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  • Revolution is a hefty term
  • Reactions to the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire help push for change within labor laws and ensuring a safe working environment. Reactions of white politicians towards emancipation after the Civil War results in the Jim Crow law or black codes which prevents true freedom for African-Americans. Change is stifled. Using fear and violence the Nazi party stifles reactions towards the discrimination and ultimate execution of Jews, handicapped, gypsies, etc. and the Holocaust is a result. Violence, segregation, and discrimination all are allowed to flourish when reactions are stifled
  • Reactions to the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire help push for change within labor laws and ensuring a safe working environment. Reactions of white politicians towards emancipation after the Civil War results in the Jim Crow law or black codes which prevents true freedom for African-Americans. Change is stifled. Using fear and violence the Nazi party stifles reactions towards the discrimination and ultimate execution of Jews, handicapped, gypsies, etc. and the Holocaust is a result. Violence, segregation, and discrimination all are allowed to flourish when reactions are stifled
  • Reactions to the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire help push for change within labor laws and ensuring a safe working environment. Reactions of white politicians towards emancipation after the Civil War results in the Jim Crow law or black codes which prevents true freedom for African-Americans. Change is stifled. Using fear and violence the Nazi party stifles reactions towards the discrimination and ultimate execution of Jews, handicapped, gypsies, etc. and the Holocaust is a result. Violence, segregation, and discrimination all are allowed to flourish when reactions are stifled
  • Reactions to the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire help push for change within labor laws and ensuring a safe working environment. Reactions of white politicians towards emancipation after the Civil War results in the Jim Crow law or black codes which prevents true freedom for African-Americans. Change is stifled. Using fear and violence the Nazi party stifles reactions towards the discrimination and ultimate execution of Jews, handicapped, gypsies, etc. and the Holocaust is a result. Violence, segregation, and discrimination all are allowed to flourish when reactions are stifled
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reactions are emotions – fear, anger, hatred, empathy, etc. all dictate reactions and related outcomes.
  • Reform in regards to Native American policy in the U.S. in the 19th and 20th centuries – Indian Removal Act Who is on either side of the reform? Who is implementing the reform? Who is effected by the reform? Is it the same? The story does not always have to end neatly and positively – history is not studied to paint a rosy picture of the past.
  • Reform in regards to Native American policy in the U.S. in the 19th and 20th centuries – Indian Removal Act Who is on either side of the reform? Who is implementing the reform? Who is effected by the reform? Is it the same? The story does not always have to end neatly and positively – history is not studied to paint a rosy picture of the past.
  • Colonists react to the reforms handed down by the British government, which eventually leads to the Revolutionary War and the formation of the United States.
  • Colonists react to the reforms handed down by the British government, which eventually leads to the Revolutionary War and the formation of the United States.
  • Colonists react to the reforms handed down by the British government, which eventually leads to the Revolutionary War and the formation of the United States.
  • Colonists react to the reforms handed down by the British government, which eventually leads to the Revolutionary War and the formation of the United States.
  • Colonists react to the reforms handed down by the British government, which eventually leads to the Revolutionary War and the formation of the United States.
  • Work done at the Hull House
  • Work done at the Hull House
  • Work done at the Hull House
  • Work done at the Hull House
  • Revolutions should be radical, thorough, or widespreadReforms should be should be impactful changesReactions should not just be in a person’s mind
  • Revolutions should be radical, thorough, or widespreadReforms should be should be impactful changesReactions should not just be in a person’s mind
  • Revolutions should be radical, thorough, or widespreadReforms should be impactful changesReactions should not just be in a person’s mind
  • Following the 1883 tornado that devastated the city of Rochester, W.W. Mayo and his two sons Charlie and William were innovators in the medical field, and pioneered new reforms in the field. They reacted to a need for a modern clinic in the rural, farming community. Today the Mayo clinic continues to provide cutting edge medical care. United States: Polio was a serious concern for families and the government until the development of a vaccine. Epidemics of this disease shook communities and had significant, lifelong consequences for those afflicted. Jonas Salk developed a vaccine in the 1950s along with the help of many organizations, like the March of Dimes. The medical community and government implemented campaigns to inoculate as many as possible from polio. There are many ways to connect these ideas to the annual theme – how was the vaccine, the fundraising work of the March of Dimes or even the vaccination campaigns examples of revolution in history?
  • Child labor became a particularly noticeable social issue at the turn of the century as the Industrial Revolution changed the type of labor children were conducting. Reactions after the Triangle Shirtwaist factory and increasingly long hours and injuries pushed social reformers such as National Child Labor Committee, Lewis Hine and others to bring public awareness to the issue. Child labor wasn’t completely illegal until 1938 – could be a long term revolution in reforming labor and eliminating child labor.Charles Fremont Dight formed the Minnesota Eugenics Society at the University of Minnesota in 1923, believing eugenics could bring reform to Minnesota by espousing the idea that the state should administer reproduction of mentally handicapped adults. Successful in passing a steralization law in 1925, but failed to have the law implemented beyond those individuals who were institutionalized.
  • Thomas Nast drew weekly cartoons for Harper’s Weekly from 1859-1886. His work addressed a variety of issues, from slavery and reconstruction to Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall. Take a close look at one particular issue in history that Nast addressed in his cartoons. How did the reaction of one man influence public opinion and history? Was he successful in bringing about reform? He brought down Boss Tweed head of Tammany Hall in NYC in the 1870s? His reaction to government corruption? In the early 1900s Frances Densmore began visiting Ojibewe bands in Grand Portage and Grand Marais where she began to transcribe the music. She was a prolific author, writing over twenty books and 100 articles, and recorded over 2,000 wax cylinders of Native music. Her records preserved a vast amount of Native American music and culture during a period when white settlers were moving into Native lands and encouraging the tribes to adopt Western customs. Her reaction to native music and the lack of interest in preserving? Instrumental in bringing about gradual reform to Bureau of Indian Affairs?
  • There are many connection between the Civil Rights Movement and this year’s NHD theme. If we look at the Civil Rights Movement as the revolution, one reaction to this was the desegregation of schools through Brown v. Board. The struggle to implement this reform can be seen in the actions of the Little Rock Nine in Arkansas in 1957.Harriet Bishop as part of a program led by educational reformer Catharine Beecher to send women teachers to help educate and civilize frontier children, traveled around what would later become Minnesota. Bishop became active in many moral issues such as temperance, educational reform, and women's suffrage. She is credited with starting the first public school in St. Paul and the first Sunday school, which led to the first Baptist church in the area. Reacting to lack of public education in Minnesota Bishop worked to bring education reform to St. Paul students. Revolution in public education?
  • More than just designing homes and buildings, Frank Lloyd Wright created a whole new architectural style – Organic Architecture - in which the buildings harmonized with their environment. How did the innovative architecture of Wright change the way buildings were designed? What reaction did other architects have to his ideas? Can we argue that his architectural style was revolutionary? The Work Progress Administration (WPA) was one of the "alphabet agencies" of the New Deal, the broad sweeping social and economic experiment created by executive order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first term in office during the Great Depression of the 1930s. It included a construction unit and three other agencies: the Federal Art Project, the Federal Writers' Project, and the Federal Theater Project. Reacting to the Great Depression President Roosevelt put in the place the New Deal, a series of reforms
  • The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire took the lives of 146 immigrant workers in New York in 1911. Many who died were trapped in the building or jumped from the 9th floor to their deaths. What were the typical conditions for workers at the time? What were the reactions of those on both sides – workers and management – to the fire? Were reactions to poor working conditions prior to the fire heard, or stifled? What long and short term reforms resulted from this tragedy?The strike began on October 6, 1917 when the president of the Twin City Rapid Transit Company refused to negotiate with the streetcar drivers or their union. In reaction to the World War I citizens were called upon to support the war effort and to guard against the nation’s defeat, which fueled fear which prompted the strike. Seen by the Minnesota business community as one of the most threatening foreign influences, the International Workers of the World (IWW), the "Wobblies," were organizing labor unions on the Minnesota Iron Range, in the building trades, and with the streetcar drivers. In the end the strike was broken, the union defeated. Eight hundred men lost their jobs and were replaced by non-union workers, any reforms or improvements workers were striking failed and were not realized.
  • Rachel Carson was a scientist and author who was most well-known for her book “Silent Spring.” Published in 1962, her book publicized the dangers of pesticides for humans and the environment, sparking a revolutionary environmental movement and prompting a reactionary stance from industry. Why did she write this book? What long-term reforms did her book inspire?On September 1, 1894 the Hinckley fire destroyed 480 square miles and raced across 360,00 acres of land. A long drought made for tinder-dry conditions in miles of cutover forests — the wasteland resulting from the unregulated logging practices of the time and lack of reform within the logging industry. In reaction to the destruction and lack of prevention new lumber and logging laws were successful put in place in Minnesota
  • Abraham Lincoln did many significant things during his life and presidency. Consider focusing on just one of his revolutionary actions – like the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. This stated "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." This revolutionary speech did not end slavery, but in the reactions of many, this proclamation changed the meaning of the Civil War and was the first attempt at bringing about reform. In the 1940s Sister Elizabeth Kenny experimented with the revolutionary idea of using physical therapy to help treat patients with polio, a much rejected idea in the medical community. Positive reactions to her program helped popularize her method and eventually her procedure opened the modern day era of rehabilitation medicine. Is reform different in the medical community?
  • The bombing of Pearl Harbor immediately changed American opinions on World War II, bringing the United States officially into the conflict. Reactions to this event were harsh and immediate for Japanese Americans as fear spread in the United States. Executive Order 9066 took many Japanese Americans out of their homes and places them in internment camps, often at great personal loss of property. How did reactions to Executive Order 9066 differ? What were the short and long-term results of this policy?Women have served in military conflicts since the American Revolution, but World War II was the first time that women served in the United States military in an official capacity. Although women traditionally were excluded from military service and their participation in the Armed Forces was not promoted at the outset of World War II, it soon became apparent that their participation was necessary to win a total war.  What reactions prompted military leaders to put in place this revolutionary decision? How did men react towards women after WWII ended?
  • In 1793 Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin revolutionized the labor-intensive process of separating seeds from cotton fibers. For cotton-producing landowners, this invention reformed cotton agriculture – making it much more profitable. Not all saw this reaction as a positive, however. As production of cotton soared and spread into new areas, so did slavery as the labor to power this growth. Was this a successful reform? Bonanza farms, huge acreages created from the sale of land by the Northern Pacific Railroad to investors to cover its debts, covered thousands of acres and produced large wheat crops. Through the creation of bonanza farms, Minnesota and North Dakota – Red River Valley in particular – became one of the country’s largest wheat producing areas. Fueled by the Industrial Revolution, between 1875 and 1890, bonanza farms became highly profitable through the use of new machinery and huge crews of cheap hired labor. Unfortunately lack of land regulation or reform over time resulted in the over working and exhaustion of the land.
  • Henry Ford’s introduction of the assembly line revolutionized the industry, drastically decreasing the amount of time it took to build a car. This allowed him to slash prices and made the car more popular than ever. Think about both the positive and negative aspects of this reform: How did it change the experiences of workers building the cars? How did it change issues of transportation the country?Beginning in 1888 streetcars were a symbol of the boom that the Twin Cities were experiencing at the end of the 19th century: wherever new tracks were built, new land was developed, and the cities expanded. The remarkable success of the electric streetcar in urban service led to its use in rural and intercity operation.  What prompted the use of streetcars over horse and buggys? Reactions to poor transportation? What consequences resulted because of street cars? How did this reform to transportation in Minneapolis change the city?
  • Beginning in 1889, Jane Addams and others at Hull House worked to improve the conditions of life for immigrants and the poor in Chicago by helping them to help themselves. They established services to solve economic problems – a nursery and employment help – as well cultural enrichment – lectures and social clubs. How did Hull House establish a model for reform that was used all across the country? How were these women reacting to the traditional roles that others may have expected of them?
  • A project on Elvis should do more than just list his popular songs. Examine the larger significance of “The King” in history. Consider looking at his music as a revolutionary combination of styles. Consider examining how Elvis and other musicians at the time revolutionized youth culture. How did the reactions of teenagers differ from parents in response to his music?
  • 2012 theme powerpoint

    1. 1. 2012 Theme Revolution Reaction Reform
    2. 2. 2012 Theme Revolution Reaction ReformOpportunity to explore the moments that CHANGED history
    3. 3. 2012 Theme Revolution Reaction ReformDo NOT need to include all 3 “R’s”
    4. 4. 2012 Theme Revolution Reaction ReformDo NOT need to include all 3 “R’s”Theme words can fit together in any order
    5. 5. Revolution Revolution:
    6. 6. Revolution Revolution:  An overthrow or thorough replacement of an established government or political system
    7. 7. Revolution Revolution:  An overthrow or thorough replacement of an established government or political system  A radical change in society and the social structure, especially one made suddenly and often accompanied by violence
    8. 8. Revolution Revolution:  An overthrow or thorough replacement of an established government or political system  A radical change in society and the social structure, especially one made suddenly and often accompanied by violence  A sudden, complete or marked change in something
    9. 9. Revolution •American Revolution • French Revolution • Russian Revolution • Industrial Revolution • Green Revolution
    10. 10. Revolution• Topic Narrowing within a Revolution
    11. 11. Revolution• Topic Narrowing within a Revolution• What are the causes and effects of a revolution?
    12. 12. Revolution• Topic Narrowing within a Revolution• What are the causes and effects of a revolution?• What led up to the revolution? What was the tipping point?
    13. 13. Revolution• Topic Narrowing within a Revolution• What are the causes and effects of a revolution?• What led up to the revolution? What was the tipping point?• What are the outcomes on participants?
    14. 14. Revolution• Topic Narrowing within a Revolution• What are the causes and effects of a revolution?• What led up to the revolution? What was the tipping point?• What are the outcomes on participants?• Who won? Who lost?
    15. 15. Revolution• Topic Narrowing within a Revolution• What are the causes and effects of a revolution?• What led up to the revolution? What was the tipping point?• What are the outcomes on participants?• Who won? Who lost?• Why was it revolutionary?
    16. 16. Revolutions should be historically significant
    17. 17. Revolutions should be historically significant iPod vs. Apple Company
    18. 18. Revolutions should be historically significant iPod vs. Apple Company *Not all change brings about a revolution
    19. 19. RevolutionRevolutionary in a certain time and place?
    20. 20. Revolution• Ex. Martin Luther King Jr. and non-violent forms of protest
    21. 21. Revolution• Ex. Martin Luther King Jr. and non-violent forms of protest Is peaceful protest in the 1960s revolutionary?
    22. 22. Revolution• Ex. Martin Luther King Jr. and non-violent forms of protest Is peaceful protest in the 1960s revolutionary? Mahtma Ghandi and Indian Independence?
    23. 23. Revolution• Ex. Martin Luther King Jr. and non-violent forms of protest Is peaceful protest in the 1960s revolutionary? Mahtma Ghandi and Indian Independence? Is King a revolutionary?
    24. 24. Revolution• Ex. Martin Luther King Jr. and non-violent forms of protest Is peaceful protest in the 1960s revolutionary? Mahtma Ghandi and Indian Independence? Is King a revolutionary? • Arguing multiple “revolutions” in a topic can become confusing
    25. 25. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective
    26. 26. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective Ex. Music – 1950s rock n’ roll
    27. 27. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective Ex. Music – 1950s rock n’ roll Ex. Invention – Ford’s Model T/ assembly line
    28. 28. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective Ex. Music – 1950s rock n’ roll Ex. Invention – Ford’s Model T/ assembly line Ex. Act or Laws – 1921 Immigration Act
    29. 29. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective Ex. Music – 1950s rock n’ roll Ex. Invention – Ford’s Model T/ assembly line Ex. Act or Laws – 1921 Immigration Act Ex. Ideology – King Henry VIII’s break with from Rome
    30. 30. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective Ex. Music – 1950s rock n’ roll Ex. Invention – Ford’s Model T/ assembly line Ex. Act or Laws – 1921 Immigration Act Ex. Ideology – King Henry VIII’s break with from Rome  Failed revolutions can be interesting moments in history to explore
    31. 31. Revolution What constitutes a revolution can be very subjective Ex. Music – 1950s rock n’ roll Ex. Invention – Ford’s Model T/ assembly line Ex. Act or Laws – 1921 Immigration Act Ex. Ideology – King Henry VIII’s break with from Rome  Failed revolutions can be interesting moments in history to explore * Be careful of “What If” history
    32. 32. Reaction Revolutions are often defined by how people react
    33. 33. Reaction Revolutions are often defined by how people reactReaction:  Action in response to some influence, event, etc.
    34. 34. Reaction Revolutions are often defined by how people reactReaction:  Action in response to some influence, event, etc.  Reactions can be words, actions, or changes in a way of thinking
    35. 35. Reaction Important to include multiple reactions
    36. 36. Reaction Important to include multiple reactions  Most human element of a historical story
    37. 37. Reaction Important to include multiple reactions  Most human element of a historical story Reactions should not simply exist in a person’s thoughts
    38. 38. Reaction Important to include multiple reactions  Most human element of a historical story Reactions should not simply exist in a person’s thoughts  Consider how people’s reactions cause or halt change?
    39. 39. Reaction Important to include multiple reactions  Most human element of a historical story Reactions should not simply exist in a person’s thoughts  Consider how people’s reactions cause or halt change?  What happens when reactions are stifled?
    40. 40. Reaction Reaction proceeds and succeeds both of the other R’s Revolution Reform Reaction
    41. 41. Reaction Reaction proceeds and succeeds both of the other R’s Revolution •Reaction prompts reform/revolution • Revolution/reform causes reaction Reform Reaction
    42. 42. ReactionReactions can take the form of: protests petitions polls political cartoons boycotts rallies editorials letters diary entries crimes
    43. 43. ReactionReactions can take the form of: protests petitions polls political cartoons boycotts rallies editorials letters diary entries crimes
    44. 44. ReactionReactions can take the form of: protests petitions polls political cartoons boycotts rallies editorials letters diary entries crimes
    45. 45. ReactionReactions can take the form of: protests petitions polls political cartoons boycotts rallies editorials letters diary entries crimes
    46. 46. ReactionReactions can take the form of: protests petitions polls political cartoons boycotts rallies editorials letters diary entries crimes
    47. 47. ReactionPeople react out of: fear anger joy greed failure success morality survival supremacy equality
    48. 48. ReactionPeople react out of: fear anger joy *find your favorite historical greed reaction – there are revolutions failure and reforms there as well success morality survival supremacy equality
    49. 49. ReactionPeople react out of: fear anger joy *find your favorite historical greed reaction – there are revolutions failure and reforms there as well success morality survival supremacy equality
    50. 50. ReformReform: The improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc.
    51. 51. ReformReform: The improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. To change for the better
    52. 52. ReformReform: The improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. To change for the better Correction of evils, abuses, or errors
    53. 53. ReformReform: The improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. To change for the better Correction of evils, abuses, or errors  Is reform always positive?
    54. 54. ReformReform: The improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. To change for the better Correction of evils, abuses, or errors  Is reform always positive?  Indian Removal Act of 1830  Dawes/ Allotment Act of 1870
    55. 55. Reform Changes to society do not happen overnight, reforms can take decades to develop
    56. 56. Reform Changes to society do not happen overnight, reforms can take decades to develop Students will need to narrow topics by isolating a particular event or person involved in the process of reform
    57. 57. Reform Changes to society do not happen overnight, reforms can take decades to develop Students will need to narrow topics by isolating a particular event or person involved in the process of reform Reforms themselves may not be the main focus, rather why is reform needed? Who were the reformers?
    58. 58. Revolution, Reaction, Reform• Reform leads to reaction
    59. 59. Revolution, Reaction, Reform• Reform leads to reaction• Revolutions come of reactions to reform
    60. 60. Revolution, Reaction, Reform• Reform leads to reaction• Revolutions come of reactions to reform• Reaction explodes into Revolution
    61. 61. Revolution, Reaction, Reform• Reform leads to reaction• Revolutions come of reactions to reform• Reaction explodes into Revolution• Lack of reform prompts reactions which lead to revolution
    62. 62. Revolution, Reaction, Reform• Reform leads to reaction• Revolutions come of reactions to reform• Reaction explodes into Revolution• Lack of reform prompts reactions which lead to revolution • One of the three “R’s” should be the focus or jumping off point to explore the other theme words
    63. 63. Topic Idea – American Revolution
    64. 64. Topic Idea – American Revolution Reforms before the war: Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, Sugar Act
    65. 65. Topic Idea – American Revolution Reforms before the war: Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, Sugar Act Reactions before the war: Boston Tea Party, Sons of Liberty, Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer
    66. 66. Topic Idea – American Revolution Reforms before the war: Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, Sugar Act Reactions before the war: Boston Tea Party, Sons of Liberty, Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer Reforms after the war: Constitution replaces Articles of Confederation, Northwest Ordinance
    67. 67. Topic Idea – American Revolution Reforms before the war: Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, Sugar Act Reactions before the war: Boston Tea Party, Sons of Liberty, Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer Reforms after the war: Constitution replaces Articles of Confederation, Northwest Ordinance Reactions after the war: Shays’ Rebellion, British reaction to loss
    68. 68. Topic Idea – Child Labor Reform
    69. 69. Topic Idea – Child Labor Reform Revolutionaries/ Reformers: Photographer Lewis Hine, organizer Mother Jones, National Child Labor Committee
    70. 70. Topic Idea – Child Labor Reform Revolutionaries/ Reformers: Photographer Lewis Hine, organizer Mother Jones, National Child Labor Committee Reactions: Newsies 1899 strike, Children’s crusade
    71. 71. Topic Idea – Child Labor Reform Revolutionaries/ Reformers: Photographer Lewis Hine, organizer Mother Jones, National Child Labor Committee Reactions: Newsies 1899 strike, Children’s crusade Gradual Reforms: Florence Kelly, Hull House, Children’s Bureau, Keating-Owen Act, failed Constitutional amendment, Fair Labor Standards Act
    72. 72. Cautions about RRR A theme heavy with point of view  Don’t include personal reactions
    73. 73. Cautions about RRR A theme heavy with point of view  Don’t include personal reactions Stay away from modern revolutions – topics should be 20 years old
    74. 74. Cautions about RRR A theme heavy with point of view  Don’t include personal reactions Stay away from modern revolutions – topics should be 20 years old Historical significance should be clear  Why is this topic important?
    75. 75. Tips for Tackling the Theme Be clear on how you will use the theme words
    76. 76. Tips for Tackling the Theme Be clear on how you will use the theme words Use current revolution or reforms as starting off points, or think about what causes heated reactions today
    77. 77. Tips for Tackling the Theme Be clear on how you will use the theme words Use current revolution or reforms as starting off points, or think about what causes heated reactions today Use analysis instead of fact reporting
    78. 78. Tips for Tackling the Theme Be clear on how you will use the theme words Use current revolution or reforms as starting off points, or think about what causes heated reactions today Use analysis instead of fact reporting Always ask the “W” questions
    79. 79. Science and TechnologyMayo Brothers found the Mayo Clinic March of Dimes and Polio Vaccine
    80. 80. Social Issues 1882 Chinese Exclusion ActCharles Dight and the Minnesota Eugenics Society
    81. 81. Communication Frances Densmore – Preserving Native customsPolitical cartoons of Thomas Nast
    82. 82. EducationLittle Rock Nine and School Desegregation Harriet Bishop and Education Reform in Minnesota
    83. 83. Arts, Literature, Music Frank Lloyd Wright and Organic Architecture WPA Art Project
    84. 84. Labor Movement 1917 Twin City Rapid Transit Company Street Railway StrikeTriangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire and Worker’s Safety
    85. 85. Environment 1894 Hinckley FireRachel Carson and Silent Spring
    86. 86. Famous People Sister Elizabeth Kenny and PolioPresident Abraham Lincoln andthe Emancipation Proclamation
    87. 87. Military History Women in the Military during WWIIJapanese Internment during WWII
    88. 88. Agriculture Bonanza FarmsEli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
    89. 89. Transportation Street cars in Minneapolis 1956 Federal Highway Act
    90. 90. Women in History Coya Knutson, first woman in MN elected to CongressNellie Bly and Stunt Journalism
    91. 91. Pop Culture Bob Dylan and Protest Folk MusicElvis and the “King of Pop”

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