H E N R Y D A V I D T H O R E A U ( F I N A L)

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H E N R Y D A V I D T H O R E A U ( F I N A L)

  1. 2. <ul><li>BIRTH: July 12, 1817 </li></ul><ul><li>Concord, Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>PARENTS: Jhon Thoreau and Cynthia Dunbar </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION: Harvard University(1833-1837) </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN INTERESTS: Natural history </li></ul><ul><li>NOTABLE IDEAS: Abolitionism, tax resistance, civil disobedience….. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The Service (1840) </li></ul><ul><li>A Walk to Wachusett (1842) </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh (1844) </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Carlyle and His Works (1847) </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance to Civil Government , or Civil Disobedience (1849 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Walden (1854) </li></ul><ul><li>The Last Days of John Brown (1860) </li></ul><ul><li>Walking (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Early Spring in Massachusetts (1881) </li></ul><ul><li>Summer (1884) </li></ul><ul><li>Winter (1888) </li></ul><ul><li>Autumn (1892) </li></ul><ul><li>Poems of Nature (1895) </li></ul><ul><li>The First and Last Journeys of Thoreau (1905) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Essay describes how Thoreau's work of &quot;Walden&quot; defines transcendentalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Thoreau's masterpiece work of writing, Walden, deeply portrays the notion of transcendentalism . </li></ul><ul><li>Transcendentalism meaning a whole series of things: preeminence of nature, individualism, anti-materialism, nonconformity, intellectual independence , distrust of industrialism, action rather than thinking, and pragmatism. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Is an essay by Henry David Thoreau that was first published in 1849. It argues that people should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that people have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican-American War. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Thoreau’s writings influenced many public figures. Political leaders and reformers like Mahatma Gandhi, President John F. Kennedy , civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr . Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas , and Russian author Leo Tolstoy all spoke of being strongly affected by Thoreau’s work, particularly Civil Disobedience.
  6. 7. Mahatma Gandhi developed civil disobedience as an anti-colonialist tool. Gandhi stated &quot;Civil disobedience is the inherent right of a citizen to be civil, implies discipline, thought, care, attention and sacrifice&quot;.
  7. 8. Martin Luther King, Jr. noted in his autobiography that his first encounter with the idea of non-violent resistance was reading “ On Civil Disobedience”.
  8. 9. <ul><li>Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. In 1859, following a late night excursion to count the rings of tree stumps during a rain storm, he became ill with bronchitis. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>1.- Which were his principals works? </li></ul><ul><li>2.- What work does it describe to the transcendentalism? </li></ul><ul><li>3.- Who were influenced by his works? </li></ul><ul><li>4.- Why was he in jail? </li></ul><ul><li>5.- What work did Thoreau write in jail? </li></ul><ul><li>6.- How did he die? </li></ul>

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