“Sustainable Development” can sound like a boring term to most young people. One of the ways more young people can be encouraged to participate, talk, and act about their sustainable future is by making the terms and issues more accessible to them. You can do that by staging events and giving presentations! Break down the ideas, present the facts, inspire people to join you! The events can be anything from fun activities with local communities or kids, or more serious events with personalities or media presence. Games, art (painting murals, or an “activism tree”, music shows) or simple discussion groups are a way to bring people together under a theme – see other sections of the toolkit.Here are the things to consider when staging an event:
Rio+20: An introduction - english
Tweet with us !! #MGCYRiowebs @earthcharter @UNCSD_MGCY @EOTOWorldWHAT IS RIO +20, THE CSDPROCESS, AND HOW YOUTHCAN PARTICIPATEUN CSD Major Group of Children and Youthin collaboration with Earth Charter International and EOTO World
Welcome to the second instalment of theMGCY’s Capacity Building toolkit! In this webinar, we will look at: A brief history of the Earth Summit & important events along the road to Rio+20 7 Critical Issues - what are the major priorities for the conference? How do children and youth participate in the official Rio+20 process? Do we have a say? What exactly is the Zero Draft?
Something big is happening in Riode Janeiro this June…
Ever heard of the Earth Summit? 1992The original Earth Summit, also known as the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) - was held in 1992, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was the first meeting of its kind. 170 governments and 2400 representatives from civil society – more than 17,000 people - came together to discuss the creation of a sustainable future.
Delegates created a vision of a sustainable world, and outlined what steps needed tobe taken to attain it. The outcomes of the first Earth summit were presented in these 6important documents: Rio Declaration on Environment and Agenda 21 Forest Principles Development a list of global measures to a set of principles for the 27 principles for achieving protect the environment and preservation of forests sustainable development, guarantee sustainable and monitoring impact on emphasises linking economic growth. Timberlands environmental and economic issues. Convention on Drought The Framework The Convention on and Desertification Convention on Climate Biological Diversity Change an international agreement proposals to combat on conserving biological desertification in specific This convention aims to provide a framework for diversity, using components ecosystems; by increasing in a sustainable way; and participation of local actions to curb human- sharing fairly and equitably communities. caused climate change; between all people.The Rio Declaration: http://www.un.org/documents/ga/conf151/aconf15126-1annex1.htmAgenda 21 : http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm
Earth Summit 1992 also established the Commissionon Sustainable Development (CSD). The CSD monitors international treaties on the environment, provides policy direction, and coordinates action within the United Nations system to achieve the goals of Agenda 21. The CSD meets each year for negotiations and the Major Group of Children and Youth have participated in several of these meetings. To find out more about Children and Youth contributions to CSD meetings check out Our History: http://uncsdchildrenyouth.org/what-weve-done/
2000: the millennium development goals In the year 2000, world leaders agreed to 8 goals on sustainable development, that would be met universally by 2015. These “Millennium Development Goals” were set out in the Millennium Declaration. Read the Millennium Declaration here: http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm Although progress has been made on most of the goals since then, we do not expect all of them to be met by 2015. The Millenium Development Goals: http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/goals/index.htm
2002… 10 Years after Earth Summit 1992 came the Rio+10 Conference in Johannesburg (South Africa), which produced a follow-up document: the Johannesburg Programme on Implementation (JPOI). This plan focuses on operational steps to ensure: Poverty eradication Changing unsustainable patters of consumption and production Protecting the natural resource base Read the full declaration and plan of implementation online: The Johannesburg Declaration: http://bit.ly/6rv2Mi Johannesburg Plan of Action: http://bit.ly/b2Hrz6
Some good things have happened •Overall life expectancy and Human Development levels have increased. The UNDP reports: “Most people today are healthier, live longer, are more educated and have more access to goods and services. Even in countries facing adverse economic conditions, people’s health and education have greatly improved”.
Gender equality We have made steps towards gender equality. There has been a 60% increase in the number of women in national parliaments since 1992.
However… Most of the news is not happy news. A lot of work remains to be done. Despite global efforts to reduce CO2 emissions the use of fossil fuels has been on the increase. CO2 emissions have actually risen from 357ppmv (parts per million by volume) to 389ppmv and it seems unlikely that the target of curbing temperature increasing to 2 degrees Celsius by 2100 will be met.
Polar caps are still melting The polar bears are not happy Sea levels are rising, thereby threatening low- lying countries
We’ve lost 300 million ha of forest area Although the rate of deforestation has been slowing down, large areas of primary forest are declining especially in Africa and South America. As a lot of the world’s forest has been replanted, this means that the forests we have now, have lost substantial amounts of diversity in terms of plant and animal species.
The list goes on… but we need to fight back! More people live in hazard-prone areas due to increased exposure to natural disasters About 1 billion people are hungry, and about 1 billion children and youth live in extreme poverty conditions. But enough with the negative figures – let’s focus on changing this.
Welcome to Rio+20… Today, almost 20 years have passed since the original Earth Summit. Now it is time to reflect on the progress we’ve made and the work that still needs to be done. It’s time forRio+20! At the end of June 2012, Rio+20 (the UN CSD Conference on Sustainable Development) will take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This year’s conference will be focussed upon 3 themes: (1) OBJECTIVES (2) The GREEN ECONOMY in the context of POVERTY ERADICATION (3) INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Governance). To learn more - check out the “Themes of Rio+20” sections of this toolkit A summary can also be found on our website: http://uncsdchildrenyouth.org/rio20/
The processWhat will happen before Rio+20? Several important steps have led the way to this important conference. Check out this timeline: 5 Regional 3 weeks of 3 PrepComms Preparatory 3 Intersessionals Informal (preporatory Meetings negotiations committee meetings) 16t- 18th May September 2011 2010 15th -16th 25th - 27th Latin America December 2011 New York, January 2012 Draft Zero New York, USA USA submissions New York, USA October 2011 1st November CSD-19 Arab Region 2011 19th- 23rd March 7th-8th March 26-27th March 2012 the19th meeting October 2011 2012 2011 of the parties Asia Pacific Region New York, USA which signed the New York, USA New York, original Rio USA October 2011 Draft Zero Declaration Africa document 13-15th June 13-15th released : 2012 23April - 4th May December 2011 2012 June 2012 11th January Rio de Janeiro, Europe & North Brazil New York, USA Brazil 2012 America
Agenda 21, JPOI, and now, Zero Draft – what are these about? Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation are two major documents which came out of Rio Earth Summit, and Rio+10 respectively. These are strategy documents, created after weeks and months of research and discussions and input from governments and stakeholders. They map out how member states should proceed in order to implement policies which are relevant to sustainable development. Agenda 21, which was delivered by the historic Earth Summit in 1992 still remains a major blueprint for sustainable development. A lot of its recommendations have yielded positive benefits. However, not all member states, whether willingly or unwillingly, followed its recommendations and therefore its legacy was not one of unmitigated success. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation aimed to consolidate the measures written in Agenda 21. In Rio+20, we also expect an outcome document which will map out strategies for the world to turn towards true sustainable development. So far, we have the Zero Draft, which is a document compiled by governments and stakeholders, including the MGCY, to guide the negotiations and outcomes in Rio. The most important actors to influence the Zero Draft should be you. It’s about your future – so you should have a say what you expect the document to produce!
Zero Draft, youth input and SDG’s The Zero Draft of the Outcome Document, also called “The Future we want”, is the result of input from governments and stakeholders. It contains a list of objectives, recommendations, and aspirations, which will guide the negotiations in Rio. Young people also have an official position, which was drafted by youth online before 1 November, and which was submitted for the Compilation document out of which the Zero Draft is issues. The Zero Draft has been criticised by stakeholders for not being ambitious enough. This is why it is crucial for young people to go through the document (it’s very easy to read!) and continue lobbying for points which are relevant to them! We are expecting member states to agree upon “Sustainable Development Goals” which relate to the critical issues and themes of Rio. This is very important – the goals which are set in Rio will be the goals that guide the strategies member states will take towards sustainable development!
Stakeholder and major group participation The Rio Earth Summit in 1992 led to the development of Agenda 21, often referred to as the ‘blueprint for sustainable development’. Agenda 21 recognized that sustainable development could not be 9 major groups achieved by governments alone. It UN members CIVIL SOCIETY and would require the active participation groups organisations ( such as NGOs) of all sectors of society and all types of people – consumers, workers, Who will business persons, farmers, students, take part Regional teachers, researchers, activists, 53 member states in Commissions (such as European (governments) Rio+20? Commission) indigenous communities, and other communities of interest. The major groups play an important role because they are the voice of civil society. The Major Group of Children and Youth (MGCY) is one of 9 groups that can officially take part in the UN meetings on sustainable development. The other major groups include: Women, Indigenous Peoples and NGOs.
Children and youth are widely recognized as an importantpart of civil society, with strong interest in protecting andpreserving the planet’s resources. The past decade has seen a growing acceptance of the importance of youth participation in decision-making. The international community has started recognizing that, children and youth should be provided a secure and healthy future, including an environment of quality and respect for diversity, improved standards of living and access to education and employment. The Major Group for Children and Youth have successfully engaged in the political process which has led to improved policy making, adoption, implementation and evaluation.
How will children and youth participate in Rio+20? You don’t have to be in Brazil to participate! No matter where you are, the key factors for successfully participating are the same: Be prepared; Get friends and others around you with whom you can work and take actions; and above all, Be brave! Participation comes in many forms, and you can take on different roles when engaging into the process. Everyone’s participation is valuable because we all contribute in different ways based on our interests and capacity....(Rio+Twenties)
Participation in Rio A lot of young people would have obtained accreditation to the conference itself, whether it is as an NGO, part of the press or an official youth delegate or as member of a National Delegation. Once inside, there are lots of ways children and youth can influence the process From lobbying directly to delegations, enhancing the policy base , or making the process more accountable, here is how they do it: Oral interventions Tracking the negotiations Corridor lobbying Participating in workshops Holding side events Most children and youth will not be physically present DURING the Rio+20 conference... How can they still take part in the process?
From OUTSIDE the Conference Centre and at home: Be There! Come to the YOUTH BLAST!!... Over two thousand young people are expected to attend the Youth Blast, the official young people’s event for Rio+20. The Youth Blast aims to: Empower children and youth present at Rio+20. Provide information and training for leaders around the CSD and provide a space for young people to share best practices for implementing solutions and participating in decision-making at the international level. To strategise prior to Rio+20.
Raise awareness! Reach out, and translate the outcomes of the discussions for the public to understand. Organise an Event where people can learn about the issues, watch or make videos, get together and create Rio+20 themed art. The conference slogan is: The Future We Want... What kind of future do you want?
Support the activists attending the conference.Help put pressure towards various decision makers! If a particular country is blocking progress, why not organize spontaneous and peaceful demonstration in as many cities as possible all around the planet? These local actions are really important to build pressure on the right actors and make them “feel the heat”, wherever they are.
Use the internet Helpyouth inside and outside of the conference with planning and coordination. They will need your help and ideas to ensure children and youth have a greater impact in the decision making!
What can you do right now? Children and youth all over the world will be taking action in their own countries and communities, to raise awareness of Rio+20 and the address the critical issues, even BEFORE it starts! You can be part of the global movement for change RIGHT NOW.In the other sections of this toolkit you can find out how to: Talk about Sustainable Development and Rio+20 in your Community... Start your own Campaign through Social Media... Use your creativity to Inspire Others... Influence Decision Makers to Take Action.... For more information on how children and youth are already participating and influencing the global decision-makers, check out the Rio+twenties participation guide! Read or Download the guide here: http://rioplustwenties.org/?page_id=970 It was written by youth who have taken part in some of the world’s most important negotiations and have shared many best practices, tips, tricks and examples of How Youth Activism has helped to bring change for better
What are the objectives of Rio+20? SECURE Concrete global action cannot be achieved without commitment RENEWED from political leaders. This means that policy makers must not only POLITICAL come up with decisions that are beneficial to all on social, COMMITMENT economic and ecological levels, but also, they must stick to those decisions and take concrete steps to make them happen. ASSESS Many goals are outlined during important summits, but absence of PROGRESS follow-up means that these goals often fall short of their target. AND Rio+20 aims to ensure that actions are taken and carried outREMAINING efficiently and therefore have the right means to examine if the GAPS decisions are on the right track. The world is now facing difficult challenges. Since we are the ADDRESS generation that will have to live with the immediate consequences NEW of those challenges, we need to prepare for them. Rio+20 will CHALLENGES therefore address the issues of: 1. JOBS 2.ENERGY 3.CITIES 4.FOOD 5.WATER 6.OCEANS 7.DISASTERS
Raising awareness: giving presentationsSustainable development can sound like a boring term to most young people. One of the ways more young people can be encouraged to participate, talk and act about their sustainable future is by making the terms and issues more accessible to them.You can do that by staging events and giving presentations!The events can be anything from fun activities with local communities or kids, or more serious events with personalities or media presence. Games, art (painting murals, or an “activism tree”, music shows) or simple discussion groups are a way to bring people together under a theme – see other sections of the toolkit.
Things to consider when staging an event: What is the evaluation Title and Budget: How criteria? How will you define much money will the event as a success? one purpose of the you need? Who idea is to ask yourself "If all event can fund you? goes according to plan, such and such should happen" Know your objective: what do What are the you want to achieve? What are resources? Who is Write an the messages you want to get needed to helpacross? What are the actions that out? What agenda for you want the audience to take equipment, what the event after the event? venue? Think of Why Note down all the this event is What are the key actions and due messages? and needed? and How will you get by dates eg Who is the them across? "book venue by Target? ..."
Some recommendations for giving a great presentationand keeping your audience hooked! Give presentations which INSPIRE rather than simply inform – you don’t just want to present a group of people with facts about sustainable development. You want them to feel concerned and connect, and to encourage them to voice what they really want ahead of Rio+20. Identify a THEME and make it consistent throughout the presentation! You have to know what you want to achieve with the activity. It’s better if you convey to your audience the reason of you’re conducting this presentation and what you expect from them. Let them also know if they can raise questions or wait for a discussion afterwards. Provide the OUTLINE of your presentation so it becomes easy for the audience to follow. Demonstrate your enthusiasm! Be passionate ,and amaze the audience. It is important that you believe in what you are saying. Your passion is what convinces the audience. Have confidence and show that you have no doubts about your statements, especially if you want to reach an agreement. Make your presentation like a show with conviction! Use of facts and figures! “Shocking statistics” often make people reflect. But make sure to place numbers, statistics and figures in context to give them meaning (For example, instead of saying “Deforestation is occurring at the rate of 20,000 hectares a day”, you can put it in context by comparing the amount of forest lost to the size of Paris. “Every day we are losing 20,000 hectares of forest, which is about the same size as Paris”. Or place the amount of food wasted in rich countries(220million metric tonnes) by comparing to the amount produced in sub-Saharan Africa (200million metric tonnes) per year. Try to make it visual: use slides or props wherever possible, but don’t overdo it.
Key points to remember Know your audience: what their needs are? What their wants are? What do you want to get from them and how can you achieve that? Do they respond to more logical presentations or do they need something more emotional? Gather the targeted information. The information might differ depending for who it is. For example, if it is for children, you have to make the information simple, playful and interactive. You have to secure a good understanding of what are you presenting. That might sound silly but you shouldn’t just read the lines, but be ready to explain the meaning if someone was not able to grasp your idea. Rehearse! language, you don’t want to wind them up. Stick to 2/3 main points to avoid bewildering the audience. Your speech must be clear, make pauses in between the sentences, and try to pronounce properly, so others can understand your statement or question. Try to speak louly enough for people to hear you, but don’t shout! Avoid language such as "isnt it", "you know", "um mm“. Try to smile, Of course not too much! That keeps a good mood! Eye contact! That’s probably one of the most important things. It maintains connection between you and people you are presenting to . Otherwise it might seem like you are presenting for yourself and others will not find it interesting.
useful links: How to give presentations like Steve Jobs: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-ntLGOyHw4 How to overcome speech anxiety: http://www.howcast.com/videos/174024-How-To- Overcome-Speech-Anxiety:// How to tell a story: NPRs Scott Simon shares his experience and wisdom to help you with your own storytelling skills: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiX_WNdJu6w How to stage an event: http://www.ehow.com/how_2246624_organize- community-events-raise-awareness.html
Questions? Comments? Suggestions?The MGCY capacity building team: email@example.com UN CSD Major Group of Children and Youth: http://uncsdchildrenyouth.org Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/UNCSDYouthCaucus EARTH CHARTER INTERNATIONAL Website: http://www.earthcharterinaction.org/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/EarthCharter Twitter: @earthcharter EOTO WORLD Website: http://www.eotoworld.org/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/EOTOWorld Twitter: @EOTOWorld