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Adding Edibles To The Landscape

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Adding Edibles To The Landscape

  1. 1. Adding Edibles to the Landscape 2009
  2. 2. Edible Landscaping <ul><li>Incorporating food-producing plants into an existing landscape </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Plant an Edible Landscape? <ul><li>Economy – help feed your family </li></ul><ul><li>Quality – fresh, fully ripe food </li></ul><ul><li>Variety – unusual plants or kinds not readily available </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Plant an Edible Landscape? <ul><li>Carbon footprint – save transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Safety – control chemical usage </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation – pulling weeds can be therapeutic! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Getting Started <ul><li>Soil test </li></ul><ul><li>Soil type </li></ul>
  6. 6. Getting Started <ul><li>Obstacles </li></ul>
  7. 7. Getting Started <ul><li>Amount and </li></ul><ul><li>quality of </li></ul><ul><li>sunlight </li></ul>
  8. 8. Getting Started <ul><li>Proximity to house/kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to water </li></ul>
  9. 9. Getting Started <ul><li>How do you want the plant to function in the landscape? </li></ul><ul><li>Shade Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Small Tree/Shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Hedge </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Cover </li></ul><ul><li>Vine </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Impact </li></ul>
  10. 10. Edible Substitutions – Shade Trees <ul><li>Butternut </li></ul><ul><li>Walnut </li></ul>
  11. 11. Edible Substitutions – Ornamental Trees <ul><li>Wild Cherry </li></ul><ul><li>Plum </li></ul><ul><li>Chokecherry </li></ul>
  12. 12. Edible Substitutions – Ornamental Trees <ul><li>Apple </li></ul><ul><li>Pear </li></ul>
  13. 13. Edible Substitutions – Ornamental Trees <ul><li>Apricot </li></ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul>
  14. 14. Edible Substitutions - Shrubs <ul><li>Highbush </li></ul><ul><li>Cranberries </li></ul>
  15. 15. Edible Substitutions - Shrubs <ul><li>Cherries </li></ul>
  16. 16. Edible Substitutions - Shrubs <ul><li>Juneberries </li></ul><ul><li>Blueberries </li></ul>
  17. 17. Edible Substitutions - Shrubs <ul><li>Currants </li></ul>
  18. 18. Edible Substitutions - Shrubs <ul><li>Gooseberries </li></ul>
  19. 19. Edible Substitutions - Hedge <ul><li>Buffalo berries </li></ul>
  20. 20. Edible Substitutions - Hedge <ul><li>Raspberries </li></ul>
  21. 21. Edible Substitutions - Hedge <ul><li>Asparagus </li></ul>
  22. 22. Edible Substitutions - Vines <ul><li>Kiwi </li></ul>
  23. 23. Edible Substitutions – Vines <ul><li>Grapes </li></ul>
  24. 24. Edible Substitutions – Vines <ul><li>Hops </li></ul>
  25. 25. Edible Substitutions – Vines <ul><li>Cucumbers </li></ul><ul><li>Winter squash </li></ul><ul><li>Melons </li></ul>
  26. 26. Edible Substitutions – Vines <ul><li>Peas </li></ul><ul><li>Beans </li></ul>
  27. 27. Edible Substitutions – Vines <ul><li>malabar spinach </li></ul>
  28. 28. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Thyme </li></ul>
  29. 29. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Mint </li></ul>
  30. 30. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Catmint </li></ul>
  31. 31. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Sweet woodruff </li></ul>
  32. 32. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Oregano </li></ul>
  33. 33. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Strawberries </li></ul>
  34. 34. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Sweetpotato </li></ul>
  35. 35. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Cucumber </li></ul><ul><li>Little Leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Standard </li></ul>
  36. 36. Edible Substitutions – Ground Covers <ul><li>Lettuce </li></ul>
  37. 37. Edible Substitutions – Perennials <ul><li>Rhubarb </li></ul>
  38. 38. Edible Substitutions – Perennials <ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Artichoke </li></ul>
  39. 39. Edible Substitutions – Perennials <ul><li>Horseradish </li></ul>
  40. 40. Edible Substitutions – Perennials <ul><li>Chives </li></ul>
  41. 41. Edible Substitutions – Perennials <ul><li>Sage </li></ul>
  42. 42. Edible Substitutions – Perennials <ul><li>Anise Hyssop </li></ul>
  43. 43. Edible Substitutions – Annual foliage <ul><li>Artichoke </li></ul>
  44. 44. Edible Substitutions – Annual foliage <ul><li>parsley </li></ul>
  45. 45. Edible Substitutions – Annual Foliage <ul><li>basil </li></ul>
  46. 46. Edible Substitutions – Annual foliage <ul><li>Dill </li></ul><ul><li>Fennel </li></ul>
  47. 47. Edible Substitutions – Annual foliage <ul><li>carrots </li></ul>
  48. 48. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>tomatoes </li></ul>
  49. 49. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>peppers </li></ul>
  50. 50. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>cabbage </li></ul>
  51. 51. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>summer squash </li></ul>
  52. 52. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>eggplant </li></ul>
  53. 53. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>okra </li></ul>
  54. 54. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>chamomile </li></ul>
  55. 55. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>borage </li></ul>
  56. 56. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>cilantro/coriander </li></ul>
  57. 57. Edible Substitutions – Annuals <ul><li>Scented Geraniums </li></ul>
  58. 58. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Herbs (annual and perennial) </li></ul><ul><li>Rosemary Dill/fennel </li></ul>
  59. 59. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Clove-like: </li></ul><ul><li>Dianthus (pinks) </li></ul>
  60. 60. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Spicy: </li></ul><ul><li>Nasturtium </li></ul><ul><li>Radish </li></ul>
  61. 61. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Meaty: </li></ul><ul><li>Daylilies </li></ul><ul><li>Squash/pumpkin </li></ul>
  62. 62. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Floral flavors: </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Beebalm </li></ul><ul><li>Pansy </li></ul><ul><li>Lilac </li></ul>
  63. 63. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Citrus: </li></ul><ul><li>Begonia </li></ul><ul><li>Gem marigold </li></ul>
  64. 64. Edible Flowers <ul><li>Sweet: </li></ul><ul><li>Gladiola </li></ul>
  65. 65. In Review <ul><li>Type of soil </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles </li></ul><ul><li>Amount/quality of sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to house/kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to water </li></ul><ul><li>What landscape function do you want the plant to have? </li></ul>
  66. 66. Questions?

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