Best practicespresentationmmf2007


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Best practicespresentationmmf2007

  1. 1. Identifying Best Practices for Co- Benefits: Improving Decision- Making for Policymakers US-Japan Workshop on Climate Actions and Developmental Co-Benefits Myra Frazier, US EPA March 5, 2007
  2. 2. Overview of PresentationRationale for the review of Best Practicesfor co-benefitsPrerequisites and measurement tools forestablishing Best PracticesOverview and Definition of Best Practices-Standards for Best PracticesEnabling Environments for Best PracticesApplication of Best Practices by variousinstitutionsPutting it all together—Best Practices as apolicymaking tool
  3. 3. Rationale for the Review of Best Practices for Co-BenefitsThis analysis of Best Practices is not an all-inclusive or exhaustive review of the literature asit relates to Best Practices or co-benefits.Instead, this paper highlights resources writtenby leading institutions that are illustrative ofvarious viewpoints on the on the subject.
  4. 4. Prerequisites for Establishing Best Practices for Co-BenefitsOrganizational Factors Best Practices System Model Role of the Policymakers Need for Policy-Relevant information Role of the Technical Adviser
  5. 5. THE BEST PRACTICE SYSTEMS MODELBest Practices System Model ™Best Practices Institute 2007 Evaluation Diagnosis Support/Re- Assessment inforcement Implement Design
  6. 6. Measurement Tools for Best PracticesImportance of MeasurementMeasurement Criteria • Relevance • Clearly-defined • Current • Meets a range of objectives • SustainableRole of Indicators – Types of Indicators
  7. 7. Overview of Best PracticesImportance of Best Practices • Need for improved policy performance In the context of co-benefits, the most effective policy would achieve “win-win” results-polices that promote reductions in GHG’s and improvements in local air quality.Greater clarity and certaintyOpportunity to reduce risks
  8. 8. Defining Best PracticesGeneral Definition of Best Practices• A best practice is a technique or methodology that, through experience and research has proven to reliably lead to a desired result.Challenges/Limitations of establishing BestPractices for co-benefitsGeneral Principles• Replicability• Applicability• Sustainability
  9. 9. Standards for Best Practices for Co-BenefitsKnowledge-Based StandardTechnology-Based StandardRelevance of these standards for co-benefits
  10. 10. Top-Down Approach to Strategic Policies that Promote Best PracticesFree Market Centrally-PlannedEconomies EconomiesTrade Policy (Chile) Command and ControlLegal Reform Policies (China)Environmental RegulationsBureaucratic RegulationsEnergy Policy Reform—
  11. 11. SD-PAMSDefinition • Policies and measures taken by a country in pursuit of its domestic policy objectives.Can serve as a metric to evaluate policyoptions that advance domesticdevelopment objectives and promoteclimate benefits.
  12. 12. Integrated Environment Strategies Program (IES)Created in 1998Current focus on 4 developing countriesIdentifies co-benefits opportunities, providesanalytical data for decision-making, outreach andeducationBuilds permanent in-country capacityExtends co-benefits framework to other areasbesides key areas of GHG reductions, air qualityand public health impactsMakes linkages between analysis and the policyprocess
  13. 13. What Are Integrated Measures? Integrated • Low-sulfur coal • Smokestack • Clean fuels controls • Renewable energy • Catalytic converters • Energy efficiency Global • Inspection and programs maintenance (I&M) • Methane gas recovery programs • Fuel switching • Diesel particle traps • Forest management • Public transport and • Evaporative controls land use • Control of other GHGs Local • Retirement of older (N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6) vehicles • Carbon capture/ • Efficiency standards for sequestration new vehicles/appliances IntegratedAdapted from Jason West et al (2002)
  14. 14. IGES-Definition of Good PracticesThe Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, (IGES)-“Good Practices” meet the following conditions: • Lead to an actual improvement in the environmental area considered, or breaks new ground in non-traditional approaches on the issue.• Involve indicators for some visible or measurable change, giving consideration to: Improvement in the environmental situation or the socio- economic situation; Demonstrate innovation and replicable approach; Be self-sustaining; Involve a range of actors.
  15. 15. Putting it all together---BestPractices as a Policymaking ToolOpportunities for Additional Research:• Greater alignment between the underlying disciplines and to promote greater harmonization of methods, metrics and evaluation tools;• Greater alignment between local development goals and national GHG mitigation strategies;• Greater alignment between policymaker and technical adviser;• Greater alignment between policy inputs and outcomes for co-benefits;• Greater alignment between organizational structure and performance and outcomes.