Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Prezentace 2. deklinace__aj_

421 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Prezentace 2. deklinace__aj_

  1. 1. Satisest, ut tria verba Latine vel Graecedicascoramplebe, et eximiusestmedicus.<br />
  2. 2. 2nd DECLENSION<br />(O-STEMS)<br />
  3. 3. 1) Nouns of Latin origin:<br />masculines: nervus, i, m.<br />neuters: septum, i, n.<br />2) NounsofGreekorigin:<br />masculines: nephros, i, m.<br />neuters: colon, i, n.<br />EXAMPLES:<br />
  4. 4. nervus, ī., m.<br />(cancer, crī, m.; puer, erī, m.)<br />sg. pl.<br />1. nerv-us 1. nerv-ī<br />2. nerv-ī 2. nerv-ōrum<br />4. nerv-um 4. nerv-ōs<br />6. nerv-ō 6. nerv-īs<br />EXCEPTIONS: atomus(f.),methodus(f.),periodus(f.),<br />diameter(f.), alvus(f.),sambucus(f.), virus (n.)<br />!!! musculus(m.) longusX periodus(f.) longaX virus (n.)<br />validum<br />
  5. 5. nephros, i, m.sg. pl.1. nephr-os 1. nephr-ī2. nephr-ī 2. nephr-ōrum4. nephr-on 4. nephr-ōs6. nephr-ō 6. nephr-īs<br />
  6. 6. septum, ī., n.<br /> sg. pl.<br />1. sept-um 1. sept-a<br />2. sept-ī2. sept-ōrum<br />4. sept-um 4. sept-a<br />6. sept-ō6. sept-īs<br />cōlon, ī, n. <br /> sg. pl.<br />1. cōl-on 1. cōl-a<br />2. cōl-ī 2. cōl-ōrum<br />4. cōl-on 4. cōl-a<br />6. cōl-ō 6. cōl-īs<br />A basic rule for neuters of all declensions:<br />Nom. and akuz. of sg. and pl. have the same form!<br />
  7. 7. How do wedeclinevīrus, ī,n.?<br />sg. pl.<br />1. vīrus 1. vīra<br />2. vīrī2. vīrōrum<br />4. vīrus 4. vīra<br />6. vīrō 6. vīrīs<br />!!! virusvalidum !!!<br />
  8. 8. Excercise: Whatisthedeclensionandexample<br />ofthefollowingnouns?Declinethem in bothsg. andpl.:<br />neonatus<br />diastole<br />opthalmos<br />venenum<br />diameter<br />ascites<br />palpebra<br />olecranon<br />
  9. 9. palata<br />angulis<br />oculos<br />ovariorum<br />nephron<br />alvo<br />icterum<br />olecranon<br />atomi<br />signo<br />Exercise: Whatis the case andnumberofthefollowingnouns? <br />
  10. 10. ADJECTIVES OF 1st and 2nd DECLENSION<br />Feminine form of adjectives: –a > VENA<br />Masculineformofadjectives: –us/-er> NERVUS<br />Neutralformsofadjectives: -um > SEPTUM<br />E.g. costavera X nervusexternus X palatum<br />durum<br />Mindtheexceptions: dentista, antagonista;<br />atomus,periodus, diameter, methodus; virus…<br />E.g. dentista(m.) bonus; periodus(f.) longa…<br />
  11. 11. 1) Adjectives in which –e- iskeptonly in the<br />masculineformofsg.:<br />dexter, dextra, dextrum<br />sinister, sinistra, sinistrum<br /> ruber, rubra, rubrum<br />2) Adjectives in which -e- iskeptin allcases:<br /> liber, libera, liberum<br />Adjectives in –er, -a, -um <br />
  12. 12. contagiousdisease<br />righteye<br />newmethod<br />leftkidney<br />wideligament<br />long period<br />gooddentist<br />vagus nerve<br />transversalfissure<br />Exercise: Translatethetermsanddecline in bothsg. andpl.:<br />
  13. 13. MedicalTerms:<br />1) One-word terms:<br />diphteria, icterus, arteria, humerus<br />2) Two-word terms:<br />a) Noun + closeattribute: <br />vesicaurinaria,musculusadductor<br />b) Noun + looseattribute: <br />fracturaulnae, haemorrhagia post operationem<br />3) Multi-word terms:<br />haemorrhagiaposttraumatica in cerebrum propter<br />rupturamvenae<br />

×