IMPACT: Offshore Wind (Issue 01 I 2012)


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IMPACT is an expert magazine on renewable energy, energy efficiency and climate change topics. This issue takes a broad look at the whole offshore wind energy sector – with interesting market news, insights into benchmark-setting O&M strategies, reflections on country-specific offshore wind designs, and an article on offshore wind in China.

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IMPACT: Offshore Wind (Issue 01 I 2012)

  1. 1. IMPAC TIMPACT No 01  |  2012 OFFSHORE WIND HSSE for offshore wind turbine design Innovative wind turbine design and certification Benchmarking inno­vative O&M strategies Early identification of realistic strategies Offshore wind in China Learn from Europe and leap ahead
  2. 2. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 CONTENTS 03 Editorial 04 Country-specific offshore wind turbine design: Respecting HSSE and managing liabilities 06 Benchmarking innovative O&M strategies 08 Offshore wind in China: Rapid expansion planned – Publisher Chief editors & editorial office Europes lessons useful ECOFYS Yvonne Kettmann  |  Mariëlle Vosbeek Kanaalweg 15-G  |  3526 KL Utrecht  |  The Netherlands T: +31 (0)30 662-3300  |  F: +31 (0)30 662-3301 10 News & Market Kommunikation Ganswind | Cologne, Germany Managing directors 12 Developments & Trends Manon Janssen  |  Kees van der Leun Layout & design International offices: Bosbach Kommunikation & Design GmbH 14 People Cologne, Germany  |  T: +49 (0)221 270 70-100 Cologne, Germany Berlin, Germany  |  T: +49 (0)30 29773579-0 Printing London, UK  |  T: +44 (0)20 74230-970 OFFSET COMPANY Druckereigesellschaft mbH Brussels, Belgium  |  T: +32 (0)25 881 267 Wuppertal, Germany Oregon, USA  |  T: +1 541 7668200 Subscription Beijing, China  |  T: +86 10 8405-3593 Editorial staff References graphics and photographs: Anna Ritzen | © Ecofys, © WTTS – All rights reserved. Michiel Müller | This journal was carefully produced in all its Ed Wehnes | parts. Nevertheless, authors and publishers do not warrant the information contained therein Frank Wiersma | to be free of errors. Readers are advised to keep in mind that statements, data, illustrations or other items may inadvertently be inaccurate. All rights reserved. No part of this issue may be reproduced in any form – photoprint, microfilm, or any other means – nor transmitted or translated printed by without permission in writing of the publisher. OFFSET COMPANY Place of jurisdiction is Utrecht, The Netherlands. SCC-132
  3. 3. PHASING OUT NUCLEAR AND SPEEDING UP WIND Since deciding in summer 2011 to completely phase out nuclear energy by 2022, Germany has fully committed itself to a “path to the energy of the future – reliable, affordable and environmentally sound”. A rapid expansion of Germany‘s offshore wind capacity is foreseen, requiring opti­ al use of the practical experience obtained throughout the m North Sea region.Michiel Müller While the UK is leading the pack in operation costs. Important lessons canHead of Wind Energy Unit, Ecofys off­ hore wind energy with more than 2 s be learned from more than 50 installed GW of installed power, Germany retains offshore wind farms with a total capacity its leading European position in terms of 4.3 GW. The majority are off North Sea of total installed capacity in on- and coasts. offshore wind energy. This position has been further strengthened by the Our Ecofys wind team has been involved recent decision to fully phase out nuclear in the development, realisation and energy by 2022. Moreover, amendments operation of more than 20 offshore wind have been made to seven laws, including farms, including Prinses Amaliawindpark the Renewable Energy Sources Act. These and Belwind. The wind team‘s most amendments continue to provide stable recent projects are the UK Round 3 support for onshore wind power and Navitus Bay, the Dutch Luchterduinen, have improved the support framework the Belgian Norther and the German for offshore wind power. DanTysk offshore wind farms. Within this new political scenario, This magazine takes a broad look at the activities are ramping up in the whole offshore wind energy sector – development and realisation of with interesting market news, insights offshore wind projects off the coast of into benchmark-setting O&M strategies, Germany. The Hamburg region is rapidly reflections on country-specific offshore developing into one of the key centres wind designs, and an article on offshore for offshore wind development and wind in China. We hope you enjoy your installation. 25 offshore wind projects read! have been licensed, bringing the overall licensed capacity to 8,500 MW. Most offshore wind projects are located relatively far from the coast (20 – 60 km) in fairly deep waters (20 – 40 m). Consideration is being given to Michiel Müller innovations in foundation concepts and Head of Wind Energy Unit, Ecofys operation and management (O & M) in order to bring down installation and sustainable energy for everyone 3
  4. 4. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 COUNTRY-SPECIFIC OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE DESIGNS: RESPECTING HSSE AND MANAGING LIABILITIES What would you do if global targets for offshore wind were to add up to over 75 GW over the next eight years? Exactly: design a new offshore wind turbine and sell it! But that is easier said than done. Global offshore wind targets are rocketing sky-high and demand for offshore wind turbines is increasing accordingly. Since new locations will be in deeper waters and further offshore, interest in new innovative wind turbines has been growing. Example of next-generation wind turbine designs strong legislative framework, including penalties in case of noncompliance or related incidents. This has, for example, I n South-East Asia, different companies have been responding led to the so-called Corporate Manslaughter Act, which is to this market opportunity and are currently looking for a considered a landmark in UK law and legislation that should market base in Europe, and in particular in the UK. The forecast be adopted by the EU as well. size of the UK Round 3 is of particular interest to these new market entrants. With strong and innovative technical designs, these To be eligible for UK and EU market entry, these new wind companies potentially offer a significant added value to the current turbines will have to comply with the UK‘s HSSE legislation market. However, bearing European health and safety standards in and regulations. One of the governing standards for HSSE is mind, several steps need to be taken before the EU and UK market BS EN 50308. can be conquered. Enercon 7.5 MW BS EN 50308 Samsung 7 MW Mitsubishi 7 MW This British Standard (BS) is derived from the European REpower 6.2 MW Standard that specifies requirements for protective Sinovel 6 MW measures relating to the health and safety of personnel, Goldwind 6 MW relevant to construction, commissioning and the operation Vestas 6 MW & maintenance of wind turbines. Requirements are 2B Energy 6 MW specified in a wide range of fields and have employee Siemens 6 MW safety in mind. This standard has been prepared for Alstom 6 MW horizontal axis, grid-connected wind turbines. For other Source: The Crown Estate, Offshore Wind Cost Reduction Pathways Study concepts, e. g. vertical axis turbines, the principles are still valid, but the specific rules or requirements have to be Strict HSSE standards in UK adapted to the actual concept. Not surprisingly, additional provisions and procedures are necessary for turbines The UK, which is known for its high Health, Safety, Security and installed in water, i.e. offshore. Environment standards (HSSE) and commitment, also has a4
  5. 5. ”In order to manage liabilities upfront and enable new players DRA process benefitsto make a smooth market entry, we carry out an HSSE designprocess,“ says Ed Wehnes, senior HSSE consultant at Ecofys. When the choices have been made and the actual design is determined, a design risk assessment takes place. Looking forThe first stage in the HSSE design process is to create a design hazards from a bird’s-eye view through the entire spectrum ofchoice register (DCR) and execute a design risk analysis (DRA). occupational health and safety aspects encourages creativenessThis is the first step towards proving that a specific design and practical thinking. In this phase, design choices for a morecomplies with relevant legislation and regulations. attractive operation & maintenance setup can be made. When major hazards have been identified and risks mitigated to an acceptable level (ALARP = As Low As Reasonably Practicable), Design choice register (DCR) production of the prototype can begin. This does not mean the DRA process comes to an abrupt halt. In practice, the opposite A DCR explains the reasoning behind the design choices is often the case. During the manufacturing process one can and measures taken. A design choice is not, per se, good keep track of additional improvements, which can be integrated or bad, but the overall goal is to design a more attractive after the first prototype has been manufactured and tested. As wind turbine than the competition. A wind turbine that Ed Wehnes points out, ”the knowledge gained during the DRA requires fewer visits offshore, for example, will enjoy a phase will improve the soon-to-be-launched series type, and large competitive advantage. enable the turbine manufacturer to be distinguished from its competitors“. His colleague Anna Ritzen, a wind energy consultant, outlines the contribution the company can make: ”Ecofys has been involved in this process for both South-East Asian Design risk analysis (DRA) and European turbine manufacturers. Our recommendations were appreciated and the lion’s share included in the designs.“ A DRA is an in-depth analysis of the design and consequential risks posed to people when a wind turbine is in operation and operated by personnel. According to Targets of the countries involved by 2020 the relevant legislation and regulations, one should always UK 11 – 18 GW bear in mind the people that work with the equipment, GE 10 GW and adapt the design to the personnel – unless this US 10 GW makes the design obsolete. In order to avoid major non- compliance issues with respect to the relevant standards, it China 30 GW is worth undertaking a proper design risk assessment. UK Round 3 Includes nine zones Zones provide available space for 32 GW sustainable energy for everyone 5
  6. 6. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 BENCHMARKING INNOVATIVE O&M STRATEGIES With offshore wind farms growing in scale and located at increasing distances from the coast, the challenges and potential benefits of an optimised operation and maintenance (O&M) strategy are increasingly important. Nowadays, determining the right O&M strategy also involves looking at innovative O&M concepts, such as advanced transfer systems, faster vessels, more reliable wind turbine components, and increased redundancy in the wind farm design. A crucial barrier to implementing an The comparison is undertaken using innovative O&M solution in any a time-based logistic simulation tool, specific project is the fact that a which focuses on the key parameters particular solution needs to be identified that are typically part of business cases as a realistic option early in the wind and service contracts, e.g. warranted farm development. Indeed, it needs to be availability, bonus-malus payments accounted for in the wind farm design and and weather downtime. reflected in a reliable way in CAPEX & OPEX estimates for business cases. Moreover, it O&M solutions that increase the has to be taken into account at an early available weather window for repairs stage of the contracting strategy. and reduce the lead and travelling time have been found to be essential for “To encourage these innovative concepts successful operation of large offshore early in the wind farm development, we wind farms. This applies even more to compare their performance against a wind farms further from the coast, where ‘business as usual’ O&M strategy for large access to turbines is further constrained and far-offshore wind farms,” explains due to longer travel times and rougher Jean Grassin, team leader at Ecofys. sea conditions. Facts figures Largest offshore wind farm 300 MW Furthest offshore wind farm 100 km Average distance to shore of currently 20 – 60 km installed wind farms Average sailing time to 60 km 1.5 – 2.0 hours offshore wind farm for OM activities Total installed capacity UK 2.5 GW Total installed capacity DK 0.9 GW Total installed capacity BE 0.3 GW Total installed capacity NL 0.2 GW Total installed capacity GE 0.2 GW6
  7. 7. Loading of HV export cable atcable installation vessel sustainable energy for everyone 7
  8. 8. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 OFFSHORE WIND IN CHINA: RAPID EXPANSION PLANNED – EUROPE‘S LESSONS USEFUL With over 62 GW of installed capacity, the People’s Republic of China is currently the world leader in onshore wind – not only in installed generation capacity but also in terms of manu­acturing. Following on from China’s onshore success, offshore development has now begun. f O ffshore development has been expected on-going growth will generate included in the current 12th Five added economic value and increase the Year Plan as an essential next potential for exports of market-leading step in renewable energy deployment technology to other regions. in China. Initially, a capacity target of 5 GW is planned for 2015. After that, a total installed capacity of about 30 GW is Current challenges in China planned for 2020. Currently, the installed capacity has reached 258 MW in offshore Frank Wiersma, team leader of the and inter-tidal locations. Experience and Ecofys offshore wind team, knows the lessons learned from Europe can play an situation in China: ”There are a number of important role in enabling further rapid challenges that still have to be overcome. growth. The rate at which projects would have to be realised in order to reach national targets requires a corresponding growth Fast offshore growth in Europe rate of the supply chain and substantial scale of investments.“ Over the last ten years, offshore wind in Europe has grown rapidly. With a Some of the projects currently under total installed capacity of over 4.3 GW development have been hampered by and a supply chain that is gradually regulatory issues that have delayed moving towards maturity, many lessons permits and approvals. In addition, the have been learned and improvements costs for the initial projects have been made. This development has already higher than scheduled, and design and generated regional economic growth installation have taken more time than and created many jobs. Moreover, the initially planned. 8
  9. 9. Installation of blades at wind turbineLearning from Europe People’s Republic of ChinaAlthough some elements of the offshorewind scenario differ between China and Population: 1.3 billionEurope, many of the lessons learned and Area: 9.6 million square kilometreschallenges experienced in Europe are Regions: 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four centralrelevant to China. Therefore, Ecofys has administrative authorities and two special administrative areascompiled a five-day interactive training Total CO² emissions: 7,711 million metric tons in 2010course offering different modules that (source: Energy Information Administration); this makescan be selected and combined as a client China the world‘s largest emitter (in absolute terms)prefers. The topics include: Total investment in renewable energy: $ 48 billion in 2010 (source: Bloomberg New Energy Finance) Technical and design challenges, e. g. foundation works, electrical works, wind turbines (reliability), and layout Targets under the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011 – 2015): and yield optimisation; Regulatory and supply chain Non-fossil fuel to account for 11.4 % of primary energy consumption challenges, e. g. policies, internal Water consumption per unit of value-added cooperation strategies (national industrial output to be cut by 30 % government), hardware supply chain Energy consumption per unit of GDP to be cut by 16 % issues, and sufficiently skilled staff; CO² emissions per unit of GDP to be cut by 17 % Financial challenges, e. g. O  M Forest coverage rate to rise to 21.66 % and forest stock to increase strategies and costs, project costs by 600 million cubic metres and risks, contracting and interface Carbon intensity to be reduced by 40 – 45 % by 2020 management sustainable energy for everyone 9
  10. 10. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 NEWS MARKET Belgium: new shadow and noise Noise emissions have to be below these Export cables a regulations target values unless a wind farm owner bottleneck can provide results from a measurement Belgium‘s modified onshore wind campaign showing that the original A recently published supply-chain shadow and noise regulations came into background noise exceeds these values. study by The Crown Estate revealed force early this year. The stricter shadow In that case, the value of the background that supplies of export cables are still a regulation reduces the maximum noise can be set as a maximum value for bottleneck in the market. The demand permit­ ­ d hours per year from 30 to 8 te noise emissions, but the wind farm owner for export cables for offshore wind hours – with a maximum of 30 minutes is required to respect a distance of at farms competes with the demand for per day. If a wind turbine is expected to least three times the rotor diameter from submarine interconnection projects exceed this limit, a shut-down system surrounding houses. and the planned increase in production has to be in place. In addition, the capacity cannot keep up with the wind turbine owner has to measure and expected demand in years to come. Early report its shadow casting for the first two Benefits of cross-border MSP commitments are required in order exploitation years. to secure and achieve the realisation The latest research study for Seanergy planning of offshore wind projects. The first amendment to the noise 2020, which is supported by Intelligent regulations is that noise was previously Energy Europe Cooperation on Marine only considered within a 250-metre Spatial Planning, revealed that France: offshore wind radius. The new regulation also takes cross-border marine spatial planning tenders awarded noise beyond this radius into account. (MSP) can result in cost, risks and In addition, noise limits have been laid planning benefits for offshore wind France has awarded four offshore wind down with specific target values: development. After examining cross- tenders with a total capacity of 1.9 esidential areas: 44 dB(A) in the R border MSP between the Netherlands GW. A consortium of EDF, Dong Energy daytime, 39 dB(A) evenings and nights and Germany the study concluded that and Alstom was awarded three sites ural areas: 48 dB(A) in the daytime, R with a limited amount of cross-border with a total capacity of 1.4 GW, and 43 dB(A) evenings and nights cooperation an additional 900 square a consortium of the Spanish utility kilometres would be available for Iberdrola, RES and Areva the fourth site Different limits apply within 500 offshore wind energy projects. And if with a capacity of 0.5 GW. Both Alstom metres of an industrial zone: progressive cross-border cooperation and Areva will install their new offshore Residential areas: 43 dB(A) at night were implemented, another 1,400 wind turbines at these sites. The second on-residential areas: 45 dB(A) N square kilometres would be opened up tender round is planned to commence in at night for offshore wind development. the second half of 2012.10
  11. 11. Netherlands: allocation Designs and studies of ten horizontal correlated against IEC-compliant referenceof 6,000 MW capacity directional drillings have been carried out met masts. The tests delivered interesting for crossings with dunes, canals, roads meteorological and technical insights. AThe Dutch government will enter into and railways. Ecofys coordinated meetings very good correlation with calibratedagreements with the country‘s provinces with land-owners, communities, the anemometry was determined, in particularto allocate a total wind farm capacity of water board and other stakeholders. In on wind speeds and wind direction6,000 MW. This will be divided amongst addition, an agreement for the lease of results, although turbulence and extremethe Dutch provinces and secured by means server rooms (scada) near the cable route gust measurements with LiDAR are stillof a ”state vision note“ (structuurvisie). has been prepared and signed. A major to be further investigated by commercialThis ”state vision note“ is to be approved obstacle for the project has been overcome and research institutes. This validatedby parliament this year. The procedures after receipt of the permit procedure (state LiDAR equipment was installed and isfor state approval of wind farm sites larger coordination scheme) for the land cable. currently carrying out field measurementsthan 100 MW – without consent of the over a period of nine months. Parallelprovinces – have been temporarily put on measurements with an identical unit havehold. After a period of six months (January Germany: wind measurements been conducted during the field campaign2013), the government will recommence assessments with LiDAR in order to add to the understandingthese procedures, with consideration and acceptance of this technology. Thegiven to the „state vision note“. Ecofys is providing the technical and results obtained were interesting and consultancy services to operate and perform demonstrated the importance of validation wind measurements and wind resource and verification tests before any commercialLuchterduinen: technical design assessments (WRA) based on Leosphere‘s deployment. Installed in complex-terrainof cable route finished Windcube® LiDAR (Light Detection locations in the south of Germany, the And Ranging) technology. Prior to the LiDAR equipment is measuring wind data toEcofys has prepared and delivered the deployment of LiDAR in the field, the first quantify the resource and thus contributingdrawings and maps of the route for the validation tests were done at the Lelystad to the assessment and planning of newoffshore wind farm in Luchterduinen. test site where the LiDAR results were wind farms in the region. Wind test site Lelystad celebrating second anniversary The wind test site in Lelystad, Netherlands, is looking forward to celebrating its second anniversary on October 13th 2012. The test site helps wind turbine manufacturers in testing and developing their wind turbines by providing meteorological measurements and data connections to the turbines through a state-of-the art fibre-optics network. In addition to that, the test site makes use of new types of instruments such as LiDARs that can be interchanged with LiDARs for measurement campaigns outside the test site. Erik Holtslag, Operational Manager test site Lelystad at Ecofys, had this to say about the first results following almost 14 months of testing and measuring: “The results on turbine behaviour are promising, data availability has been above contractual expectations and quality, and interesting new meteorological insights have been gained. We are delighted with these results.” sustainable energy for everyone 11
  12. 12. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 DEVELOPMENTS TRENDS Accessibility of offshore platforms sensing technologies, and especially LiDAR transport and transfer of operation and (Light Detection And Ranging), are rapidly maintenance (OM) personnel from The already busy North Sea will see a developing into a mature alternative to vessel to turbines. The overall OM further increase in activities in the next acquire important local wind climate strategy is very sensitive to the access few years. Offshore wind is competing data. Cost-effective solutions may range systems chosen and can be optimised for space with fisheries, shipping lanes, from systems positioned on neighbouring by means of adequate predictive and many more stakeholders, including abandoned oil platforms to floating models in combination with effective offshore platform operators. Since LiDARs and long-range LiDARs positioned technologies. A wide variety of access offshore platforms are generally accessed on the coast. and transfer systems are available by helicopter, constructing offshore for offshore wind parks, which focus wind farms in the vicinity of offshore mainly on rapid access to the wind platforms is a challenging business. farm on wider weather windows, while Consideration has to be given to avoiding sea sickness, providing offshore helicopter safety issues and the amount accommodation and fully motion- of time a platform is inaccessible should compensated transfers to the turbines. not increase too much. Ecofys is currently Such systems are achieving higher safety modelling the effects that offshore wind standards and allow for the optimisation farms may have on the accessibility of of the overall OM strategy. As such, platforms. they are having a considerable impact on turbine availability and playing a key role in a project‘s OPEX and yield return. Remote sensing for wind measurements A Windcube ® LiDAR being validated at the wind Asset management systems test site Lelystad, Netherlands Onsite wind measurements are of paramount importance in properly Many different stakeholders, processes estimating future production of offshore and information streams have to be wind farms, and hence a crucial part Safety standards and OM kept track of during the development, of the project development business strategy optimisation installation and operation of an offshore case and risk assessment. At the same wind farm. Such complexities can easily time, installation of an offshore met Accessibility to offshore wind farms is create inefficiencies and interface issues, mast requires significant CAPEX early in highly dependent on weather windows which need managing. Through use the development of the project. Remote and the technology chosen for the sea of an asset management approach, all12
  13. 13. Sea transport from offshore wind farm to shoreprocedures, responsibilities and statesof assets can be explicated in a centralholistic information platform. Thisfacilitates efficient working operations.Acutely managing the interfaces betweeninstallation contractors, for example,avoids unnecessary vessel waiting time.Since asset management potentially holdsnumerous other cost and safety benefits,Ecofys is currently developing an assetmanagement system for the completelifecycle of an offshore wind farm.Cost price reductionOne of the focal points in the offshorewind sector is cost price reduction in allits facets: wind turbine costs (includingfoundations and grid connection),installation costs, and operation andmaintenance costs. All these factors canresult in a lower offshore wind kWh price.The wind sector is currently experiencinga boom in product development toachieve such a cost price reduction.Enabling wind turbine manufacturers,construction companies and OM partiesto develop, innovate and test theirnewest technologies is an essentialelement in this process. sustainable energy for everyone 13
  14. 14. IMPACT No 01 | 2012 PEO­PLE Eef Brouwers Her van Doorn Jean Grassin has recently been appointed foundation is involved in electrical package is the new team leader for the wind package manager for the Norther project management for offshore wind farms and resource assessment team and holds a in Belgium. He has over eight years of the Luchterduinen wind farm, where he diploma in Engineering from the Ecole experience in project execution, of which just reached a permitting milestone for Centrale Nantes and a M.Sc. in Wind Energy the last four were in the offshore wind the onshore cable route. He graduated from the Technical University of Denmark industry, with expertise in foundation and in electrical engineering and has been (DTU-Risoe). His key projects at Ecofys electrical package management. He started working in the wind energy industry include the UK Round 3 bid preparation his career working for a large American since 1993. Profiting from his experience and successful bid final negotiations, project management company, initially as as an international project manager for primarily preparing the site selection and a design safety engineer in a high-speed logistic systems, he has been construction preliminary design and later focusing on railway project. He was then hired by Fluor manager for several onshore wind the development planning issues; the as foundation package manager for the farms in the Netherlands. As such, he review and comparison of wind turbine Greater Gabbard offshore wind farm. His was responsible for the design and manufacturers bids for the OM service tasks included engineering management construction of foundations, supply and level agreement for the offshore wind farm foundations, construction site engineering installation of wind turbines, construction Q10; and project management of the pre- management, commissioning and asset of access roads, and grid connection. feasibility of four 50MW wind farm in Oman. handover. Frank Wiersma is the team leader of the design and technical work packages team and actively involved in the OM strategies for Dutch, Belgian and UK offshore wind projects. He has 13 years of experience in wind energy, marine engineering and infrastructure, and a background in civil engineering (Delft University of Technology) and economics (London School of Economics). Early in his career, he worked on marine engineering projects and met ocean information. From there he progressed to become a project manager with experience in multidisciplinary projects both in the Netherlands and internationally. His involvement ranged from feasibility studies to front-end development and construction.14
  15. 15. Marco Penk Anna Ritzen Dirk Schoenmakersrecently joined the Ecofys wind team and specialises in wind energy permits, has been appointed electrical packageworks as senior consultant with special tendering, environmental monitoring manager at two huge wind projects:emphasis on offshore wind development. and wind energy cooperation agreements. Luchterduinen and West Isle of Wight. AfterPrior to joining Ecofys, he worked as a She completed her M. Sc. in Science a degree in Electrical Engineering he finishedconsultant in the renewable energy industry, Innovation Management in 2006 with an a Master‘s Degree in Sustainable Energyfocusing on distributed renewable energy emphasis on renewable energy supplies, Technology at the Technical Universities ofgeneration and efficiency projects for and gained extensive experience in Eindhoven and Delft with a specialisationNorthern Canadian First Nation communities. renewable energy supply issues while in wind energy. Before joining the currentPrior to working in the Canadian North, he working at the Rocky Mountain Institute Dutch and UK projects, he worked on thewas Vice President of WKA Montage Canada in the US and for UNDP in Cambodia. She grid connection of the Belwind offshore windInc., a wind turbine foundation construction recently successfully wrapped up two farm off the Belgian coast. In addition to thecompany. Before this, Marco was an early offshore wind projects in South East Asia. assignment for Belwind, he worked on anmember of the Ventus Energy Inc. team. At assignment for the Dutch government entitledVentus, he worked as a project development ”Connect III – Cable at Sea“, which includedmanager and also managed Ventus’ RD a technical and economical analysis for theprojects, such as sea cable HVDC transmission grid connection of up to 6,000 MW of offshoresystems. wind power to the Dutch onshore grid by 2020. Ed Wehnes just returned from South East Asia where he executed a Design Risk Assessment in the development of a new generation offshore wind turbine. Ed has been working as a Health and Safety professional for 18 years in the offshore oil and gas petro chemical industry e. g. on production platforms and drilling rigs. Before his HSSE career he worked at Vestas Offshore on many of their offshore wind farms in the UK and the Netherlands. He was the HSSE manager in contract negotiations with Blighbank. In Germany he was involved in the feed study for offshore wind development for EnbW on offshore windparks Hochsee and “He dreiht” and as HSSE advisor for Trianel on Borkum West II where he laid the foundation for the HSSE management system. sustainable energy for everyone 15
  16. 16. sustainable energy for everyone