Precision farming is becoming more and more significant as farmers are working on smaller areas of land while having to increase crop production. GIS and remote sensing technology is becoming more widespread within this sector. A farmer can use GIS to map out the pH levels across his fields as well as the nitrogen levels and soil types. He may also use it to keep track of which seeds were planted in what location and when they need to be harvested. Advances in remote sensing technology (satellite imagery) allow a farmer to detect the onset of an insect infestation or disease in its early stages - before the human eye is able to notice such a thing. Satellite imagery allows farmers to pinpoint the exact location of a disease so he may localize his pesticide spraying and manage his crops more effectively.
May help optimize Height for maintaining pressure head Easy access of latest road map. Actual site view through QB image. Existing underground utility map with what kind of material it has been built of, what is the diameter ?
At a distance of more than 2 kms from residential areas Connected by road Proximity to water bodies
Incidence at a public place Locate nearest facilities Fire Brigade Police Station Hospital Major hospitals required Search for hospitals with more than 250 beds Fastest Route of the incident site from Fire Station Fastest Route from the incident site to nearest water body for fire brigade refill
Plan how to reduce the loss
A good example of how GIS is used in health care is illustrated by a project done in Guatemala. In parts of the country, an epidemic of River Blindness disease was occurring. It was discovered that mosquitoes are the carriers of this disease. Therefore, health officials used a GIS to map out the area and they plotted the location of mosquito breeding sites. They were then able to accurately assess which communities surrounding these sites were going to be affected by this disease. As a result, they were able to manage their health care treatment facilities much more effectively.
You have surely seen the sign on the back of phone company trucks or gas company trucks that says &quot;Call before you dig!&quot; Let's say you were going to be building a new fence around your property. You first have to call all the utilities companies and find out where the utility cross your property. In the past, workers from these companies would come out to your house and spray paint your lawn where the utility lines are located. These days, chances are when you call that number, the person on the other end of the phone is sitting in front of a GIS. When you give them your address, they can easily pull up your land parcel, and overlay all of the utility lines. They can then easily fax or mail you a map and you don’t have to wait for someone to come out and spray your lawn before you can begin building your fence.
Current Application Areas of GIS and Future Trends Dr Sukanta Kumar Jena Manager (Software Solutions) 18 th Nov, 2009 Delivering a world of solutions
GIS Technology Is Increasingly Common in Today's Applications.
Demand Generators – Planning rapid urbanisation City Expansion Area
Planning for Locations with higher needs <ul><li>Identify facilities / areas where the demand for water can be high </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Station </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming Pools </li></ul></ul>Swimming Pool Pushkar Hotel Fire Station District Hospital
Need Assessment – Land Use Planning <ul><li>Determine Water Needs based on Predominant Landuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are High Density Residential Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are Industries needing more water </li></ul></ul>
Ground Water Potential Good Very Good to Good Habitation Mask Poor To Nil
Site Selection for Assets- Overhead Tank & Pipe Line <ul><li>Open /Vacant Land </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Slope </li></ul><ul><li>How should the pipe lines be laid </li></ul><ul><li>What lies below the ground </li></ul>Source Demand
<ul><li>Fault location </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the affected area </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Planning </li></ul>Maintenance and repair of assets Areas affected if the valve is closed for repairing
<ul><li>Street Network </li></ul><ul><li>Water Treatment Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution & Supply Network </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Ground-level reservoirs </li></ul><ul><li>Pump house </li></ul><ul><li>Valves </li></ul>Assets for water distribution Akel Garh Water Treatment Plant Ground-level reservoir Overhead Tank Water Pipeline Valve Pump House