Theme 5 part1 - The Jesuit Relations


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Theme 5 part 1 - The Jesuit Relations
History 140

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Theme 5 part1 - The Jesuit Relations

  1. 1. Theme 5 part 1 The Jesuit Relations By Melissa Skarnas
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Jesuit Relations are basically the French missionary reports on their efforts to convert the 'savages' to the Catholic faith </li></ul><ul><li>Included progress of colonization and details on various events affecting the colonies and the Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest importance might be the details given about the various Native Indian tribes customs, habits and cultures </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction cont'd <ul><li>Jesuits attempted establishments twice in New France but they were aborted due to the English raiding Quebec. However, once France reestablished control of the area, the Jesuits again returned </li></ul><ul><li>Most missionary priests came from the Jesuit colleges of France, many inspired by what they'd heard or read about regarding the unappealing land in New France and feeling they needed to 'sacrifice' themselves to save the 'savages' </li></ul><ul><li>The recurring war between the Indian tribes played a big role in the later success of the Jesuits and their mission. Desparation, illness and often being leaderless, led to the Native Indians being more open to conversion </li></ul><ul><li>The natives were often quite amazed at the dedication the Jesuits displayed to their mission rather than being interested in the landthat of most Europeans </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>Jean spent majority of his adult life living with the Hurons </li></ul><ul><li>Surprised by how 'in touch' the Hurons were with the earth, but seemed to lack understanding of that of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Believed the Hurons lived in a somewhat civil, political and peaceful life together </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons cont'd <ul><li>Hurons were not easily annoyed, rarely displayed feelings of anger or vengeance. They were social and caring of each other </li></ul><ul><li>Punished thieves, traitors and murderers, and practised cannibalism when enemies were captured </li></ul><ul><li>Hurons have a legend on the origin of man that is very similar to the book of Genesis </li></ul><ul><li>Season of the year determined what the Hurons would do – cold seasons were for hunting and warmer times they would farm </li></ul>
  6. 6. Disease & Medicine <ul><li>The arrival of Europeans to the New World brought with it not only new beliefs and culture, but also diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Many Native populations were nearly wiped out due to the epidemics the new diseases brought onto the natives </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuits focused on why rather than how a disease spread – they were not doctors </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuits believed they should baptize the dying in order to save their souls since they were unable to help cure them. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Disease & Medicine cont'd <ul><li>Jesuits were quite shocked at the beliefs and rituals performed by the Natives to sure the sick and did not approve </li></ul><ul><li>Hurons believed sdances and even games could sure an illness – involving the mind and body </li></ul><ul><li>The belief of the Europeans that an infected person should be isolated from everyone else was opposite that of the Hurons who would focus on the sick </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exploring the Mississippi <ul><li>French wanted to establish presence along the Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuits established missions among the Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Marquette studied religion from a young age and became a pastor </li></ul><ul><li>Marquette started work in North America in 1666 and is credited for establishing the first settlement in Michigan </li></ul>
  9. 9. Exploring the Mississippi cont'd <ul><li>Marquette along with Louis Jolliet, a fur trader, journeyed along the Mississippi River with the plan to travel to the Gulf of Mexico – but got as far as Arkansas </li></ul><ul><li>Members of a Native American tribe wanted Father Marquette to spread the Word to other tribes in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Marquette and his crew were treated as heroes upon their return, telling of new discoveries of their journey. They were welcomed back by other tribes on their trip also </li></ul>