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Spectrum and Standards for IoT

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The concepts of “Internet of Things” (IoT) are increasingly seen as enablers of a still wider range of communication services all the way from simple wireless meter reading to the overall SMART CITY vision. If, however, the stakeholders in this promising industry cannot agree on a set of candidate spectrum bands and a corresponding suite of technical standards for IoT, then the vision could end up in a chaos of poor spectrum utilisation and component incompatibilities with a fragmented/nationally oriented market as a result. Poor competition and therefore expensive devices. Fortunately, the excellent cooperation between ETSI (Standards), CEPT (Spectrum Regulation) and the EU Commission (EU legal provisions) seems to be bringing good results for IoT, as was/is the case for GSM (Cellular Telephony), TETRA (Mission Critical Emergency Communications and LTE (Mobile Broadband).

By Steffen Ring, Ring Advocacy.
The presentation was made at the Fraunhofer Innovation Days on 22nd-23rd May 2017 in Bonn


Published in: Internet
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Spectrum and Standards for IoT

  1. 1. Co-funded by the European Union Management Of Networked IoT Wearables – Very Large Scale Demonstration of Cultural and Societal Applications Spectrum and Standards for IoT the fundamental elements for IoT success under the SMART CITY vision Steffen Ring, MScEE RING Advocacy ApS
  2. 2. AgendaAgendaAgendaAgenda • The official entities for Spectrum Regulation in Europe • CEPT/ECC, the cooperative arrangement between the 48 European National TELECOM Regulators • The EU Commission, drawing up spectrum law, (Directives), legally binding for all EU Member States • Standards • ETSI – European Telecommunication Standards Institute – covering EEA • The IoT specifics Excellent cooperation between CEPT/ECC, ETSI and the EU Commission through a standing MoU
  3. 3. Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M)Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M)Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M)Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M) Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands)Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands)Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands)Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands) • CEPT: ECC Report in preparation: “on the suitability of the current ECC framework for MFCN* in the frequency bands 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300MHz, 2600 MHz, 3400-3600 MHz and 3600-3800 MHz for the future usage of LTE-based M2M and Narrowband M2M” • 703-733/758-788 MHz (700 Band), For IoT based on LTE Platforms • 791-821/832-862 MHz (800 Band), For IoT based on LTE Platforms • 880-915/925-960 MHz (900 Band), For IoT based on GSM • 1452-1492 MHz (L-Band), • 1710-1785/ 1805-1880 MHz (1800 Band), • 1920-1980/2110-2170 MHz (2.1GHz Band), • 2300-2400 MHz (2.3GHz Band), • 2500-2570/2620-2690 MHz (2.5 GHz Band), • 2570-2620 MHz (TDD 2.5 GHz Band), • 3400-3600 MHz (3.5 GHz Band), For IoT based on Ultra Wide Band (UWB) Technologies • 3600-3800 MHz (3.7 GHz Band). See: http://www.cept.org/ecc/groups/ecc/client/meeting-documents/?flid=5040 [Annex 03] MFCN* = Mobile Fixed Communication Networks in Commercially Licensed Spectrum
  4. 4. Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M)Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M)Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M)Spectrum for Short Range Devices (IoT/M2M) Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands)Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands)Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands)Activities and Groups (Licensed Spectrum Bands) • EU Commission: COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2014/702/EU of 7 October 2014 amending Decision 2007/131/EC “on allowing the use of the radio spectrum for equipment using ultra-wideband technology in a harmonised manner in the Community” • Making reference to ETSI EN 302 065-2 (UWB Location Tracking) • Covering spectrum from 1.6 GHz to 10.6 GHz See: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DA/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32014D0702
  5. 5. From Narrow Band to Broad Band PPDR ApplicationsFrom Narrow Band to Broad Band PPDR ApplicationsFrom Narrow Band to Broad Band PPDR ApplicationsFrom Narrow Band to Broad Band PPDR Applications • In the past and present: Narrow Band voice and data services (TETRA) • Now and forward: From the street level and up, general scanning and video streaming • License plate recognition and other megabit, mission critical applications • Low end-to-end latency/Mission Critical communications in general • Connectivity to vital data monitoring eHeath equipment. Compliant to the GDPR legislation • It will all require a dedicated and secure radio platform, such as for instance the MONCA Secure subsystem including IoT wearables and fixed devices
  6. 6. Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS or UAV)RPAS or UAV)RPAS or UAV)RPAS or UAV) endless opportunities for the advanced security services • CEPT has established a Group to define radio spectrum bands for UAV. • European Union (European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)) has published a first draft of Commission implementing rules. See https://www.easa.europa.eu/system/files/dfu/UAS%20Protot ype%20Regulation%20final.pdf • Crowd monitoring and look- ahead • Carrying MONICA sensor systems for sound sweetening • …
  7. 7. Noise is also city pollution (but often forgotten)Noise is also city pollution (but often forgotten)Noise is also city pollution (but often forgotten)Noise is also city pollution (but often forgotten) • Psychoacoustics measure noise in many other ways than dB(A): • Transients (Fireworks, pneumatic machinery..) • Loud Rock Music (the pounding bass-drum) • The exposure over time (doze) • In general, the focus is on the ”content” of the sound • Annoyance factor example: • A moped without the muffler passing your window is perceived 10 times as annoying as a diesel city bus, but • The dB(A) measure of the bus reads a much higher SPL
  8. 8. Crowd Safety inCrowd Safety inCrowd Safety inCrowd Safety in massive turnmassive turnmassive turnmassive turn----outoutoutout eventseventseventsevents Re-usable IP-Wrist band for IoT networking • Unique IP – Identification • Sensing audio level and dosimeter, acceleration, position, man-down • Communicates with Mobile Devices via NFC type IF for special applications • Visual color LED indicators for special effects and warnings Management center for crowd situational awareness • Municipal • City Wide • Local event • Audio level monitoring • Crowd density • Unusual individual and/or Crowd behavior and safety issue detection Personal smartphones running special apps with all information related to the mass event RPAS/UAV support
  9. 9. Establishment of a safe cityEstablishment of a safe cityEstablishment of a safe cityEstablishment of a safe city • EU 2016/679 Regulation: on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) • The careful handling and protection of client data • No general surveillance – Balanced and reciprocal monitoring on reasoned demand • Note: A Regulation enters into force immediately. Not like a Directive, which has to be implemented as an integral part of the National Law in MS’s
  10. 10. Mitigate that noisy outdoor RockMitigate that noisy outdoor RockMitigate that noisy outdoor RockMitigate that noisy outdoor Rock MusicMusicMusicMusic The main elements of the MONICA silent zone processingThe main elements of the MONICA silent zone processingThe main elements of the MONICA silent zone processingThe main elements of the MONICA silent zone processing The Rock Stage The audience area a full scale rock experience. High SPL. Lower SPLLower SPL Master Console P.A. P.A. Stage Mics Monitors returnMaster P.A. out Feed to the mitigating Sound Zone System L R
  11. 11. Outdoor Loud Music Mitigation and Crowd ManagementOutdoor Loud Music Mitigation and Crowd ManagementOutdoor Loud Music Mitigation and Crowd ManagementOutdoor Loud Music Mitigation and Crowd Management The overall architecture of the H2020 MONICA Project Closed Loop Control Systems Closed Loop Control Systems Private Cloud Active Closed Loop Control Systems Situational Awareness and Decision Support Sensing Sensing Sensing Actuation Situational Information Situational Information Control Strategy Data Security and Trust Control Strategy Actuation IoT Infrastructure TheActuationDomain NomadicIoT Infrastructure Movable Sensor Networks Dynamic IoT Infrastructure Wearable Sensor Networks Open IoT Architecture The Sensing Domain Static IoT Infrastructure Fixed Sensor Networks
  12. 12. Spectrum is theSpectrum is theSpectrum is theSpectrum is the mastermastermastermaster----keykeykeykey The 700 MHz band is next for both Public Safety and Commercial Mobile Broadband Regulatory Provisions • ECC/DEC(16)02 ”Harmonised technical conditions and frequency bands for the implementation of Broadband Public Protection and Disaster Relief (BB-PPDR) systems” (All 48 CEPT Countries) • ECC Report 218 ”Harmonised conditions and spectrum bands for the implementation of future European Broadband Public Protection and Disaster Relief (BB-PPDR) systems” (All 48 CEPT Countries) • EU 2016/687 Implementing Decision ”on the harmonisation of the 694-790 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing wireless broadband electronic communications services and for flexible national use in the Union”
  13. 13. 700 MHz for the SAFE CITY700 MHz for the SAFE CITY700 MHz for the SAFE CITY700 MHz for the SAFE CITY • There are 2x30 MHz available for Mobile Broadband in 700 MHz (MFCN) (no later than 2020) • BB-PPDR need a minimum of 2 x 10 MHz to fulfil the requirements of a SAFE CITY including also IoT devices for safety in the MONICA context • This spectrum MUST be kept by gov’s as a national assets to safeguard citizens safety and security • MONICA platform elements must comply with HEN’s (ETSI) and harmonized spectrum to gain the benefits of a mass market • MONICA ideas and innovation is a general step towards a safer world with safe and smart cities
  14. 14. TheTheTheThe Spectrum PlanSpectrum PlanSpectrum PlanSpectrum Plan from ECC Report 218from ECC Report 218from ECC Report 218from ECC Report 218
  15. 15. Thanks for your attention All rights reserved. All copyright for this presentation are owned in full by the MONICA Project. Permission is granted to print material published in this presentation for personal use only. Its use for any other purpose, and in particular its commercial use or distribution, is strictly forbidden in the absence of prior written approval. MONICA has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation under Grant Agreement No 732350. Possible inaccuracies of information are under the responsibility of the project. This presentation reflects solely the views of its authors. The European Commission is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. Please see us here: www.monica-project.eu

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