privacy Pedagogy Impact
  9. 9. Now the fundamentals of it….  Provide opportunities and capacity for lifelong learning  Learner-centred processes and encourage active engagement leading to independent and critical thinking  Flexible provision, allowing learners to increasingly determine where, when, what and how they learn, as well as the pace  Prior learning and experience is recognised  Conditions created for a fair chance of learner success through learner support, contextually appropriate resources and sound pedagogical practices
  10. 10. Business Models…..  Certification – pay for badge or certificate  Secure assessments – pay for proctored exams  Recruitment – employers pay for access to records [Privacy]  Marking – students pay for markers or tutoring  Platform sales – sell platform to institutions  Third party Sponsorships  Tuition fees  Publishers – reach new readers and sell more books
  11. 11. Quality and Completion  University brand does not equal teaching and learning quality  Elite institutions gained reputations in research  Importance of Quality Assurance criteria  Improving rate of course and degree completion  Require not just access but access to success  Example: MIT’s Circuits and Electronics Course  155 000 registrations, 23 000 did the first problem set, 7157 passed  MOOC <10% completion is disastrous  But includes the curious and the tourists
  12. 12. Certification and specialities  Mostly, success in a MOOC does not lead to credit but to a certificate  Elite institutions define quality by numbers of applicants that they exclude, not after admission  Certificates can be traded for credit but very expensive
  13. 13. Pedagogy  Linked to a learning strategy (costs, resources)  Interactive content design and feedback  Safe learning environment with guidelines  Clear learning pathways  Roles of facilitators and tutors  Extent of learner support, assessment and feedback  Match to technical infrastructure (technology should not be a distractor)
  14. 14. More benefits… Still not hooked??  MOOCs may encourage development of eLearning  MOOCs will not address the challenge of expanding higher education in the developing world  However it will…  Access to technology  Independent learning and study skills
  15. 15. Considering a MOOC….  
  16. 16. Being Successful in a MOOC ! 1. Orient • Tools • Materials • Times • Links 2. Declare • Thoughts • Blog 3. Network • Connect • Comment • Discuss 4. Cluster • Communit y • Small network 5. Focus • Motivation • Goals
  17. 17. Considerations before rolling out a MOOC 1. Build upon what you know and have 2. Make sure there is a need (purpose) 3. Estimate online tools and audience devices/connectivity 4. Overall design and selection of core resources 5. Choose media carefully 6. Option of accreditation 7. Copyright and intellectual property 8. Create room for emergence (added content, shared expertise) 9. Create strong learning environment (including technology) 10. Get your course known to people )
  18. 18. Platform s RSS Content Curation Discussio n Groups Blog and Microblo g Social Network s Multi- media Sharing Virtual Meeting Rooms Sites & Followings
  19. 19. Reflections on MOOCs  Impact on the high costs of higher education  Extent of the “presence of the teacher”  In experimentation phase, changes lie ahead  Keeps continuous focus on teaching and pedagogy  Reassessment of the intellectual quality and rigour of institutions  Emergence of institutions and commercial partners
  20. 20. Suggestions for using MOOCs • Use MOOC with local tutorials / groups as supplementary • May be physical groups offline Blended Approach • Use as central focus • Plan other activities / assessment / etc • Use as a collection of OER – extract what you need for your purpose and context Core Approach
  21. 21. My field of interest 1. I'm interested in social development, relationships and communications 2. I'm also interested writing, prose and poetry
  22. 22. My topic…..?  My topic is going to be communications and social developments  My second to pic is going to be Writing and linguistics  I will be studying and developing my communication skills and accommodative language. I will also developing my writing and literature skills
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  24. 24. References and available online courses  Popenici, S (2013). MOOCs and The Change of Higher Education.!  Saide (2012). Empowering Learners through Open Learning. [CC-BY]  Daphne Koller: What we're learning from online education//  Anant Agarwal: Why massively open online courses (still) matter//  ePaper Towns | John Green | TEDxIndianapolis sRZV0