Satiusestseroquamnumquamdiscere<br />
3rdDECLENSION – LATINAND GREEK NOUNS<br />(Consonant stems)<br />
Typicalfeaturesofthenounsof 3rd declension<br />Differentendings in nom. sg. (sanguis, excisio, abductor, rete, latus, fem...
-or -oris, m. (flexor- flexoris)<br />-io/-itas -ionis/-itatis, f.<br />(injectio- injectionis, cavitas-cavitatis)<br />...
Examples  - nouns of 3rd declension <br />1) Consonantstems:<br />Masculines + feminines: dolor<br />Neutrals: corpus<br /...
dolor, is, m.  masculines + feminines(consonantstems)<br />sg. 				        pl.<br />1. dolor				1. dolōr-ēs<br />2. dolōr...
corpus, oris, n. neutrals (consonantstems)<br />sg.					pl.<br />1. corpus				1. corpor-a<br />2. corpor-is			2. corpor-u...
os, ossis, n.<br /> declined like corpus<br />BUT gen. pl. - ossium<br />sg. 				     pl.<br />1. os				1. ossa<br />2. o...
vās, vāsis, n.<br />Sg. – declinedlikecorpus (= 3rd declension)<br />Pl. – declinedlikeseptum (= 2nd declension)<br />sg.	...
Task 1: Whatisthedeclensionandexampleofthefollowingnouns? Declinethenouns in bothsg. andpl.:<br />palatum<br />lac<br />lu...
Benign tumor<br />Red nucleus<br />Black elder<br />Broken femur<br />Nourishing vessel<br />Carpal bone<br />Diabetes mel...
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Prezentace 3. deklinace_-_consonant_stems__aj_

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Prezentace 3. deklinace_-_consonant_stems__aj_

  1. 1. Satiusestseroquamnumquamdiscere<br />
  2. 2. 3rdDECLENSION – LATINAND GREEK NOUNS<br />(Consonant stems)<br />
  3. 3. Typicalfeaturesofthenounsof 3rd declension<br />Differentendings in nom. sg. (sanguis, excisio, abductor, rete, latus, femur …)<br />The ending –is in gen. sg. (sanguinis, excisionis, abductoris)<br />The genitive stem is often different from the nominative stem (animal – animalisX hepar – hepatis)<br />The importance of genitive stem for accusative and ablativ of sg. and pl. (cartilago – cartilaginis – cartilaginem – cartilagine …)<br />All genders (cortex m., radix f., femur n.)<br />
  4. 4. -or -oris, m. (flexor- flexoris)<br />-io/-itas -ionis/-itatis, f.<br />(injectio- injectionis, cavitas-cavitatis)<br />-itis -itidis, f.(encephalitis – encephalitidis)<br />-er  -eris, m.(ureter – ureteris)<br />-ma/-oma  -matis/-omatis, n. (trauma – traumatis, carcinoma – carcinomatis)<br />
  5. 5. Examples - nouns of 3rd declension <br />1) Consonantstems:<br />Masculines + feminines: dolor<br />Neutrals: corpus<br />2) I-stems:<br />Maskulines + feminines: pelvis<br />Neutrals: rete<br />Feminines: dosis<br />
  6. 6. dolor, is, m.  masculines + feminines(consonantstems)<br />sg. pl.<br />1. dolor 1. dolōr-ēs<br />2. dolōr-is 2. dolōr-um<br />4. dolōr-em 4. dolōr-ēs<br />6. dolōr-e 6. dolōr-ibus<br />
  7. 7. corpus, oris, n. neutrals (consonantstems)<br />sg. pl.<br />1. corpus 1. corpor-a<br />2. corpor-is 2. corpor-um<br />4. corpus 4. corpor-a<br />6. corpor-e 6. corpor-ibus<br />
  8. 8. os, ossis, n.<br /> declined like corpus<br />BUT gen. pl. - ossium<br />sg. pl.<br />1. os 1. ossa<br />2. ossis 2. ossium<br />4. os 4. ossa<br />6. osse 6. ossibus<br />
  9. 9. vās, vāsis, n.<br />Sg. – declinedlikecorpus (= 3rd declension)<br />Pl. – declinedlikeseptum (= 2nd declension)<br />sg. pl.<br />1. vās 1. vāsa<br />2. vāsis 2. vāsōrum<br />4. vās 4. vāsa<br />6. vāse 6. vāsīs<br />
  10. 10. Task 1: Whatisthedeclensionandexampleofthefollowingnouns? Declinethenouns in bothsg. andpl.:<br />palatum<br />lac<br />luxatio<br />oedema<br />cor<br />nasus<br />pollex<br />retina<br />abdomen<br />masseter<br />ren<br />olecranon<br />caput<br />
  11. 11. Benign tumor<br />Red nucleus<br />Black elder<br />Broken femur<br />Nourishing vessel<br />Carpal bone<br />Diabetes mellitus<br />Complicated operation<br />Dangerous carcinoma<br />Thyroid cartilage<br />Task 2: Translate and decline in both sg. and pl.: <br />

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