Uncle Sam's Human Lab Rats


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Uncle Sam's Human Lab Rats

  1. 1. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2009/05/uncle-sams-human-lab-rats Uncle Sam's Human Lab Rats By Bruce Falconer | Mon May 18, 2009 5:00 AM PST Their stories are a staple of conspiracy culture: broken men, suffering hallucinations and near-total amnesia, who say they are victims of secret government mind-control experiments. Think Liev Schreiber in The Manchurian Candidate or Mel Gibson in Conspiracy Theory. Journalists are a favorite target for the paranoid delusions of this population. So is Gordon Erspamer—and the San Francisco lawyer's latest case isn't helping him to fend off the tinfoil-hat crowd. He has filed suit against the CIA and the US Army on behalf of the Vietnam Veterans of America and six former American soldiers who claim they are the real thing: survivors of classified government tests conducted at the Army's Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland between 1950 and 1975. "I get a lot of calls," he says. "There are a lot of crazy people out there who think that somebody from Mars is controlling their behavior via radio waves." But when it comes to Edgewood, "I'm finding that more and more of those stories are true!" That government scientists conducted human experiments at Edgewood is not in question. "The program involved testing of nerve agents, nerve agent antidotes, psychochemicals, and irritants," according to a 1994 General Accounting Office (now the Government Accountability Office) report (PDF). At least 7,800 US servicemen served "as laboratory rats or guinea pigs" at Edgewood, alleges Erspamer's complaint, filed in January in a federal district court in California. The Department of Veterans Affairs has reported that military scientists tested hundreds of chemical and biological substances on them, including VX, tabun, soman, sarin, cyanide, LSD, PCP, and World War I-era blister agents like phosgene and mustard. The full scope of the tests, however, may never be known. As a CIA official explained to the GAO, referring to the agency's infamous MKULTRA mind-control experiments, "The names of those involved in the tests are not available because names were not recorded or the records were subsequently destroyed." Besides, said the official, some of the tests involving LSD and other psychochemical drugs "were administered to an undetermined number of people without their knowledge." Erspamer's plaintiffs claim that, although they volunteered for the Edgewood program, they were never adequately informed of the potential risks and continue to suffer debilitating health effects as a result of the experiments. They hope to force the CIA and the Army to admit wrongdoing, inform them of the specific substances they were exposed to, and provide access to subsidized health care to treat their Edgewood- related ailments. Despite what they describe as decades of suffering resulting from their Edgewood experiences, the former soldiers are not seeking monetary damages; a 1950 Supreme Court decision, the Feres case, precludes military personnel from suing the federal government for personal injuries sustained in the line of duty. The CIA's decision to use military personnel as test subjects followed the court's decision and is an issue Erspamer plans to raise at trial. "Suddenly, they stopped using civilian subjects and said, 'Oh, we can get these military guys for free,'" he says. "The government could do whatever it wanted to them without liability. We want to bring that to the attention of the public, because I don't think most people understand that." (Asked about Erspamer's suit, CIA spokeswoman Marie Harf
  2. 2. would say only that the agency's human testing program has "been thoroughly investigated, and the CIA fully cooperated with each of the investigations.") Erspamer's involvement in the case is deeply personal. His father was a government scientist during Operation Crossroads, a series of nuclear tests conducted at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific in the summer of 1946; he was present aboard a research vessel for the "Baker" test, during which a 21-kiloton thermonuclear bomb was detonated 90 feet below water. The blast resulted in massive radioactive contamination. Erspamer's father and the rest of the ship's crew, he says, all died in middle age from radiogenic diseases. Erspamer makes his living in the field of energy litigation, but has twice before argued class action suits for veterans—one for soldiers who, like his father, were exposed to radiation during nuclear tests (a case he ultimately lost in a 1992 appellate decision) and more recently one on behalf of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans denied treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder. The case is on appeal in California's 9th Circuit. "Nobody out there is doing these types of cases," he says. "It's really sad because the veterans are left holding the bag, and it's not a very pretty bag." One of those vets is Frank Rochelle. Unlike those of other test veterans, portions of his heavily redacted medical records have survived, providing a rare, if incomplete, account of his experiences. In 1968, while posted at Virginia's Fort Lee as a 20-year-old Army draftee, he saw a notice calling for volunteers for the Edgewood program. Among the promised incentives were relief from guard duty, the freedom to wear civilian clothes, three-day weekends, and, upon completion, a medal of commendation—all for participation in experiments that, according to the notice, would help the military test a new generation of equipment, clothing, and gas masks. Upon his arrival at the testing facility in Maryland, he says he was asked to sign a series of documents, including a release form and a secrecy agreement. The tests would be risk free, he says he was told, and any drugs given would not exceed normal dosage. Over the next two months, however, he was subjected to three rounds of experiments that, Rochelle says, left him permanently damaged. His medical records indicate that he was exposed to nonlethal incapacitating agents like DHMP and glycolate, both of which act as sedatives that produce hallucinations. In the latter case, Rochelle says he was taken into a gas chamber and strapped to a chair by two men in white lab coats, who affixed a mask to his face and told him to breathe normally. He quickly lost consciousness. According to Erspamer's complaint, "Over the next two to three days, Frank was hallucinating and high: he thought he was three feet tall, saw animals on the walls, thought he was being pursued by a 6-foot-tall white rabbit, heard people calling his name, thought that all his freckles were bugs under his skin, and used a razor to try to cut these bugs out. No one from the clinical staff intervened on his behalf…" Medical records indicate that Rochelle went through a third round of testing, but he has no memory of it. For years he's been having nightmares about the Edgewood tests and now suffers from anxiety, memory loss, sleep apnea, tinnitus, and loss of vision, all of which he claims are direct results of the experiments. Still, he didn't inform his doctor of the tests until 2006, believing that he was still bound by the oath of secrecy he swore in 1968. (The government finally released human test subjects to speak to their physicians about the tests in June 2006, under the condition that they not "discuss anything that relates to operational information that might reveal chemical or biological warfare vulnerabilities or capabilities.") Rochelle's story is similar to those of Erspamer's other plaintiffs, all of whom claim to be suffering debilitating health effects stemming from the experiments. Of course, substantiating these claims is a challenge, given that most of the medical records were
  3. 3. destroyed upon completion of the program. Rochelle's records remain intact, but for "others we have less information," says Erspamer. "We spent a great deal of time on that topic, and we are confident that the plaintiffs are who they say they are, were where they said they were, and got what they said they got," in terms of exposure to experimental chemicals. "Who bears the burden on that issue when the defendants destroyed the evidence?" Erspamer asks. "They've put all that stuff through the shredder." Compensation for injuries sustained during human testing of chemical and biological agents is not unprecedented. Last year, more than 350 servicemen who served as test subjects at Porton Down, a secret military research facility where the British government conducted its own series of mind-control experiments, were granted nearly $6 million in compensation in an out-of-court settlement with the UK's Ministry of Defence. Likewise, in 2004, the Canadian government began offering $18,000 payments to eligible veterans of experiments at its testing facilities. Nevertheless, says Erspamer, "No American soldiers have ever been compensated." The CIA and the Army "just hope they're all gonna die off, and they will unless somebody does something." ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Earthpulse Press, Inc. www.earthpulse.com Dr. Nick Begich Earthpulse Press, Inc. www.earthpulse.com Dr. Nick Begich Earthpulse Press, Inc. www.earthpulse.com Dr. Nick Begich Please Post and Pass this Flashpoint on to your favorite radio hosts, friends and others who would find the information of use. May 2009, Dear Friends,
  4. 4. We appreciate all of the support and we trust that you will find this news flash of use. We have been covering both sides of the Mind Effects controversy for the last fifteen years. As this issue has evolved much has been revealed that continues to cause great concerns on the side of abuse of human subjects rather than seeking to enhance human mental performance. Just a few years ago the Navy announced their new requirements for work on human subjects including the below statement which you can see in its entirety at our website www.earthpulse.com under the Mind/ Brain Effects section. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY SECNAVINST 3900.39D 3 November 2006 Taken from page 9. "(2) The Under Secretary of the Navy (UNSECNAV) is the Approval Authority for research involving: (a) Severe or unusual intrusions, either physical or psychological, on human subjects (such as consciousness-altering drugs or mind-control techniques)." Published May 14, 2009 in Wired Magazine a very important article: Danger Room What's Next in National Security Pentagon Preps Soldier Telepathy Push "Forget the battlefield radios, the combat PDAs or even infantry hand signals. When the soldiers of the future want to communicate, they'll read each other's minds. At least, that's the hope of researchers at the Pentagon's mad-science division Darpa. The agency's budget for the next fiscal year includes $4 million to start up a program called Silent Talk. The goal is to "allow user-to-user communication on the battlefield without the use of vocalized speech through analysis of neural signals." That's on top of the $4 million the Army handed out last year to the University of California to investigate the potential for computer-mediated telepathy. Before being vocalized, speech exists as word-specific neural signals in the mind. Darpa wants to develop technology that would detect these signals of "pre-speech," analyze them, and then transmit the statement to an intended interlocutor. Darpa plans to use EEG to read the brain waves. It's a technique they're also testing in a project to devise mind-reading binoculars that alert soldiers to threats faster the conscious mind can process them. The project has three major goals, according to Darpa. First, try to map a person's EEG patterns to his or her individual words. Then, see if those patterns are generalizable - if everyone has similar patterns. Last, "construct a fieldable pre-prototype that would decode the signal and transmit over a limited range." The military has been funding a handful of mind-tapping technology recently, and already have monkeys capable of telepathic limb control. Telepathy may also have advantages beyond covert battlefield chatter. Last year, the National Research Council and the Defense Intelligence Agency released a report suggesting that neuroscience might also be useful to "make the enemy obey our commands." The first step, though, may be getting a grunt to obey his officer's remotely-transmitted thoughts." This information and the related technology we have reported on in the past in well documented materials. Now is the time and the urgency on increasing the public debate can not be greater than it is today. We encourage readers of our materials to pass them on to
  5. 5. political leaders, radio hosts and others who can help get the word out. The last decade has been a struggle for us to stay involved in this work and we need your help to continue. Please consider purchasing some of our books, videos or health supplements and improve your lives and keep our work moving forward. The most documented book on the subject of Mind Control yet published. We are scheduled to discuss this topic in conjunction with the recent report of military efforts in electronic telepathy on Coast to Coast AM with George Noory on Thursday May 28th. This show is subject to change by the producers so watch the Coast to Coast website for more information. This book has over 250 sources quoted and provides the needed references to take the issue head-on to the public. We also produced a companion video on the subject that can be used in presentations and informational broadcasts. We need help to produce new material and are no longer sponsored by the Lay Institute on Technology which in the past assisted us greatly in getting these issues in front of each of you. This video is based on the book Controlling the Human Mind by Dr. Nick Begich, Mind Control - A Brave New World goes beyond where others dare to go. Well documented and presented this material will open your eyes to the possibilities and the concerns of this double edged sword of 21st century warriors and intellectuals. Now is the time for action.
  6. 6. Play This HAARP is where it started for me in 1994 when we first began bringing to the public these controversial matters. Over fifteen years my wife and I spent $2.5 million dollars publicizing these issues in the hope that it would be enough to create real change. We worked to the point of bankruptcy in 2002 after spending several years recovering only to be hit with this economic downturn. We are now split between our public efforts, consulting work for indigenous peoples and trying to rebuild our publishing work. I need underwriters who are willing to support additional video production, articles and our general communications efforts. Are you one of those people? If you are interested in helping us in this way let us know by contacting us at the address at the end of this new letter. On the other side of these issues are mind enhancing potentials. These are the most exciting areas yet for the average person to gain greater access to our mind's hidden powers. These are not beyond our reach but in front of us now. Take a look at our website and explore your potentials and together we will change the world and the way we move the planet as created human souls. Thank you again for your continued support. The material below was taken from our book Earth Rising the Revolution - Toward a Thousand Years of Peace. It was a pre 9-11 expose on what was to come and it is now here! In "a dramatic demonstration of mind reading, neuroscientists have created videos of what a cat sees by using electrodes implanted in the animal's brain. 'Trying to understand how the brain codes information leads to the possibility of replacing parts of the nervous system with an artificial device,' he said." The scientist commenting on this technology saw the future possibility of brain activity mapping being used in creating electronic components to replace damaged parts of the system. The use of mind mapping had other possibilities as well. Similar research was pursued by Dr. José Delgado at one of the country's leading research institutions in controlling the behavior of humans and animals. Actual testing of certain systems proved "that movements, sensations, emotions, desires, ideas, and a variety of psychological phenomena may be induced, inhibited, or modified by electrical stimulation of specific areas of the brain." By 1985, Dr. Delgado was able to create these effects using only a radio signal sent to the brain remotely, using energy concentrations of less than 1/50th of what the Earth naturally produces. This discovery implied that frequency, waveform and pulse rate (modulation) were the important factors rather than the amount of energy being used. In considering this it makes sense because the human
  7. 7. body does not require high electromagnetic power concentration to regulate its normal functioning - the key was in finding the "tuning" mechanisms for locating the right "receiving station" in the brain. By 1998, publicly released information was being discussed as a result of information openly flowing out of Russia. A meeting was held to assess the threat: the "main purpose of the March meetings was described in the Psychotechnologies memo as to 'determine whether psycho-correction technologies represent a present or future threat to U.S. national security in situations where inaudible commands might be used to alter behavior.'" The threat assessment was likely to begin to condition Americans for the pubic acknowledgement of one of the government's long held secrets - the human mind and body could be controlled remotely without a trace of evidence being left behind. In another quote, one of the leading researchers in this area began to announce his findings: "But psychological-warfare experts on all sides still dream that they will one day control the enemy's mind. And in a tiny, dungeon like lab in the basement of Moscow's ominously named Institute of Psycho-Correction, Smirnov and other Russian psychiatrists are already working on schizophrenics, drug addicts and cancer patients." The results of this research have been investigated and demonstrated to members of the intelligence community in the United States and have even been demonstrated on a Canadian television documentary by Dr. Smirnov. "Fantasies are thought processes involving internal monologues and imaginative sequences which can motivate healthy people to constructive behavior; likewise, they can inspire unbalanced individuals to destructive or dangerous behavior. One conclusion from that research was that fantasy played a major role among violent criminals. Researchers learned that criminals often daydreamed their fantasies, and then practiced elements of those fantasies before committing their crime. FBI agents determined that violent criminals often exhibit telltale signs as children and as adults. Hence, disturbed employees or students may demonstrate signs of violent fantasies to close observers. Troubled individuals may be obsessively interested in music with violent lyrics, or may have a drug or alcohol problem. When these signs reveal themselves, they should be reported to a threat management team, which can then neutralize the threat, either by therapy, if rehabilitation is possible, or by firing the employee. Workplace and school violence is usually preceded by warning signs." This issue is also an interesting one as the next chapter will show. The ability to determine a "predisposition" for a behavior does not mean that a person will make the "choice" to act on the feelings and internal thoughts. Every person on the planet can remember times when his thoughts were dangerous, immoral or otherwise un-acceptable, falling below the standards set by societal and cultural "norms." Yet, we could have these thoughts in the privacy of our own mind. The trend in the application of mind control technology now would make our most private internal thoughts, as we wrestle with the temptations and choices of everyday life, subject to scrutiny by government and employers. Who will define the rules for psycho-correction? Who will decide what is ethical and right in this area as it develops over the next decade? Two Hundred Hemi-sync™ Titles