The Language Acquisition Process

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The Language Acquisition Process

  1. 1. Compiled by : Maya F. Lina
  2. 2. QUOTE OF THE CASE We are designed to walk…that we are thought that walk is impossible. And prety much the same is tue of language. Nobody is taught language. In fact, you can’t prevent the child to learning it. Naom Chosky
  3. 3. ARE CHILDREN LEARN LANGUAGE COME FROMINSTRUCTION???
  4. 4. ARE THE CHILDREN CONSTRUCT THEIRLANGUAGE ACTIVELY??
  5. 5. ARE CHILDREN IMITATE FROM THE ADULTS??
  6. 6. HOW THE CHILDREN KNOW THEIR LANGUAGEIS WRONG OR NOT?
  7. 7. THE THEORY OF FIRST LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONBehavioristic PositionNativist PositionFunctional Position
  8. 8. THE BEHAVIOURIST THEORYAS A MATTER OF IMITATION AND HABIT FORMATION Children continue to imitate and practice the words and sentences until they form habits of correct usage (Lightbown and Spada 1993:1).
  9. 9. BEHAVIOURIST THEORY Individuals are born without built-in mental content and their knowledge comes from experience and perception(tabula rasa). Assumes a learner is essentially passive, responding to environmental stimuli. Behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement. Consider effective language behavior to be the production of correct responses to stimuli. If a particular response is reinforced, it then becomes habitual, or conditioned.
  10. 10. NATIVIST THEORY
  11. 11. NATIVIST THEORY We have an innate predisposition to learn language, and learning is in our genetics. According to Chomsky, this innate knowledge is embodied in a little black box of sorts, a language acquisition device (LAD). All human beings are genetically equipped with the ability that enables them to acquire language. (a system of universal linguistic rules or Universal Grammar)
  12. 12. FUNCTIONAL APPROACHCognition and Language Development Bloom found three possible underlying relationships: agent- action, agent-object, and possessor-possessed. In addition, he concluded that children learn underlying structures, not superficial word order. Piaget insisted that what children learn about language is determined by what they already know about the world. Dan Slobin demonstrated that semantic learning depends on cognitive development.
  13. 13. FUNCTIONAL APPROACHSocial Interaction and Language DevelopmentSocial constructivist emphasized on the function of language in discourse.Discourse has a special meaning in that language is used for interactive communication.
  14. 14. CONCLUSON
  15. 15. Thank you…… WE AREN’T PERFECT AT ALL… ALWAYS NEED YOUR CRITICTS 

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