www.sociam.org
Zooniverse:
Through the
Observatory
Markus Luczak-Roesch,
Ramine Tinati, Elena Simperl
University of Southa...
www.sociam.org
General motivation & goal
!   Understanding socio-technical systems
at the interface of
!   their intended ...
www.sociam.org
Talk in Zooniverse
www.sociam.org
Talk in Zooniverse
www.sociam.org
Talk in Zooniverse
!   Science
!   Help
!   Chat
! Microposts
www.sociam.org
Are citizen scientists just a
resource for crowdsourcing or
do they do science?
www.sociam.org
Research data
Time	
  period	
   Classifica0ons	
   Talk	
  posts	
  
PH	
   12/10	
  -­‐	
  07/13	
   19,17...
www.sociam.org
A multi-project platform analysis
Time	
  period	
   Classifica0ons	
   Talk	
  posts	
  
PH	
   12/10	
  -­...
www.sociam.org
Research questions
!   What is the role of Talk?
!   What are participation patterns?
!   Does the Zooniver...
www.sociam.org
Talk and Task participation
Talk	
  contribu2ons	
  
Classifica2ons	
  
www.sociam.org
Talk and Task participation
40.5%	
  
Talk	
  contribu2ons	
  
Classifica2ons	
  
www.sociam.org
Talk and Task participation
14	
  
600	
  
Talk	
  contribu2ons	
  
Classifica2ons	
  
www.sociam.org
~1% of the participants contribute...
72%	
  
of	
  Talk	
  
29%	
  
of	
  Task	
  
www.sociam.org
Participation patterns
Project	
  A	
  
Project	
  B	
  
Project	
  C	
  
Par2cipant	
  X	
  
Part.	
  Y	
  
www.sociam.org
0	
  
2	
  
4	
  
6	
  
8	
  
10	
  
12	
  
14	
  
16	
  
18	
  
20	
  
1	
   2	
   3	
   4	
   5	
   6	
  ...
www.sociam.org
How do participants cross over?
PH	
  
GZ	
  
SF	
  
NN	
  
CC	
  
SG	
  
SW	
  
PF	
  
AP	
  
www.sociam.org
Homebase projects
PH	
  
GZ	
  
SF	
  
NN	
  
CC	
  
SG	
  
SW	
  
PF	
  
AP	
  
www.sociam.org
Domain-specific cross-over
PH	
  
GZ	
  
SF	
  
NN	
  
CC	
  
SG	
  
SW	
  
PF	
  
AP	
  
www.sociam.org
Attraction through workflow design
PH	
  
GZ	
  
SF	
  
NN	
  
CC	
  
SG	
  
SW	
  
PF	
  
AP	
  
www.sociam.org
Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change?
Project	
   ini0al	
  10%	
   most	
  recent	
  10%	
  
PH	
...
www.sociam.org
Community-level linguistic change
Project	
   ini0al	
  10%	
   most	
  recent	
  10%	
  
PH	
   transit,	
...
www.sociam.org
Community-level linguistic change
PH	
   SG	
   SW	
   NN	
   GZ	
   CC	
   PF	
   SF	
   AP	
   WS	
   PH	...
www.sociam.org
PH	
   SG	
   SW	
   NN	
   GZ	
   CC	
   PF	
   SF	
   AP	
   WS	
   PH	
   SG	
   SW	
   NN	
   GZ	
   CC...
www.sociam.org
People do science
PH	
   SG	
   SW	
   NN	
   GZ	
   CC	
   PF	
   SF	
   AP	
   WS	
   PH	
   SG	
   SW	
 ...
www.sociam.org
Dominance of microposts
Microposts	
   Science	
  
Help	
   Chat	
  
PH	
   SG	
   SW	
   NN	
   GZ	
   CC	...
www.sociam.org
What is the role of Talk?
!   40.5% of the participants are active on
Talk
!   ~1% of the participants cont...
www.sociam.org
What are participation patterns?
!   People come back after months of
inactivity
! Homebase projects
!   Do...
www.sociam.org
Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change?
!   Stable domain-specific vocabulary
!   Emerging domain-spe...
www.sociam.org
!   Need for models
beyond the monthly
active user
!   Dominance and
success of
microposts
!   There is an ...
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Zooniverse - Through the Observatory

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Zooniverse is a multi-project platform for online citizen science projects, a well-regarded way of solving tasks by support of a large group of human participants, which are too complex for today's purely computational systems. But citizen science is not a game. A number of serendipitous citizen-led discoveries led to scientific insight the projects never planned to achieve. Source for these discoveries were discussion forums, which were used by the participants in an autonomous fashion to discuss 'interesting things' beyond the pure crowdsourcing workflow. This presentation is about the results of a broad study of the community and content dynamics on the Zooniverse platform, the first study of that kind, focusing multiple projects and the emergent cross-project effects.

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Zooniverse - Through the Observatory

  1. 1. www.sociam.org Zooniverse: Through the Observatory Markus Luczak-Roesch, Ramine Tinati, Elena Simperl University of Southampton
  2. 2. www.sociam.org General motivation & goal !   Understanding socio-technical systems at the interface of !   their intended problem solving capabilities and !   the social interaction they support. !   Derive indicators for the success of Social Machines and their underpinning in system components.
  3. 3. www.sociam.org Talk in Zooniverse
  4. 4. www.sociam.org Talk in Zooniverse
  5. 5. www.sociam.org Talk in Zooniverse !   Science !   Help !   Chat ! Microposts
  6. 6. www.sociam.org Are citizen scientists just a resource for crowdsourcing or do they do science?
  7. 7. www.sociam.org Research data Time  period   Classifica0ons   Talk  posts   PH   12/10  -­‐  07/13   19,179,696   427,917   CC   09/12  -­‐  06/13   218,317   1,615   GZ   09/12  -­‐  07/13   7,751,825   89,956   SF   09/12  -­‐  07/13   1,682,511   33,367   SG   12/12  -­‐  07/13   7,800,896   39,250   AP   12/12  -­‐  07/13     1,091,406   10,198   PF   01/13  -­‐  07/13     3,900,785   32,097   NN   04/13  -­‐  07/13     209,169   4,208   SW   05/13  -­‐  07/13     7,037,472   20,978   WS   07/13  -­‐  07/13   90,350   855   Sum:   48,962,427   660,441  
  8. 8. www.sociam.org A multi-project platform analysis Time  period   Classifica0ons   Talk  posts   PH   12/10  -­‐  07/13   19,179,696   427,917   CC   09/12  -­‐  06/13   218,317   1,615   GZ   09/12  -­‐  07/13   7,751,825   89,956   SF   09/12  -­‐  07/13   1,682,511   33,367   SG   12/12  -­‐  07/13   7,800,896   39,250   AP   12/12  -­‐  07/13     1,091,406   10,198   PF   01/13  -­‐  07/13     3,900,785   32,097   NN   04/13  -­‐  07/13     209,169   4,208   SW   05/13  -­‐  07/13     7,037,472   20,978   WS   07/13  -­‐  07/13   90,350   855   Sum:   48,962,427   660,441   Sta2s2cal  analysis  of   the  sociality  dimension  
  9. 9. www.sociam.org Research questions !   What is the role of Talk? !   What are participation patterns? !   Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change?
  10. 10. www.sociam.org Talk and Task participation Talk  contribu2ons   Classifica2ons  
  11. 11. www.sociam.org Talk and Task participation 40.5%   Talk  contribu2ons   Classifica2ons  
  12. 12. www.sociam.org Talk and Task participation 14   600   Talk  contribu2ons   Classifica2ons  
  13. 13. www.sociam.org ~1% of the participants contribute... 72%   of  Talk   29%   of  Task  
  14. 14. www.sociam.org Participation patterns Project  A   Project  B   Project  C   Par2cipant  X   Part.  Y  
  15. 15. www.sociam.org 0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   Ac0ve  users  in  %   Month  since  registra0on   Activity beyond the “monthly active user”
  16. 16. www.sociam.org How do participants cross over? PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  
  17. 17. www.sociam.org Homebase projects PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  
  18. 18. www.sociam.org Domain-specific cross-over PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  
  19. 19. www.sociam.org Attraction through workflow design PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  
  20. 20. www.sociam.org Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change? Project   ini0al  10%   most  recent  10%   PH   transit,  star,  day,  aph,  look,   one,  planet,  like,  possibl,   dip   day,  transit,  hUparchive.  .  .  ,   possibl,  star,  kid,  dip,  look,   planet,  like     SF   like,  look,  fish,  sea,  scallop,   thing,  imag,  right,  star,  leX     corallinealga,  anemon,  object,   hermitcrab,  bryozoan,   stalkedtun,  shrimp,  leX,   cerianthid,  sanddollar   NN   field,  record,  one,  use,   enter,  get,  work,  can,   specimen,  buQon     like,  field,  record,  date,  name,   can,  click,  look,  get,  label  
  21. 21. www.sociam.org Community-level linguistic change Project   ini0al  10%   most  recent  10%   PH   transit,  star,  day,  aph,  look,   one,  planet,  like,  possibl,   dip   day,  transit,  hUparchive.  .  .  ,   possibl,  star,  kid,  dip,  look,   planet,  like     SF   like,  look,  fish,  sea,  scallop,   thing,  imag,  right,  star,  leX     corallinealga,  anemon,  object,   hermitcrab,  bryozoan,   stalkedtun,  shrimp,  leX,   cerianthid,  sanddollar   NN   field,  record,  one,  use,   enter,  get,  work,  can,   specimen,  buQon     like,  field,  record,  date,  name,   can,  click,  look,  get,  label   Stable  domain  specific   vocabulary   Emerging  domain   specific  vocabulary   Stable  problem/error   repor2ng  
  22. 22. www.sociam.org Community-level linguistic change PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX   Microposts   Science   Help   Chat  
  23. 23. www.sociam.org PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   People have general questions and comments 9%   24%   8%   6%   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX   Microposts   Science   Help   Chat  
  24. 24. www.sociam.org People do science PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   18%   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX   Microposts   Science   Help   Chat   11%  
  25. 25. www.sociam.org Dominance of microposts Microposts   Science   Help   Chat   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   91%   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX  
  26. 26. www.sociam.org What is the role of Talk? !   40.5% of the participants are active on Talk !   ~1% of the participants contribute 72% of Talk and 29% of Task !   dominated by 91% microposts !   Future directions: !   What is the effect of different interaction patterns on Talk?
  27. 27. www.sociam.org What are participation patterns? !   People come back after months of inactivity ! Homebase projects !   Domain-specific cross-over !   Attraction through workflow design !   Future directions: !   Develop a model of the active participant
  28. 28. www.sociam.org Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change? !   Stable domain-specific vocabulary !   Emerging domain-specific vocabulary !   Coordination through microposts !   Future directions: !   Develop a coordination model (roles and interactions)
  29. 29. www.sociam.org !   Need for models beyond the monthly active user !   Dominance and success of microposts !   There is an emergent coordination phenomenon (majorly driven by a small group) Thank you Markus  Luczak-­‐Roesch   mail@markus-­‐luczak.de   www.markus-­‐luczak.de  

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