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Will and Shall

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I. Using Will/Won't For
*Predicting the future
*Deciding to do something at the time of speaking
*Offering
*Agreeing to do something
*Promising
*Asking somebody to do something (Will you?)
*Describing somebody refuses to do something


II. Using Shall I? / Shall we? for
*Offering
*Suggesting

Published in: Education
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Will and Shall

  1. 1. Will and Shall
  2. 2. Will / Won’t • Predicting the future • Deciding to do something at the time of speaking • Offering • Agreeing to do something • Promising • Asking somebody to do something (Will you?) • When somebody refuses to do something
  3. 3. Will/ Won’t Predicting the future Jenny has a Math exam next week. Mark and Cindy are talking about it. Mark: Do you think Jenny will pass the exam? Cindy: Yes, she’ll pass easily. She’s well-prepared for it.
  4. 4. Will/ Won’t Predicting the future Harold is thinking about his job interview yesterday. I didn’t answer the interviewer’s questions well. I won’t get the job.
  5. 5. Will/ Won’t Predicting the future We often use will and won’t with the following: Probably Kate has a cold. She’ll probably stay home all weekend. I expect The package isn’t here yet. I expect it’ll arrive tomorrow morning. (I’m) sureJustin is a vegetarian. I’m sure he won’t eat these meat pies. (I) think Miss Spain is smart and charming. I think she’ll win the pageant. (I) don’t think Rob’s too busy these days. I don’t think he’ll attend the party. (I) wonder Those kids are unpredictable. I wonder what they’ll do next.
  6. 6. Will Deciding to do something at the time of speaking Melissa’s 60th birthday is next month. Susan is talking to her about it. Susan: Let’s have a party. Cindy: That’s a great idea! We’ll invite lots of people.
  7. 7. Will Deciding to do something at the time of speaking Larry just arrived home from a meeting with a client. He went straight to the kitchen to check on his wife Julia, who then told him that his brother Ryan had called. Julia: Ryan phoned while you were out. Larry: OK. I’ll call him back.
  8. 8. Will Offering to do something Mike saw Jane carrying a lot of groceries. Those bags look heavy. I’ll help you with them.
  9. 9. Will Offering to do something Samantha wants to buy a graduation gift for her best friend, but she’s on a tight budget. She decided to borrow money from her brother Marvin. Samantha: I need some money. Marvin: OK. I’ll lend you some. How much do you need?
  10. 10. Will Agreeing to do something Carl is requesting Tim to give a book to his elder sister Wendy. Carl: Can you give this book to your sister Wendy? Tim: Sure, I’ll give it to her when I get home.
  11. 11. Will Agreeing to do something Beth and the house painter are discussing her preferred wall color. Beth: Can you paint the walls cream instead of pink? Marvin: OK, I will.
  12. 12. Will/ Won’t Promising In the song I’ll Be There for You, the singer promises to be ready to help the girl he likes and make her feel better when she’s sad. ('Cause baby) I'll be there for you when you need somebody I'll be there for you when you want someone who cares When you're down and feeling blue, I'll be there I'll be there for you when you call me, I'll be there
  13. 13. Will/ Won’t Promising Kyle told Arnold about something bad he did. Arnold promises to keep it a secret. I won’t tell anyone what happened. I promise.
  14. 14. Will you? Asking somebody to do something Some children were noisy in the library, so the librarian approached them. Will you please be quiet?
  15. 15. Will you? Asking somebody to do something William is proposing to Anna. Anna, will you marry me?
  16. 16. Won’t When somebody refuses to do something Penny is talking to her mom about her friend who cheats on tests. Mom: You should tell her to stop. Penny: Well, I keep on telling her to, but she won’t listen.
  17. 17. Won’t When somebody refuses to do something Linda called her husband about her car problem. Honey, I need your help. My car won’t start. *In this situation, Linda’s car ‘refuses’ to start.
  18. 18. Shall I? / Shall we? • Offering • Suggesting
  19. 19. Shall I? / Shall we? Offering to do something Before going to the bakery, Sheryl offers to buy snacks for her housemate (not shown in the picture). Shall I buy you some cake and cookies?
  20. 20. Shall I? / Shall we? Offering to do something After looking out the window for several minutes, the man noticed his wife (who’s in the same room but not shown in the picture) was feeling cold. He asked her: Shall I close the window?
  21. 21. Shall I? / Shall we? Suggesting Rose is suggesting a holiday destination to Dan. Shall we go to Hawaii?
  22. 22. Shall I? / Shall we? Suggesting Tina is making a suggestion for dinner. Shall we have creamy mustard chicken for dinner?

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