MICHAEL Services di Giuliana De Francesco, Kate Fernie. EVA 2008 Florence (Florence, April 18th 2008)

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Il servizio europeo MICHAEL: la storia, gli standard, esempi di navigazione nel portale

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MICHAEL Services di Giuliana De Francesco, Kate Fernie. EVA 2008 Florence (Florence, April 18th 2008)

  1. 1. Giuliana De Francesco, MiBAC Kate Fernie, MLA MICHAEL services EVA 2008 Florence: Electronic Images and the Visual Arts MICHAEL –MINERVA Workshop, April 18 th 2008
  2. 2. http://www.michael-culture.org/
  3. 3. MICHAEL <ul><li>Launching a European online service to enable European cultural heritage to be promoted to a worldwide audience </li></ul>Multilingual Inventory of Cultural Heritage in Europe
  4. 4. Connecting people to collections from museums, libraries, archives, and cultural and scientific organisations across Europe Susan teaches music in a primary school St John’s College Cambridge: Manuscript collection Play burmese musical instruments online: Museums Open Learning Initiative MICHAEL vision
  5. 5. Discovery <ul><li>Offering ways to help users find the wealth of content that is available from cultural institutions </li></ul>
  6. 6. MICHAEL approach <ul><li>A catalogue of digital collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding aid to improve discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross domain approach </li></ul>Museums, libraries, archives, audio-visual archives, heritage offices, universities and other institutions are contributing descriptions of their collections
  7. 7. MICHAEL service <ul><li>Our users can: </li></ul><ul><li>Search the catalogue of digital collections and online services and </li></ul><ul><li>Discover the wealth of content from across the domain – museums, libraries and archives </li></ul>http://www.michael-culture.org/
  8. 8. Search and discovery
  9. 9. Free text search
  10. 16. Terminology-based browsing: by audience
  11. 18. Filtering: free text
  12. 21. Advanced search
  13. 25. Advanced search
  14. 28. Terminology-based browsing: digital type
  15. 31. Filtering: access type
  16. 34. Building the MICHAEL service
  17. 35. <ul><li>MICHAEL builds on results from the MINERVA project and its work on inventories, multilingualism and interoperability : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Guidelines for digital Cultural Content Creation Programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications for Inventories of Digital Cultural Content </li></ul></ul>Deploying results from MINERVA
  18. 36. MINERVA inventories model The digitisation process Project Digital Collections Institution makes Service / Product n n n n n n creates access Programme <ul><ul><li>Physical collection </li></ul></ul>
  19. 37. MICHAEL Data Model <ul><li>The MICHAEL data model is suitable for describing digital collections belonging to all cultural heritage sectors and recording related contextual information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions (creator, owner, keeper, manager) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects / programmes (funding) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services / products (giving access) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical collections (represented full or in part) </li></ul></ul>Describes both the collection and its context
  20. 38. International standards <ul><li>MICHAEL metadata for collection description is based on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RSLP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dublin Core Collection application profile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very close to NISO collection description specification </li></ul></ul>
  21. 39. http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/michael/michael-eu/dcap / MICHAEL EU Dublin Core AP
  22. 40. Controlled terminologies <ul><li>The terminologies implemented in MICHAEL include: </li></ul><ul><li>ISO: Language (ISO 639); Spatial coverage ( ISO 3166 Countries ) </li></ul><ul><li>DCMI: Digital type (DCMI Type) </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO thesaurus: Subject (UNESCO) </li></ul><ul><li>W3C/WAI: WAI (WAI/MICHAEL) </li></ul><ul><li>MINERVA and MICHAEL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital format (MINERVA/MICHAEL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Period (MICHAEL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution type (MINERVA/MICHAEL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access type (MINERVA/MICHAEL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access conditions (MICHAEL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience (MINERVA/MICHAEL) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support: </li></ul><ul><li>Content creation and consistency of the description </li></ul><ul><li>Browsing and retrieval in the public interface </li></ul><ul><li>Multilingualism in the European portal </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic interoperability with other services </li></ul>
  23. 41. <ul><li>MICHAEL metadata records are made available to the public under the Creative Commons ‘Attribution Non-commercial’ (by-nc) standard licence. This means that: </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to copy, distribute and reuse information provided that the source is mentioned and that the purpose is non-commercial </li></ul>Rights
  24. 42. <ul><li>XML format for data representation </li></ul><ul><li>OAI-PMH for metadata harvesting – the MICHAEL European service doesn’t have content of its own but harvests records created in the national databases by the partner countries via OAI-PMH </li></ul>Technical standards
  25. 43. Open source software <ul><li>The MICHAEL platform is based on open source software components </li></ul><ul><li>Apache Cocoon, Tomcat and Lucene; Exist XML database management system; SDX search engine; Xdepo environment </li></ul><ul><li>MICHAEL software platform itself is available on Sourceforge under open source licence </li></ul><ul><li>Java based for ease of deployment </li></ul>
  26. 45. National databases contributing data to the European service
  27. 47. Where next? <ul><li>Taking MICHAEL to users…. </li></ul>
  28. 48. Meet some of our users <ul><li>Students and young people </li></ul><ul><li>Retired people </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Wheelchair users </li></ul><ul><li>Museum curators </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>General public </li></ul>
  29. 49. Susan Green’s story <ul><li>teaches music in a primary school </li></ul><ul><li>studies art history </li></ul><ul><li>is the wife of a railway enthusiast </li></ul><ul><li>enjoys visiting cultural sites at weekends and on holiday </li></ul>
  30. 50. User Needs Susan uses MICHAEL to satisfy a range of interests finding content from local, regional and national institutions St John’s College Cambridge: Manuscript collection
  31. 51. Discovery using MICHAEL Susan is able to find innovative content for teaching, exciting archives from less known sources and more. Play burmese musical instruments online: Museums Open Learning Initiative
  32. 52. Routes to MICHAEL content INTERNET INSTANCE MICHAEL NATIONAL MICHAEL NATIONAL MICHAEL NATIONAL INSTANCE INSTANCE CONTENT CONTENT utente MICHAEL European service CONTENT CONTENT
  33. 53. UK It Fr Results from many countries
  34. 54. Browsing by terminologies Translation of the terminology lists means that users can browse in the language of their choice
  35. 55. Translation of key words Keywords are automatically translated into the user’s preferred language
  36. 56. Free text Free text is presented in the original language of the record and, where it has been manually translated, in any alternate languages
  37. 57. Translation tools The service offers users the option of translating pages using automatic translation tools
  38. 58. Users <ul><li>MICHAEL services help users to assess the relevance and select a range of exciting content from across Europe </li></ul>Demand from teaching
  39. 59. BETT – education technology show <ul><li>Annual event for computing in education attended by 28,000 teachers, lecturers and policy-makers. </li></ul><ul><li>In London but attended by teachers from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>MLA stand promoting MICHAEL and culture content </li></ul><ul><li>Great interest! </li></ul>
  40. 60. Attended by Education ministries, policy makers, teachers using ICT in the classroom
  41. 61. eLearning awards <ul><li>MICHAEL award for eLearning (Culture) </li></ul>2006 award was won by Projekt 45 - Zur 60jährigen Wiederkehr des Kriegsendes 1945, Evangelische Schule Frohnau, Berlin 2007 award was won by Karatoula Ilias Primary School for ‘From classroom to museum. A dedication to Ancient Olympia’: http://dim-karat.ilei.sch.gr/olympia/english/english.htm .
  42. 62. Any questions? [email_address] and [email_address] http://www.michael-culture.org

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