11 6 09 Oec Presentation

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  • 11 6 09 Oec Presentation

    1. 1. Need and benefits of fuel conservation ordinance David R. Celebrezze Dir. of Air & Water Special Projects
    2. 2. No-idling <ul><li>Defined </li></ul><ul><li>Myths </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is no-idling? <ul><li>Reduction/elimination of unnecessary idling of a vehicle (gas, diesel, other). </li></ul>
    4. 4. Additional text or photo/graphic Myths about idling Myth #1 The engine should be warmed up before driving. Reality With today's modern engines, and the advent of electronic engines, you need no more than about 30 seconds of idling before driving away, even on the coldest winter days. #1
    5. 5. Additional text or photo/graphic Myths about idling Myth #2 Idling is good for your engine. Reality Excessive idling can actually damage your engine components, including cylinders, spark plugs, and exhaust systems. For example: Fuel does not undergo complete combustion. This leaves fuel residue that can condense on cylinder walls, where they can contaminate the oil and damage parts of the engine (like the spark plugs). More idling means spark plug temperature drops; gets dirty quicker and impacts fuel economy. #2
    6. 6. Additional text or photo/graphic Myths about idling Myth #3 Shutting off and restarting your vehicle is hard on the engine. Reality Frequently restarting has little impact on engine components like the battery and the starter motor. Component wear caused by restarting the engine is estimated to add $10 per year to the cost of driving, money likely to be saved many times over due to fuel savings. #3
    7. 7. Additional text or photo/graphic Myths about idling Myth #4 Shutting off and restarting your vehicle uses more gas than if you leave it running. Reality The bottom line is that over 10 seconds of idling uses more fuel than restarting the engine. As a rule of thumb, if you are going to stop for 10 seconds or more - except in traffic - turn off the engine. #4
    8. 8. Quick facts <ul><li>Idling for more than 10 seconds uses more fuel than restarting the engine </li></ul><ul><li>One hour of idling equates to 33 miles of wear and tear on an engine </li></ul>
    9. 9. Benefits of no-idling <ul><li>Saves money/conserves fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces wear/tear on the engine </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce dependency on foreign oil </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces unnecessary pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces health risks to drivers/protects public health </li></ul><ul><li>Helps the state comply with the Clean Air Act </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps Ohio in line with other Midwestern states </li></ul>
    10. 10. Central Ohio County vehicle registration (BMV) <ul><li>Union County </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43,222 passenger cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>67,347 total* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delaware County </li></ul><ul><ul><li>130,139 passenger cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>176,249 total* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Madison County </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26,948 passenger cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>45,242total* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Franklin County </li></ul><ul><ul><li>866,566 passenger cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,101,479 total* </li></ul></ul>* includes: non-commercial trucks, motorcycles, commercial vehicles, commercial trailers, motor homes, non commercial trailers, water crafts, handicap placards, temp. tags, and “other” <ul><li>4 county region: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,066,875 passenger cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,390,317 </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Central Ohio County vehicle registration (BMV) *number of registered passenger cars in Franklin, Union, Delaware and Madison ** for every two minutes a car is idling, it uses about the same amount of fuel it takes to go about one mile. This is based on a car getting about 30 mpg. <ul><li>5 minute reduction a day by cars: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,066,875 * X 5 =5,334,375 minutes / 60 minutes=88,906.25 hours per day X 365= </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32,450,781 hours a year reduced @ .8 gallons an hour** = 25,960,624 gallons a year saved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If gas is $2.31 that is $59,969,041 kept in the pocket! </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Franklin County only Franklin <ul><li>5 minute reduction a day by cars: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>866,566(registered passenger vehicles) X 5 =4,332,830 minutes / 60 minutes=72,213.8 hours per day X 365= </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>26,358,049hours a year reduced @ .8 gallons an hour** = 21,086,439 gallons a year saved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If gas is $2.31 that is $48,709,674 kept in the pocket! </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Diesel pollution <ul><li>294,896 (20%) in central Ohio live in a diesel hot spot </li></ul><ul><li>Hot spot: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas within one-quarter mile of a road way with particulate matter emission levels of at least 675 grams per mile per day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 17,340 of the above suffer from asthma </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Health Studies <ul><li>National Academy of Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True cost of diesel fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental damage is between 23-38 cents extra per mile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>American Cancer Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimates PM2.5 exposure poses the same risk as </li></ul></ul><ul><li>second hand smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Air Task Force-Diesel and Health in America, 2005; projected 2010 impacts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PM contributes to 3,018 asthma attacks, over 12,000 work loss days and nearly 100 early deaths in Columbus Metro Area a year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk of diesel soot cancer risk in Franklin County is 400 times greater than EPA’s acceptable cancer level. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Diesel exhaust affects public health: <ul><li>Asthma Attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Aggravation of Chronic Bronchitis </li></ul><ul><li>Painful Breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Leukemia </li></ul><ul><li>Heart and Lung Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Preventable Death </li></ul>
    16. 16. Sensitive populations in Franklin County <ul><li>Pediatric Asthma: 25,925 </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Asthma: 75,107 </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Bronchitis: 27,278 </li></ul><ul><li>Emphysema: 12,355 </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular Disease: 278,434 </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes: 58,653 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Population: 1,118,107 </li></ul><ul><li>Population Under 18: 285,167 </li></ul><ul><li>Population 65 & Over: 108,297 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Who has no-idle policies for their fleets? <ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus </li></ul><ul><li>Cincinnati </li></ul><ul><li>Parma Heights </li></ul><ul><li>Maple Heights </li></ul><ul><li>Cleveland Heights </li></ul><ul><li>Worthington </li></ul><ul><li>South Euclid </li></ul><ul><li>Partial list </li></ul>
    18. 18. Results <ul><li>ODOT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No-idling plus switch to biodiesel equals $447,175.55 statewide in diesel fuel savings. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>City of Columbus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3% reduction in fuel used (other initiatives also helped this; i.e. car pooling, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Albany Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$400-$500 a month saved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lake Local Schools (Stark Co.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$6,289 a year saved (40 bus fleet) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. City-wide no-idling ordinance (public and private) <ul><li>Cleveland-all vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Maple Heights- all vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>South Euclid- all vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Olmsted Falls </li></ul>
    20. 20. States with no-idling laws/ordinances <ul><li>Arizona </li></ul><ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Hawai’i </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois (nonattainment areas only) </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Nevada </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul>
    21. 21. Template City fuel conservation ordinance <ul><li>Applicability: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Requirement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than 5 minutes in a 60 minute period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than 10 minutes in a 60 minute period for vehicles loading/unloading in a designated loading/unloading zone </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Exemptions <ul><li>Outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees or above 85 degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Fire, rescue, military, or other emergency/law enforcement vehicle being used in an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary to power work-related mechanical or electrical operations other than propulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Armored vehicle when in use to guard the contents </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical difficulties which the driver has no control over </li></ul>
    23. 23. Exemptions <ul><li>An occupied vehicle with a sleeper berth compartment idles for the purpose of air conditioning or heating during a required rest period. </li></ul><ul><li>A vehicle is operating an auxiliary power unit, generator set or other mobile idle reduction technology as a means to heat, air condition, or provide electrical power as an alternative to idling the main engine. </li></ul><ul><li>A vehicle is engaged in work upon the surface of a street or highway, including construction, cleaning and snow removal activities, and the operator is in the vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Stuck in traffic. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Penalties <ul><li>Warning </li></ul><ul><li>Minor misdemeanor </li></ul><ul><li>Range from $100 to as much as $25,000 (not in Cleveland) </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers and/or companies can be held responsible for paying the fine. </li></ul>Green Contract Language: Cooke County, IL
    25. 25. Enforcement <ul><li>Health departments, police, any agency that has enforcement capabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Split the fine with the state (if the state develops one). </li></ul><ul><li>Have a 2 month education and warning period. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a number where the public can call; similar to the smoking ban and litter prevention. </li></ul>Green Contract Language: Cooke County, IL
    26. 26. Getting the word out <ul><li>Educate chambers of commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Civic associations (rotary clubs, neighborhood groups etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Nonprofits </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize media (traditional and web 2.0) </li></ul>Green Contract Language: Cooke County, IL

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