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Reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience to climate change in the coastal areas


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MSSRF 30 Years. Presented by Dr.Selvam, Former Executive Director, MSSRF,Chennai

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Reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience to climate change in the coastal areas

  1. 1. Reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience to climate change in the coastal areas Consultation on Achieving Sustainable Development Goals and Strengthening Science for Climate Resilience M S Swaminathan Research Foundation August 7-9, 2019
  2. 2. Coastal zone management in India 1981 GO banned permanent construction within 500 m from the HT line 1991 Coastal Zone Regulation Notification under Environment Protection Act 1991-04 amended more than 25 times • diluted effectiveness 2004 M S Swaminathan Committee was formed to review CRZ notification Suggestion - shift from regulating activities to manage activities
  3. 3. Community development Developmental processes in the coastal zone Imperatives are repulsive to each other Economic development Ecological development
  4. 4. M S Swaminathan Committee suggested to balance the development processes to achieve Sustainable Development Economic development Community development Ecological development
  5. 5. Current status Economic dev. Ecological dev Community Dev. Increases vulnerability and decreases resilience Coastal ecosystems Coastal poor and women Port Power plants Industrial complex Special economic Zones Tourism Urban develop Policy support Resource allocation
  6. 6. Problem is further aggravated by the climate change concerns Sea level rise Increased frequency and intensity of cyclone and associated seawater surges Cumulative effects Salinization of water and land resources Damages to 5 capitals (natural, human, social, physical financial) Long term recovery period
  7. 7. Adaptation strategies to SLR – IPCC Model RETREAT ACCOMODATION PROTECTION PROTECTION ACCOMODATION Suitable for rich and less populated countries Hard solutions – Expensive Soft solutions – Mangroves Coral reefs Change in land use: LESA; saline tolerant crops; mangroves; coral reefs Options tested and readily available
  8. 8. Disaster Risk Reduction in coastal areas Preparedness and mitigation Improve identification and assessment of disaster risk Early Warning systems Ecosystem Approach Institutional arrangements Planning Response - Relief Recovery – 5 capitals (natural, human, social, physical and financial)
  9. 9. Integration of sustainable development, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in a mutually reinforcing manner will reduce vulnerability and to increase resilience of coastal ecosystems and coastal community Sustainable development Climate change adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction Reduced Vulnerability and increased Resilience
  10. 10. To be tested - cyclone prone coastal district or block to identify available options to achieve SD, CCA and DRR to identify opportunities and gaps to integrate them to identify policy and resources supported required