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Torger Reve: From Industrial Clusters to Global Knowledge Hubs

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Torger Reve: From Industrial Clusters to Global Knowledge Hubs

  1. 1. Chairs: Torger Reve & Christian Ketels<br />Harvard Business School, Dec 12, 2010 <br />WelcometoMOC Network Cluster Research Workshop <br />
  2. 2. Program<br /> 9.00 – 12.00: Cluster research<br />TorgerReve; BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway:“From industrial clusters to global knowledge hubs”<br />Amir Sasson; BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway:“Measuring global knowledge hub attractiveness”<br />Adrian T.H. Kuah & Eleanor Doyle; Nottingham Business School, UK: “Productivity, Innovation and Competitiveness in Small Economic Nations”<br />Philippe Gugler & Xavier Tinguely; University of Fribourg, Switzerland:“Clusters and the Geography of innovation in a Globalized Economy: Evidence from patent data in Switzerland”<br />Franz Toedtling; Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria:“Knowledge Sourcing and innovation in Austrian ICT companies: Does geography matter?”<br />Scott Stern, MIT, MA; Mercedes Delgado, Temple University, PA :“Clusters and Entrepreneurship”<br />12.00 – 13.00: Lunch<br />Individual at Spangler on the HBS campus<br />
  3. 3. Program (after lunch)<br /> 13.00 – 14.00: Guest lecture <br />Format: 30min presentation followed by discussion of paper and linkages between MOC research and other lines of cluster research<br />Juan Alcacer, Harvard Business School<br /> <br />14.00 – 16.00: Cluster policy research<br />Format: 15min presentation plus 10 min discussion per paper; 20 min break after paper 8 <br />Burke Murphy & Lee W. Munnich; University of Minnesota, USA:“Minnesota’s Workforce Investment and Competitiveness Strategy”<br />Matthias Kiese; University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Switzerland: “A European Proposal for Comparative Cluster Policy Research”<br />RunolfSmariSteinthorsson, University of Iceland, Iceland: “Iceland - In Search of a Path for Competitiveness”<br />Christian Ketels, Harvard Business School:“European Cluster Policy: An Update”<br />16.00 – 17.00: Discussion – Joint research opportunities in the MOC network<br />Moderated by TorgerReve and Christian Ketels<br />
  4. 4. Download presentations at link given in e-mail (slidehare)<br />
  5. 5. From Industrial Clusters to Global Knowledge Hubs<br />Professor Torger Reve<br /> BI Norwegian School of Management<br /> MOC Network Cluster Research Workshop<br /> Harvard Business School, Dec 12, 2010<br />
  6. 6. A Global Race for Attractiveness<br />Nations and city regions compete to be the most attractive locations for knowledge intensive industries<br />
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  9. 9. Introducing the third large scale Norwegian cluster research project<br />
  10. 10. 1991<br />
  11. 11. 2001<br />
  12. 12. A knowledge based Norway<br />Torger Reve<br /> Amir Sasson<br />Erik W. Jakobsen<br />Leo Grunfeld<br /> <br />2011<br />
  13. 13. A knowledge based Norway<br />Budget $ 3 mill (2009-2011)<br />How to make Norway an attractive location for knowledge based industries (when North Sea oil and gas revenues decline)<br /> <br />
  14. 14. A knowledge based Norway<br />A Norwegian agenda setting research project studying 13 cluster industries and developing new knowledge based cluster policies<br /> <br />
  15. 15. A study of 13 Norwegian cluster industries<br />Oil & gas and offshore industry<br />Maritime industry<br />Fisheries and aquaculture<br />Metals and materials<br />Banking and finance <br />Telecom & media <br />IT & software <br />Renewable energy<br />Healthcare, medtech & biotech<br />Tourism<br />Retailing<br />Knowledge-based services<br />Construction & real estate<br />
  16. 16. Research project sponsors<br />Confederation of Norwegian Enterprises (NHO) <br />Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO)<br />Ministry of Trade and Industry (NHD)<br />Ministry of Petroleum and Energy (OED)<br />Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs (FKD)<br />Ministry of Education and Research (KD)<br />Ministry of Environment (MD)<br />Finance Norway (FNO)<br />Norwegian Shipowners Association (NR)<br />Federation of Norwegian Commercial and Service Enterprises (HSH)<br />Innovation Norway (Invanor)<br />Research Council of Norway (RCN)<br />Norwegian Industrial Development Corporation (SIVA) <br />Norwegian Knowledge Based Industries (Abelia) <br />Federation of Norwegian Industries<br />Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF)<br />Building and construction industry<br />
  17. 17. Premise: Future corporations <br />Knowledge based<br />Customer driven<br />Climate robust<br /> Global<br />
  18. 18. A Shift in Paradigm is Required<br />Business as Manufacturing<br />Business as Industrial Clusters<br />Business as Global Knowledge Hubs<br />
  19. 19. Feedback<br />Business as Manufacturing<br />Products<br />Raw materials<br />
  20. 20. Business as Industrial Clusters<br />Offshore<br />oil and gas<br />industry<br />Maritime<br />policies<br />Ship<br />design<br />Maritime lawyers<br />Maritime<br />education<br />Specialized<br />ship yards<br />Advanced<br />fisheries<br />Advanced<br />ship equip-<br />ment<br />Maritime<br />R&D<br />Logistics<br />systems<br />Shipping<br />finance<br />Effective<br />ports and<br />terminals<br />Maritime<br />IT<br />Shipping <br />brokers<br />Ship<br />management<br />Marine<br />insurance<br />Environmental<br />standards<br />Ship<br />classification<br />services<br />UPGRADING<br />INTERNATIONALIZATION<br />SHIPPING<br />
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  23. 23. From maritime cluster to <br />global maritime knowledge hub<br />
  24. 24. Business as Global Knowledge Hubs <br />Shipping<br />Competent investors <br />Shipindustry<br />Offshore industry<br />Venture capital<br />Maritime services<br />Technology<br />Talent<br />Research,education <br />& innovation<br />Economics<br />Environment<br />
  25. 25. A Global Maritime Knowledge Hub shall propel the<br />Singapore Maritime Cluster<br />PORT<br />GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT<br />Networks<br />GLOBAL ECONOMY<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />TALENT<br />VENTURE CAPITAL<br />RESEARCH<br />INNOVATION<br />EDUCATION<br />MARITIME<br />SERVICES<br />SHIPPING<br />INVESTORS<br />INCENTIVES<br />DIVERSITY<br />OFFSHORE<br />& MARINE<br />ENGINEERING<br />Policies<br />GLOBAL POPULATION<br />GLOBAL POLITICS<br />
  26. 26. Examples of global knowledge hubs<br />Boston (Life sciences)<br />Houston (Oil & gas)<br />Silicon Valley (IT)<br />
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  28. 28. Life Science Global Knowledge Hub in Boston <br />Color Legend <br />Reds: University (21%)All other colors: Biotech (38%)Light Grey: PRO (26% )Black: Cross-sector (16%)<br />
  29. 29. PRO<br />VC<br />DBF<br />PHAR<br />HCO<br />SSS<br />IFC<br />REG<br />Structure of global knowledge hub in biotech industry<br />Legend<br />PRO Public Research organizations<br />VC Venture Capital <br />DBF Dedicated Biotech Firms <br />PHAR Pharmaceutical industry <br />HCO Health care organizations<br />SSS Specialized supporting services<br />IFC Institutions for collaboration<br />REG Regulatory regime <br />
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  31. 31. Oslo Cancer Cluster<br />“<br />”Solving the cancer puzzle”<br />
  32. 32. Global knowledge hubs have two main dimensions<br />1. Global knowledge base (Hexagon model)<br />2. Global knowledge dynamics<br /> (Network models)<br />
  33. 33. Global knowledge base:<br /> Industrial agglomeration and knowledge resource base<br /> Measured by large national data bases (firm and employee level data)<br />
  34. 34. Global knowledge dynamics:<br /> Interfirm knowledge linkages (locally, nationally and globally) within and across clusters<br /> Measured through large survey to more than 10000 firms <br />
  35. 35. The global knowledge hub index: Building the global knowledge base<br />Environmental Attractiveness<br />Cluster Attractiveness<br />Educational Attractiveness<br />Ownership <br />Attractiveness<br />Talent Attractiveness<br />R&D Attractiveness<br />
  36. 36. Environmental Attractiveness<br />The global knowledge hub index<br />Cluster Attractiveness<br />Educational Attractiveness<br />Ownership <br />Attractiveness<br />Talent Attractiveness<br />R&D Attractiveness<br />
  37. 37. The global knowledge hub index: Creating global knowledge dynamics<br />Environmental Attractiveness<br />Cluster Attractiveness<br />Educational Attractiveness<br />Knowledge<br />dynamics<br />Ownership <br />Attractiveness<br />Talent Attractiveness<br />R&D Attractiveness<br />
  38. 38. Invitation to contribute to the Research Program<br />