SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 26
Download to read offline
MOUNT LIBRARY TUTORIALS
Introduction to the APA 7th Edition
Citation Style
The Publication Manual of the
American Psychological
Association (APA) is used for
academic writing in the social
sciences and related fields.
The manual explains how to
cite sources as well as many
aspects of writing and
formatting research papers.
APA 7th Edition
• APA 7th edition was released in October 2019
• It includes updates and changes, such as new ways of citing
electronic sources and the use of inclusive and bias-free
language.
When should you cite?
• Any time you paraphrase. Paraphrasing is when you take an
idea from the text and rewrite it in a different way.
• Any time you quote directly from a source.
• Any time you write about something that came from a book,
journal article, website, or any other source.
Every source you use to write a research assignment must be cited.
How should you cite paraphrased ideas?
• Cite your sources within the text of your essay.
• One author:
(Author’s Last Name, Year)
(Parkinson, 2009)
• Two authors:
(First Author’s Last Name & Second Author’s Last Name, Year)
(Caplivski & Sheld, 2011)
• Three or more authors:
(First Author’s Last Name et al., Year)
(Cohen et al., 2018)
In-text citations for paraphrased ideas
When you paraphrase an author’s ideas, you must include
the author’s last name and the year of publication.
One way to do this is by putting the authors’ last names
and year of publication in parentheses before the closing
punctuation at the end of the sentence.
Another way is to cite paraphrased ideas using narrative
citations in which the author and date information is included
as part of your sentence.
In-text citations for paraphrased ideas
How should you cite an author’s exact words?
• If the quote is fewer than 40 words:
• Place quotation marks around the text copied from your
source.
• Use page numbers when available, e.g. p. 35 or pp. 35-36.
• Use paragraph numbers when quoting from sources with
no page number, e.g. para. 18
In-text citations for direct quotes: fewer than 40 words
When you directly quote an author’s words,
you must include the author’s last name, year
of publication, and the page number(s) for the
quote.
Write the author’s last name, year, and page number in
parentheses after the closing quotation marks but before
the period.
How should you cite an author’s exact words?
• If the quote is 40 words or more:
• Do not use quotation marks.
• Start the block quotation on a new line indented 0.5
inches from the left margin.
• Cite the source in parentheses after the quotation’s
closing punctuation.
OR
• Cite the author and year in the narrative before the
quotation, then write only the page number in
parentheses after the quotation’s closing punctuation.
Page number in parentheses
after the quote.
Author’s last name
followed by publication
year in parentheses.
Indent 0.5
inches
from left
margin.
Quote
starts on a
new line
without
quotation
marks
In-text citations for direct quotes: 40 words or more
What is an indirect citation?
• An indirect citation is when you paraphrase or quote a source that is
cited or quoted in another source.
• For example, you might want to use a quote from an article, but then
notice the quote is followed by an in-text citation with the author and
date of a different article.
This quote is an indirect source if you use it in your paper. because you want to
use a quote or paraphrase without seeing the original source or context.
How should you cite an indirect source?
There are two ways you can deal with an indirect source
1. You can find the original source and cite it directly. In the example
from the previous slide, you could find the original article written
by Lea in 1998 and cite it. This is the recommended way of citing
sources whenever possible.
OR
2. You can use an indirect in-text citation to give credit to the original
author but let the reader know you did not read the original article.
Only include the source you read in your reference list at the end of your
essay. You do not need to include the indirect source (Lea, 1998).
Indirect citations
Include the
author and
publication
year for the
original
source …
Include the
phrase “as cited
in” …
…and the author
and publication
year for the
secondary source.
For direct
quotations,
include the
page number
for the
secondary
source. In our
example, the
quote can be
found on page
58 of the
article by Miller
et al.
Indirect citations
• To create an indirect citation, you can include some of the
information as part of a sentence, like this:
• Or you can include all the information at the end of your sentence,
like this:
Reference List
• At the end of your document, you should include a list of every
source you used in your paper
• List your sources in alphabetical order
• Double space your list
• Use hanging indentation
When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of
information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article
must include:
How to create an entry in your reference list
The authors’ last names and initials
The publication year
When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key
pieces of information that must be included. For example, an
entry for a journal article must include:
How to create an entry in your reference list
The title of the article
When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key
pieces of information that must be included. For example, an
entry for a journal article must include:
How to create an entry in your reference list
The title, volume, and
issue of the journal
When you create an entry in your reference list, there
are key pieces of information that must be included.
For example, an entry for a journal article must include:
How to create an entry in your reference list
The page range of the article
When you create an entry in your reference list, there
are key pieces of information that must be included.
For example, an entry for a journal article must include:
How to create an entry in your reference list
The DOI
or URL
When you create an entry in your reference list, there
are key pieces of information that must be included.
For example, an entry for a journal article must include:
How to create an entry in your reference list
There are different rules for articles, books, webpages, and other types
of sources. Make sure you check the rules for the type of source when
you create an entry.
The authors’ last names and initials The publication year The title of the article
The title, volume, and issue of the
journal
The DOI or URLThe page range of the article
How to create an entry in your reference list
Sources in
alphabetical
order.
Sample Reference List
Hanging
indentation
Double-spaced
More APA Information
OWL at Purdue
• Provides detailed information about how to cite many types of
sources.
• Includes information about how to format your paper according
to APA guidelines, including a sample paper.
American Psychological Association
• Provides general information about APA citation style.
Thank you!
The Mount Library
www.msvu.ca/library
library@msvu.ca
902-457-6250

More Related Content

What's hot

Apa powerpoint
Apa powerpointApa powerpoint
Apa powerpointcharly2011
 
Citing, referencing and bibliographies
Citing, referencing and bibliographiesCiting, referencing and bibliographies
Citing, referencing and bibliographiesdsm13
 
Citation in Research/References/APA 7th
Citation in Research/References/APA 7thCitation in Research/References/APA 7th
Citation in Research/References/APA 7thHennaAnsari
 
APA (American Psychological Association) Citation and Referencing
APA (American Psychological Association) Citation and ReferencingAPA (American Psychological Association) Citation and Referencing
APA (American Psychological Association) Citation and ReferencingBakht Munir
 
Mla format ppt
Mla format pptMla format ppt
Mla format pptkexley
 
5 referencing styles apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds
5 referencing styles  apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds5 referencing styles  apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds
5 referencing styles apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful mindsThoughtful Minds Web Services Pvt. Ltd,
 
Referencing styles presentation
Referencing styles presentationReferencing styles presentation
Referencing styles presentationZainab Javed
 
Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism
Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism
Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism Zakir Hossain/ICS, Zurich
 
RSS 2012 Introduction to Referencing
RSS 2012 Introduction to ReferencingRSS 2012 Introduction to Referencing
RSS 2012 Introduction to ReferencingWesam Abuznadah
 
Citations- APA and MLA
Citations- APA and MLACitations- APA and MLA
Citations- APA and MLAhcook_caldwell
 
The Basics of APA Style, 6th Edition
The Basics of APA Style, 6th EditionThe Basics of APA Style, 6th Edition
The Basics of APA Style, 6th EditionJeanette C. Patindol
 
APA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA Format
APA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA FormatAPA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA Format
APA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA FormatMyAssignmenthelp.com
 

What's hot (20)

Apa powerpoint
Apa powerpointApa powerpoint
Apa powerpoint
 
Citing, referencing and bibliographies
Citing, referencing and bibliographiesCiting, referencing and bibliographies
Citing, referencing and bibliographies
 
APA Citation and Reference.pdf
APA Citation and Reference.pdfAPA Citation and Reference.pdf
APA Citation and Reference.pdf
 
Citation and referencing in research work
Citation and referencing in research workCitation and referencing in research work
Citation and referencing in research work
 
Citation in Research/References/APA 7th
Citation in Research/References/APA 7thCitation in Research/References/APA 7th
Citation in Research/References/APA 7th
 
Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing
Quoting, Paraphrasing and SummarizingQuoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing
Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing
 
APA (American Psychological Association) Citation and Referencing
APA (American Psychological Association) Citation and ReferencingAPA (American Psychological Association) Citation and Referencing
APA (American Psychological Association) Citation and Referencing
 
APA Style
APA StyleAPA Style
APA Style
 
APA Style
APA StyleAPA Style
APA Style
 
Mla format ppt
Mla format pptMla format ppt
Mla format ppt
 
Referencing style
Referencing styleReferencing style
Referencing style
 
5 referencing styles apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds
5 referencing styles  apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds5 referencing styles  apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds
5 referencing styles apa, harvard, mla, ieee, chicago guide - thoughtful minds
 
Referencing styles presentation
Referencing styles presentationReferencing styles presentation
Referencing styles presentation
 
Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism
Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism
Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to avoid plagiarism
 
Academic Writing
Academic WritingAcademic Writing
Academic Writing
 
RSS 2012 Introduction to Referencing
RSS 2012 Introduction to ReferencingRSS 2012 Introduction to Referencing
RSS 2012 Introduction to Referencing
 
Citations- APA and MLA
Citations- APA and MLACitations- APA and MLA
Citations- APA and MLA
 
Citation style APA
Citation style APACitation style APA
Citation style APA
 
The Basics of APA Style, 6th Edition
The Basics of APA Style, 6th EditionThe Basics of APA Style, 6th Edition
The Basics of APA Style, 6th Edition
 
APA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA Format
APA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA FormatAPA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA Format
APA Referencing and Citation Guide How to Write in APA Format
 

Similar to Introduction to APA 7

APA_7_overview_general_2020.pptx
APA_7_overview_general_2020.pptxAPA_7_overview_general_2020.pptx
APA_7_overview_general_2020.pptxReneil Tan
 
References_presentation.pptx
References_presentation.pptxReferences_presentation.pptx
References_presentation.pptxTony Thomas
 
Referencin and citation
Referencin and citationReferencin and citation
Referencin and citationAqsa Mahmood
 
APA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdf
APA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdfAPA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdf
APA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdfCedCabaraban
 
APA Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
APA Formatting and Style Guide.pptAPA Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
APA Formatting and Style Guide.pptDrSahilKoul
 
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATION
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATIONAMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATION
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATIONMarkLeniel
 
APA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Formatting and Style GuideAPA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Formatting and Style GuideZakhar Berkovich
 
ENG 1060 Week1 APA Formatting
ENG 1060 Week1 APA FormattingENG 1060 Week1 APA Formatting
ENG 1060 Week1 APA Formattingstanbridge
 
APA formatting and Style Guide
APA formatting and Style GuideAPA formatting and Style Guide
APA formatting and Style Guidewalibrarian2012
 
Practical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptx
Practical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptxPractical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptx
Practical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptxaprilrances1
 
MLA References
MLA ReferencesMLA References
MLA ReferencesJessica
 

Similar to Introduction to APA 7 (20)

APA_7_overview_general_2020.pptx
APA_7_overview_general_2020.pptxAPA_7_overview_general_2020.pptx
APA_7_overview_general_2020.pptx
 
Peer review - MCS 389
Peer review - MCS 389Peer review - MCS 389
Peer review - MCS 389
 
References_presentation.pptx
References_presentation.pptxReferences_presentation.pptx
References_presentation.pptx
 
Referencin and citation
Referencin and citationReferencin and citation
Referencin and citation
 
APA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdf
APA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdfAPA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdf
APA formatting from the Owl at Purdue.pdf
 
APA Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
APA Formatting and Style Guide.pptAPA Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
APA Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
 
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATION
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATIONAMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATION
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION REFERENCING STYLE & CITATION
 
style mannuals
style mannualsstyle mannuals
style mannuals
 
style mannuals
style mannualsstyle mannuals
style mannuals
 
APA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Formatting and Style GuideAPA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Formatting and Style Guide
 
20081208070939 560
20081208070939 56020081208070939 560
20081208070939 560
 
Purdue OWL APA
Purdue OWL APAPurdue OWL APA
Purdue OWL APA
 
APA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Formatting and Style GuideAPA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Formatting and Style Guide
 
ENG 1060 Week1 APA Formatting
ENG 1060 Week1 APA FormattingENG 1060 Week1 APA Formatting
ENG 1060 Week1 APA Formatting
 
APA formatting and Style Guide
APA formatting and Style GuideAPA formatting and Style Guide
APA formatting and Style Guide
 
Practical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptx
Practical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptxPractical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptx
Practical Resewrch1_Chapter 4_MELC.IV2.pptx
 
MLA References
MLA ReferencesMLA References
MLA References
 
Apa style final
Apa style finalApa style final
Apa style final
 
Ch 6 crediting sources
Ch 6 crediting sources Ch 6 crediting sources
Ch 6 crediting sources
 
MLA 8
MLA 8MLA 8
MLA 8
 

More from MSVUlibrary

From search results to full text
From search results to full textFrom search results to full text
From search results to full textMSVUlibrary
 
Searching For Articles Using an Article Database
Searching For Articles Using an Article DatabaseSearching For Articles Using an Article Database
Searching For Articles Using an Article DatabaseMSVUlibrary
 
Searching with Wikipedia
Searching with WikipediaSearching with Wikipedia
Searching with WikipediaMSVUlibrary
 
RefWorks Tutorial
RefWorks TutorialRefWorks Tutorial
RefWorks TutorialMSVUlibrary
 
Getting Started with PubMed and MeSH
Getting Started with PubMed and MeSHGetting Started with PubMed and MeSH
Getting Started with PubMed and MeSHMSVUlibrary
 

More from MSVUlibrary (6)

From search results to full text
From search results to full textFrom search results to full text
From search results to full text
 
Searching For Articles Using an Article Database
Searching For Articles Using an Article DatabaseSearching For Articles Using an Article Database
Searching For Articles Using an Article Database
 
Searching with Wikipedia
Searching with WikipediaSearching with Wikipedia
Searching with Wikipedia
 
RefWorks Tutorial
RefWorks TutorialRefWorks Tutorial
RefWorks Tutorial
 
Psyc 1110
Psyc 1110Psyc 1110
Psyc 1110
 
Getting Started with PubMed and MeSH
Getting Started with PubMed and MeSHGetting Started with PubMed and MeSH
Getting Started with PubMed and MeSH
 

Recently uploaded

16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm  In Media Res Media ComponentSarah Lahm  In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Osopher
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxMadhavi Dharankar
 
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest EntranceFarrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrancejulius27264
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 

Recently uploaded (20)

16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm  In Media Res Media ComponentSarah Lahm  In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
 
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest EntranceFarrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
 
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 

Introduction to APA 7

  • 1. MOUNT LIBRARY TUTORIALS Introduction to the APA 7th Edition Citation Style
  • 2. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is used for academic writing in the social sciences and related fields. The manual explains how to cite sources as well as many aspects of writing and formatting research papers.
  • 3. APA 7th Edition • APA 7th edition was released in October 2019 • It includes updates and changes, such as new ways of citing electronic sources and the use of inclusive and bias-free language.
  • 4. When should you cite? • Any time you paraphrase. Paraphrasing is when you take an idea from the text and rewrite it in a different way. • Any time you quote directly from a source. • Any time you write about something that came from a book, journal article, website, or any other source. Every source you use to write a research assignment must be cited.
  • 5. How should you cite paraphrased ideas? • Cite your sources within the text of your essay. • One author: (Author’s Last Name, Year) (Parkinson, 2009) • Two authors: (First Author’s Last Name & Second Author’s Last Name, Year) (Caplivski & Sheld, 2011) • Three or more authors: (First Author’s Last Name et al., Year) (Cohen et al., 2018)
  • 6. In-text citations for paraphrased ideas When you paraphrase an author’s ideas, you must include the author’s last name and the year of publication. One way to do this is by putting the authors’ last names and year of publication in parentheses before the closing punctuation at the end of the sentence.
  • 7. Another way is to cite paraphrased ideas using narrative citations in which the author and date information is included as part of your sentence. In-text citations for paraphrased ideas
  • 8. How should you cite an author’s exact words? • If the quote is fewer than 40 words: • Place quotation marks around the text copied from your source. • Use page numbers when available, e.g. p. 35 or pp. 35-36. • Use paragraph numbers when quoting from sources with no page number, e.g. para. 18
  • 9. In-text citations for direct quotes: fewer than 40 words When you directly quote an author’s words, you must include the author’s last name, year of publication, and the page number(s) for the quote. Write the author’s last name, year, and page number in parentheses after the closing quotation marks but before the period.
  • 10. How should you cite an author’s exact words? • If the quote is 40 words or more: • Do not use quotation marks. • Start the block quotation on a new line indented 0.5 inches from the left margin. • Cite the source in parentheses after the quotation’s closing punctuation. OR • Cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation, then write only the page number in parentheses after the quotation’s closing punctuation.
  • 11. Page number in parentheses after the quote. Author’s last name followed by publication year in parentheses. Indent 0.5 inches from left margin. Quote starts on a new line without quotation marks In-text citations for direct quotes: 40 words or more
  • 12. What is an indirect citation? • An indirect citation is when you paraphrase or quote a source that is cited or quoted in another source. • For example, you might want to use a quote from an article, but then notice the quote is followed by an in-text citation with the author and date of a different article. This quote is an indirect source if you use it in your paper. because you want to use a quote or paraphrase without seeing the original source or context.
  • 13. How should you cite an indirect source? There are two ways you can deal with an indirect source 1. You can find the original source and cite it directly. In the example from the previous slide, you could find the original article written by Lea in 1998 and cite it. This is the recommended way of citing sources whenever possible. OR 2. You can use an indirect in-text citation to give credit to the original author but let the reader know you did not read the original article.
  • 14. Only include the source you read in your reference list at the end of your essay. You do not need to include the indirect source (Lea, 1998). Indirect citations Include the author and publication year for the original source … Include the phrase “as cited in” … …and the author and publication year for the secondary source. For direct quotations, include the page number for the secondary source. In our example, the quote can be found on page 58 of the article by Miller et al.
  • 15. Indirect citations • To create an indirect citation, you can include some of the information as part of a sentence, like this: • Or you can include all the information at the end of your sentence, like this:
  • 16. Reference List • At the end of your document, you should include a list of every source you used in your paper • List your sources in alphabetical order • Double space your list • Use hanging indentation
  • 17. When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article must include: How to create an entry in your reference list The authors’ last names and initials
  • 18. The publication year When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article must include: How to create an entry in your reference list
  • 19. The title of the article When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article must include: How to create an entry in your reference list
  • 20. The title, volume, and issue of the journal When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article must include: How to create an entry in your reference list
  • 21. The page range of the article When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article must include: How to create an entry in your reference list
  • 22. The DOI or URL When you create an entry in your reference list, there are key pieces of information that must be included. For example, an entry for a journal article must include: How to create an entry in your reference list
  • 23. There are different rules for articles, books, webpages, and other types of sources. Make sure you check the rules for the type of source when you create an entry. The authors’ last names and initials The publication year The title of the article The title, volume, and issue of the journal The DOI or URLThe page range of the article How to create an entry in your reference list
  • 24. Sources in alphabetical order. Sample Reference List Hanging indentation Double-spaced
  • 25. More APA Information OWL at Purdue • Provides detailed information about how to cite many types of sources. • Includes information about how to format your paper according to APA guidelines, including a sample paper. American Psychological Association • Provides general information about APA citation style.
  • 26. Thank you! The Mount Library www.msvu.ca/library library@msvu.ca 902-457-6250