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Systems Approach in Training 2
Introduction
Objective of T&D is to make a person fit for job /
occupation
Knowledge Skills
Performance depend on three factors:
Attitude
System approach comprises of different phases:
 Analyze  Design  Develop
 Implement  Evaluate
1 2 3
Simple Model of System Approach
Environment Input Systems
OutputDestination
3Systems Approach in Training
Reaction
Systems Approach in Training 4
Systems approach contributes in:
Recognizing performance needs
Identifying training needs
Developing comprehensive training plan
from perspective of:
Organization
Designing
training model
Training
consideration
Why Systems Approach in Training
a
b
c
Systems Approach in Training 5
SAT is a series of
interdependent systems
Interdependence of
stages are crucial
Systems are functionally
linked together &
integrated into
whole work system
Malfunction or neglect
of any one of systems
Inevitably affects others
& total system
What is Systems Approach to Training?
1
2
3
4
Systems Approach in Training 6
How Systems Approach to Training Work?
Identify training needs –
who needs training & what do they need to learn
Taking account of learning theory [how people learn] –
design & provide training to meet identified needs
Assess whether training has achieved its aim in terms of
subsequent work performance
If need be make amendments to any of earlier stages for
improvement
Systems Approach in Training 7
Persons who
need learning
• Analyze
• Design
• Develop
• Implement
• Evaluate
Trained
persons
Output destination :
Organization
Reaction
Model of
Systems Approach to Training
Systems Approach in Training 8
Inputs entering from left
T & D tasks fall inside middle box in diagram
Output going out on right
Output go to organization
Organization react – training objectives obtained?
Reaction goes to environment that act as input
Process of Systems Approach
Systems Approach in Training 9
Important Tasks in Systems Approach
Significance of Systems Approach
• Systems approach contributes in:
–Recognizing performance needs
–Identifying training needs
–Developing comprehensive training plan
from perspective of:
• Organization
• Designing training model
• Training consideration
• We will examine all the three perspectives
10Systems Approach in Training
Organization
• There is needs to understand five aspects:
1. What to train What skills are needed
2. Who to train Who needs to be trained to
meet business needs
3. Where to train On the job or off the job
4. When to train When is the best time to train
5. How to train Which delivery options are
available
11Systems Approach in Training
Designing Training Model
• Is training really the answer?
• What background information is needed?
• What learners need to know & feel as a result
• of training?
• What contents to be addressed to acquire
• knowledge, skills, attitude
• What is the best way to train learners?
• How to transfer learning to work place
• How to determine effectiveness of training
12Systems Approach in Training
Training Considerations
• Was the training relevant to the needs?
• Did the learning achieved its goal?
• Is learning being used in appropriate manner
• Is training making difference in business
• working?
Systems Approach addresses all these
issues & provide answers for them
13Systems Approach in Training
Systems Approach in Training 14

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Training & Development - Systems Approach to Training

  • 1.
  • 2. Systems Approach in Training 2 Introduction Objective of T&D is to make a person fit for job / occupation Knowledge Skills Performance depend on three factors: Attitude System approach comprises of different phases:  Analyze  Design  Develop  Implement  Evaluate 1 2 3
  • 3. Simple Model of System Approach Environment Input Systems OutputDestination 3Systems Approach in Training Reaction
  • 4. Systems Approach in Training 4 Systems approach contributes in: Recognizing performance needs Identifying training needs Developing comprehensive training plan from perspective of: Organization Designing training model Training consideration Why Systems Approach in Training a b c
  • 5. Systems Approach in Training 5 SAT is a series of interdependent systems Interdependence of stages are crucial Systems are functionally linked together & integrated into whole work system Malfunction or neglect of any one of systems Inevitably affects others & total system What is Systems Approach to Training? 1 2 3 4
  • 6. Systems Approach in Training 6 How Systems Approach to Training Work? Identify training needs – who needs training & what do they need to learn Taking account of learning theory [how people learn] – design & provide training to meet identified needs Assess whether training has achieved its aim in terms of subsequent work performance If need be make amendments to any of earlier stages for improvement
  • 7. Systems Approach in Training 7 Persons who need learning • Analyze • Design • Develop • Implement • Evaluate Trained persons Output destination : Organization Reaction Model of Systems Approach to Training
  • 8. Systems Approach in Training 8 Inputs entering from left T & D tasks fall inside middle box in diagram Output going out on right Output go to organization Organization react – training objectives obtained? Reaction goes to environment that act as input Process of Systems Approach
  • 9. Systems Approach in Training 9 Important Tasks in Systems Approach
  • 10. Significance of Systems Approach • Systems approach contributes in: –Recognizing performance needs –Identifying training needs –Developing comprehensive training plan from perspective of: • Organization • Designing training model • Training consideration • We will examine all the three perspectives 10Systems Approach in Training
  • 11. Organization • There is needs to understand five aspects: 1. What to train What skills are needed 2. Who to train Who needs to be trained to meet business needs 3. Where to train On the job or off the job 4. When to train When is the best time to train 5. How to train Which delivery options are available 11Systems Approach in Training
  • 12. Designing Training Model • Is training really the answer? • What background information is needed? • What learners need to know & feel as a result • of training? • What contents to be addressed to acquire • knowledge, skills, attitude • What is the best way to train learners? • How to transfer learning to work place • How to determine effectiveness of training 12Systems Approach in Training
  • 13. Training Considerations • Was the training relevant to the needs? • Did the learning achieved its goal? • Is learning being used in appropriate manner • Is training making difference in business • working? Systems Approach addresses all these issues & provide answers for them 13Systems Approach in Training
  • 14. Systems Approach in Training 14