25 Feb 2014 CDE enduring challenge competition briefings

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Centre for Defence Enterprise (CDE) Innovation Network. Dstl Programme Manager briefings on CDE's enduring challenge competition.

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25 Feb 2014 CDE enduring challenge competition briefings

  1. 1. Centre Defence Enterprise for Room 2 – Enduring Challenge Competition
  2. 2. Enduring challenge Today’s Programme briefings: Cyber Combat Air
  3. 3. Defence research challenges in cyber security © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl 26 February 2014
  4. 4. The threat, the risk • Increasing in complexity and scale • Diverse, asymmetric & symmetric • “Non-traditional” cyber threats – Electromagnetic attack • MOD’s business – Working in dangerous situations – An obvious target 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  5. 5. MOD Networks • Large and varied – 70+ countries – 1200 UK Sites – 800,000 IP addresses – 225,000 Users – 95% is made up of 19 LAN Systems with 1000 Applications • Planned and ad hoc • Bought as a service 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  6. 6. Platforms and weapons • Increasingly cyber-enabled, connected platforms • Tighter integration with industry • Complex logistics and support • Supply chain security 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  7. 7. “Strange and charmed” systems • Non-standard hardware, software and protocols • Legacy hardware, software and protocols • Low-bandwidth connectivity at the fringes • Outside the envelope of IA and cybersecurity 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  8. 8. Defence cyber S&T © Crown Copyright Dstl 2011
  9. 9. Decision support • Understanding cyber as a MOD capability • Developing techniques and models to assess risks, costs, benefits UNCLASSIFIED Cyber Environment Protect Information Assurance • Providing advice to MOD balance of investment and business as usual Enable Decision Superiority Defend Operate Computer Network Defence Service Operation Created: 02/11/2011 10:22:52 Modified: 30/11/2011 17:32:18 UNCLASSIFIED 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl E2E Service Assurance Owner: Administrator
  10. 10. Vulnerability studies • Assessing vulnerabilities in: – Current and future MOD systems – Networks, platforms, infrastructure – Whole system, entire lifecycle • Learning how to do it – S&T challenges – Organisational challenges in MOD and supplier community • Mainstreaming it 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  11. 11. Defence and situational awareness • Current operations – S&T embeds into MOD units – Advice on improving current tools and techniques • Future challenges – Real world impact of cyber events – Support to decision makers • Learning how to do it! • Mainstreaming it! 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  12. 12. The pipeline • Sponsoring research – Centre for Defence Enterprise – Use of existing consortia – Shaping and co-sponsoring academic research – Commercial competitions • Assessing candidate technologies – Intelligent customer function • Test and evaluation – Testbed connected to MOD networks 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl
  13. 13. Future challenges • Scale and sophistication of threat – Situational awareness and defence – Big data • Pace of technical changes vs government – Domestic/professional co-existence, bring-your-own-device (BYOD) – Cloud – SMART • Defence-specific issues – Cyber in MOD’s mission – The “strange and charmed” © Crown Copyright Dstl 2011
  14. 14. Enduring challenge Today’s Programme briefings: Cyber Combat Air
  15. 15. Dstl Combat Air Programme Brief 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl COVERING UNCLASSIFIED
  16. 16. Air strategic requirements for S&T • • • • • • • • • • • • Decision Support to Air Air Network Interoperability Air’s Contribution to Defence C4ISR Critical Air and Space Technologies Future Combat Air Capability Human Component of Capability Influence of Air Operations RPAS/UAS Capability Space Survivability of Air Operations Sustainable Air Force Training and Simulation 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl UNCLASSIFIED
  17. 17. Air-related Programmes & Portfolios Combat Air Conventional Weapons Air Survivability Unmanned Air Systems Integrated Sensing Novel Weapons C2I2 Strategy & Capability Cyber Air Decision Support Air Enablers Test & Evaluation Training 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl Human & Medical sciences UNCLASSIFIED Defence Intelligence
  18. 18. Air transport platforms Tanker / transport Transport 2010 2015 C130K 2020 2025 2030 2035 A400M ATLAS - UK 22 A/C ordered, ISD 2015 A400M C130J C17 8th aircraft ordered in 2012 Tristar Voyager VC10 Voyager Airbus A330-200 Multi Role Tanker Transporter 14 a/c over 27yr PFI, ISD 2011 - 3 available in Jan 2013
  19. 19. C4ISTARreplaced by 3xRivet Joint MR 1 Broad C4ISTAR 2010 purchased second hand from the USAF 2015 2020 and called Air Seeker – ISD 2014 MR4A cancelled in SDSR 2010 Tactical Strategic Local 2030 2035 AWACS E3D Sentry Nimrod Sentinel UAV 2025 MR2, R1 MRA4 ISD UOR to fulfil Herrick (Afghanistan) Full Motion Video requirement. Core requirement – Armed or not armed? More Reaper or Mantis Scavenger UOR for Herrick and Telic (Iraq) - being taken into core WatchKeeper Desert Hawk Black Hornet UOR for Herrick – Mini/Nano UAVs, UOR well regarded being taken in to core
  20. 20. Helicopters • Move towards 4 helicopter types – 14 additional Chinooks + Upgrades – Life extension for Puma – Capability sustainment for attack helicopters to 2040 – Replace all Lynx with Wildcat (Army and Navy variants) – Ship optimization for Merlin Mk3 – Commercially operated SAR in UK 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl UNCLASSIFIED
  21. 21. Combat Air Capability 2010 Typhoon Tornado GR4 2015 Future weapons integration will include Meteor air-to-air missile, Paveway IV, 2020 2025 Storm Shadow, Brimstone and Small Diameter Bomb. Upgrade the radar to an Active Electronically Scanned Array. 2030 2035 OSD Tornado F3 Harrier GR9 JCA (JSF STOVL) FCAS – Options - UCAV - More JSF - Typhoon - Upgrade or replacement? Lightning II first UK flight Mid 2012 UK Manufacture of two Queen Elizabeth underway ISD 2018 TARANIS UCAV - Flight test, 2013 FCAS – UCAV Fight Demonstrator 2022
  22. 22. 10-year equipment plan • Combat Air – Typhoon Tranche 2 & 3 aircraft fully into service • Develop and enhance the aircraft’s multi-role and ISTAR capabilities – Lightening II (Joint Strike Fighter – F-35B STOVL variant) – Growing investment in unmanned aerial vehicles, including co-operation with France • Preparations for demonstrator ~ 2022 – Future investment to expand our investment in simulated pilot training 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl UNCLASSIFIED
  23. 23. Key combat air research elements • Value: ~£16M p.a. • Air survivability – Air Vehicle Signature Control – Weapons integration – Countermeasure integration • Aerospace science enablers – Aerodynamics – Structures – Guidance and control • Future Air Concepts • Propulsion • Mission systems and avionics integration • FCAS Focussed Research 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl UNCLASSIFIED
  24. 24. CDE areas of interest to Combat Air (1) • Novel air vehicle & weapon aerodynamics assessment methods • Air vehicle structural analysis – – – – – Novel materials Aero-elastics Ice and lightning protection design Bird-strike analysis Assessment methods / modelling (FE analysis techniques). • Air vehicle and weapon guidance and control – Analysis & Design Techniques, Modelling, performance assessment • Propulsion and energy systems modelling and performance assessment techniques – – – – Internal combustion engines, electric propulsion systems, fuel cells and batteries Hybrid propulsion technologies Energy harvesting technologies Fuel reduction technologies 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl UNCLASSIFIED
  25. 25. CDE areas of interest to Combat Air (2) • • • • • • • Low observability technologies (signature reduction technologies) Environmental protection technologies (platform and engine) - FOD, sand, volcanic ash, salt, snow – Detection, prevention, protection Power & thermal management technologies & assessment techniques Health & usage technologies/assessment techniques (diagnostics/ prognostics) Novel / non-traditional air vehicle concepts – eg airships, hypersonic air vehicles, future rotorcraft concepts, micro and nano UAS Whole platform analysis methods for future air vehicle concepts Mission systems and avionics technologies – Improved networked tactical mission battle-space integration technologies – Technologies to exploit external networked information products to enabling aircrew situational awareness – Technologies and techniques to improved air decision making and prioritisation – Improved aircrew systems – safety and cost reduction 26 February 2014 © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl UNCLASSIFIED
  26. 26. Centre Defence Enterprise for

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