Plate Movement (activity)

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An elementary class room lab demonstrating plate movements using cookies and cake icing.

Activity goes along with slide show on:
http://www.slideshare.net/MMoiraWhitehouse/plate-movements-teach

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Plate Movement (activity)

  1. 1.                                                                            Modeling  Plate  Movements    You  are  going  to  model  the  three  ways  that  plates  move  at  the  plate  boundaries.      Materials:          A  piece  of  aluminum  foil,    red  icing,  plastic  knife,  plastic  spoon,  one  piece  of  graham  cracker,  one  rectangular  chocolate  covered  cookies.    Which  of  your  materials  will  be  a  model  for  each  of  the  following:  a.    the  magma      __________________________  b.    an  oceanic  plate    ________________________  c.      a  continental  plate  _______________________    First  we  will  model  one  type  of  movement  at  a  convergent  boundary-­-­  where  a  .oceanic  plate  is  moving  into  a  continental  plate.     1. Place  a  large  spoonful  of  icing  on  the  aluminum  foil.   2. Place  the  piece  of  graham  cracker  and  the  chocolate  covered   cookie  touching  side  by  side.    Push  gently  down  on  the  graham   cracker  and  push  it  towards  the  chocolate  cookie.   3. What  do  you  see  happening?    ________________________________________   __________________________________________________________________________   4. What  does  this  model  represent  in  the  real  world?  _________________   ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________  Draw  a  picture  of  what  happens  when  an  oceanic  plate  move  into  a  continental  plate  at  a  convergent  boundary.    Be  sure  to  label  your  diagram.  
  2. 2. Materials:          A  piece  of  aluminum  foil,    red  icing,  plastic  knife,  a  plastic  spoon,  two  rectangular  pieces  of  a  snickerdoodle  cookie.      Which  of  your  materials  will  be  a  model  for  each  of  the  following:  a.    the  magma      __________________________  b.    a  continental  plate  ________________________    Now  you  will  model  the  second  type  of  movement  at  a  divergent  boundary  where  a  continental  plate  moves  into  another  continental  plate.     1. Place  a  large  spoonful  of  icing  on  the  aluminum  foil  and  with  your   knife  smooth  it  out  flat.   2. Pick  up  the  two  pieces  of  graham  cracker  and  lay  them  on  top  of   the  icing  next  to  one  another  touching.   3. Press  down  gently  on  the  graham  crackers.   4. Slowly  move  the  graham  crackers  a  few  millimeters  apart  while   pushing  down  on  them  gently.   5.  What  do  you  see  happening?    ________________________________________   __________________________________________________________________________   6. What  does  this  model  represent  in  the  real  world?  _________________   ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________  Draw  a  picture  of  what  happens  when  one  continental  plate  moves  into  another  continental  plate  at  a  convergent  boundary.    Be  sure  to  label  your  diagram.    
  3. 3. Materials:          A  piece  of  aluminum  foil,    red  icing,  plastic  knife,  a  plastic  spoon,  two  pieces  of  graham  cracker.      Which  of  your  materials  will  be  a  model  for  each  of  the  following:  a.    the  magma      __________________________  b.    an  oceanic  plate    ________________________    Now  you  will  model  how  the  movement  at  a  divergent  boundary  where  two  oceanic  plates  are  moving  apart.     1.  With  your  knife,  smooth  out  the  icing.   2. Pick  up  the  two  pieces  of  graham  cracker  and  lay  them  on  top  of   the  icing  next  to  one  another  touching.   3. Press  down  gently  on  the  graham  crackers.   4. Gradually  move  the  graham  crackers  a  few  millimeters  apart   while  pushing  down  on  them  gently.   5.  What  do  you  see  happening?    ________________________________________   __________________________________________________________________________   6. What  does  this  model  represent  in  the  real  world?  _________________   ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________  Draw  a  picture  of  what  happens  when  two  oceanic  plates  move  apart  at  a  divergent  boundary.    Be  sure  to  label  your  diagram.  
  4. 4. Materials:          A  piece  of  aluminum  foil,    red  icing,  plastic  knife,  a  plastic  spoon,  two  pieces  of    sugar  wafer  cookies.        The  sugar  wafer  cookie  will  represent  either  a  continental  plate  or  an  oceanic  plate.      Now  you  will  model  the  movement  at  a  transform  boundary  where    two  oceanic  plates  or  two  continental  plates  are  moving  side  by  side.     1.  With  your  knife,  smooth  out  the  icing.   2. Pick  up  the  two  pieces  of  sugar  wafer  cookie  and  lay  them  on  top   of  the  icing  next  to  one  another  touching.   3. Press  the  two  cookies  together  firmly    at  the  same  time  as  you   push  one  and    pull  the  other  in  the  opposite  direction.  Apply   pressure  to  the  point  that  something    gives.   4. What  do  you  see  happen?    ____________________________________________   __________________________________________________________________________   5. What  does  this  model  represent  in  the  real  world?  _________________   ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________  Draw  a  picture  of  what  happens  when  two  plates  (either  continental  or  oceanic)mmove  side  by  side  at  a  transform  boundary.    Be  sure  to  label  your  diagram.    

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