Powerpoint on greece #4

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Powerpoint on greece #4

  1. 1. Alexander and other Great Things
  2. 2. Alexander of Macedon <ul><li>King Philip conquered all of Greece by 338 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>His Son Alexander organized an army when he was 20 and began to attack Persia. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Alexander of Macedon
  4. 4. Alexander of Macedon <ul><li>By 33 he had conquered much of the known world </li></ul><ul><li>Including Egypt, Persia, and parts of India and Bactria (Afghanistan) </li></ul><ul><li>He died of fever in 323 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Founded at least 70 cities most of which he named after himself. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hellenistic Age <ul><li>Alexander United much of the world: </li></ul><ul><li>-war (soldiers) </li></ul><ul><li>-trade (security) </li></ul><ul><li>-accepting customs </li></ul><ul><li>-marriages </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hellenistic Age <ul><li>Alexandria (Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>lighthouse, libraries, museums, zoo </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectualism </li></ul><ul><li>Stoicism </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wonders of the Ancient World
  8. 8. Pyramids at Giza Egypt <ul><li>The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World . </li></ul><ul><li>It is believed to have been built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq) <ul><li>They were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland. </li></ul><ul><li>The gardens were destroyed in an earthquake after the 1st century BC. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Statue of Zeus at Olympia Greece <ul><li>The seated statue, some 40 feet (12 meters) tall, occupied the whole width of the aisle of the temple built to house it. </li></ul><ul><li>The Statue was made of ivory and accented with gold plating. </li></ul><ul><li>He was seated on a magnificent throne of cedarwood, inlaid with ivory , gold , ebony , and precious stones. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Turkey) <ul><li>I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging gardens, and the colossus of the Sun, and the huge labour of the high pyramids, and the vast tomb of Mausolus; but when I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy, and I said, &quot;Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on aught (anything) so grand&quot;. ~ Antipater of Sidon </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus (Turkey) <ul><li>It stood approximately 45 meters (135 feet) in height, and each of the four sides was adorned with sculptural reliefs created by each one of four Greek sculptors — Leochares, Braxis, Scopas of Paros and Timotheus. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Colossus at Rhodes Greece <ul><li>The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Helios, erected on the Greek island of Rhodes between 292 and 280 BC . </li></ul><ul><li>Before its destruction, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft) high, making it the tallest statue of the ancient world. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lighthouse at Alexandria Egypt <ul><li>The lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built between 285 and 247 BCE on the island of Pharos in Alexandria Egypt to serve as that port's landmark, and later, its lighthouse. </li></ul><ul><li>With a height variously estimated at between 115 ~ 150 meters (377 ~ 492 ft) it was among the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Some scholars estimate a much taller height exceeding 180 meters that would make the tower the tallest building up to the 14th century. </li></ul>

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