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7th October,2021 Daily Global Regional Local Rice E-Newsletter (Un-Editing Version).docx

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DOST-PCAARRD hails new
DENR order on bamboo
resources; signs MoU with China
for bamboo, rice tech cooperation
October 7, 2...
Dr. Razal's team presented the draft DAO titled, "Rules and Regulations on the
Establishment, Management, and Sustainable ...
Bamboo, issued in August this year by the Department of Environment and
Natural Resources (DENR).
This policy, DOST-PCAARR...
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7th October,2021 Daily Global Regional Local Rice E-Newsletter (Un-Editing Version).docx

  1. 1. DOST-PCAARRD hails new DENR order on bamboo resources; signs MoU with China for bamboo, rice tech cooperation October 7, 2021 167
  2. 2. Dr. Razal's team presented the draft DAO titled, "Rules and Regulations on the Establishment, Management, and Sustainable Development of Bamboo Plantations and for other Purposes," to the DENR-FMB and other concerned units on November 19, 2010. (Photo from DOST) As a council with bamboo as one of its main focus commodities, the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic, and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-PCAARRD) recently welcomed the issuance of a policy on bamboo growing. This policy is Department Order 2021-26 (DAO 2021-26), the Rules and Regulations Governing the Establishment, Harvesting, and Transport of
  3. 3. Bamboo, issued in August this year by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). This policy, DOST-PCAARRD said, will encourage more Filipino farmers to grow bamboo, help local and national development, and contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation. DAO 2021-26 to help bamboo entrepreneurs, plantation owners DAO 2021-26, the agency said, amended various policies on the establishment, harvest, and transport of bamboo products with the aim of encouraging the development of bamboo plantations and promotion of sustainable use of bamboo as wood substitute. Bamboo is durable, versatile, and multifunctional, and can be used to make various products such as furniture, handicrafts, construction material, and chemical products. It has a high carbon capturing capacity compared to other plants. This makes growing and using bamboo very sustainable. DAO 2021-26 removes the certificate of verification (CoV) as a requirement for harvesting and transporting bamboo. A CoV is considered a factor that discourages investment in the bamboo industry due to the tedious and lengthy application process, short validity, and high cost because of the need to apply for a CoV multiple times, as cited in the PCAARRD-funded study on bamboo. The new DAO implements a one-time registration fee for a certificate of bamboo plantation registration, which has no expiration until the bamboo stand is declared unproductive. The registration of tenured forest land holders and backyard farms is also exempted, if these are for personal consumption and transported within the municipality. Backyard farms may also be registered for commercial production as individuals, provided that they have steady and sustainable supply, or they may opt to form a cooperative/association, instead.
  4. 4. DENR will also help bamboo entrepreneurs in accessing tech transfer arrangements provided by DOST and concerned units. DAO also provides incentives to bamboo plantation owners for plantation development and bamboo processing enterprises, and outlines guidance on capacity-building, research and development, technology transfer, financial subsidy, and other support activities. MoU with China for bamboo, rice technology cooperation Meanwhile, the Philippines and China have entered into an agreement that aims to strengthen bamboo research and rice technology cooperation. With the aim of establishing long-term and stable partnerships among research institutes in the Philippines and in China, DOST-PCAARRD inked on Sept. 6 a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with China’s Jiangxi Academy of Forestry (JAF) and the Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences (JxAAS). The MoU is a product of the efforts of the Philippines’ DOST and China’s Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) that have been actively working together to identify collaborative activities that will mutually benefit both agencies in bamboo post-harvest processing and rice research. DOST-PCAARRD and JAF agreed to collaborate on the following: 1. Establishing the Philippines-China joint laboratory on bamboo; 2. Research and technology promotion on advanced processing technology of bamboo resources; 3. Demonstration and showcasing of new technologies and products; and 4. Academic exchange, technical training, and capacity building services. JAF will be working with the Philippines’ Forest Products Research and Development Institute of DOST (DOST-FPRDI) under this area of cooperation.
  5. 5. DOST-PCAARRD and JxAAS, on the other hand, planned to implement the following projects: 1. Adaptation trial and demonstration of green high-benefit and rice- fishery symbiotic farming models; 2. Rice breeding related to rice-fish farming; 3. Demonstration and showcase of relevant new technologies, products, models, and intelligent agriculture related to rice-fish farming; 4. Exchange visits of scientists, researchers, and science and technology administrative staff; policy consultations; 5. Technical trainings and hosting of thesis/dissertation studies; 6. Sharing of information resources related to the joint program; and 7. Other forms of cooperation that may be mutually agreed upon. JxAAS will be implementing these proposed projects with DOST-PCAARRD’s partners in the region– the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) and the Central Luzon State University (CLSU). The MOU was signed by DOST-PCAARRD Executive Director Reynaldo Ebora, JAF President Yang Jiefang, and JxAAs President Dai Xingzhao. (DOST- PCAARRD) – jlo http://ptvnews.ph/dost-pcaarrd-hails-new-denr-order-on-bamboo-resources-signs-mou-with-china-for- bamboo-rice-tech-cooperation/ China Focus: China's leading seed bank
  6. 6. preserves plant biodiversity Xinhua 9th October 2021, 00:05 GMT+11 KUNMING, Oct. 8 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have recently collected seeds of several plants at a height of about 6,200 meters on Mount Qomolangma and will permanently preserve them in a place where seeds can be kept alive for as long as thousands of years. The seed haven, namely the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, is located in an ordinary four-story building in a research institute in the city of Kunming, which will host the upcoming 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15). As the genes of most plants are contained in their seeds, germplasm resources have become the carriers of plants' genetic information. A seed bank serves as the most important facility for preserving such resources. The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species had preserved more than 85,000 seed samples from over 10,000 species of wild plants by the end of 2020, accounting for 36 percent of the number of China's seed plant species, said Yu Fuqiang, deputy director of the bank. A "NOAH'S ARK" The discovery of a peculiar wild rice species by Yuan Longping, a globally renowned agronomist, in the southern island of Hainan in 1970 became the prelude of China's decades of hybrid rice research. However, the fate of wild rice is worrying, said Li Dezhu, director of the germplasm bank. Take Yunnan Province as an example. In the 1980s, there were wild rice populations in 26 places in Yunnan, but now they have disappeared in all but two locations.
  7. 7. The rapid loss of biodiversity and germplasm resources is the main reason for the establishment of seed banks around the world. Construction of the germplasm bank in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, started in 2004, and it was put into operation three years later. It includes seed pool, DNA bank, microbial bank, animal germplasm resource bank and other sectors. "Wildlife germplasm resources have great application potential in the biological industry, attracting global attention, especially for the collection and preservation of wild plants," said Yu. Currently, seeds can only be accepted by the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species if they tick at least one of three boxes: endangered, endemic or "of economic importance." The long-term conservation of a seed is a complex procedure, involving more than 70 steps at the end of which the seed will be stored at minus 20 degrees Celsius. If properly stored, the seed could theoretically stay alive for decades or even thousands of years. In order to make sure the seeds remain viable, scientists "wake up" some of the seeds from their dormancy every five to 10 years. "We take some samples and test their ability to grow," said technician Yang Juan with the bank. SOWING SEEDS OF HOPE The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species has established a germplasm resources collection network involving dozens of domestic scientific research institutions, universities and nature reserves. They have also formulated seed collection codes and standards. The bank also worked closely with its international counterparts for seed safety duplication storage, which is necessary to ensure the safety of global germplasm resources, Li said. "When a species is destroyed by natural disasters like fires, frost and plagues of pests, or other catastrophes, we will activate these seeds and revive the species," he added.
  8. 8. Seed collectors have left their footprints across the country ranging from deserts and tropical rainforests to plateaus. To ensure genetic diversity, they have to collect seeds of the same plant in different places. At least 2,500 seeds will be collected and preserved for each plant, according to Cai Jie from the germplasm bank. When collecting seeds, researchers record the time, place, altitude, soil type, surrounding environment and other information, which will serve as the basis for future ecological restoration. "Seeds are life and hope. I hope we can better protect the future of humanity through protecting germplasm resources," Li said. https://www.bignewsnetwork.com/news/271429755/china-focus-chinas-leading-seed-bank-preserves- plant-biodiversity
  9. 9. Announcements  Click here to receive this news directly in your inbox   Job Offers  Greenhouse Technical Consultant - Quebec, Canada  Glasshouse experienced technicians - Brough, East Yorkshire, UK  Senior Berry Specialist Sales  Commercial Manager Fresh Produce - Rotterdam  Storage, Ripening and Packaging centre Manager, Fruits & Vegetables - The Netherlands  Senior Accountmanager  Key Account Manager | German Speaking | Aldi Süd  Teelt Planner - Beheerder containersysteem  Operationeel Manager (MT-lid), USA  Junior Product Manager - Europe, Middle East and Africa more "Tweeting Growers" Top 5 -yesterday  "Our clients want us to grow in the cleanest way, no matter how difficult it is"  Ensuring biosecurity at Roelands Plant Farms  "Don’t blame the industry, Boris, what we need is your support"  China: Why the growth cycle of rice can be split in half  "We’re in the optimization phase for cultivation under hybrid lighting" Top 5 -last week  Ridder adds robotics to its portfolio with MetoMotion investment  Photo report: Europe's largest rooftop greenhouse opened in Belgium  Italy: Strong interest in hydroponic and vertical cultivation  Photo report: Catching up at GreenTech 2021  Could these AI robots replace farmers? Top 5 -last month  Spain will ban selling fruit and vegetables in plastic containers starting 2023  Chinese scientists grow rice that yields twice faster in hydroponic experiment  Floating HDPE raft helps deep water culture growers  Rebranded Houweling's Group partners with new California greenhouse company  Why the North American lettuce market is booming
  10. 10. Exchange Ratesmore »  USD: 1.1569  JPY: 129.32  AUD: 1.5837  BRL: 6.3638  CAD: 1.4499  CNY: 7.4591  NZD: 1.6686  ZAR: 17.2259 Foreign exchange reference rates for the Euro Source: ECB China: Why the growth cycle of rice can be split in half Can rice grow normally in a closed environment without sunlight and soil? The Institute of Urban Agriculture of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and a team led by Qian Qian, an academic from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and deputy director of the China National Rice Research Institute, found the answer. After planting rice and growing it in a closed environment for 63 days, the rice produced full branches, which is more than half the time it takes to grow rice in an open-field environment. "This is a subversive breakthrough in the history of rice cultivation," Qian Qian said. Food, water, and light Dr. Zhonghua Bian, head of the Plant Photobiology Research Center of the Institute of Urban Agriculture, shows the vertical plant factory. It looks like a magnified glass cabinet, with opaque frosted glass on the outside, covering an area of only 15 m2.
  11. 11. In the plant factory, the rice seedlings planted in the nutrient solution tanks are cultivated without soil. The factory might be small, but it is fully equipped. The room is filled with red and purple lights, and there are 4-layer cultivation racks left and right, filled with clusters of verdant rice seedlings planted in soilless cultivation tanks with nutrients. The air refreshing system and CO2 supply system regulate the indoor temperature and gas environment, while the nutrient circulation system supplies the water and minerals needed for the growth and development of rice. A plant factory is a completely enclosed space. "The environment and nutrients the rice needs can be met by artificial regulation, including light, water, temperature, nutrients, carbon dioxide, etc." Bian Zhonghua said, "To put it simply, let the plants eat and drink well, and they will naturally grow faster." In the entire environment control, lighting management is a key factor. Bian Zhonghua said, "plants’ demand for light includes light radiation intensity, spectrum, photoperiodism, etc., and precise regulation of the light environment is equivalent to customizing an exclusive ‘light formula’ for rice.” Current research has found that a light intensity that is too low or too high is unfavorable to the growth and development of plants; in the solar spectrum, only about 5% of different wavelengths of light have an impact on photosynthesis, among which red light and blue light are necessary to maintain normal photosynthesis of plants.
  12. 12. Six crops a year The rice in the plant factory is shorter than ordinary rice. "These rice varieties are dwarf varieties provided by Qian Qian's team. The plant's height after maturity is only about 30 cm, while the height of ordinary rice is at least about 1 meter after maturity." Bian Zhonghua said that the shorter plant type is suitable for multi-layer three-dimensional cultivation in the plant factory, which maximizes the use of space and saves costs. The rice plant in the plant factory is a dwarf rice variety Rice has a long growth cycle, with a growth period of more than 120 days and, under normal circumstances, it can only be planted for one or two seasons a year. Using traditional breeding methods, only one or two generations can be produced a year. In order to speed up the breeding progress, agricultural scientists choose to breed in southern tropical regions such as Hainan, but even then only two or three generations can be produced a year. But that is not so in the factory: "in a plant factory environment, rice can be harvested in about 60 days, and thus 5-6 crops can be planted a year, and breeding can produce 5-6 generations, saving breeders a lot of time." Plant factories are becoming more and more popular, as vertical plant factories are not restricted by land, space, or climate conditions. "The high temperature and humidity in the
  13. 13. southwest region in summer can easily induce diseases and insect pests, and weak sunlight in winter will affect the metabolism and synthesis of crop nutrients," Yang Qichang said. Expensive! Growing rice in vertical plant farms is far from cheap. One of the main reasons for this is the high initial construction cost. The factory needs many technologies to grow the rice properly, such as an environmental control system, an artificial light system, a multi-layer three- dimensional cultivation system, a nutrient solution circulation system, and a computer control system, all of which are expensive. Ripe rice in a plant factory Secondly, energy consumption is relatively high. According to estimates, the power consumption of artificial lighting and air conditioning accounts for more than 80% of the total energy consumption in the factory. Not only are these costs high, but the cost of producing rice is also higher in itself than the cost of producing other vegetables. "Leafy vegetables are basically edible entirely, but if you grow rice, only the rice itself can be eaten, which is not cost-effective," Yang Qichang said.
  14. 14. Despite all this, he is still optimistic about the future. He believes that the construction and operating costs of vertical plant factories can be reduced in the future with technological progress, through the development of new materials, and the use of new energy sources. "It represents the future development direction of agriculture." Source: sichuan.scol.com.cn Publication date: Fri 8 Oct 2021 https://www.hortidaily.com/article/9359553/china-why-the-growth-cycle-of-rice-can-be-split-in-half/ Farmers told to go for CO-17 cotton SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT PERAMBALUR, OCTOBER 08, 2021 21:09 IST SHARE ARTICLE        PRINT  A A A According to a farmer, at a time when harvesting has become costly, CO-17 instilled hope in cotton farming
  15. 15. It suits mechanical harvesting, says agriculture official CO-17 cotton variety that suits mechanical harvesting is being promoted among farmers in Perambalur-Ariyalur belt, a major cotton producing area in the state. Mechanisation of cotton farming and yield improvement are important to increase the cotton area and reduce drudgery faced by cotton farmers, Joint Director of Agriculture, Perambalur, S. Karunanidhi, said while addressing a function organised by TNAU’s Cotton Research Station at Veppanthattai, as part of celebration of World Cotton Day on Thursday, on the theme: Cotton for Good. A participant, Kandaswamy, shared on the occasion that harvesting had become costly, and that CO 17 suited mechanical harvesting and instilled hope in cotton farming. Alongside orienting farmers on utility of unique cotton varieties like CO-17, the CRS was also sensitising them to improve productivity by high density planting, and mechanical sowing using pneumatic seed drills, Station Head Somasundaram said. The theme implied the goodness of cotton in terms of fibre and food for farmers, youth, labourers and the industry, Prof. Somasundaram said. Presiding over, Ambethgar, Director, Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, observed that cotton being a global commodity, it was grown in over 75 countries across five continents and traded worldwide, and that the commodity contributed to national economic stability. https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:8BayzK_lNl8J:https://www.thehindu.com/ne ws/cities/Tiruchirapalli/farmers-told-to-go-for-co-17- cotton/article36902793.ece+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=pk  EDUCATION
  16. 16.  ENERGY  POLITICS  LAW & GOVERNANCE  HEALTH  SCIENCE  SOCIAL  SPORTS  TRANSPORT  URBAN DEVELOPMENT  WASH  Home  News  Agro-Forestry  Article ICAR-CIARI training programme on high yielding varieties of rice for Andaman farmers PTI | Portblair | Updated: 09-10-2021 11:53 IST | Created: 09-10-2021 11:50 IST representative Image Image Credit: narwalfood.in
  17. 17.  Country:  India  SHARE      To help the farmers of Andaman and Nicobar Islands get high yield from rice cultivation, the Central Island Agricultural Research Institute (ICAR-CIARI) organised a training cum awareness programme, an official said. The programme to cultivate high yielding varieties of rice was organised at Shoal Bay-19, Ferrargunj in South Andaman district on October 7, he said.
  18. 18. Speaking at the programme Principal Scientist and Head (I/C) CIARI, P K Singh emphasised about improved rice-varieties developed by ICAR- CIARI for Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Principal Scientist and in-charge, Social Science Section, Dr S K Zamir Ahmad briefed the farmers about disease and pest management in rice crop. A large number of farmers of the area attended the training cum awareness programme, he added. The ICAR-CIARI provides a research base to improve the productivity of agri-horticulture, livestock and fisheries of Andaman and Nicobar Islands through basic, applied and adaptive research. (This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto- generated from a syndicated feed.)  READ MORE ON:  Ferrargunj  ICAR  Nicobar Islands  Andaman  South Andaman
  19. 19.  Central Island Agricultural Research Institute  Nicobar  Zamir Ahmad ALSO READ  Andaman administration exempts fully vaccinated tourists from carrying negative RT-PCR report  Flash floods in North Andaman  Andaman MP demands more ferry service for Swaraj Dweep & Shaheed Dweep  Andaman LG discusses with Scindia about operationalisation of water aerodromes in islands  Andaman & Nicobar Command remains prepared to take on varied spectrum of threats: CDS https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:7- oz46ZN09YJ:https://www.devdiscourse.com/article/headlines/1761976-icar-ciari-training-programme- on-high-yielding-varieties-of-rice-for-andaman-farmers+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=pk
  20. 20. Managing rice straw when winter flood water is uncertain  Author: Bruce A Linquist Published on: October 8, 2021 In most years, farmers manage their winter straw by flooding a field where the rice straw has either been chopped or chopped and incorporated. In these cases, the flood water helps to ensure good decomposition. This year however, is different. Many growers are faced with the fact that they will have no water to flood their fields over the winter. Good straw decomposition is important as it will impact nitrogen management decisions the following year. It may also affect the survival of stem rot and aggregate sheath spot sclerotia, the fungus resting structures, in the soil. Too much straw will tie up nitrogen fertilizer early in the season and will also serve as a host for stem rot and aggregate sheath spot. So, what are the options besides burning? First, removing straw is an option. Driving around, I have seen a lot of straw bailing going on. Bailing rice straw removes about half of the rice straw. This is a good start, but it would still be nice to make sure the rest of it gets decomposed by following the suggestions in the second option. The second option is to do the best possible to make sure rice straw decomposes without winter flooding. Simply chopping the rice straw and leaving it on the surface will likely not do the trick – especially if there is not much rain over the winter. It is really important to make sure there is good soil-water-straw contact to ensure good decomposition. For this to occur you need to incorporate your rice straw. Studies were conducted here in California in the late 1990s which compared burning, bailing, incorporation and rolling of rice straw. They found that incorporating rice straw resulted in the greatest amount of straw decomposition and the least straw remaining the following spring. This result was seen in both fields that were flooded and those that were not. When the fields are not flooded, rainfall can provide water for good decomposition.
  21. 21. Public Value: UCANR: Safeguarding abundant and healthy food for all Californians Focus Area Tags: Agriculture Comments: 0 UCANR: Developing a qualified workforce for California EVENT :: Rice Pest Management Course 2021  Author: Whitney Brim-DeForest Published on: August 16, 2021 EVENT: UC Rice Pest Management Course 2021
  22. 22. DAY/DATE: Friday, Sept. 10, 2021 LOCATION: Hamilton Road Field (on West Hamilton Rd. between Hwy. 99 and Riceton Hwy., Biggs, CA) EVENT TIME: 8:00 AM-3:25 PM (Check-in: 7:30-8:00 AM) COST: Non-student: $80/100; current student: $40/50 This year will mark the 4th rice-specific course at the Hamilton Road Field and the Rice Experiment Station in Biggs, CA. The UC Rice Pest Management Course 2021 will begin with an interactive field tour of the research plots (Hamilton Road Field) where attendees can get up close to the weeds and rice (BRING YOUR BOOTS!) The course will include hands-on weed identification sessions on emerging and mature weeds and a disease and pest ID session. In the afternoon, speakers will address several pertinent topics in CA rice, including regulatory updates, new herbicides for resistance management, diseases and pests research updates, and how to construct a weed management program. The course is a collaborative effort between UC Cooperative Extension (UCCE), UC Davis, and the California Rice Experiment Station (CRES.) “This course provides a strong foundation for weed and pest management in California rice, as well as a chance for interaction and discussion with researchers on the latest pests and pest control options for California rice systems” said Whitney Brim-DeForest, UCCE Rice Farm Advisor. The event is a great opportunity for pest control advisers, growers, industry, extension, and interested students to gain a deeper understanding of pest management topics that affect rice. Enrollment is limited, so register early. The cost is $80 if received by 9/7/2021 and $100 if received after 9/7/2021 (if there is space.) The cost for current students with proof of student status is $40/$50. Online registration closes on 9/7/2021. If there is space, you can register
  23. 23. onsite the day of the event. For more details or to register, visit http://wric.ucdavis.edu and click on RICE PEST MANAGEMENT COURSE. CA DPR and CCA continuing education units pending approval. If you have questions, contact Whitney Brim-DeForest [wbrimdeforest@ucanr.edu or (530) 822- 7515.] Public Value: UCANR: Developing a qualified workforce for California Focus Area Tags: Agriculture, Pest Management Tags: pests (0), rice (25), weeds (24) https://ucanr.edu/blogs/riceblog/ Canadian Celebrity Chef Rethinks Traditional Croutons with U.S. Rice
  24. 24. By Sarah Moran OTTOWA, CANADA – It’s a fact: consumers love to experiment in the kitchen. A recent survey conducted here found 45 percent of Canadians are motivated to try new recipes. With this in mind, USA Rice Canada saw an opportunity to increase awareness of the rice crouton concept introduced in May this year. Chef Adrian Forte In September, USA Rice forged a partnership with Jamaican-Canadian Celebrity Chef Adrian Forte to infuse the rice crouton campaign with his trend-setting style that sparked excitement amongst consumers as demonstrated by their positive social media posts.
  25. 25. “Our new rice croutons elaborate on the traditional crouton but, instead of bread, are made with rice molded into different shapes such as spooky eyeballs for Halloween or bold heart shapes that declare the cook’s love for U.S.-origin rice,” said Asiha Grigsby, USA Rice director of international promotion for the Western Hemisphere. Chef Adrian is an expert on Caribbean cuisine and created three unique rice crouton recipes that were showcased on his social media platforms. The same posts, shared on USA Rice Canada’s social channels, garnered more than 16,200 views. A follow-up article in Canada’s National Post talked about the versatility of rice croutons and how they are a uniquely delicious way to rethink rice. Chef Adrian’s three recipes accompanied the story that was published in print as well as online, resulting in 2,846,000 impressions. “USA Rice Canada is inspiring Canadian home cooks with these bite-sized delights that demonstrate the flavor-filled versatility of U.S. rice,” said Grigsby. “The 2021 promotion will continue throughout the year, incorporating new crouton concepts based on seasonal occasions in a combination of sweet and savory recipes.” USA Rice Endorses New EPA Ag Advisor By Jamison Cruce WASHINGTON, DC -- Yesterday, Rod Snyder was named agriculture advisor at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In this role, “Snyder will lead outreach and engagement efforts with the agricultural community for EPA, working to advance the Biden-Harris environmental agenda for farmers and rural communities,” the agency said.
  26. 26. Rod Snyder Snyder most recently was president of Field to Market: The Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture, a consortium of grower organizations – including USA Rice – as well as agribusinesses; food, beverage, apparel, restaurant and retail companies; conservation groups; universities; and public sector partners to define, measure, and advance the sustainability of food, fiber, and fuel production in the United States. Previously, he also worked at the National Corn Growers Association and CropLife America. “It has been a pleasure to work with Rod at Field to Market over the last several years,” said Mark Isbell, an Arkansas rice farmer and Field to Market board member representing USA Rice. “I am certain he will bring the same level of energy, intelligence, and care to his new role at EPA. He will be an incredible asset to the agency.” USA Rice joined other agriculture organizations on a support letter for Snyder earlier this year.
  27. 27. China Focus: China's leading seed bank preserves plant biodiversity Xinhua 9th October 2021, 00:05 GMT+11 KUNMING, Oct. 8 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have recently collected seeds of several plants at a height of about 6,200 meters on Mount Qomolangma and will permanently preserve them in a place where seeds can be kept alive for as long as thousands of years. The seed haven, namely the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, is located in an ordinary four-story building in a research institute in the city of Kunming, which will host the upcoming 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15). As the genes of most plants are contained in their seeds, germplasm resources have become the carriers of plants' genetic information. A seed bank serves as the most important facility for preserving such resources. The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species had preserved more than 85,000 seed samples from over 10,000 species of wild plants by the end of 2020, accounting for 36 percent of the number of China's seed plant species, said Yu Fuqiang, deputy director of the bank. A "NOAH'S ARK" The discovery of a peculiar wild rice species by Yuan Longping, a globally renowned agronomist, in the southern island of Hainan in 1970 became the prelude of China's decades of hybrid rice research.
  28. 28. However, the fate of wild rice is worrying, said Li Dezhu, director of the germplasm bank. Take Yunnan Province as an example. In the 1980s, there were wild rice populations in 26 places in Yunnan, but now they have disappeared in all but two locations. The rapid loss of biodiversity and germplasm resources is the main reason for the establishment of seed banks around the world. Construction of the germplasm bank in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, started in 2004, and it was put into operation three years later. It includes seed pool, DNA bank, microbial bank, animal germplasm resource bank and other sectors. "Wildlife germplasm resources have great application potential in the biological industry, attracting global attention, especially for the collection and preservation of wild plants," said Yu. Currently, seeds can only be accepted by the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species if they tick at least one of three boxes: endangered, endemic or "of economic importance." The long-term conservation of a seed is a complex procedure, involving more than 70 steps at the end of which the seed will be stored at minus 20 degrees Celsius. If properly stored, the seed could theoretically stay alive for decades or even thousands of years. In order to make sure the seeds remain viable, scientists "wake up" some of the seeds from their dormancy every five to 10 years. "We take some samples and test their ability to grow," said technician Yang Juan with the bank. SOWING SEEDS OF HOPE The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species has established a germplasm resources collection network involving dozens of domestic scientific research institutions, universities and nature reserves. They have also formulated seed collection codes and standards.
  29. 29. The bank also worked closely with its international counterparts for seed safety duplication storage, which is necessary to ensure the safety of global germplasm resources, Li said. "When a species is destroyed by natural disasters like fires, frost and plagues of pests, or other catastrophes, we will activate these seeds and revive the species," he added. Seed collectors have left their footprints across the country ranging from deserts and tropical rainforests to plateaus. To ensure genetic diversity, they have to collect seeds of the same plant in different places. At least 2,500 seeds will be collected and preserved for each plant, according to Cai Jie from the germplasm bank. When collecting seeds, researchers record the time, place, altitude, soil type, surrounding environment and other information, which will serve as the basis for future ecological restoration. "Seeds are life and hope. I hope we can better protect the future of humanity through protecting germplasm resources," Li said. https://www.bignewsnetwork.com/news/271429755/china-focus-chinas-leading-seed-bank-preserves- plant-biodiversity Business // Texas Inc. Insight: Innovation economy taking shape in Houston Shelby Webb, Staff writer
  30. 30. Oct. 8, 2021Updated: Oct. 8, 2021 6:24 a.m. Facebook Twitter Email Comments 2 1of2 Apple selected GreenTek Solutions as one of 15 businesses for its first Impact Accelerator. Provided by AppleShow MoreShow Less   The past few months have seen headline after headline about energy and clean-tech innovations being developed in and around Houston. At Rice University, which can seem like a wellspring of projects, several innovations spawned there have received considerable grants. Work converting methane into carbon nanotubes earned the university a $3.3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy. Although difficult to make in large quantities, the carbon nanotubes have been shown to be stronger than Kevlar, the material used in bullet proof vests, and more conductive than copper. They have the ability to turn heat into electricity. Researchers say the technology has the potential to help decarbonize the notoriously emissions-laden mining and heavy-metals industry. More recently, Rice scientists’ work in converting electronic waste and even food waste into rare earth elements such as cobalt and lithium, could soon earn a $5.2 million grant through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. But the advances aren’t just coming from universities. Houston-based Renewable Storage Co. hopes to convert cavernous salt domes into giant mechanical batteries, taking electricity from the grid when demand isn’t high to inject massive volumes of compressed air into the seal-tight geographic formations. When grid conditions are tight, the salt-domes batteries will release that compressed air to power a turbine to generate electricity. Art Gelber, one of the company’s partners, said he hopes to sell the services to renewable-energy providers such as wind turbine operators so they can continue to put power on the grid even when the wind isn’t blowing.
  31. 31. Researcher Steven Williams, a PhD candidate, showcases the flexibility of carbon fibers, which have been sewed into an elastic fabric, inside Rice University's Carbon Hub lab on Thursday, Aug. 12, 2021, in Houston. Researchers hope that the carbon nanotubes could eventually take the place of materials like copper and steel, the mining of which generates a massive carbon dioxide footprint. Godofredo A. Vásquez, Houston Chronicle / Staff photographer Silicon Bayou? Two Houston tech start-ups were selected by Google late in September to be part of their Black Founders Fund. They are Doss, which will provide a virtual one-stop shop for home buying and home services such as plumbing and insurance, and SOTAOG, which provides real-time analytics to oil-and-gas companies and heavy industries, such as those that manufacture oil and gas equipment. Both companies will get $100,00, but the companies’ founders, Bobby Bryant of Doss and Robert Estill of SOTAOG, say that more important, they’ll have access to Google engineers and the tech giant’s professional network. A month earlier, Apple tapped another local company for its first Impact Accelerator class — a program that provides resources and mentoring to minority-owned businesses that can benefit Apple’s supply chain and help communities that are disproportionately affected by environmental hazards. The company, GreenTek Solutions, refurbishes, sells and recycles old electronics. Since its founding in 2012, it has kept more than 3,450 tons of used electronics out of landfills. While Houston still lags (at least in perception) behind Austin and tech-darlings San Francisco and Boston, the latest developments show that dynamic might be changing. shelby.webb@chron.com Featured Business Stories https://www.houstonchronicle.com/business/texas-inc/article/Insight-Innovation-economy-ta
  32. 32. Andhra Pradesh promises compensation for paddy farmers for failure of ‘Amulya’ variety STAFF REPORTER KAKINADA:, OCTOBER 08, 2021 15:15 IST SHARE ARTICLE        PRINT  A A A Agriculture Minister Kurasala Kannababu interacts with farmers on the failure of Amulya paddy variety in Kakinada on October 7, 2021. Photo: Special Arrangement The farmers have complained that the Amulya variety has reported the advanced crop duration in above 6,000 acres in the nine mandals. The State government has come to the rescue of paddy farmers who are witnessing the failure of Amulya paddy variety due to its 30-day advanced flowering stage as against the actual crop duration in East Godavari district in the present Kharif season (2021-22). The farmers have complained that the Amulya variety, supplied by two companies – Mahendra Seeds and Warangal Seeds – has reported the advanced crop duration in above 6,000 acres in the nine mandals.
  33. 33. The nine mandals where farmers preferred the variety are Kakinada rural, Samarlakota, Peddapuram, Kirlampudi, Pithapuram, Gollaprolu, Uppada Kothapalli, Prathipadu and Sankavaram. On being alerted by the farmers, the State government has constituted an expert team comprising the Scientists from the AP Rice Research Institute (APRRI-Maruteru), Regional Agriculture Research (RARS-Peddapuram), and the Agriculture Department officials to study the results of the seed variety. Experts This week, the experts have submitted their report to the State government and confirmed the advance of the crop duration for 30 days as against the recommended crop duration (140 days). They also estimated nearly 50% fall in the yield. The advanced flowering and harvesting will also become major hurdles for early harvesting and transportation of the yield from the field. It is learnt that the farmers have voluntarily preferred the Amulya variety. Compensation “The State government will ensure compensation to be paid by the seed companies respective. The government will also offer the financial aid to the farmers”, said Agriculture Minister Kurasala Kannababu. On Thursday, Mr. Kannababu has directed the Agriculture department officials to identify the affected farmers. The farmers were told to prefer the seed varieties being supplied through the Rythu Bharosa Kendras. ttps://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/andhra-pradesh-promises- compensation-for-paddy-farmers-for-failure-of-amulya- India will be among top 5 bio-manufacturing hubs by 2025: Jitendra Singh
  34. 34. He was speaking here after releasing the Genetic Version of Indian rice and chickpea (DNA panArray) developed by National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR). Topics Jitendra Singh | manufacturing | India manufacturing growth Press Trust of India | New Delhi Last Updated at October 8, 2021 19:37 IST Follow us on 1 Jitendra Singh  ALSO READ
  35. 35. Euro 2020: Denmark's Eriksen stable after collapsing on pitch, says UEFA Latest News LIVE: Lok Sabha adjourned till 11 am tomorrow Top headlines: FY21 ITR filing deadline extended; Havells Q4 net rises 71% India and European Union to resume negotiations for FTA after 8 years Top headlines: Cabinet nod to IDBI Bank's disinvestment; Covid curbs in WB  India will be among the top five countries to be recognised as a global bio- manufacturing hub by 2025, Union minister Jitendra Singh said on Friday, noting that India's bio-economy is on way to achieve USD 150-billion target from the current USD 70 billion. He was speaking here after releasing the Genetic Version of Indian rice and chickpea (DNA panArray) developed by National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR). The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology said India will be within the top five countries to be recognised as a Global Bio-manufacturing Hub by 2025. "India's Bio-Economy is on way to achieve 150-billion-dollar target from the current 70 billion-dollar to contribute effectively to the Prime Minister's vision of a 5 trillion-dollar economy by 2024-25," he said. Referring to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 75th Independence Day Speech from the Red Fort, Singh said the roadmap for the next 25 years will be determined by scientific and technological innovations and scientific prowess in all walks of life and called upon young scientists to walk the talk. He said, this will be possible through a very well-articulated vision, mission and goals, driven through a set of well-defined strategies and a clearly laid out implementation Action plan put forth by the government.
  36. 36. Singh said the two DNA chips for rice and chickpea, IndRA and IndiCA are the first Pan- Genome genotyping arrays in these two crops and will tap the huge potential of Indian plant biodiversity and genomic diversity towards food and nutritional security of the nation. (Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.) Dear Reader, Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance. We, however, have a request. As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed. Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard. Digital Editor https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/india-will-be-among-top- 5-bio-manufacturing-hubs-by-2025-jitendra-singh-121100801010_1.html
  37. 37. India would be recognised as a Global Bio-manufacturing Hub by 2025, says Jitendra Singh Union Minister of State of Science and Technology Jitendra has said that India would be recognised as a Global Bio-manufacturing Hub by 2025. The minister was speaking in the national capital after releasing the Genetic Version of Indian rice and chickpea (DNA panArray) developed by the National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR).   
  38. 38. According to the government, India’s Bio-Economy is on way to achieve 150-billion-dollar target from the current 70 billion-dollar. Source: PTI Written By: ANI Updated: Sat, Oct 09, 2021 11:15 am New Delhi, ANI RELATED NEWS Commerce ministry to launch campaign to promote GI products
  39. 39. Karnataka government to fund entrepreneurs, startups across the country Union Minister of State of Science and Technology Jitendra Singh on Friday said that India would be recognised as a Global Bio-manufacturing Hub by 2025. As per a press release by the Ministry of Science and Technology, "India’s Bio- Economy is on way to achieve 150-billion-dollar target from the current 70 billion-dollar to contribute effectively to Prime Minister`s vision of a 5 trillion-dollar economy by 2024- 25. See Zee Business Live TV Streaming Below: https://www.zeebiz.com/india/news-india-would-be-recognised-as-a-global-bio- manufacturing-hub-by-2025-says-jitendra-singh-167403 Skip to content Punch Newspapers  More o Editorial o Columns o Opinion  Home  News  Sports  Metro Plus  Entertainment  Politics  Business  Videos  HealthWise Subscribe
  40. 40. Search the site Search for: punchng.com © 1971-2020 The Punch newspaper Sections PunchNG Menu:  Video  Spice  Special Features  Education  Sex & Relationship  Interview  Columns  Opinion Privacy Settings Nigerian rice farmers struggle to increase supply capacity amid bloody customs-smuggler clashes Kindly share this story:    
  41. 41. Rice farmers at work File photo Afeez Hanafi 9 October 2021 AFEEZ HANAFI examines reasons Nigerians prefer foreign rice smuggled into the country to local rice despite restriction on food imports Wasiu Adesokan, like millions of Muslims across the world, planned to celebrate Eid-el-Fitr in style with his two wives and five children. As the day broke on May 13, 2021, the household in Iseyin, Oyo State, bubbled with excitement. Dressed in colourful outfits, 27-year-old Adesokan led his family of eight to the prayer ground to observe Eid-
  42. 42. el-Fitr prayer, marking the completion of 30-day fasting. They returned, in time, before noon to savour every bit of fun the rest of the day promised. Revelling in festivity, Adesokan mounted his motorcycle at 4pm and headed for his sister’s house in the Barracks area of the town. He had no premonition of the tragedy lurking around a few kilometres away. He was caught in gunshots reportedly fired by men of the Nigeria Customs Service chasing after rice smugglers in a Sports Utility Vehicle along the border community. He quickly made a U-Turn and packed his motorcycle to take cover at a nearby bank but it was rather too late. “He was running to safety when bullets hit him in the back and ear,” Adesokan’s uncle, Wale, recalled painfully. “His younger wife, Suliat, was pregnant when the incident happened. She gave birth 40 days after he died. The eldest of his children is about eight-year-old.” Four months later, the sorrow inflicted by Adesokan’s sudden death is palpable. Suliat and the first wife, Ganiyat, could not conceal the grief. Daily, they struggled to live through the realities of widowhood at tender ages of 25 and 26 respectively. “We have nothing to live on since he died,” Ganiyat said, cutting a mournful countenance as she cuddled her
  43. 43. two children, Ramdan and Mohammed. “We (she and Suliat) work as labourers at a garri factory to get money to feed ourselves and our children. I am a tailor but I can’t open my shop yet as tradition demands.” Adesokan’s demise shattered Suliat some more. Heavily pregnant when the tragedy struck, the thought of giving birth to a child without a living father plagued her mind. “I was in deep sorrow for the rest of my pregnancy,” she intoned, clutching at her baby, Khalid. “I gave birth to him through a caesarean which cost a lot of money. Up till now, we owe the hospital and they have been on my neck. Many of my husband’s family members have stopped checking on us,” she said, taking a pause to suppress imminent tears.
  44. 44. “Our children always ask after their father. We tell them he has travelled. We need help; we don’t have the means to take care of them,” she added before breaking down in tears. Aside from the Adesokans, families of Abdullahi Yekini, 32; Tobi Opeyemi, 31 and Timothy Gbadegesin, a 34- year-old commercial tricycle rider, were thrown into mourning that day. Several eyewitness accounts confirmed they were all killed by the customs officials although the security agency denied the killings. Yekini, a sand miner, had told her 26-year-old wife, Lateefat, he was going out to play with his friends and promised to return home soon to have more fun with her and their only child who was a month-old then. He never did. His corpse was brought back home instead, covered with blood. “I fainted several times after I saw his corpse,” Lateefat recounted, her voice drenched in grief. “Things have been really difficult since he died. I never thought of bringing up a child alone or becoming a widow at this age.” While Lateefat managed to cope with the terrible loss, it consumed her father-in-law. Yekini’s dad went into depression and succumbed to death in August.
  45. 45. “ We tried not to let him hear about the incident but he eventually did on the radio. He fell sick afterwards and his health worsened till he died. He was in his late 60s,” Yekini’s uncle, Alhaji Abdulateef Azeez, told Saturday PUNCH. Worrisome as it is, the incidents are a few instances of killings resulting from frequent clashes between customs and smugglers, the majority of whom deal in rice – arguably the most consumed staple in Nigeria. The incessant fights, mostly at border towns in Oyo and Ogun states, have led to casualties on both sides and claimed several innocent lives like those of Adesokan and Yekini. Ban on rice imports amid battle for self-sufficiency Disturbed by billions of dollars spent annually on importation of rice and other food items, the Nigerian
  46. 46. government mid 2019 placed a forex restriction on food imports to grow local production and address the country’s worsening foreign deficit. The President, Major General Muhammadu Buhari (retd.), applied a stiffer measure in August 2019 when he ordered closure of land borders due to smuggling of rice, arms and ammunition “at alarming proportions.” While the closure lasted till December 2020, there was considerable improvement in local rice production but it could not meet local demands as smugglers defied all odds to bridge the gap. Food prices skyrocketed to all- time high, making lives more difficult for over 100 million Nigerians living in extreme poverty. The chairman, Presidential Economic Advisory Council, Doyin Salami, hinted at the failure of the border closure to achieve its purpose during the 2021 National Economic Outlook event organised by the Chartered Institute of Bankers in January.
  47. 47. Salami said Nigeria spent N1.85trn on food imports between January 2020 and September 2020 (during the border closure), representing “a 62 per cent increase when compared to the same period in 2019.” “This suggests a weakness in our ability to feed ourselves and raises the need to consider review of intervention policies in agriculture,” he added. Meanwhile, the government has repeatedly claimed that the country would attain sufficiency in rice production by 2018 only to shift grounds at intervals. For instance, the Minister of Information and Culture, Lai Mohammed, at a press briefing in Abuja in November 2017, said Nigeria had witnessed remarkable increase in rice production and would be self-sufficient by 2018. He had said, “Nigeria is very close to achieving self- sufficiency in rice. By 2018, the administration targets rice production of 7 million mt (metric tons). As at 2015, rice demand in Nigeria stood at 6.3 million mt.” In April 2018, the minister backtracked, saying self- sufficiency in rice production would be achieved by 2020 with sustained implementation of the Anchor Borrowers’ Programme launched in November 2015.
  48. 48. He said the nation’s rice consumption as of then was approximately six million mt (same as 2015), claiming that in 2015, Nigeria produced 2.5 million mt of milled rice which reportedly rose to four million mt in 2017, leaving a gap of two million mt. “Our target is to fill that gap by 2020,” Mohammed added. However, contrary to all realistic indices, the President of Rice Farmers Association of Nigeria, Alhaji Aminu Goronyo, boasted in June 2021 that Nigeria had attained self-sufficiency with nine million metric tons of rice reportedly produced annually and was almost ready for export. What is more, Goronyo, who spoke at the flag-off of sales of paddy to millers in Kaduna organised by the Central Bank of Nigeria and RIFAN, claimed that Nigerians had been consuming only local rice since 2015. He had said, “Before the coming of the President Muhammadu Buhari administration in 2015, we used to produce just about two million metric tons of paddy annually, but today, we can boast of nine million metric tons annually. There is a clear difference and we now boldly say that Nigeria is self-sufficient in rice.
  49. 49. “Since 2015, the Central Bank of Nigeria has made a deliberate policy not to release forex to the importers of rice. That is to say that, all the rice that we have been consuming in Nigeria since 2015 were produced locally.” But several accounts of farmers, agriculture and economic experts show that the country had yet to attain sufficiency in rice despite some considerable growth in local production. They attributed the setback to inadequate government support for commercial, mechanised farming, climate change and insecurity which has claimed lives of many farmers and forced thousands to abandon their farmlands. What however remains puzzling is why millions of Nigerians still crave foreign rice despite remarkable growth in domestic output? A random sampling of consumers and rice dealers carried out by Saturday PUNCH indicate that a number of people have preference for imported rice because average local rice contains particles; marshy when cooked and has short shelf life after cooking, even though they acknowledge that it is more nutritious.
  50. 50. Our correspondent also found out that many Nigerians prefer foreign rice to local rice because of the marginal price difference. It was also discovered that limited species of rice produced domestically make consumers who prefer long-grain rice – which is scarce locally – find comfort in foreign rice largely smuggled into the country. These cravings were responsible for huge seizures of bags of rice worth billions of naira by customs in recent times. In 2020, Seme Area Command seized 7,667 bags of foreign parboiled rice (50kg each). In February, the Kebbi Command of the NCS said it seized 2,021 bags of 50kg parboiled rice, 19 bags of 100kg parboiled rice, among other items in two months, between December 2020 and January 2021. Also, Ogun Area Command 1 of the agency disclosed that it seized 38 truckloads containing 19,000 bags of foreign rice in the border areas of the state with Duty Paid Value of N307.891m in the first quarter of 2021. Farmers lament insecurity, poor access to loan The Chairman, Rice Farmers Association of Nigeria, Rivers State, Ifeanyichuwku Nene, told Saturday PUNCH that current local rice production was not enough to feed the country and discourage smuggling.
  51. 51. Appealing to Nigerians to change their orientation and patronise indigenous products, he noted that more people would consume local rice if it is well “de-stoned” and available in different species. He said, “Local rice that follows modern harvesting and processing method doesn’t have stones again but we must increase capacity. We are not operating at full capacity so the shortfall is what the smugglers leverage to augment. “Also, we have about 42 species of rice. Rice that grows well here is FARO 44. It is upland rice and with a minimum amount of water, it will thrive well. We have short, medium and long-grain rice. FARO 44 is short grain. There are 56 (medium) and 65 which is long. Sixty-five and 56 grow well in flood-prone areas. One of the reasons people run after foreign rice is species. Smugglers bring in 65 (long grain). “As farmers, we need to improve on the species of rice that we plant but it involves a lot of cost. If I want to plant 65 and my farm is not waterlocked or flood-prone, I have to dig trenches of up to four or five feet to plant it and do irrigation.” The RIFAN chairman explained further that there would be remarkable development in rice production if the
  52. 52. ABP aimed at assisting farmers was effective across the country. He said concentration of the loan scheme in the North and bureaucracies involved in its processing were major setbacks. Read Also  Association sues Niger rice farmers over unpaid CBN loan  Niger RIFAN sues rice farmers refusing to repay CBN loan  Govt empowers Ofada rice farmers with technology Nene stated, “The ABP is working but a lot of farmers have not embraced it. A lot of sensitisation has not been done. The sensitisation is high in the North. But in the South, the awareness is not much. Many farmers are not aware there is a loan facility like that. “There is a process to follow to access the loan which is given in the form of inputs (seeds, seedlings and fertilisers), agric extension services and sometimes cash. As a farmer, you have to register. They will capture you
  53. 53. and verify that you don’t owe any of the financial programmes run by the CBN before you can qualify. “After registration and verification, the chairman will send your name to the CBN. The bureaucracy is what makes it cumbersome. If you begin the process in September, that means it is for dry season farming; it will mature in January or February.” The President, Nigerian Association of Women in Agriculture, Ngizan Chahul, lamented that inputs and funding were major challenges facing her members growing rice and other staples. She said the ABP was not beneficial to the members, complaining that they usually got inputs late. She said, “We were supposed to grow rice between June and July, but they gave us inputs at the end of August. When are we going to cultivate the rice? When the farmers eventually get inputs, they eat and sell the remaining inputs to other farmers. “If you want to give somebody rice to farm, give them early June so that the farmers will plant on time. Also, this year, our members couldn’t get fertiliser because of the high cost. If we have bumper harvests, the issue of smuggling will reduce.
  54. 54. “Our problem is compounded by cows destroying farms and it is farmers on the riverbank where rice is grown who suffer most. Farmers are afraid to go to farms.” How local production can check rice smuggling— Stakeholders A member of and consultant for Agbekoya Farmers Association, Tayo Olatunde-Taiwo, said local rice must be produced massively to meet the demand and match up with foreign one by all standards to discourage people from patronising the latter. To achieve such feats, he said the government needed to give maximum support to commercial farming and encourage backward integration whereby rice mills in the country would buy paddy from local farmers. He said, “I don’t subscribe to smuggling but there are certain things that need to be put in place. Our capacity for rice production is not sustainable. There is no blueprint of what needs to be done to enhance production. We have pockets of developments but farming is still largely subsistent in Nigeria. “The minimum a rice farmer should have is about 10 hectares. Unfortunately, it is when the election is approaching that they will begin to give farmers seeds
  55. 55. that cannot farm one hectare. Until our mentality shifts to industrial production, we cannot meet the demand. “You wanted to ban what is not sufficient but ended up creating a hike in price and further impoverishing the people. The government can allow people to import rice and impose a tax as a temporary means of showing that you discourage it but you want to make it available for now. As that is being done, you need to explore backward integration to strengthen local production. Nigeria rice is not fully purified because the system of production is local.” The Agbekoya consultant who said that ABP was a laudable scheme, added that it had been marred by sharp practices denying potential beneficiaries access to loans to engage in productive farming. He noted that the programme had recorded several cases of unpaid loans by unqualified beneficiaries. He said, “I know a farmer from the North based in Lagos. He always tells me he’s going to the North whenever they are sharing money (loans) to farmers. There are many frustrating things that we want to do in this country. You will find out that people who are not qualified get loans.
  56. 56. “I know someone who took a N5m loan from the CBN in 2018 under an agric programme but he never did anything agric. Till now, he hasn’t repaid that money yet he has received another N15m because he knows someone. He is not using the money for production. “We need the database of farmers. No farmer can be circumvented if there is a database. When you collect money and you don’t pay, we know how to track you. With this, when farmers collect loans, they will use it for what is meant for.” A Professor of Agricultural Economics at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Zakari Abdulsalam, urged processors to upscale the quality of local rice to attract more demand and decimate Nigerians’ penchant for foreign rice. He said, “We need to disabuse the mind of the people from consuming foreign rice. For over 20 years now, I have been taking local rice because I know its health benefits. “One of the reasons why people prefer foreign rice to local rice is the physical quality including stones and other particles. If processors can work on that, there will be increased consumption.”
  57. 57. “One major reason many people don’t like local rice is because when you cook them, they become too marshy and may spoil quickly,” an agricultural extension expert, Prof Akpabio Iniobong, noted. He advised farmers and processors to address the deficiencies, starting with purification of the staple. He added, “It has more nutrients compared to the over- polished foreign rice. Once the local rice doesn’t have stones and is cheaper, people will buy it. By the time the farmers have more money, they can research on how to make it not to be marshy after cooking.” Iniobong accused the government of paying lip service to rice production with the lopsided implementation of the ABP. He said, “The Anchor Borrowers Programme which is supposed to help rice production is more prevalent in the North. In the South, most farmers don’t have access to funding. And those that have funding, in many cases, their farms are destroyed by herders. Many state governments in the South are not willing to guarantee the ABP.” The don cited poor road network to farms and ineffective backward integration system as some of the
  58. 58. factors hindering meaningful development in local rice production. He cited the plight of rice farmers in Mbiabet, a community in the Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State said to be the rice basket of the state. He said, “The roads to the area are poor. There is a rice mill in the community but the factory doesn’t buy their paddy from local farmers so the farmers are not encouraged to keep on planting rice. If they are not encouraged by backward integration, how can they be motivated? “The factory may have its reasons (for not buying from the farmers) but it is its duty to let the farmers know the rice variety they need assuming that is the problem. They can also help the farmers through their extension service to assist them grow such a paddy instead of buying it elsewhere. “There is also an abandoned rice mill managed by the NDDC (Niger Delta Development Commission) in that area. It is a massive project. If it is functional, the farmers can process their rice there. If farmers are sure of the market, they will continue to produce more. And if there is much production, the price will reduce.
  59. 59. “Nigerians can process rice that is better than the imported one. What is needed is funding. Let the ABP concentrated in the North be spread to the South.” Why North benefits more from ABP – CBN Director, Corporate Communications of the CBN, Osita Nwanisobi, said rice like every other commodity has a production belt based on land type and availability of water bodies to guarantee an environment suitable for production activities, adding that a large chunk of hectares suitable for rice farming fall within the northern region. He said, “In line with this, it is evident that rice production is predominantly done in the North and this is also supported by the numerous rice mills established in northern Nigeria due to the proximity to raw materials. Under the CBN Anchor Borrowers’ Programme, however, rice production has been financed in all the 36 states of the Federation and the FCT but the distribution has been a function of available land for rice production and number of rice farmers.” On the late distribution of inputs to farmers, Nwanisobi said logistics remained “the greatest challenge around input distribution as roads are the only viable means of transportation for now.”
  60. 60. He said movement of inputs for production of all crops was done simultaneously and could be daunting in some cases. He stated, “Inputs supplies under the ABP are coordinated by the associations/anchors but the CBN ensures a timely release of funds to the PFI through proactive engagements and concurrent execution of all prerequisite activities to save time. The lateness of some farmers to complete their documentation, provision of guarantors and payment of required equity contribution could delay release of inputs to farmers even when the inputs are available. On the approval of loans to unqualified beneficiaries, the spokesperson said such rarely occurred, claiming that the bank always ensured due diligence. He added, “The submitted lists by the associations are validated using the farmer’s BVN as the mandatory field. The validation is followed by obtaining farmer’s KYC (know your customer), biometrics and information is mapped to the GPS coordinates of the farm. “This same information is layered on the process for input distribution and account opening by the PFI (Private Finance Initiative) and also used for monitoring by all stakeholders. The process is strengthened
  61. 61. seasonally to checkmate loopholes and provide value across the entire operations of the ABP. Smuggled rice hardly exists in Nigerian markets – FMARD The spokesperson for the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Theodore Ogaziechi, said “smuggled foreign rice” barely existed in Nigeria, claiming that what was termed as imported rice was well polished Nigerian rice packaged as foreign rice. He said Nigeria produced different rice species of various qualities, including well-polished, half-polished, de-stoned and partially de-stoned rice. He also stated that the high price of local rice was not peculiar to the staple food alone, noting that it portrayed the reality of the ongoing dollar-naira crisis. Ogaziechi said, “I want to honestly tell you that I can’t remember when I last ate foreign rice. Let me assure you that should you want very well polished local rice, you will get it. Should you also want mildly polished, you will get it. And should you want unpolished rice which the white man calls ‘wild rice’, then you will also get it. The unpolished rice is what the English man calls wild rice and it is the healthiest of the rice.
  62. 62. “If you also want de-stoned rice or one that is not fully de-stoned, you will also get. Nigeria is a country where you can get any variety of rice you want. What you get as smuggled foreign rice nowadays is nothing but well polished Nigerian rice packaged as foreign rice.” Contrary to the RIFAN President’s claim that Nigeria had attained sufficiency with nine million metric tons of rice, Ogaziechi said the country “at the moment produces seven million metric tons of rice annually with a gap of 300,000 metric tons to balance local consumption.” He added, “Nigeria is toiling day and night to mark up the local consumption and work towards exporting the product.” Copyright PUNCH All rights reserved. This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without prior express written permission from PUNCH. Contact: theeditor@punchng.com Latest News  Anambra Poll: INEC cancels 62,698 voters' card requests for double registration  Tight security as Plateau holds LG polls  APC Govs renew commitment to reducing poverty, inequality
  63. 63.  Over 100 feared dead after vessel capsizes in DR Congo  US court allows Texas to resume ban on most abortions More Tags: RICE FARMERS Kindly share this story:     FOREX TRADING MADE SIMPLE. AS AN EXPERT, WE HELP YOU TRADE YOUR FOREX, BINARY and BITCOIN ACCOUNTS FOR 20% WEEKLY PROFIT. visit: standfx.com WhatsApp: 08030797998 TOP STORIES Tinubu returns to Nigeria after three-month UK medical trip
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  66. 66.  Advertise with us  Contact Social media:      Sign Up For Punch Newsletter SubmitNo, thanks By submitting you agree to our privacy policy ADVERTISEMENT https://punchng.com/nigerian-rice-farmers-struggle-to-increase-supply-capacity-amid- bloody-customs-smuggler-clashes/ After beverage deal, Rerum hunting spot in billion-dollar sales club Share Published:Saturday | October 9, 2021 | 12:05 AMNeville Graham - Business Reporter
  67. 67. Rerum Trading CEO Omar Newell Banking on new drinks distribution contracts, Rerum Trading is looking to break through a $1 billion in sales by next year, CEO Omar Newell has said. The company formed two years ago now has a three-year deal with Trinidadian manufacturer SM Jaleel to distribute three lines of drinks in the Jamaican market under an exclusive arrangement. Newell declined to provide details of the partnership and Rerum’s deliverables, but said he expects the deal to lead to a spike in the company’s beverage division revenues from 20 per cent of total sales to 50 per cent by year end. Rerum also distributes a range of consumer items. “Our revenues are pretty strong. We can now claim top three in the distribution of rice,” he said. “With that soft drinks movement, it will certainly put us in the region of the coveted billion-dollar mark by next year,” he told Financial Gleaner. Rerum Trading, a distribution company based at the Garmex Complex in Kingston, was incorporated in October 2019. Its name is Latin for ‘a collection of things’ or,
  68. 68. using trade vernacular, ‘commodities’. Key shareholders include business partners and politicians Peter Bunting and Mark Golding, as well as Chairman Vernon Hendricks. Headlines Delivered to Your Inbox Sign up for The Gleaner’s morning and evening newsletters. The company at first dabbled in trade financing before launching into bulk rice importation from Guyana and Suriname. Amid big rivals Derrimon Trading and Musson Jamaica and its member company T. Geddes Grant out front, Newell asserts that Rerum is slotted in with the top three rice importers; and that Park Rose and Kestrel round out the top five rice distributors. The SM Jaleel drinks deal covers three brands, Cole Cold soft drinks, Cool Runnings flavoured water, and Caribbean Cool juice drinks. Other brands from the SM Jaleel portfolio are handled by other distributors. “We exclusively carry these products,” said Newell. “We can appoint sub-distributors and we’re tying up those contracts as we speak,” he said. The Cole Cold line was previously carried by Massy Distribution. That arrangement long came to an end, resulting in the product being off the Jamaican market for the last four years. Newell says Rerum runs a lean operation, with 13 permanent and about 15 casual team members. The company operates a fleet of 50 trucks with three-person crews that handle road distribution, while merchandising has been outsourced to specialist company Turnkey. “We’re able to have a small, nimble staff structure because we outsource a number of functions so that we can focus on our core parts of the distribution effort, which is the logistics and sales,” said Newell.
  69. 69. With only about six weeks since the SM Jaleel distribution contract was awarded, Newell says Rerum has already managed to cop about 25 per cent of the peak volumes formerly moved by Massy Distribution, and that the cranberry, banana and apple flavoured sodas have been well received. He once again declined to give specifics, citing competition. In addition to rice and now soft drinks, Rerum also distributes the Value Tree brand of condiments in partnership with local manufacturer Spur Tree Spices. The line includes ketchup, lime juice, vinegar, and hot pepper sauce in various sizes. neville.graham@gleanerjm.com https://jamaica-gleaner.com/article/business/20211009/after-beverage-deal-rerum- hunting-spot-billion-dollar-sales-club  NATIONAL  CRIME  ENTERTAINMENT  POLITICS  BUSINESS  TECH
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  71. 71. To reintroduce genetic plant diversity scientists are looking for the ancient ancestors of domesticated crops Photo: IRD/AFP/FileFood Science seeks ancient plants to save favorite foods Today 06:06 am JST 5 Comments By Amélie BOTTOLLIER-DEPOIS PARIS From a bowl of rice to a cup of coffee, experts say the foods we take for granted could become much scarcer unless we can make them resistant to climate change. For more than 10,000 years humans have been using selective breeding to adapt fruits and vegetables to specific growing conditions that today are changing at an alarming rate.
  72. 72. And the same breeding that has made crops profitable has also made them vulnerable to rising temperatures, drought, heavy rains, new blights or plagues of insects. "When you select 'for the best' traits (like higher yields), you lose certain types of genes," Benjamin Kilian, project lead for the Crop Wild Relatives Project at Crop Trust, told AFP. "We lost genetic diversity during domestication history... therefore the potential of the elite crops to further adapt to the future -- to climate change and other challenges -- is limited." The answer, scientists say, may be to reintroduce that genetic diversity by going back to domesticated crops' wild ancestors. According to a study published in May, global warming risks shifting nearly a third of agricultural production outside its ideal climate for cultivation. The International Potato Center predicts a 32-percent drop in harvests of potatoes and sweet potatoes by 2060 due to climate change, while some estimates say coffee growers will lose half of adapted lands before 2050. Rice, the world's most important staple food crop, contributes massively to global warming by releasing methane as it is cultivated. It is also threatened by rising seas that could put too much salt into the water that floods rice paddies. Older forms of these crops might have had resistance to salt water or high temperatures coded into their genes -- and to get them back, experts are looking for their ancestors in the wild. "We're going to need to use as much biodiversity as we can... because it reduces risks, it provides options," says agriculture expert Marleni Ramirez of Biodiversity International. One potential resource is gene banks, like the Kew Millennium Seed Bank which has nearly 40,000 species of wild plants. "But not all wild relatives are in the gene banks," says Kilian. Instead, he says it's up to expert botanists to take undertake a time-consuming search throughout the wild, whose success can sometimes rely on luck.
  73. 73. Between 2013 and 2018 the Global Crop Diversity Trust gathered more than 4,600 samples from 371 wild cousins of 28 priority crops including wheat, rice, sweet potatoes, bananas and apples. Botanist Aaron Davis works at the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens that partners with Crop Trust. With his colleagues, he discovered a wild species of coffee in Sierra Leone that is more resistant to climate change than the widely harvested arabica. And he says they found it just in time. "If we had gone to Sierra Leone in 10 years, it would probably have been extinct," says Davis. "Of 124 coffee species, 60 percent are threatened with extinction, including the ones we might use for breeding new resilient coffees." In a survey of four Central American countries, one in four plants analyzed was threatened with extinction, including 70 wild species connected to major cultivated crops like corn and squash. And the race isn't over once they've been harvested. Wild plants may not be adapted to large-scale agriculture and creating new varieties can take years or even decades -- perhaps too long to provide an answer to an impending food crisis. Instead, experts say, we may have to find a way to live without certain staples. According to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, while the planet is home to some 50,000 edible plants, just three of them -- rice, maize and wheat -- provide 60 percent of the world's food energy intake. Their disappearance could leave billions wondering what to eat and millions of farmers looking for a new way to survive. https://japantoday.com/category/features/food/science-seeks-ancient-plants-to-save- favourite-foods
  74. 74. China Focus: China's leading seed bank preserves plant biodiversity Xinhua 9th October 2021, 00:05 GMT+11 KUNMING, Oct. 8 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have recently collected seeds of several plants at a height of about 6,200 meters on Mount Qomolangma and will permanently preserve them in a place where seeds can be kept alive for as long as thousands of years. The seed haven, namely the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, is located in an ordinary four-story building in a research institute in the city of Kunming, which will host the upcoming 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15). As the genes of most plants are contained in their seeds, germplasm resources have become the carriers of plants' genetic information. A seed bank serves as the most important facility for preserving such resources. The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species had preserved more than 85,000 seed samples from over 10,000 species of wild plants by the end of 2020, accounting for 36 percent of the number of China's seed plant species, said Yu Fuqiang, deputy director of the bank. A "NOAH'S ARK" The discovery of a peculiar wild rice species by Yuan Longping, a globally renowned agronomist, in the southern island of Hainan in 1970 became the prelude of China's decades of hybrid rice research.
  75. 75. However, the fate of wild rice is worrying, said Li Dezhu, director of the germplasm bank. Take Yunnan Province as an example. In the 1980s, there were wild rice populations in 26 places in Yunnan, but now they have disappeared in all but two locations. The rapid loss of biodiversity and germplasm resources is the main reason for the establishment of seed banks around the world. Construction of the germplasm bank in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, started in 2004, and it was put into operation three years later. It includes seed pool, DNA bank, microbial bank, animal germplasm resource bank and other sectors. "Wildlife germplasm resources have great application potential in the biological industry, attracting global attention, especially for the collection and preservation of wild plants," said Yu. Currently, seeds can only be accepted by the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species if they tick at least one of three boxes: endangered, endemic or "of economic importance." The long-term conservation of a seed is a complex procedure, involving more than 70 steps at the end of which the seed will be stored at minus 20 degrees Celsius. If properly stored, the seed could theoretically stay alive for decades or even thousands of years. In order to make sure the seeds remain viable, scientists "wake up" some of the seeds from their dormancy every five to 10 years. "We take some samples and test their ability to grow," said technician Yang Juan with the bank. SOWING SEEDS OF HOPE The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species has established a germplasm resources collection network involving dozens of domestic scientific research institutions, universities and nature reserves. They have also formulated seed collection codes and standards.
  76. 76. The bank also worked closely with its international counterparts for seed safety duplication storage, which is necessary to ensure the safety of global germplasm resources, Li said. "When a species is destroyed by natural disasters like fires, frost and plagues of pests, or other catastrophes, we will activate these seeds and revive the species," he added. Seed collectors have left their footprints across the country ranging from deserts and tropical rainforests to plateaus. To ensure genetic diversity, they have to collect seeds of the same plant in different places. At least 2,500 seeds will be collected and preserved for each plant, according to Cai Jie from the germplasm bank. When collecting seeds, researchers record the time, place, altitude, soil type, surrounding environment and other information, which will serve as the basis for future ecological restoration. "Seeds are life and hope. I hope we can better protect the future of humanity through protecting germplasm resources," Li said. https://www.bignewsnetwork.com/news/271429755/china-focus-chinas-leading-seed- bank-preserves-plant-biodiversity
  77. 77. Basmati GI rights: Reap has successfully worked against Indian plea in EU court Recorder Report 08 Oct 2021 Facebook Twitter Whatsapp Comments
  78. 78. KARACHI: Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (Reap) has successfully worked against Indian application of Basmati Geographical Indicator (GI) rights in EU court.
  79. 79. Rafique Suleman Convener FPCCI Rice Export Committee and former Chairman Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (Reap) has informed that now with the support of Ministry of Commerce and Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) the GI case is going in right direction. "Reap's energetic GI Committee has done marvelous job by putting their day night efforts to get the job done," he added. While, talking to newsmen, he said that despite a challenging pandemic due to Covid-19, Reap has done brilliant achievements during last tenure. Immediate Past Chairman Abdul Qayyum Paracha and his team greatly contributed to achieve a few milestones improved over past years. In addition, the decades old withholding tax issue anomaly in the Income Tax Ordinance has successfully being removed with effect from 1st July 2021. As the psychical exhibitions were not possible due to Covid-19, Reap organized rice virtual expo and this initiative helped for the first time Pakistani exporters to receive and interact directly with international merchants, end market state Companies and buyers. "It has been the first Association in Pakistan to take this challenge and not only have done without any support from government. He also appreciated the efforts of virtual expo Committee team leader Faisal Anis and Farhat Rasheed for organizing a fruitful expo. During the last year Reap with the support of TDAP and Ministry of Commerce successfully arranged various farmer education workshops on Minimum Residue Limits in major cities in all provinces of Pakistan. Russian ban on import of Pakistani rice was also lifted with the continuous team efforts and Reap coordinated with Pakistani Embassies, various authorities, such as State Bank of Pakistan, Sui Southern Gas Company, Ministries of Commerce, Finance, Food Security, etc. Reap had representation in delegation to Sri Lanka and sent high profile business delegation to Uzbekistan, both led by Prime Minister of Pakistan. Reap has successfully coordinated with Ministry of Commerce for clarifications of ambiguities in Sri Lankan rice tenders. Copyright Business Recorder, 2021 FPCCI TDAP RICE EXPORTERS ASSOCIATION OF PAKISTAN ABDUL QAYYUM PARACHA
  80. 80. https://www.brecorder.com/news/40125309 https://www.brecorder.com/news/40125309https://www.the- star.co.ke/business/kenya/2021-10-08-tea-auction-prices-hit-highest-mark-this-year/ Pakistan’s exports to Japan up 24.2% in first quarter
  81. 81. ISLAMABAD: Pakistan exported goods worth $50.6 million to Japan during the first quarter of the current fiscal year 2021/22, witnessing a growth of 24.21 per cent over the merchandise exports during the corresponding period of the last year, a statement said on Thursday. The statement from the Embassy of Pakistan in Tokyo said that other than textile items, the major exports to Japan during July-September 2021/22 included agricultural and food products. This indicates realisation of the export diversification strategy the embassy has been pursuing for the last two years, the statement added.
  82. 82. This trend is expected to gain further momentum once the Covid-19 pandemic-related logistical limitations start getting settled. The statement also said achieving $50.6 million exports during the first quarter against $41.1 million last year, despite a large set of challenges being faced by the international trade owing to the pandemic, was mainly due to better awareness of Pakistani products in Japan. The awareness was created through an aggressive campaign of reaching out to the Japanese companies and supply chains; an improved compliance of standard requirements on the supply side; and, an experience-based increasing interest, acceptance and confidence of the Japanese buyers in Pakistani products, it added. Pakistan’s Trade Mission in Japan has been able to stand out during the recent years with the presence at all major trade shows in the absence of participation by exporters due to travel restrictions; presenting options of business with Pakistan to regional business chambers and trade associations; engaging public through social media and promotion activities to create an ownership; and, encouraging Pakistani business community in Japan to engage in Pakistan focused trade. Rice, sesame seed, fish fillet, mangoes, dates and cotton yarn are the leading products driving this growth. Other significant exportable items, showing an increasing trend, included sports goods, surgical instruments, animal casing, chromium ore, carpets, gloves, socks and tanned leather. According to the trade data updated by the Ministry of Commerce, the overall global exports of Pakistan has been showing a consistent growing trend during the first quarter and exports to Japan are following the same trend. To sustain this positive trade trajectory with Japan, the Pakistan Mission has been executing product and sector-specific promotional campaigns in collaboration with the Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) through a series of webinars, tasting events and virtual B2B meetings for the Pakistani exporters. The recent activities, hosted at the Embassy of Pakistan in Tokyo, focused on dates, salt, mangoes, surgical instruments, handicrafts and furniture. During the second quarter, in addition to promoting a diverse range of exportable products, efforts will also be made to increase the export of services from Pakistan to Japan, mainly covering information technology and consulting services; and, export of manpower, both unskilled and skilled workforce, for which the demand is increasing in Japan.
  83. 83. https://www.bolnews.com/latest/2021/10/pakistans-exports-to-japan-up-24-2-in-first- quarter/ Concerning dietary patterns among Latinx linked to greater number of years living in the US Peer-Reviewed Publication COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY'S MAILMAN SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH PrintEmail App October 8, 2021-- Dietary acculturation may play a stronger role in some heritage groups compared with others according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. And that adherence to cultural dietary patterns may be impacted by the number of years lived in the United States. This is the first study to take a data-driven approach using foods specific to a population to empirically derive dietary patterns. The findings are published in The Journal of Nutrition. The term “Hispanic/Latino” encompasses more than 20 nationalities with substantial social, cultural, behavioral, geographic, and genetic heterogeneity. Although diet is strongly linked to health, the prevalence of certain diseases varies across US Hispanics/Latinos. For instance, Hispanics/Latinos of Mexican and Puerto Rican heritage have the highest diabetes prevalence whereas those of South American heritage have the lowest. “Our study fills an important gap by comparing heritage-specific diets across 6 large Hispanic/Latino heritage groups and by examining differences in dietary pattern scores by years living in the United States in each heritage group,” said Sandra Albrecht, PhD, assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia Mailman School, and senior author. Using data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, the largest population- based cohort of Hispanics/Latinos of diverse origin 18-74 years of age, the researchers derived dietary patterns from two 24-hour dietary recalls, which resulted in 5 overarching dietary patterns – Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks; White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats; Fish; Egg & Cheese; and Alcohol.
  84. 84. Heritage-specific dietary patterns were compared to the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 to assess healthfulness. The researchers found that for all heritage groups, Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks dietary patterns were associated with worse healthfulness, whereas all Fish Dietary patterns, except those for Dominican heritage, were associated with greater healthfulness. Moreover, the White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats dietary pattern was less healthy in Cuban and Central American groups but healthier in Mexican-origin individuals. Fewer years living in the United States was associated with higher scores for White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats dietary patterns in Cuban and Mexican heritage groups and lower scores on Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks dietary patterns in Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican groups. “In general, greater years living in the United States was associated with less healthy dietary patterns across several heritage groups, which has concerning health implications,” noted Luis Maldonado, PhD, a doctoral student in the department of nutrition at UNC-Chapel Hill when the study was conducted, and the paper’s first author. Dietary acculturation is a complex and dynamic process by which immigrants adopt the cultural practices of the host country and shed the cultural dietary choices and behaviors practiced in the country of origin. Over time, dietary acculturation may lead to unhealthier diets, which may increase diet-related chronic disease risk. However, it is important to recognize that dietary acculturation processes can differ across heritage groups. In a companion editorial, Katherine Tucker (University of Massachusetts) commends the research team for demonstrating the importance of using a data-driven approach to examine dietary patterns. Understanding actual dietary behaviors of population subgroups help clarify the diversity of both dietary behavior and health risk among differing Hispanic/Latino heritage groups. “Our findings suggest that identifying effective strategies against diet-related chronic diseases that are tailored to different groups in this diverse U.S. population is warranted,” said Albrecht. ### Co-authors include Linda Adair, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, and Krista M Perreira, UNC, Chapel Hill; Josiemer Mattei, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health; Yasmin Mossavar-Rahman and Carmen Isasi, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Martha L Daviglus, University of Illinois College of Medicine; Linda Van Horn, Northwestern University; and Linda C Gallo, San Diego State University. Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
  85. 85. Founded in 1922, the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health pursues an agenda of research, education, and service to address the critical and complex public health issues affecting New Yorkers, the nation and the world. The Columbia Mailman School is the seventh largest recipient of NIH grants among schools of public health. Its nearly 300 multi-disciplinary faculty members work in more than 100 countries around the world, addressing such issues as preventing infectious and chronic diseases, environmental health, maternal and child health, health policy, climate change and health, and public health preparedness. It is a leader in public health education with more than 1,300 graduate students from 55 nations pursuing a variety of master’s and doctoral degree programs. The Columbia Mailman School is also home to numerous world- renowned research centers, including ICAP and the Center for Infection and Immunity. For more information, please visit www.mailman.columbia.edu. JOURNAL Journal of Nutrition https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/931048 S.Korea's Rice Production Estimated To Rise 9.1 Pct In 2021 1 day ago Fri 08th October 2021 | 01:40 PM
  86. 86. SEOUL, Oct. 8 (APP - UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 8th Oct, 2021 ) :South Korea's rice production was estimated to rise 9.1 percent this year thanks to favorable weather conditions, statistical office data showed Friday. A combined 3,827,000 tons of rice, a key staple food for South Koreans, was expected to be produced in the country in 2021, according to Statistics Korea. It was up 9.1 percent from the previous year. The statistical office said weather conditions were favorable to cultivate rice amid the proper rainfall and the right duration of bright sunshine. Estimate for rice production per 100 square meters stood at 522 kg in 2021, up 8.2 percent from the prior year. The size of rice paddies across the country edged up 0.8 percent from a year earlier to 732,477 hectares this year. Meanwhile, consumption of rice in the country has been on the decline for the past decades owing to the change in eating habits. https://www.urdupoint.com/en/miscellaneous/skoreas-rice-production-estimated-to-rise-9-1370917.html China Focus: China's leading seed bank preserves plant biodiversity Xinhua 9th October 2021, 00:05 GMT+11 KUNMING, Oct. 8 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have recently collected seeds of several plants at a height of about 6,200 meters on Mount Qomolangma and will permanently preserve them in a place where seeds can be kept alive for as long as thousands of years.
  87. 87. The seed haven, namely the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, is located in an ordinary four-story building in a research institute in the city of Kunming, which will host the upcoming 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15). As the genes of most plants are contained in their seeds, germplasm resources have become the carriers of plants' genetic information. A seed bank serves as the most important facility for preserving such resources. The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species had preserved more than 85,000 seed samples from over 10,000 species of wild plants by the end of 2020, accounting for 36 percent of the number of China's seed plant species, said Yu Fuqiang, deputy director of the bank. A "NOAH'S ARK" The discovery of a peculiar wild rice species by Yuan Longping, a globally renowned agronomist, in the southern island of Hainan in 1970 became the prelude of China's decades of hybrid rice research. However, the fate of wild rice is worrying, said Li Dezhu, director of the germplasm bank. Take Yunnan Province as an example. In the 1980s, there were wild rice populations in 26 places in Yunnan, but now they have disappeared in all but two locations. The rapid loss of biodiversity and germplasm resources is the main reason for the establishment of seed banks around the world. Construction of the germplasm bank in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, started in 2004, and it was put into operation three years later. It includes seed pool, DNA bank, microbial bank, animal germplasm resource bank and other sectors. "Wildlife germplasm resources have great application potential in the biological industry, attracting global attention, especially for the collection and preservation of wild plants," said Yu.

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