1. Growth of towns by flow type
2. Ribbon development
3. Disadvantages of ribbon development
4. Case highways design note 4/01
5. Advertising on roads and ribbon development act 21 of 1940
6. Some images of ribbon development
4. It has been observed that because of improvement of
road surface and growth of motor traffic, it is the
natural tendency of everyone to build as near as
possible to the main road.
The building activity therefore expands in a natural
way along the side of main road and long fingers or
ribbons of houses, factories, shops, etc.
5. 1. As the houses extend in a long strip, there is increase in cost of
various basic utility services such as water
supply, electricity, postal deliveries, telephone, etc. It thus
results into wastage of available resources.
2. the development of ribbons causes to loose and to scatter the
community so that there is lack of social life.
3. the future improvement becomes costly and difficult, if not
4. the houses face heavy traffic associated with noise, dust and
5. the interior portion is left undeveloped which results in the
wastage of valuable land.
6. 6. There are chances of traffic accidents and traffic delays
because of the presence of pedestrians on the main road.
7. The ribbon development is purely an urban formation
which is aesthetical faulty.
8. The ribbon development spoils the countryside and if it
is carried to the extreme, it would make it non-visible as
least to the road user.
9. The through traffic of main road is considerably affected
by the local traffic.
10. The traffic capacity and efficiency of main road are
7. The problem of ribbon development is very
complex involving socio-
economic, political, technical and legal
measures for its solution.
it requires a co-operative efforts by
legislators, town planners, traffic
department, judiciary, adjacent land owners
and last but not the least, the road users
Case highways design note 4/01
8. In many developing countries, lack of planning controls
have allowed roadside development to become a major
problem, from individual sellers of market produce
scattered along a highway to the many kilometres of ribbon
(linear) development that can be seen in a number of
9. In the UK it has been accepted for more than 50 years
(when the 1936 Restriction of Ribbon Development Act
was introduced) that if trunk roads are to perform
satisfactorily as channels for longer distance traffic, the
number of connections for vehicular access must be
The impact of ribbon development on through traffic can
be minimized by restricted or controlled planning of
residential and commercial property along the route.
10. Where this is not possible to control ribbon
development, the introduction of traffic
calming techniques to improve driver behaviour
and thereby protect the most vulnerable road
users is desirable
17. In India there is not mostly ribbon development is seen because
the starting of road touch or highway touch construction cover
the whole area that’s why that does not come under the ribbon
When benefits of different places are same that not increase the
ribbon development but when there is no other option that
directly support the ribbon development
IRC-SP-15-1996 - Ribbon Development Along Highways give
specification to ribbon development in India
• S.C. RANGWALA, K.S. RANGWALA, P.S. RANGWALA.
CHAROTAR PUBLISHING HOUSE PVT. LTD.
• Case Highways Design note 4/01
Roadside, Village and Ribbon Development-
the Department for International Development
• ADVERTISING ON ROADS AND RIBBON DEVELOPMENT ACT 21
OF 1940 (Signed by the Governor-General in Afrikaans)
• Google Images For Ribbon Development