Investigating the current and potential role of
local biodiversity in meeting nutritional
requirements for complementary f...
Introduction: Trend of stunting in Benin (2001-2011)
Stunting rate increases dramatically from 6 months to 24 months (comp...
Possible FoodAfrica WP4 specific actions among proposed
key proven practices to reduce child undernutrition
UNICEF, 2013
Research question and objectives
Research question: Why in the presence of high diversity of
food sources undernutrition e...
1. Preparatory phase
– Study design (selection of sites and
participants)
– Getting local autorizations
2. Diagnostic stud...
Study sites and participants
• Rural areas of Bopa & Houeyogbe communes in Mono Department
• Households selected using mul...
Ethnobiology survey to assess local
biodiversity (village level)
Through focus groups discussions with men and
women in 8 ...
Preliminary Results on Ethnobiology survey
Commune Village
Langue
principale
parlée
Coordonnées GPS Participants
Altitude ...
Available food biodiversity at village level
Between 72 and 100 plant
species (101 and 134 varieties)
documented with an a...
Ethnobiology survey, next steps
Finalize databases with detailed descriptions of each
food species, specific uses, seasona...
Household & market surveys
1. Nutritional status of IYC & mothers
through anthropometryWeight & height and nutritional ind...
Presentation title
Name Surname, Title
Date
Food security status among participant households in
Bopa and Houeyogbe communes (based on HFIAS)
23,2
8
20,1
48,7
17
7,7
...
Strategies used by households to cope with food
insecurity in Bopa & Houeyogbe communes (%)
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Reducingfo...
Presentation title
Name Surname, Title
Date
Next steps
• Analysis of data of diagnostic study
• Looking for relationshipships determinants, IYC feeding practices, foo...
Examples of dissemination videos
https://vimeo.com/80773982
https://vimeo.com/80773984
www.bioversityinternational.org
Thank you
Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Investigating the role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements fo...
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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Investigating the role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements for complementary foods of infants and young children in Southern Benin, Celine Termote

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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Investigating the role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements for complementary foods of infants and young children in Southern Benin, Celine Termote, Bioversity International

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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Investigating the role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements for complementary foods of infants and young children in Southern Benin, Celine Termote

  1. 1. Investigating the current and potential role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements for complementary foods of infants and young children (6-23 months) in Southern Benin, West Africa WP4 - FoodAfrica Mid-Term Seminar, Helsinki, 16 June 2014 Dr Gervais Ntandou-Bouzitou, Bioversity International, Benin Dr Céline Termote, Bioversity International, Italy Dr Waliou Amoussa, University of Abomey Calavi, Benin Prof. Dr Marja Mutanen, University of Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2. Introduction: Trend of stunting in Benin (2001-2011) Stunting rate increases dramatically from 6 months to 24 months (complementary feeding period) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 <6 months 6-11 months 12-23 months 24-35 months 36-47 months 48-59 months Prevalence(%) 2001 2006 2011 Source: DHS, Benin
  3. 3. Possible FoodAfrica WP4 specific actions among proposed key proven practices to reduce child undernutrition UNICEF, 2013
  4. 4. Research question and objectives Research question: Why in the presence of high diversity of food sources undernutrition exists at high level in infant and young children (IYC)? Objectives: • Assessing the current and potential role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements for complementary foods of IYC (6-23 months) • Assessing determinants of complementary feeding and care practices • Developing safe, affordable and culturally acceptable optimized recipes and feeding practices guidelines for use in the region through linear programming and community participation
  5. 5. 1. Preparatory phase – Study design (selection of sites and participants) – Getting local autorizations 2. Diagnostic study – Ethnobiology survey (village level) – Household survey (2 seasons) – Market survey – Nutrition composition analysis of key selected foods Steps of research (Main activities achieved & on-going)
  6. 6. Study sites and participants • Rural areas of Bopa & Houeyogbe communes in Mono Department • Households selected using multi-stages random sampling method • 17 villages (8 in Bopa & 9 in Houeyogbe) • sample size: 1263 households with at least one child of 6 to 23 months old randomly selected • 1 child per household Benin Mono Departement Communes of the study
  7. 7. Ethnobiology survey to assess local biodiversity (village level) Through focus groups discussions with men and women in 8 villages (4 per commune) Free listing of edible plant and animal species and derived products in mixed groups Local names, uses, availability, accessibility over the year, knowledge and beliefs, etc. Origin (production, wild, market) Preference ranking exercises with men and women separately Sampling of all plant species for identification and herbarium reference collection Pictures of animal species where possible for identification
  8. 8. Preliminary Results on Ethnobiology survey Commune Village Langue principale parlée Coordonnées GPS Participants Altitude Longitude Latitude Hommes Femmes Recensés Ayant réellement participés Recensées Ayant réellement participées BOPA Hounviato uin Sahouè - 1°58.425 6°44.868 06 06 05 05 Djidjozoun Kotafon 27 m 2°00.913 6°43.715 06 03 06 04 Tokpoè Sahouè 37 m 1°56.132 6°35.201 05 04 05 05 Tchantcha nkpo Sahouè 60 m 1°56.741 6°41.878 03 03 07 07 HOUEYO GBE Tohon Sahouè 78 m 1°50.905 6°33.519 05 03 05 04 Aguèhon Sahouè 33 m 1°50.644 6°32.715 04 03 03 03 Agongoh Sahouè 100 m 1°52.148 6°35.703 05 05 05 05 Sohounmè Kotafon 68 m 1°47.042 6°31.371 05 05 05 04 On average 4 male and 4.6 female participants per focus group
  9. 9. Available food biodiversity at village level Between 72 and 100 plant species (101 and 134 varieties) documented with an average of 85.6 species (119.9 varieties) Between 41 and 92 animal species documented with an average of 60.1 species Between 17 and 40 (average 23.4) food products were only accessed through markets (imported products)
  10. 10. Ethnobiology survey, next steps Finalize databases with detailed descriptions of each food species, specific uses, seasonality, preferences, transformation/preparation techniques, etc. Selection of food biodiversity for food composition analysis Analysis of differences/similarities in knowledge between villages and communes Comparison with food intake data to observe what percentage of the available and know food biodiversity is contributing (and how) to the local diets.
  11. 11. Household & market surveys 1. Nutritional status of IYC & mothers through anthropometryWeight & height and nutritional indicators 2. Food consumption and diet quality (24-hour recalls) Consumption (quantity, place, origine of foods, etc.) Energy & nutrient adequacy 3. Collect of existing recipes of foods given to IYC Meals, mixed foods, ingredients Processing and cooking methods 4. Determinants of complementary feeding and care practices (questionnaires, interviews, FGDs) Food security & use of local foods Agricultural production; Decision making Social, economic , behavioural & determinants 5. Collect of price of foods/ingredients Plant and animal species (raw / unprocessed foods) Processed and cooked foods
  12. 12. Presentation title Name Surname, Title Date
  13. 13. Food security status among participant households in Bopa and Houeyogbe communes (based on HFIAS) 23,2 8 20,1 48,7 17 7,7 27 48,4 Food secure Mildly food insecure Moderately food insecure Severely food insecure Bopa Houeyogbe ****** *** p< 0.001
  14. 14. Strategies used by households to cope with food insecurity in Bopa & Houeyogbe communes (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Reducingfoods in adults pot in favour of children Purchasingfoods at credit (without immediate payment) Eating wild foods or harvesting immaturecrops Eating seeds/grain normally reserved for sowing Leaving children to look for food for themselves elsewhere Bopa Houeyogbe *** *** p< 0.001 ***
  15. 15. Presentation title Name Surname, Title Date
  16. 16. Next steps • Analysis of data of diagnostic study • Looking for relationshipships determinants, IYC feeding practices, food consumption, diet quality and nutritional status • Optimization of diet • Development of new recipes meeting nutritional requirements of IYC using linear programming • Test the new recipes with the community (feasibility, acceptibility, affordability) • Dissemination of results and capacity building • Making educational videos based on results of diagnostic study • Promotion of good diet and health practices through posters, flyers and other mass communication mediums • Disseminate project results at local & international levels trough workshops, publications, conferences, information sharing, etc.
  17. 17. Examples of dissemination videos https://vimeo.com/80773982 https://vimeo.com/80773984
  18. 18. www.bioversityinternational.org Thank you

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