Identifying Best Practices for Co- Benefits: Improving Decision- Making for Policymakers US-Japan Workshop on Climate Actions and Developmental Co-Benefits Myra Frazier, US EPA March 5, 2007
Overview of PresentationRationale for the review of Best Practicesfor co-benefitsPrerequisites and measurement tools forestablishing Best PracticesOverview and Definition of Best Practices-Standards for Best PracticesEnabling Environments for Best PracticesApplication of Best Practices by variousinstitutionsPutting it all together—Best Practices as apolicymaking tool
Rationale for the Review of Best Practices for Co-BenefitsThis analysis of Best Practices is not an all-inclusive or exhaustive review of the literature asit relates to Best Practices or co-benefits.Instead, this paper highlights resources writtenby leading institutions that are illustrative ofvarious viewpoints on the on the subject.
Prerequisites for Establishing Best Practices for Co-BenefitsOrganizational Factors Best Practices System Model Role of the Policymakers Need for Policy-Relevant information Role of the Technical Adviser
THE BEST PRACTICE SYSTEMS MODELBest Practices System Model ™Best Practices Institute 2007 Evaluation Diagnosis Support/Re- Assessment inforcement Implement Design
Measurement Tools for Best PracticesImportance of MeasurementMeasurement Criteria • Relevance • Clearly-defined • Current • Meets a range of objectives • SustainableRole of Indicators – Types of Indicators
Overview of Best PracticesImportance of Best Practices • Need for improved policy performance In the context of co-benefits, the most effective policy would achieve “win-win” results-polices that promote reductions in GHG’s and improvements in local air quality.Greater clarity and certaintyOpportunity to reduce risks
Defining Best PracticesGeneral Definition of Best Practices• A best practice is a technique or methodology that, through experience and research has proven to reliably lead to a desired result.Challenges/Limitations of establishing BestPractices for co-benefitsGeneral Principles• Replicability• Applicability• Sustainability
Standards for Best Practices for Co-BenefitsKnowledge-Based StandardTechnology-Based StandardRelevance of these standards for co-benefits
Top-Down Approach to Strategic Policies that Promote Best PracticesFree Market Centrally-PlannedEconomies EconomiesTrade Policy (Chile) Command and ControlLegal Reform Policies (China)Environmental RegulationsBureaucratic RegulationsEnergy Policy Reform—
SD-PAMSDefinition • Policies and measures taken by a country in pursuit of its domestic policy objectives.Can serve as a metric to evaluate policyoptions that advance domesticdevelopment objectives and promoteclimate benefits.
Integrated Environment Strategies Program (IES)Created in 1998Current focus on 4 developing countriesIdentifies co-benefits opportunities, providesanalytical data for decision-making, outreach andeducationBuilds permanent in-country capacityExtends co-benefits framework to other areasbesides key areas of GHG reductions, air qualityand public health impactsMakes linkages between analysis and the policyprocess
What Are Integrated Measures? Integrated • Low-sulfur coal • Smokestack • Clean fuels controls • Renewable energy • Catalytic converters • Energy efficiency Global • Inspection and programs maintenance (I&M) • Methane gas recovery programs • Fuel switching • Diesel particle traps • Forest management • Public transport and • Evaporative controls land use • Control of other GHGs Local • Retirement of older (N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6) vehicles • Carbon capture/ • Efficiency standards for sequestration new vehicles/appliances IntegratedAdapted from Jason West et al (2002)
IGES-Definition of Good PracticesThe Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, (IGES)-“Good Practices” meet the following conditions: • Lead to an actual improvement in the environmental area considered, or breaks new ground in non-traditional approaches on the issue.• Involve indicators for some visible or measurable change, giving consideration to: Improvement in the environmental situation or the socio- economic situation; Demonstrate innovation and replicable approach; Be self-sustaining; Involve a range of actors.
Putting it all together---BestPractices as a Policymaking ToolOpportunities for Additional Research:• Greater alignment between the underlying disciplines and to promote greater harmonization of methods, metrics and evaluation tools;• Greater alignment between local development goals and national GHG mitigation strategies;• Greater alignment between policymaker and technical adviser;• Greater alignment between policy inputs and outcomes for co-benefits;• Greater alignment between organizational structure and performance and outcomes.