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Language varieties


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Language varieties

  1. 1. Languag eVarieties Maria Francisca Rojas Victoriano
  2. 2. The Standard LanguageNewspapers and which Taught at schools books Forms the basis So it is of printed English Used to teach Used in Mass Associated with English as a media second language Education and Easily described in Written broadcasting language In the In the UK US Standard Standard British American English English
  3. 3. Grammar Every Accent & Dialect describes Vocabulary language-user Aspects of has an accent pronunciationTechnically bothreferring to where Need to be distinguished Aspects of Differences inpronunciation vocabulary are Which easily recognized butIdentifies where regionally both Variations in meaningsomeone is from and of grammatical socially constructions are less frequent
  4. 4. The dialect We are referring to continuum Bilingualism meaning As inA dialect existing English- Which was anwithout ‘breaking’ speaking Canada countrybetween regions With a while where Someone speaks onePeople who use French- language and learns the ‘dominant variations of a speaking language’, in order to minoritydialect between take part in the society regions are When people use two Bidialectal but different languages
  5. 5. Most of the population ‘implementation’ use the Standard as their where and finally official language, playing ‘acceptance’ Language a very important part in planning their identities Next is Used ‘elaboration’ where Standard variety is when developed for use in all aspects of social It follows life A country is bilingual Basic grammars, Standard To dictionaries and so variety establish written models are used whereAn official language through then must be chosen ‘selection’ ‘codification’
  6. 6. Form the Pidgin Its origin is Chinese word Creole is ‘business’ Is a It develops as A Pidgin Vocabulary developed Variety of elements of it language beyond its role can become grammaticalDeveloped to elements Trade among The first language Creoles have so of pidgin-speakers’ groups of people more native children who speakers Did not know each other’s languages
  7. 7. The Post-Creole continuum Processes creolization where decreolizationDevelopment Leads to the It leaves a basicfrom pidgin external so variety of Creole to Creole standard model Known as Known as This processes of Creole evolution is arolect Between them: basilectcalled: Post-Creole continuum mesolects